Reserve Force - Compensation during a period of injury, disease or illness (RFC)


Compensation and Benefit Instructions (CBI) 210.72, Defence Administrative Orders and Directives (DAOD) 5018-2, Canadian Forces Administrative Orders (CFAO) 24-6


RFC applies when an injury or illness continues beyond the termination of the Class of Reserve service during which it occurred.


Members of the Reserve Force on Class A, B or C Service who are incapable of performing duty due to an injury, disease or illness attributable to that service are entitled to RFC when the injury or illness continues beyond the termination of the class of Reserve service during which it occurred.


Approval of payment of RFC is based on the confirmation that the member is incapacitated as a result of military service, in accordance with CBI 210.72. The request for compensation is initiated by the member's parent unit by completing the form DND 2398 which is available in the Defence Forms Catalogue. This form, staffed through the chain of command to DCSM, constitutes the required investigation and the application for payment of compensation.


An Officer Commanding a Command may authorize an advance of RFC for a period not to exceed three months. Advance payment in excess of three months requires the prior approval of Director Casualty Support Management (DCSM). Members should be advised in writing prior to the issuance of any advance RFC that such advances are subject to recovery action if they are not subsequently approved by DCSM.

Additional period of payment

When RFC continues after an initial period of payment, the unit shall forward directly to DCSM the following:

  • an updated doctor's statement;
  • an updated member's statement; and
  • an updated employer's statement (if applicable) with a covering letter/memorandum explaining the request for additional payment.


  • RFC is no longer payable once a competent medical authority has established that the member is no longer incapacitated and the member is capable of:
    • Resuming active participation in the Reserve Force; or
    • Resuming the occupation held at the time the injury, disease or illness occurred; or
    • Seeking gainful civilian employment if the member was not so employed at the time the injury, disease or illness occurred.
  • RFC also ceases:
    • On the date the member is released from the Canadian Armed Forces (CAF);
    • If the member resumes attendance at an educational institution if a full-time student; or
    • When, the member unreasonably refuses to accept the medical treatment prescribed.
  • Subject to Ministerial approval, compensation may be considered:
    • When a member is a full-time student receiving treatment as an outpatient and has resumed attendance at an educational institution and:
    • there is a loss of income from part-time employment, either civilian, or military; or
    • the member has incurred additional and reasonable expenses to attend the educational institution or place where the medical treatment is given.

CF Return to Duty program

Reserve Force members in receipt of RFC during a period of injury, disease or illness may participate in a Return to Duty Program provided that it has been endorsed by a Medical Officer as a form of medical treatment, and that the member otherwise continues to meet the eligibility criteria at CBI 210.72


For more information on RFC, contact DCSM 2 at 613-996-1405 or 1-800-883-6094

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