Spending and human resources

Official title: ESDC 2017-2018 Departmental Plan

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In this section, organizations provide an overview of their budgetary expenditures and human resources. This section combines financial and human resource information previously found in three different subsections of the Part III Estimates, including information related to Financial Statements.

Planned spending

In this subsection, organizations present a table of their expenditures in a graphical and tabular format and include one supporting narrative on the analysis of trends and an explanation of any significant variances.

Expenditure highlights

Budgetary financial resources (dollars)*

  • 2017-2018 Main estimates: 57,422,855,615
  • 2017-2018 Planned spending: 128,345,390,246
  • 2018-2019 Planned spending: 133,387,128,278
  • 2019-2020 Planned spending: 139,222,428,041
  • * Employment Insurance and Canada Pension Plan benefits are excluded from the 2017-2018 Main Estimates, while they are included in the 2017-2018, 2018-2019 and 2019-2020 planned spending. The Employment Insurance Operating (EIO) Account and the Canada Pension Plan are Specified Purpose Accounts. The transactions of these accounts are to be accounted for separately.

Human resources (FTEs)

  • 2017-2018: 21,821
  • 2018-2019*: 18,786
  • 2019-2020*: 17,636
  • * The FTEs figures reported above reflect a reduction mainly associated with passport services. FTEs for passport services were approved for 2017-2018. The Department will seek authorities from Treasury Board for the delivery of passport services for 2018-2019 and future years.

Planned spending by whole-of-government-framework spending area (dollars)

Strategic outcomes Programs Spending areas Government of Canada
outcomes
2017-2018
planned spending
Strategic Outcome 1: Government-wide service excellence Program 1.1:
Service Network Supporting Government Departments
Government Affairs A transparent, accountable and responsive federal government 61,037,812
Program 1.2:
Delivery of
Services for Other Government of Canada Programs
Government Affairs A transparent, accountable and responsive federal government 178,192,378
Strategic Outcome 2: A skilled, adaptable and inclusive labour force and an efficient labour market Program 2.1:
Skills and Employment
Economic Affairs Income security and employment for Canadians 24,578,109,363
Program 2.2:
Learning
Economic Affairs An innovative and knowledge-based economy 2,969,076,593
Strategic Outcome 3: Safe, healthy, fair and inclusive work environments and cooperative workplace relations Program 3.1:
Labour
Economic Affairs Fair and secure work environments 285,484,779
Strategic Outcome 4: Income security, access to opportunities and well-being for individuals, families and communities Program 4.1:
Income Security
Economic Affairs Income security and employment for Canadians 97,929,274,126
Program 4.2:
Social Development
Social Affairs A diverse society that promotes linguistic duality and social inclusion 311,001,403

Total planned spending by spending area (dollars)

  • Economic Affairs: 125,761,944,861
  • Social Affairs: 311,001,403
  • International Affairs: -
  • Government Affairs: 239,230,190

Departmental spending trend

For 2017-2018, the Department has planned expenditures on programs and services of $128.3 billion. Of that amount, $122.4 billion directly benefit Canadians through statutory transfer payment programs such as Employment Insurance, the Canada Pension Plan, Old Age Security and the Canada Student Loans and Grants and Canada Apprentice Loans Program.

2017-2018 Planned spending
2017-2018 Planned spending figure
Text description of the 2017-2018 Planned spending figure
Details Amount (in $ millions) Percent
Old Age Security/Guaranteed Income Supplement/Allowance 51,155.0 39.9%
Canada Pension Plan 45,784.6 35.7%
Employment Insurance 21,956.5 17.1%
Universal Child Care/ Canada Student Loans /Other statutory payments 3,472.2 2.7%
Gross operating expenditures 2,852.1 2.2%
Voted grants and contributions 1,846.4 1.4%
Other - Workers' Compensation and EI/CPP charges 1,278.6 1.0%
Loans disbursed under the Canada Student Financial Assistance Act (Non-Budgetary) - 0.0%
Consolidated total $128,345.4 100.0%
Employment and Social Development Canada - Gross expenditures ($ millions)
Details Amount Total
Budgetary:
Net Operating Costs 970.1
Add Recoveries in relation to: 1,882.0
Canada Pension Plan 312.7  -
Employment Insurance Operating Account 1,263.9  -
Workers' Compensation 124.7  -
Passport Services 174.0  -
Other 6.7 -
Gross Operating Costs 2,852.1
Voted Grants and Contributions 1,846.4
Total Gross Expenditures 4,698.5
Other - Workers' Compensation and EI/CPP Charges and Recoveries 1,278.6
Statutory transfer payments ($ millions)
Details Amount Total
Grants and Contributions:
Old Age Security 38,810.0
Guaranteed Income Supplement 11,848.0
Allowance 497.0
Other Statutory Payments: 3,451.3
Canada Student Loans and Grants and Canada Apprentice Loans Program 1,819.9 -
Canada Education Savings Grant 843.0 -
Canada Disability Savings Program 572.1 -
Canada Learning Bond 143.0 -
Wage Earner Protection Program 49.3 -
Universal Child Care Benefit 24.0 -
Sub-Total 54,606.3
Canada Pension Plan Benefits 45,784.6
Employment Insurance Benefits 21,956.5
Part I 19,880.0  -
Part II 2,076.5 -
Other Specified Purpose Accounts 20.9*
Total Statutory Transfer Payments 122,368.3
  • * This amount includes payments related to Government Annuities Account and the Civil Service Insurance Fund.

The figure below illustrates the departmental spending trend from 2014-2015 to 2019-2020. From 2014-2015 to 2016-2017, total spending includes all Parliamentary appropriations and revenue sources, Main Estimates and Supplementary Estimates. From 2017-2018 to 2019-2020, total spending represents planned spending.

Departmental spending trend: Employment and social development total consolidated expenditures (in dollars)
Departmental spending trend: Employment and social development total consolidated expenditures (in dollars)
Text description of the Departmental spending trend figure
Details Actual spending Forecast spending Planned spending
2014-2015 2015-2016 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019 2019-2020
Sunsetting programs - - - - - -
Statutory 107,738,209,017 118,784,815,253 120,183,512,277 124,165,103,415 129,511,026,233 135,662,532,058
Voted* 4,193,458,019 4,058,896,841 4,730,303,228 4,180,286,832 3,876,102,045 3,559,895,983
Total 111,931,667,036 122,843,712,094 124,913,815,505 128,345,390,247 133,387,128,278 139,222,428,041
  • * Voted expenditures include vote-netted revenues, as well as debt write-offs in 2014-2015, 2015-2016 and 2016-2017.

The overall increase in spending of $27.3 billion from 2014-2015 to 2019-2020 can mainly be explained by increases to Canada Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security payments and Employment Insurance benefits.

Planned Canada Pension Plan benefits are at $50.8 billion in 2019-2020, an increase of $12.1 billion from the 2014-2015 actual spending of $38.7 billion. Old Age Security benefits, including the Guaranteed Income Supplement and Allowances, are expected to reach $57.1 billion in 2019-2020, which represents an increase of $13.0 billion from the 2014-2015 actual spending of $44.1 billion. Annual increases are associated with a higher number of beneficiaries due to the aging population and planned increases in the average monthly benefits.

Those increases are offset by a decrease of $2.7 billion in the Universal Child Care Benefit from the actual spending in 2014-2015 to the planned spending in 2018-2019 due to the program's replacement by the new Canada Child Benefit, which is administered by the Canada Revenue Agency.

Employment Insurance benefits fluctuate every year mainly due to changes in the average unemployment rate. Employment Insurance benefits are expected to reach $22.0 billion in 2019-2020, representing an increase of $4.0 billion from the 2014-2015 expenditures of $18.0 billion. More specifically, Employment Insurance benefits are expected to increase by $0.9 billion (4.8 %) from the 2016-2017 forecasted spending to the 2017-2018 planned spending, of which $604 million is due to an expected 4.5% increase in regular benefits and $274 million is due to an expected 5.0% increase in special benefits. The increase in regular benefits is due to a 2.1% increase in the average weekly benefit rate and a 2.3% increase in the number of beneficiaries.

Budgetary planning summary for programs and internal services (dollars)*

Programs and internal services 2014-2015 expenditures** 2015-2016 expenditures 2016-2017 forecast spending 2017-2018 main estimates 2017-2018 planned spending 2018-2019 planned spending 2019-2020 planned spending
Program 1.1:
Service Network Supporting Government Departments
55,744,363 55,566,034 59,958,885 61,037,812 61,037,812 58,554,056 58,554,056
Program 1.2:
Delivery of
Services for Other Government of Canada Programsb
157,236,664 133,440,054 167,665,906 178,192,378 178,192,378 1,681,622 1,684,751
Program 2.1:
Skills and Employmentc
20,440,879,133 21,794,776,029 24,002,386,075 2,600,702,386 24,578,109,363 24,232,054,261 24,420,264,641
Program 2.2:
Learningd
2,555,842,600 2,489,519,001 2,829,922,094 2,969,076,593 2,969,076,593 3,074,026,937 3,185,136,037
Program 3.1:
Laboure
248,564,407 251,871,310 277,140,615 285,484,779 285,484,779 285,484,779 285,484,779
Program 4.1:
Income Securityf
83,569,177,338 87,042,524,292 92,969,058,935 52,144,690,865 97,929,274,126 103,322,693,183 108,996,862,167
Program 4.2:
Social Developmentg
2,940,137,196 8,961,100,867 2,320,768,116 311,001,403 311,001,403 243,649,279 114,211,342
Sub-total 109,967,581,701 120,728,797,587 122,626,900,626 58,550,186,216 126,312,176,454 131,218,144,117 137,062,197,773
Program
Internal servicesh
899,807,522 892,479,726 975,694,272 754,615,282 754,615,282 722,700,214 720,711,808
Other Costsi *** 1,064,277,814 1,222,434,781 1,311,220,607 - 1,278,598,510 1,446,283,947 1,439,518,460
Vote-Netted Revenues - - - (1,881,945,883) - - -
Sub-total 1,064,277,814 1,222,434,781 1,311,220,607 (1,881,945,883) 1,278,598,510 1,446,283,947 1,439,518,460
Totala 111,931,667,036 122,843,712,094 124,913,815,505 57,422,855,615 128,345,390,246 133,387,128,278 139,222,428,041
  • * Employment Insurance and Canada Pension Plan benefits are excluded from the 2017-2018 Main Estimates, while they are included in the 2014-2015 and 2015-2016 expenditures, the 2016-2017 forecast spending, the 2017-2018, 2018-2019 and 2019-2020 planned spending.
    Employment Insurance benefits are shown under the Skills and Employment program (Employment Insurance and Labour Market Development Agreements sub-programs) and the Canada Pension Plan benefits are under the Income Security program (Canada Pension Plan and Canada Pension Plan Disability Benefits sub-programs).
  • ** For comparative purposes 2014-2015 actual expenditures have been restated according to the new Program Alignment Architecture approved for 2015-2016.
  • *** Other costs include administrative costs of other government departments charged to the Employment Insurance Operating Account and the Canada Pension Plan. It also includes Employment Insurance doubtful accounts and recoveries from other government departments.

Budgetary planning summary for strategic outcomes and programs

  • The overall increase in spending of $27.3 billion from 2014-2015 to 2019-2020 can mainly be explained by increases to Canada Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security payments and Employment Insurance benefits (for more details, see Departmental Spending Trend).
  • The significant reduction in planned spending from 2017-2018 to 2018-2019 for Delivery of Services for Other Government of Canada Programs is mainly explained by the sunsetting in 2017-2018 of the passport services funding. The Department will have to request funding for 2018-2019 and future years, including FTEs.
  • Under Skills and Employment, the expected increase of $4.0 billion from 2014-2015 to 2019-2020 is mainly due to an increase of $3.9 billion in Employment Insurance benefits. Employment Insurance benefits are expected to increase by $918 million (+ 4.8%) from the 2016-2017 forecasted spending to the 2017-2018 planned spending, of which $604 million is due to an expected 4.5% increase in regular benefits and $274 million is due to an expected 5.0% increase in special benefits. The increase in regular benefits is due to a 2.1% increase in the average weekly benefit rate partially offset by a 2.3% decrease in the number of beneficiaries.
  • Spending under Learning is expected to increase by $0.6 billion between 2014-2015 and 2019-2020 mainly due to an increase of $0.5 billion to the Canada Loans and Grants for Students and Apprentices Program, including the Canada Education Savings Grant and the Canada Learning Bond.
  • The variances related to Labour from 2014-2015 to 2016-2017 are mostly attributable to changes in Wage Earner Protection Program and federal workers' compensation payments.
  • The increase of $25.4 billion from 2014-2015 to 2019-2020 in planned spending for Income Security is mainly related to expected increases to Canada Pension Plan benefits ($12.1 billion) and Old Age Security program payments ($9.9 billion).
  • Social Development planned spending for 2019-2020 is expected to decrease by $2.8 billion from the 2014-2015 actual expenditures, mostly due to a decrease in the Universal Child Care Benefit, which is the program replaced by the new Canada Child Benefit.
  • The decrease of $0.2 billion in Internal Services spending between 2014-2015 and 2019-2020 is mainly due to internal efficiencies and savings identified as part of the 2010 Strategic Review and Budget 2012. In addition, effective in 2016-2017, special purpose accommodation cost such as Call Centres and Service Canada Centres were transferred from Internal Services to the programs.
  • The increase of $0.4 billion to Other Costs is mainly related to an increase in the Canada Pension Plan Investment Board ($0.2 billion) charges to the Canada Pension Plan.

Planned human resources (Full-time equivalents [FTEs])

In this subsection, organizations present a table of their human resources and a supporting narrative that would include an analysis of trends and an explanation of any significant variances.

Human resource planning summary table (FTEs)

Programs and internal services 2014-2015 FTEs 2015-2016 FTEs 2016-2017 Forecast FTEs 2017-2018
Planned FTEs
2018-2019
Planned FTEs
2019-2020
Planned FTEs
Program 1.1: Service Network Supporting Government Departments 509 399 410 389 389 389
Program 1.2: Delivery of Services for Other Government of Canada Programs 1,396 1,977 2,380 2,238 12 12
Program 2.1: Skills and Employment 9,083 9,053 10,209 9,120 8,434 8,291
Program 2.2: Learning 342 323 348 348 348 348
Program 3.1: Labour 604 645 641 638 638 638
Program 4.1: Income Security 4,166 4,381 4,685 4,506 4,569 3,638
Program 4.2: Social Development 362 289 362 364 347 240
Sub-total 16,462 17,067 19,035 17,603 14,737 13,556
Internal services
Sub-total
3,997 3,943 4,308 4,218 4,049 4,080
Total 20,459 21,010 23,343 21,821 18,786 17,636

Estimates by vote

For information on ESDC's organizational appropriations, consult the 2017-2018 Main Estimates.

Future-oriented condensed statement of operations

The consolidated future-oriented condensed statement of operations provides a general overview of ESDC's operations. The forecast of financial information on expenses and revenues is prepared on an accrual accounting basis to strengthen accountability and to improve transparency and financial management.

Because the consolidated future-oriented condensed statement of operations is prepared on an accrual accounting basis, and the forecast and planned spending amounts presented in other sections of the Departmental Plan are prepared on an expenditure basis, amounts may differ.

The consolidated future-oriented statement of operations includes the transactions of the Employment Insurance Operating (EIO) Account, a consolidated specified purpose account which includes revenues credited and expenses charged under the Employment Insurance Act. The accounts of the EIO Account have been consolidated with those of ESDC and all inter-organizational balances and transactions have been eliminated. However, the Canada Pension Plan (CPP) is excluded from the ESDC's reporting entity because changes to CPP require the agreement of two thirds of participating provinces and it is therefore not controlled by the Government.

A more detailed consolidated future-oriented statement of operations and associated notes, including a reconciliation of the net cost of operations to the requested authorities, can be found on ESDC's website.

Future-oriented condensed statement of operations for the year ended March 31, 2018 (dollars)
Financial information 2016-2017 forecast results 2017-2018 planned results Difference (2017-2018 planned results minus 2016-2017 forecast results)
Total expenses 80,263,206,153 81,959,260,962 1,696,054,809
Total revenues 23,446,847,182 22,188,802,897 (1,258,044,285)
Net cost of operations before government funding and transfers 56,816,358,971 59,770,458,065 2,954,099,094

The increase of $2,954.1 million in the 2017-2018 planned results of the net cost of operations, when compared to the 2016-2017 forecast results, is mainly attributable to:

For expenses, the increase of $1,696.1 million is mainly attributable to:

  • An increase of $2,906.7 million in the Income Security expenses mainly due to the projected increase in the eligible population of the Old Age Security and Guaranteed Income Supplement benefits and an increase in the forecasted average monthly benefits.
  • An increase of $701.5 million in the Skills and Employment expenses mainly due to the projected increases in the Employment Insurance average weekly benefit rates and in the number of beneficiaries.
  • A decrease of $2,008.5 million in Social Development expenses mainly due to the termination of the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB) program. Effective July 1, 2016, the UCCB program was replaced by the Canada Child Benefit program, which is administered by the Canada Revenue Agency.

For revenues, the decrease of $1,258.0 is mainly attributable to:

  • A decrease of $1,257.0 million in the Employment Insurance revenues mainly due to the expected decline in the premium rate, offset by the projected increases in the total insurable earnings resulting from the expected growth in employment and in the maximum insurable earnings.
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