Le Régiment de la Chaudière

The official lineage of Le Régiment de la Chaudière infantry regiment.

Badge

Colonel-in-Chief: Her Majesty The Queen

Badge

Description

Two machine guns in saltire muzzles upward Argent ensigned by a fleur-de-lis Or issuant from a beaver couchant proper and above a scroll Gules inscribed AERE PERENNIUS between two maple leaves Argent.

Symbolism

The maple leaves and beaver represent service to Canada. The fleur-de-lis is an emblem of the province of Quebec and was the central device of the badge of Le Régiment de Beauce. The Vickers guns are of the type used by the regiment when it was reclassified as a machine gun regiment in 1936. "AERE PERENNIUS" is the motto of the regiment.

Motto

AERE PERENNIUS (More lasting than bronze)

Marches

"Sambre et Meuse" and "The Longest Day"

Regimental colour

Regimental colour

Camp flag

Camp flag

Battle honours

The War of 1812

DEFENCE OF CANADA – 1812-1815 – DÉFENSE DU CANADA; CHÂTEAUGUAY

Honorary Distinction

The non-emblazonable honorary distinction DEFENCE OF CANADA – 1812-1815 – DÉFENSE DU CANADA

The Second World War

NORMANDY LANDING; CAEN; Carpiquet; BOURGUÉBUS RIDGE; Faubourg de Vaucelles; FALAISE; The Laison; Chambois; Boulogne, 1944; Calais, 1944; THE SCHELDT; Breskens Pocket; THE RHINELAND; Waal Flats; The Hochwald; THE RHINE; Emmerich-Hoch Elten; Zutphen; NORTH-WEST EUROPE, 1944-1945.

Lineage

This Reserve Force regiment originated on 9 April 1869 and incorporates the following regiments.

Le Régiment de la Chaudière originated in Saint-Anselme, Quebec on 9 April 1869, when 'The Provisional Battalion of "Dorchester"' was authorized to be formed.Footnote 1 It was redesignated the '92nd "Dorchester" Battalion of Infantry' on 12 June 1885.Footnote 2 On 1 August 1899, it was amalgamated with the '23rd "Beauce" Battalion of Infantry' (see below), retaining the same designation.Footnote 3 It was redesignated: '92nd Dorchester Regiment' on 8 May 1900;Footnote 4 'Le Régiment de Dorchester' on 29 March 1920;Footnote 5 'The Beauce Regiment' on 15 March 1921;Footnote 6 'Le Régiment de Beauce' on 1 May 1921;Footnote 7 and 'Le Régiment de Dorchester et Beauce' on 1 February 1932.Footnote 8 On 15 December 1936, it was amalgamated with the '5th Machine Gun Battalion, CMGC' (see below), and redesignated 'Le Régiment de la Chaudière (Mitrailleuses)'.Footnote 9 It was redesignated: '2nd (Reserve) Battalion, Le Régiment de la Chaudière (Mitrailleuses)' on 7 November 1940;Footnote 10 '2nd (Reserve) Battalion, Le Régiment de la Chaudière' on 1 April 1941;Footnote 11 and 'Le Régiment de la Chaudière' on 24 April 1946.Footnote 12 On 1 September 1954, it was amalgamated with 'Le Régiment de Lévis' (see below), retaining the same designation.Footnote 13

Notes:

Upon redesignation as Le Régiment de Dorchester on 29 March 1920 (see above), it was organized as a two battalion regiment with the 1st Battalion on the Non Permanent Active Militia order of battle, and the 2nd Battalion on the Reserve order of battle. The reserve unit was disbanded on 14 December 1936 (GO 3/37).

The Beauce Regiment was disbanded for the purpose of reorganization on 3 January 1921 and reorganized the same day (GO 80/21). This change was administrative and does not affect the lineage of the regiment.

Le Régiment de Dorchester et Beauce was disbanded for the purpose of amalgamation on 14 December 1936 and reorganized the next day (GO 204/36). This change was administrative and does not affect the lineage of the regiment.

The 23rd "Beauce" Battalion of Infantry originated in Sainte-Marie, Québec on 9 April 1869, when 'The Provisional Battalion of "Beauce"' was authorized to be formed.Footnote 14 It was redesignated '23rd "Beauce" Battalion of Infantry' on 19 May 1871.Footnote 15 On 1 August 1899, it was amalgamated with the '92nd Dorchester Battalion of Infantry', as above.

Le Régiment de Lévis originated in Lévis, Quebec on 1 December 1902, when the '17th Regiment of Infantry' was authorized to be formed.Footnote 16 It was redesignated: 'Le Régiment de Lévis' on 29 March 1920;Footnote 17 '2nd (Reserve) Battalion, Le Régiment de Lévis' on 12 May 1942;Footnote 18 and 'Le Régiment de Lévis' on 7 November 1945.Footnote 19 On 1 September 1954, it was amalgamated with 'Le Régiment de la Chaudière', as above.

Notes:

No lineal connection with the '17th Levis Regiment' of 1863 to 1901.

Upon redesignation as Le Régiment de Lévis on 29 March 1920 (see above), it was organized as a two battalion regiment with the 1st Battalion on the Non Permanent Active Militia order of battle, and the 2nd Battalion on the Reserve order of battle. The reserve unit was disbanded on 14 December 1936 (GO 3/37).

Le Régiment de Lévis was disbanded for the purpose of reorganization on 1 October 1920 and reorganized the same day (GO 232/20). This change was administrative and does not affect the lineage of the regiment.

The 5th Machine Gun Battalion, CMGC originated in Quebec City, Quebec on 1 June 1919, when the '5th Machine Gun Brigade, CMGC' was authorized to be formed.Footnote 20 It was redesignated '5th Machine Gun Battalion, CMGC' on 15 September 1924.Footnote 21 On 15 December 1936, it was amalgamated with 'Le Régiment de Dorchester et Beauce', as above.

Notes:

The 5th Machine Gun Brigade, CMGC was authorized a Reserve order of battle counterpart on 1 June 1920 (GO 104/20). The reserve unit was disbanded on 14 December 1936 (GO 3/37).

The 5th Machine Gun Battalion, CMGC was disbanded for the purpose of amalgamation on 14 December 1936 and reorganized the next day (GO 204/36). This change was administrative and does not affect the lineage of the battalion.

Perpetuations

‘1st Battalion, Select Embodied Militia’, ‘Dorchester Provincial Light Dragoons’, and ‘1st Lotbinière Division (1812-15)’

Headquarters Location

Lévis, Quebec

Operational history

The Second World War

Le Régiment de la Chaudière (Mitrailleuses) mobilized 'Le Régiment de la Chaudière (Mitrailleuses), CASF' for active service on 1 September 1939.Footnote 22 It was redesignated: 'Le Régiment de la Chaudière, CASF' on 24 May 1940;Footnote 23 and '1st Battalion, Le Régiment de la Chaudière, CASF' on 7 November 1940.Footnote 24 It embarked for Great Britain on 21 July 1941.Footnote 25 On D- Day, 6 June 1944, it landed in Normandy, France as a part of the 8th Infantry Brigade, 3rd Canadian Infantry Division, and it continued to fight in North West Europe until the end of the war.Footnote 26 The overseas battalion was disbanded on 15 January 1946.Footnote 27

The regiment subsequently mobilized the '3rd Battalion, Le Régiment de la Chaudière, CIC, CAOF' on 1 June 1945 for service with the Canadian Army Occupation Force in Germany.Footnote 28 The battalion was disbanded on 24 April 1946.Footnote 29

Details of Le Régiment de Lévis were called out on service on 26 August 1939 and then placed on active service on 1 September 1939, under the designation 'Le Régiment de Lévis, CASF (Details)', for local protection duties.Footnote 30 The details called out on active service were disbanded on 31 December 1940.Footnote 31 Details of the regiment were again called out on service on 1 January 1941, under the designation 'Details of 1st (Reserve) Battalion, Le Régiment de Lévis'.Footnote 32 They were redesignated 'Details of 2nd (Reserve) Battalion, Le Régiment de Lévis' on 12 May 1942.Footnote 33 The details called out on active service were disbanded on 31 May 1943.Footnote 34

The regiment subsequently mobilized the '1st Battalion, Le Régiment de Lévis, CASF' for active service on 12 May 1942.Footnote 35 It served in Canada in a home defence role as part of Military District No. 5.Footnote 36 The battalion was disbanded on 15 October 1943.Footnote 37

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