Canada's System of Government
Canada is a democratic constitutional monarchy, with a Sovereign as head of State and an elected Prime Minister as head of Government.
Canada has a federal system of parliamentary government: Government responsibilities and functions are shared between federal, provincial and territorial governments.
Federal responsibilities are carried out by the Monarchy and the Executive, Legislative and Judicial branches of Government.
- Sovereign- Queen Elizabeth II: Monarch, Leader of Commonwealth, Canada's formal Head of State, Head of both the Executive and Legislative branches
- Governor General- Viceroy - represents the Queen in Canada and carries out the duties of head of state
- Executive Branch
- Legislative Branch
- Judicial Branch
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