Our critical minerals strategic partnerships and forums

Building Canadian-based critical mineral value chains is a long-term, multi-stakeholder objective that requires full cooperation with industry, provincial, territorial, Indigenous and international partners. Our strategic partnerships and engagement forums inform the Government of Canada’s incremental approach to critical mineral development.

Critical Minerals Industry Engagement Forum

The Critical Mineral Industry Engagement Forum (CMIEF) aims to strengthen government-industry collaboration by enabling more reliable information sharing, fostering innovation in policy development and implementation, and informing a unified Canadian voice on the international stage. Membership is open to nongovernmental organizations that cover the full range of Canadian industries associated with critical mineral value chains. It includes businesses, associations, academics, and industry experts.

To join or learn more about the Forum, please contact the CMIEF Secretariat.


Critical Minerals Indigenous Engagement Strategy

Canada recognizes that Indigenous peoples are the stewards, rights-holders, and in many cases, title-holders to the land upon which mineral development takes place. The success of Canadian critical mineral development is contingent on respect for Indigenous and treaty rights, and meaningful engagement, partnership, and collaboration with Indigenous peoples.   

The Critical Minerals Indigenous Engagement Strategy will ensure the unique rights, interests and circumstances of the First Nations, Métis Nation, and Inuit are acknowledged, affirmed, and implemented at national, regional, and industry levels. Engagement is intended to be long-term and ongoing, with the goal of identifying and supporting Indigenous priorities related to critical mineral projects and value chains, and exploring opportunities to advance reconciliation and benefits sharing with Indigenous peoples. It builds on the success of the Canadian Minerals and Metals Plan, which was informed by robust engagement with Indigenous Peoples across the country.

Consultations on specific projects will continue to take place in accordance with the Government of Canada’s constitutional duty to consult and industry’s procedural requirements outlined in legislation such as the Impact Assessment Act, 2019.

As Canada implements the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples Act, NRCan will continue to work with Indigenous partners and industry to promote a mutually supportive climate for economic partnerships and sustainable critical mineral development.


Provincial and Territorial cooperation

Mining is primarily within the purview of the provincial and territorial governments. Critical minerals exist in almost every province and territory, and several provinces have developed critical mineral strategies to support value chain integration in line with federal priorities.

The Government of Canada will continue to advance Federal-Provincial-Territorial (FPT) cooperation through multilateral forums such as:

Bilateral engagements will address projects and issues of regional priority.


International partnerships

Canada is seeking to build more resilient critical mineral global supply chains by working with international partners to align policies, raise global economic, social, and governance (ESG) standards, advance joint research and development, and encourage new investment opportunities, among other priorities.

The Canada-U.S. Joint Action Plan on Critical Minerals was announced on 9 January 2020 to advance bilateral interest in securing supply chains for the critical minerals needed for strategic manufacturing sectors, including communication technology, aerospace and defence, and clean technology. The Action Plan is guiding cooperation between officials in areas such as industry engagement, innovation, defence supply chains, improving information sharing on mineral resources and potential, and cooperation in multilateral fora. Canada already supplies many of the minerals deemed critical by the United States. In 2020, bilateral mineral trade was valued at $95.6 billion, with 298 Canadian mining companies and a combined $40 billion in Canadian mining assets south of the border.

The Canada-EU Strategic Partnership on Raw Materials is the primary mechanism for engaging the European Commission and European Union Member States on Canada’s critical mineral and battery value chains. The overarching objective of the partnership is to advance the value, security, and sustainability of trade and investment into the critical minerals and metals needed for the transition to a green and digitalized economy. Agreed areas of collaboration include: integration of raw materials value chains; science, technology and innovation collaboration; and, collaboration in international fora to advance world-class ESG criteria and standards.

The Canada-Japan Sectoral Working Group on Critical Minerals aims to facilitate commercial engagement between Canadian and Japanese businesses across the critical mineral value chain; strengthen government-to-government information sharing; and encourage cooperation on international standard setting for critical minerals. It is part of the Canada-Japan Energy Policy Dialogue, where Japan is working to secure the critical mineral supply chains needed for its industrial base and broader green energy transition.

Through other multilateral engagements, Canada is pursuing collective action on critical minerals to support the global transition to green energy and more resilient supply chains. Notable multilateral organisations and initiatives include the G7/G20, the International Energy Agency (IEA), the World Bank, the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA), the Intergovernmental Forum on Mining, Minerals, Metals and Sustainable Development (IGF), and the Energy Resource and Governance Initiative (ERGI).
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