Remembrance in Canada's capital: Guide and lesson plans
Maps and Publications
Remembrance in the Capital
[PDF Version, 1.71 MB ]
Explore commemorative sites in Ottawa and learn how our military history has contributed to the growth of Canada.
Visit a selection of Canada's national military commemorations during your trip to Ottawa. Or explore them virtually in your classroom. Teachers: Use the historical links and free lesson plans to enrich the learning experience!
Military Commemorations in Canada's Capital
Elgin Street and Rideau Canal
The memorial is a tribute to Canadians who have served in times of war.
History: The National War Memorial (Veterans Affairs Canada)
Lesson Plan: National War Memorial (Canadian Heritage)
The unidentified Canadian soldier represents all Canadians who have died for their country, particularly the estimated 28,000 soldiers with no known graves.
History: The Unknown Soldier (Canadian War Museum)
Lesson Plan: See the National War Memorial lesson plan
This collection of busts and statues commemorates 14 heroic men and women who represent critical moments in Canada's military history.
The monument is a tribute to the many Aboriginal men and women who have served in the Canadian Armed Forces.
History: Aboriginal People in the Canadian Military (Veterans Affairs Canada)
Lesson Plan: National Aboriginal Veterans Monument (Canadian Heritage)
This monument commemorates more than 30,000 Canadians who served in the Korean War from 1950 to 1953, and as peacekeepers in Korea until 1957.
History: The Korean War (Veterans Affairs Canada)
Lesson Plan: Remembering the Forgotten War (Veterans Affairs Canada)
Thirty thousand schoolchildren donated pennies to pay for this monument to Canadian volunteers who died in the South African War (1899–1902).
History: The South African War (Veterans Affairs Canada)
Lesson Plan: The South African War (Veterans Affairs Canada)
7. Northwest Rebellion (Sharpshooters Monument)
This monument from 1888 commemorates members of the Sharpshooters' Company of the Governor General's Foot Guards who died during the Northwest Rebellion (1885).
History: Louis Riel — Selected Resources (Parks Canada)
Lesson Plan: Who Was Louis Riel? (CBC)
The Peacekeeping Monument is the only commemoration of its kind in the world. It is dedicated to Canadian peacekeepers, and honours both the living and the dead.
History: The Faces of Peace (Veterans Affairs Canada)
Lesson Plan: The Future of UN Peacekeeping (CBC)
9. The Defence of Hong Kong Monument
A tribute to the 1,976 Canadians who helped defend the British Crown Colony of Hong Kong during the Second World War.
History: Canadians in Hong Kong (Veterans Affairs Canada)
10. National Artillery Monument
The large marble wall commemorates gunners killed in service. The 25-pounder gun was used by the Royal Canadian Regiment of Artillery during the Second World War and in Korea.
History: The Canadian Armed Forces (National Defence and the Canadian Forces)
A tribute to approximately 800 air force members who died in the Second World War and who have either unknown or inaccessible graves.
History: Canada's Air Force in War and Peace (Canadian War Museum)
12. Mackenzie-Papineau Monument
This monument commemorates the Mackenzie-Papineau Battalion. This group of more than 1,500 Canadian volunteers fought against fascism in Spain during the 1930s.
Wellington Street and the Ottawa River
13. Peace Tower and the Memorial Chamber
The Peace Tower commemorates the end of the First World War. The tower holds the Memorial Chamber and the Books of Remembrance containing the names of Canada's war dead.
History: The Memorial Chamber (Parliament of Canada)
Lesson Plan: The Peace Tower (Canadian Heritage)
14. The Canadian Phalanx
This monument is part of a collection of documentary art that commemorates Canada's participation in the First World War.
History: Canada's War Art (Canadian War Museum)
This commemoration represents the important role of those who have served, currently serve and will serve in the Royal Canadian Navy.
History: Canada's Naval History (Canadian War Museum)
Lesson Plan: The Battle for the Atlantic (Canadian Geographic)
Other Canadian Military Educational Resources
Directory of websites and digital resources on Canada's military history (National Defence)
Search for Canadian soldiers buried in Commonwealth war graves around the world.
The Memory Project (Historica-Dominion Institute)
Oral histories from Canadian veterans about the Second World War and the Korean War.
Teachers' resources include Remembrance Resources for Veterans' Week.
Report a problem or mistake on this page
- Date modified: