Ethics in sport

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Introduction

Canada is committed to ethics in sport and ensuring Canadian athletes compete on a safe and fair playing field. Canada's domestic anti-doping policies and programs are well respected internationally and the Canadian Anti-Doping Program is fully compliant to the World Anti-Doping Code. Canada continues to exercise leadership in the global anti-doping movement and is host of the World Anti-Doping Agency in Montreal.

The Sport Canada Strategy on Ethical Sport (PDF Version, 305 KB) and the Sport Canada's Anti-Doping Sanctions are in place to enhance ethical conduct in Canadian sport. Together, they address key ethical issues in sport, such as doping, abuse/ harassment, concussions and safety related matters, violence in sport, and other identified ethical issues as they arise. The overall objective is to work collaboratively with our partners, clients, and stakeholders to help protect the integrity of sport.

Anti-Doping

The Government of Canada has been firmly committed to the anti-doping movement in order to protect the integrity of sport and the health and well-being of athletes. We work in collaboration with a number of key organizations in anti-doping, including:

  • The World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA): Canada has hosted the WADA headquarters in Montreal since 2001 and assists the organization in its efforts to gain worldwide harmonization of anti-doping policies and programs. WADA's efforts are aimed at ensuring compliance to the World Anti-Doping Code and related International Standards by all signatories including International Sport Federations, Major Games Franchise holders, and National and Regional Anti-Doping Organizations. Governments are equal partners with the sport movement in terms of governance and financial support of WADA.
  • UNESCO particularly the UNESCO Convention against Doping in Sport: The purpose of the Convention is to harmonize anti-doping efforts worldwide and to provide an internationally recognized framework for governmental anti-doping measures, including domestic measures, support for the principles of the World Anti-Doping Code, and equal funding of the WADA with the Olympic movement. Canada played a leadership role in the development of the Convention and was the 2nd country in the world to accept it in 2005. As of May 2018, 187 countries have accepted or ratified the Convention which demonstrates the extent of its worldwide appeal and application. Canada participates in UNESCO Conference of States Parties meetings which are held every two years to track governmental progress related to the Convention and identify next steps.
  • Canadian Centre for Ethics in Sport (CCES): The Government of Canada is a strong partner in support of the CCES as an independent not for profit organization dedicated to protecting the integrity of sport from the negative forces of doping and other unethical threats; and advocating for sport that is fair, safe and open to everyone.
  • The CCES is responsible for the administration of the Code compliant Canadian Anti-Doping Program and works closely with National Sport Organizations and Multisport Service Organizations in its implementation to protect the interests of clean sport. In Canada, the CCES also provides advice and works with the Government of Canada to prepare for and participate in WADA meetings and other international fora. This includes the International Anti-Doping Arrangement, a collection of 10 leading anti-doping experts from both governments and national anti-doping organizations to share best practices and discuss key issues.

Sport Canada's Anti-Doping Sanctions

Authorities

The Government of Canada (Sport Canada) has had a policy against doping in sport in one form or another since October 1983. The current policy is the Canadian Policy Against Doping in Sport (CPADS), which was endorsed by the Federal, Provincial and Territorial Ministers responsible for Sport, Recreation and Fitness in February 2011.

The CPADS is consistent with the Canadian Sport Policy, endorsed by Federal, Provincial and Territorial Ministers in 2012, which places particular emphasis on ethics and values in sport. Further, the CPADS responds to the responsibility within the Physical Activity and Sport Act, 2003, to ensure that the federal government's "policy regarding sport is founded on the highest ethical standards and values, including doping-free sport". (Physical Activity and Sport Act, L.C. 2003, c. C-2, subsection 4 (1))

The CPADS respects the priorities and responsibilities contained within the UNESCO International Convention Against Doping in Sport.

Endorsement of the CPADS and adoption of the Canadian Anti-Doping Program (CADP), (as applicable), is a condition of eligibility for funding for all National Sport Organizations and Multisport Service Organizations. In addition, athletes must respect and abide by the Canadian Anti-Doping Program; National Sport Organization athlete agreements and conditions of funding under the Athlete Assistance Program.

Context

The motivation for developing, maintaining and updating anti-doping policies has always been based on an unequivocal opposition to the use of banned substances or methods to enhance performance, whose use or practice undermines the integrity of sport and whose use may threaten or risk the health of the individual. The Government of Canada's opposition to doping has and continues to be demonstrated by strict financial sanctions designed to act as a deterrent to all individuals in all roles in Canadian sport and to support and respect sport ineligibility sanctions imposed by the authorized sport organizations on individuals who violate anti-doping rules.

It is the belief and position of the Government of Canada that participation in sport at all levels should never be undermined or compromised by the practice of doping. Support from the Government of Canada to enable individuals to be active in sport at all levels and to develop and support high performance excellence is compromised when our true sport values are threatened or undermined.

The negative effects and implications of doping in sport are not limited to the individuals directly involved; the impact is felt across the entire sport community.

The withdrawal of federal financial support through Sport Canada's funding programs is consistent with the Government of Canada's, and specifically Sport Canada's, long-standing position and efforts in anti-doping.

Scope

Building on existing policies, practices, commitments and obligations, the following is designed to clearly articulate the sanctions that will be imposed within the grant and contribution programs administered by the Government of Canada, through Sport Canada, as a result of an anti-doping rule violation.

This administrative action applies automatically to any individual sanctioned with sport ineligibility by any anti-doping organization (which includes National Sport Organizations), when such sanctions are imposed in conformity with the World Anti-Doping Code.

Application

Sport ineligibility resulting from anti-doping rule violations attaches to the individual and follows that individual into any subsequent role that he/she might assume in sport, for the duration of the sanction, regardless of retirement or change in role.

Federal funding ineligibility respects this same approach. Specifically, federal funding ineligibility attaches to the individual and follows that individual into any subsequent role that he/she might assume in sport for the duration of the sanction, regardless of retirement or change in role.

Funding Categories

There are two types of federal funding categories available through Sport Canada programs: i) direct; and ii) indirect funding. The category of indirect funding is further subdivided into two areas: a) Salary Support; and b) Sport-Related Benefits. Definitions of these different types of funding are as follows:

  1. Direct funding – Athlete Assistance Program:

    Refers to financial support provided to an individual through the Athlete Assistance Program (carding), in the form of monthly stipends, tuition, deferred tuition, and special needs support.

    1. Indirect Funding – Salary Support:

      Refers to financial support provided to an individual, through a sport organization (National Sport Organization, Multisport Service Organization), or other supported organization, towards any salary, contract for services, employment benefits, fees, honoraria and/or travel or reimbursement for travel or other expenses.

    2. Indirect Funding - Sport-Related Benefits:

      Refers to financial support, through a sport organization, (National Sport Organization, Multisport Service Organization), or other supported organization, which enables an individual to benefit from the provision of other services. This includes but is not limited to: national team support, travel; training camps, facilities and other training; technical support (coaching, physiotherapy etc.); or any other service / benefit including access to Canadian Sport Centre's and their services, available as a result of Sport Canada funding.

Sport Canada Funding Ineligibility

Funding ineligibility is directly linked to the sport ineligibility sanction received by an individual as a result of an anti-doping rule violation. The funding ineligibility is an administrative sanction that is imposed automatically under one of two categories: i) sport ineligibility of two (2) years or more, or, ii) sport ineligibility of less than two (2) years.

  1. Sport Ineligibility of Two (2) Years or More:

    Any individual who has been sanctioned for an anti-doping rule violation pursuant to or recognized under the CADP or its predecessors resulting in a two-year period of sport ineligibility or greater and, where applicable, has not been reinstated, is permanently ineligible to receive any Direct – Athlete Assistance Program and/or Indirect - Salary Support funding.

    In addition, any individual who has been sanctioned for an anti-doping rule violation pursuant to or recognized under the CADP or its predecessors resulting in a two-year period of sport ineligibility or greater and, where applicable, has not been reinstated, is ineligible to receive any Indirect - Sport-Related Benefits while serving their sport ineligibility sanction.

  2. Sport Ineligibility of Less than Two (2) Years:

    Any individual who has been sanctioned for an anti-doping rule violation pursuant to or recognized under the CADP or its predecessors resulting in a period of sport ineligibility of less than two years is ineligible to receive any Direct – Athlete Assistance Program, Indirect - Salary Support and/or Indirect - Sport-Related Benefits while serving their sport ineligibility sanction.

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