Gender-based analysis plus — Departmental Results Report 2018-2019
- Governance structures
- To ensure that GBA+ is integrated in department decision-making processes, a GBA+ Champion at the Assistant Deputy Minister level has been identified, and all areas are supported by a GBA+ Responsibility Centre. A Community of Practice was established in 2017 with representation from every branch, corporate office and region of the Department, and meets on a quarterly basis.
- Human resources
The Department has the equivalent of 5.85 FTEs dedicated to GBA+ and gender equality in the following areas:
- The GBA+ Responsibility Centre within Strategic Policy has 1 FTE who is the Gender Focal Point and 0.25 FTE is dedicated for management’s time on the file.
- Official Languages Branch has two individuals who combined have 0.35 FTE capacity to dedicate to GBA+.
- Within Sport Canada, there is a division responsible for promoting sport for women and girls, which contains 2 FTEs.
- Within Broadcasting, Copyright and Creative Marketplace Branch, there is 0.25 of an FTE dedicated to a branch implementation plan for GBA+.
- Within Human Resources, as part of the Employment Equity, Inclusion and Official Languages unit, 2 FTEs are dedicated to creating a workplace in which all employees participate fully.
- Major initiatives: results achieved
The following five major initiatives incorporated GBA+ in 2018-19:
- Winterlude 2019: The 2019 edition of Winterlude offered new opportunities for Canadians to participate in activities and events celebrating Indigenous cultures and LGBTQ2+ communities. The first weekend of the festival included a celebration of Indigenous cultures, culminating with a powwow at the Canadian Museum of History. The second weekend featured Winter Pride, a celebration of LGBTQ2+ culture and history in recognition of the 50th anniversary of the partial decriminalization of homosexuality. Winterlude organizers wanted to reflect communities that historically had been underrepresented and to add another level of inclusivity and diversity to the event. Fundamental GBA+ questions, such as ways to support the full participation of different groups of people, were considered during the development of the initiative. As a result, Winterlude 2019 provided opportunities for Canadians, including historically underrepresented communities, to attend events where they feel included and welcome. It also provided opportunities for Canadians to participate in events that showcase Canada's diversity and promote greater inclusion.
- Canada Arts Presentation Fund (CAPF): Development Component: The Development Component provides support for the emergence of arts presenters and presenter support organizations for underserved communities or artistic practices. The Development Component can be used as a tool to decrease barriers and increase equity in funding opportunities within the presenting community. Eligibility criteria are more open, and the funding can be targeted to particular priorities. The initiative supported groups that would not have been eligible through the main Programming Component. The Development Component supported new initiatives by groups without a 2-year presenting history and presenter support organizations. The Development Component also provided a higher percentage of eligible costs (up to 50%) compared to the Programming Component (up to 25%). Currently the Development Component is prioritizing Indigenous presentation. CAPF is working in partnership with the Indigenous Performing Arts Alliance to increase opportunities for Indigenous artists to perform in Indigenous communities. The initiative also aims to increase presenting capacity within Indigenous communities. GBA+ impact will be monitored by measuring numbers of organizations from underserved communities or artistic practices, as well as by the number of organizations transitioning from the Development Component to the Programming Component.
- Renewal of Young Canada Works (YCW) – Heritage Program Terms and Conditions: Renewal of the terms and conditions for the Young Canada Works (YCW) – Heritage Program was carried out, including its two streams, YCW in Heritage Organizations (Summer Work Experience) and YCW at Building Careers in Heritage (Career Focus). The GBA+ pointed to the need for program policies addressing needs and gaps of underserved communities, including small, rural and/or ethno-cultural organizations, Indigenous communities, Indigenous communities, official language minority communities and persons with disabilities. The Department’s response to these findings include giving priority to applications from underserved communities and heritage/arts organizations. The monitoring of initiatives and policies for emerging GBA+ impacts will be tracked through Participant Exit Questionnaires, the YCW Database System and required reports from the delivery organizations.
- Community Support, Multiculturalism, and Anti-Racism Initiatives Program: This Program supports the mandate of the Department of Canadian Heritage by building on Canada’s strength as a diverse and inclusive society. The GBA+ found that racialized women and girls are among the most disadvantaged groups in Canadian society. For example, the 2014 General Social Survey reveals that visible minority women of various backgrounds are more likely to report having experienced discrimination during the five years preceding the survey than women who did belong to a visible minority. The data shows that “among the eight largest visible minority groups, Latin American (32%), Arab (27%), Black (25%) and South Asian (21%) women were more likely than women who were not a visible minority (13%) to report experiencing discrimination.” Despite improvements to gender equality, girls in Canada face pressures such as sexual harassment and racial discrimination, which create barriers to their future success. Canadian statistics and research findings demonstrate that the real-life challenges of girls have not been addressed - particularly for girls who are marginalized, such as immigrant, Indigenous, racialized, or rural girls. A report by the Girls Action Foundation (2013) indicated that 25% of Grade 10 girls in Canada do not feel safe at school. The report found that girls’ overall school experience is marked by “everyday violence.” which makes school life difficult and increases the risk of dropping out. The impact of doing a GBA+ included an examination of applications received, which were assessed to identify where the applications were coming from, which groups were providing submissions and which groups were being served by the submissions, in order to identify whether coverage and support is reflective of the diversity of the Canadian population, and in particular, of the various target groups across Canada. At this time, it is difficult to accurately quantify the impact of the proposals on the target groups since the exact nature and scope of the projects that would be funded through the new funding is not yet known.
- Action Plan for Official Languages 2018-2023: Investing in Our Future: This five-year, whole-of-government strategy in official languages is funded with almost $500 million in new funding over five years, in addition to permanent funds from existing programs to build a $2.7 billion, five-year government investment. Its actions are grouped around three pillars: Strengthening Our Communities, Strengthening Access to Services, and Promoting a Bilingual Canada. A detailed GBA + analysis was conducted by Canadian Heritage as part of the development of the Action Plan. This analysis took into account a wide variety of identity factors, as well as the specificities of each Action Plan measure. Many considerations related to GBA + emerged from the analysis, which may have been taken into account in the design of these. The GBA+ also provided guidance to ensure that the implementation of activities is equitable. A regular update of the GBA+ will be carried out to follow the evolution of the key indicators.
The following federal initiatives include specific measures to advance gender equality in 2018-19 and align with the Gender Results Framework:
- Community Support, Multiculturalism, and Anti-Racism Initiatives Program (CSMARI): The Events component of CSMARI is actively seeking proposals that combat racism and discrimination towards two specific groups: Indigenous peoples and racialized women and girls. When conducting assessments, proposals with this focus will be treated as priority. The projects component of CSMARI is for projects that address one or more of these priority themes, one of which is “work towards the elimination of discrimination, racism and prejudice, with priority for those targeted against Indigenous and racialized women and girls.”
- Gender Equality in Sport: Develop a strategy to increase the participation of women and girls in all facets of sport and achieve gender equality in sport by 2035.
These initiatives will be monitored for their results and impact, which will be reported on at a later date.
- Reporting capacity and data
- The Department has one transfer payment program, Sport Canada’s Athlete Assistance Program, which collects microdata from individual recipients. The Athlete Assistance Program’s objectives include: support for improved Canadian athlete performances at major international sporting events, enabling athletes to combine their sport and academic or working careers while training intensively in pursuit of world class performances, and supporting athletes already at or having the potential to be in the top sixteen in the world in their sport. Eligible recipients include Canadian high-performance athletes who have achieved carding status as a result of National Sport Organizations and athletes meeting program requirements, as well as retired, previously carded Canadian high-performance athletes. The Department collects information related to sex, first official language, city and province, and able-bodied status (Olympic or Paralympic).
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