Archived – The National Child Benefit Progress Report 2007

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Appendix 2
Provincial, Territorial and First Nations National Child Benefit Reinvestments and Investments

This appendix provides information on the National Child Benefit (NCB) reinvestments and investments that jurisdictions Footnote 34 have undertaken. Some of these reinvestments and investments are new programs or services, while others are enhancements to existing programs. This appendix includes descriptions, actual expenditure data for 2004-2005 and 2005-2006, and estimated expenditure data for 2006-2007 and 2007-2008.

There are two sources of funds for NCB initiatives: reinvestment funds and investment funds. The data presented in this appendix represents the total of reinvestment and, where applicable, investment funds.

Reinvestment funds result from savings related to the federal NCB Supplement that free up provincial and territorial funds previously used for social assistance. Some jurisdictions make adjustments to their social assistance payments based on the NCB Supplement. The amount of the adjustment then becomes available for reinvestment. Other jurisdictions have restructured social assistance to implement income-tested child benefits delivered outside of social assistance. Among these jurisdictions, some adjust their child benefits to match, in whole or in part, the NCB Supplement, while some do not make any adjustment. For those that make an adjustment related to the NCB Supplement, funds available for reinvestments increase along with the NCB Supplement. For those that do not make such adjustments, funds available for reinvestments are deemed to be “fixed” to the amount of savings at the time their system was restructured. That amount is available for reinvestment each year.

Investment funds are additional funds that some jurisdictions have chosen to devote to the NCB initiative, over and above the reinvestment amounts.

Sources of Reinvestment Funds

There are two sources of reinvestment funds: Footnote 35

1. Social Assistance/Child Benefit Adjustments

Chapter 3 provides a summary of the various approaches that have evolved with respect to the adjustment of social assistance benefits and child benefits through the NCB.

2. Children’s Special Allowance Adjustments

The Children’s Special Allowance is paid on behalf of children who are in the care of provincial/territorial child welfare authorities. It mirrors the maximum Canada Child Tax Benefit payments, including the NCB Supplement. Jurisdictions have the option to either recover, or pass on the increased NCB Supplement amount to child welfare authorities for child maintenance costs. Newfoundland and Labrador, Prince Edward Island, Nova Scotia, Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta have chosen to recover the increased amount, and it is considered to be part of NCB reinvestment funds.

Newfoundland and Labrador

In Newfoundland and Labrador, the NCB initiatives have improved the well-being of low-income families in the province. These initiatives promote labour market attachment for low-income families and support early childhood and youth initiatives to improve the well-being of young people living in low-income families.

There was no adjustment to Income Support benefits in 1998-1999. The NCB Supplement was not deducted from benefits provided to families in receipt of Income Support. As a result, all programs funded under the NCB Initiatives in 1998-1999 were investments by the province.

As a result of the second increase in the NCB Supplement in 1999, the Income Support Program was redesigned, resulting in the introduction of the Newfoundland and Labrador Child Benefit (NLCB). Income Support benefits were reduced for families with dependent children as basic benefits for children were removed from the allowance. However, the reduction was offset by the 1999 increase in the NCB Supplement and the new NLCB, which all low-income families receive, including families in receipt of Income Support. All families in receipt of Income Support realized an increase in their monthly income.

Newfoundland and Labrador’s NCB reinvestments and investments include:

Newfoundland and Labrador Child Benefit (NLCB)(Reinvestment) – This is a provincial child benefit paid to all low-income families in Newfoundland and Labrador.  The NLCB is administered by the Canada Revenue Agency on behalf of the province, and payments are included in the Canada Child Tax Benefit cheque. In 2001-2002 and 2002-2003, as a result of slippage in program expenditures because of an improved economy, making fewer families eligible for this benefit, the income threshold of the NLCB was increased to follow increases in the NCB Supplement. In 2003-2004, the slippage in the program expenditure was used to increase the first child rate by $12 per year. In both 2004-2005 and 2005-2006, the slippage in the program expenditure was used to increase the first child rate by $12 per year and to offset the cost of indexing the Newfoundland and Labrador Child Benefit. In 2006-2007, the slippage in program expenditure was used to increase the first child rate by $7 per year by offsetting the cost of indexing the NLCB. In 2007-2008, the first child rate was indexed and had a rate increase of $60 which resulted in a total annual increase of $64.92.

In December 2001, the Mother Baby Nutrition Supplement (MBNS) was added as an additional benefit to the NLCB in the form of a nutritional supplement of $45 per child per month, for children under one year of age living in families eligible for at least $1 of NLCB. This benefit is funded through redirecting funds from the Income Support Program into the NLCB). In 2007-2008 the MBNS was increased to $60 per child per month.

Note: The pre-natal portion of the MBNS, of $45 per month per family, was also part of the Income Support Program. This was also removed from the Income Support Program and is delivered as an income-tested benefit outside the Income Support Program. Funding for this initiative is provided through funds redirected from the Income Support Program and through funding from the Early Childhood Development Initiative. In 2007-2008 the pre-natal portion of the MBNS was also increased to $60.00 per month per family.

Unlicensed Child Care (Investment) – This initiative increases financial support to families with dependent children who require child care in order to seek and retain employment or are involved in post-secondary pursuits, but for various reasons, cannot access licensed child care. This service increases benefits to families receiving Income Support and ensures families are not worse off as a result of going to work. This initiative came into effect October 1, 1998.

Family Home Child Care Agencies (Investment) – Refers to community-based, non-profit organizations that recruit, support, approve and monitor regulated child care services in private family homes. The agency is licensed to approve individual homes according to standards provided by the Regional Health Authorities. In Newfoundland and Labrador, two family home child-care agencies receive NCB funding.

Child Care Subsidy Program (Investment) – NCB funding builds on the base provincial allocation for the Child Care Subsidy Program. The program is income-tested and available to families in receipt of benefits from the Income Support Program and to low-income families (net income up to $25,000). NCB funding has made it possible to increase the subsidy rate and to provide greater access for families to subsidized regulated child care spaces. The funding also supports transportation costs on behalf of the families where a child care subsidy applies.

Funding to Centres (Investment) – NCB funding supports the provision of annual equipment grants to licensed child-care centres. This component assists in supporting quality care in licensed group care.

School-Based Infant Care (Investment) – This initiative offers group infant child care in high schools at no cost for students who require on-site care and increased support to continue their high school education. This initiative combines access to quality child care services and direct supportive assistance to parents attending high school. During the school day, the teen parents are encouraged to spend breaks and free time in the centre for purposes of interacting with their baby and to gain insights and support on parenting skills. Transportation to and from the school for babies and parents is also provided.

Early Childhood Education Certification (Investment) – This component supports two ongoing initiatives: (1) the provision of courses for people employed in licensed child-care facilities that require either Level I or Level II Early Childhood Education to meet legislation standards; and (2) the Registrar of Certification Office for Early Childhood Educators, which maintains a system of registration and provides orientation courses for early childhood educators. Both of these initiatives are intended to support educational requirements of early childhood educators who are or who wish to become employed in licensed care services.

Child Care Service Consultants (Investment) – On an annual basis, NCB funding supports six Child Care Consultant positions in the province. These positions are located across the province within Regional Health Authorities. These positions add to the licensing, support and child-care expertise available in the province.

Extended Drug Card Program (Investment) – This initiative extends the health-care benefits to six months for individuals/families leaving the Income Support Program for employment. This initiative helps recipients make the transition from dependence on Income Support to employment. As of 2007-2008, with the introduction of the Low Income Drug Program, this program is now administered by the Department of Health and Community Services.

Family Resource Programs (Investment) – Family resource programs are community-based services that are designed to provide a range of drop-in support services and learning activities for young children and their families. Objectives of the services are to improve child development outcomes, to support adults in their respective care-giving roles, and to increase community involvement in the support available for young children and families. The target group is primarily children up to six years of age (and up to 12 where needed), pregnant women, parents, family members and other caregivers. Healthy baby clubs are a specific service that is provided through family resource programs or other similar community-based services. Healthy baby clubs are prenatal programs that provide a range of one-on-one and group services to pregnant women to help support the best possible birth outcome. Particular emphasis is placed on nutrition, healthy lifestyle and personal support. NCB funding supports nine family resource programs, including healthy baby clubs (seven of the family resource programs operate with a main hub site and several satellite service sites).

Intervention Program Supports (Investment) – Intervention Program Supports encompass two initiatives: (1) support for implementation of home-based early intervention services for families with children under age 6 years and with significant delay or disabilities, including intensive intervention services for children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder; and (2) enhancement to the Special Child Welfare Allowance for eligible families with children with disabilities who require additional support in the home environment. These combined activities are designed to support families who have children with special needs and require additional supports to improve both child and family outcomes.

Child, Youth and Family Services (Reinvestment) – These programs and services are designed to support the safety, health and well-being of children, youth and families. They include support services for families, protection intervention (including children in care), youth services and adoptions.

Community Youth Network (Investment) – The Community Youth Network provides community-based facilities for youth aged 12 to 18 years, in addition to offering programs and services to other ages from 5 to 29 years. There are fifteen hub sites with an additional 12 satellites throughout the province, all with the capacity to serve several other communities within their respective catchment areas. This initiative aims to provide services and support along four business lines: learning, employment, community building and services. Services and support are provided in youth-friendly settings that combine many positive strategies to encourage youth participation and learning. Programs that involve intensive one-on-one support and skill development, group social, academic, recreational, and leadership approaches are used to enhance the lines of business. The projects are run by community coalitions (including youth participation); they are designed to build partnerships and support young people, especially youth who require increased assistance to achieve success in life. The Community Youth Network is very highly regarded at the community level, and an independent formative evaluation of the initiative has been completed.

Residential/Mental Health Services (Investment) – This refers to annual funding provided to Regional Health Authorities to support youth aged 12 to 18 years. At the regional level, the funding is allocated to residential and mental health services as needed to increase support to youth-at-risk and to provide preventive, community-based solutions for young people.

Project Administration (Investment) – This is funding reserved to support overall administration of the NCB programs, services and initiatives that fall under the responsibility of the Department of Health and Community Services.

Table 15 - Newfoundland and Labrador: NCB Reinvestments and Investments A note is located after the table
2004-2005
Expenditures
($000)
2005-2006
Expenditures
($000)
2006-2007
Estimates
($000)
2007-2008
Estimates
($000)
Child Benefits & Earned Income Supplements
Newfoundland and Labrador Child Benefit (NLCB) Reference a is located after the table 8,155 8,328 8,075 8,782
Child/ Day Care
Unlicensed Child Care 600 600 600 600
Family Home Child Care Agencies 252 250 251 254
Child-Care Subsidy Program 1,736 1,736 1,736 1,737
Funding to Centres 197 251 253 253
School-Based Infant Care 49 66 84 84
Early Childhood Education Certification 84 78 106 120
Child Care Service Consultants 320 320 320 320
Supplementary Health Benefits
Extended Drug Card Program 793 975 953 1,069
Early Childhood/Children-at-Risk Services
Family Resource Programs 1,593 1,690 1,690 1,690
Intervention Program Supports 1,206 1,101 1,000 1,258
Child, Youth and Family Services 1,217 1,700 2,627 2,647
Youth Initiatives
Community Youth Network 1,412 1,417 1,417 2,067
Residential/Mental Health Services 964 964 964 964
Other NCB Programs, Benefits & Services
Project Administration 174 226 176 208
Total 18,752 19,701 20,253 22,052
  • Reference a from the above table Mother Baby Nutrition Supplement was added to the NLCB in December 2001. Funding for this initiative is provided through redirecting funds from the Income Support Program into the Newfoundland and Labrador Child Benefit.
  • Note from the above table Note: Totals may not add to rounding.

Table 16 - Newfoundland and Labrador: Estimated Number of Families and Children Benefiting under NCB Reinvestments and Investments

Prince Edward Island

In Prince Edward Island, the NCB has had a dual focus: to support parents to join and remain in the workforce and to enhance early childhood services. Prince Edward Island has put in place a number of reinvestment initiatives that serve both purposes.

Prince Edward Island adopted the social assistance offset approach when the program originated. This means the province treated the NCB Supplement as an unearned income charge against social assistance until 2001. Therefore, the province deducted the amount of the NCB Supplement from the social assistance entitlement to families with children. Since 2001, any increases in the NCB Supplement have been used to fund an equal increase in the Healthy Child Allowance, a social assistance benefit.

As part of a strategic planning initiative, Prince Edward Island will examine traditional allocation of NCB dollars, and potentially realign funding to clearly support provincial social objectives as well as NCB goals.

Prince Edward Island reinvestments and investments include:

PEI Child Care Benefit - An enhancement to the Child Care Subsidy Program. This benefit has provided increased access and financial support for licensed child care for Island children.

PEI Family Health Benefit - This program helps lower income families with the cost of prescription drugs. Eligibility is based on family size and net family income for the previous year.

Looking After Children - NCB funds have been key to implementing this project for the delivery of services to children in public care. The project has included the development of research-based policies, training for care providers, materials and review processes.

Children-in-Care Initiatives - NCB funds have also been used to support the delivery of children-in-care services to children in Prince Edward Island.

Children’s Mental Health - NCB has provided the funding necessary to establish a new multi disciplinary children’s mental health clinical team. This team provides an improved response to Island families who have children with complex mental health problems.

Healthy Child Allowance - This is a social assistance benefit payable to families with children under the age of 18 to provide for participation in sport, recreation and/or cultural activities. Effective August 2007, the benefit increased to $99 per month (from $95/ month).

Employment Enhancement and Job Creation Programs - NCB funds have been used to help increase activity under these programs. The NCB contribution has enabled parents on social assistance to upgrade their job skills and obtain employment. Effective 2005-2006, this program was funded by the Department of Development.

Literacy/Adult Basic Education Program - One of the stepping stones to independence is literacy. This program, delivered by the PEI Institute of Adult and Community Education, has helped make adult literacy education available at the community level. NCB funds annually help low-income parents to take advantage of this program.

Family Legal Aid Program - This program provides legal services to low-income custodial parents and their children to determine matters of custody and access/support in relation to matters of family law. Effective 2006-2007, due to restructuring of the Department of Social Services and Seniors, this program is funded from other sources.

Table 17 - Prince Edward Island: NCB Reinvestments and Investments A note is located after the table
2004-2005
Expenditures
($000)
2005-2006
Expenditures
($000)
2006-2007
Estimates
($000)
2007-2008
Estimates
($000)
Child/ Day Care
PEI Child-Care Benefit 700 700 700 700
Supplementary Health Benefits
PEI Family Health Benefit 250 250 250 254
Early Childhood/Children-at-Risk Services
Looking After Children 50 50 50 50
Children-in-Care Initiatives 450 450 450 450
Children’s Mental Health 250 250 250 250
Healthy Child Allowance 1,513 1,753 1,899 1,905
Other NCB Programs, Benefits & Services
Employment Enhancement and Job Creation Programs Reference a is located after the table 200 - - -
Literacy/Adult Basic Education Program 100 100 100 100
Family Legal Aid Program Reference b is located after the table 80 80 - -
Total 3,593 3,633 3,699 3,709
  • Reference a from the above table As of 2005-2006, this program is funded through the Department of Development and Technology.
  • Reference b from the above table As of 2006-2007, the Department of Social Services and Seniors and the Department of Health were restructured and this program is now funded from other sources.
  • Note from the above table Note: Totals may not add due to rounding.

Table 18 - Prince Edward Island: Estimated Number of Families and Children Benefiting under NCB Reinvestments and Investments

Nova Scotia

Nova Scotia has made significant progress in addressing child poverty and supporting parents to join and remain in the workforce as part of the joint federal, provincial and territorial NCB initiative. The Nova Scotia government has expanded and strengthened programs and services to help low-income families with children.

Over the past several years, Nova Scotia has demonstrated its commitment to the health and well-being of its children in a number of ways. The province’s commitment remains strong with total spending on NCB programs of $26.5 million during 2006-2007.

In 2001, Nova Scotia enhanced the Nova Scotia Child Benefit and introduced a new Employment Support and Income Assistance Act. Together, these developments have contributed to a significant overall improvement in the health and well-being of low-income families with children in Nova Scotia.

Although Nova Scotia has moved forward in addressing the issue of child poverty, the government recognizes that more needs to be done. The province is committed to the reduction and prevention of child poverty and continues to work toward that objective with the introduction of the Low-Income Pharmacare for Children’s Program and the development of a Poverty Reduction Strategy.

Nova Scotia’s NCB initiatives include:

Nova Scotia Child Benefit – In 1998, the government established the Nova Scotia Child Benefit to provide low-income families with monthly payments to assist them with the cost of raising children under 18 years of age.

This benefit is fully funded by the province and is provided in addition to the NCB Supplement. The Nova Scotia Child Benefit is delivered as a combined payment with the CCTB and the NCB Supplement. In 1999, the Nova Scotia government promised that any future increases to the NCB Supplement would flow directly through to families.

In July 2001, as part of Nova Scotia’s redesign of its social assistance system, children’s benefits were removed from social assistance. This policy change meant that parents with low incomes would receive child benefits from both governments whether or not they were receiving income assistance. The Nova Scotia Child Benefit was enhanced in 2001 to provide a maximum annual benefit of $445 for the first child, $645 for the second child and $720 for third and each additional child in low-income families. The Nova Scotia Child benefit made a substantial increase to the household incomes of low-income families and helped with the costs of raising a child.

The Nova Scotia Child Benefit also made it easier for parents to enter or stay in the work force. Providing child benefits outside the income assistance system made it easier and more financially viable for parents receiving income assistance to return to work because they did not lose their child benefits when they left income assistance. Qualifying low income working parents also received the Nova Scotia Child Benefit.

The Canada Revenue Agency delivers the Nova Scotia Child Benefit, as well as the base benefit of the CCTB, and the NCB Supplement.

In 2006-2007, 27,935 families received the Nova Scotia Child Benefit. The number of Nova Scotian children needing the NCB Supplement decreased from 2005-2006 as the economy improved and more low-income families earned higher incomes through secure employment.

Centre-Based Child Care – Two hundred and thirty new subsidized centre-based child care spaces have been funded under the auspices of the NCB since 1998, including 30 spaces for children with special needs.

Early Intervention Programs – These programs help pre-school aged children with developmental disabilities to reach their potential. Additional operating grants have been made to existing centres and new programs have been initiated to ensure all families throughout the province have access to this service.

Table 19 - Nova Scotia: NCB Reinvestments and Investments A note is located after the table
2004-2005 2005-2006 2006-2007 2007-2008
Expenditures
($000)
Expenditures
($000)
Estimates
($000)
Estimates
($000)
Child Benefits & Earned Income Supplements
Nova Scotia Child Benefit 26,385 25,597 24,337 22,894
Child/Day Care
Centre-Based Child Care 1,537 1,537 1,537 1,537
Early Childhood/Children-at-Risk Services
Early Intervention Programs 675 675 675 675
Total 28,597 27,809 26,549 25,106
  • Note from the above table Note: Totals may not add due to rounding.

Table 20 - Nova Scotia: Estimated Number of Families and Children Benefiting under NCB Reinvestments and Investments

New Brunswick

The government continues to build upon programs and services that help reduce and prevent child and family poverty, promote labour market attachment and foster early childhood development.

In 1998-1999, New Brunswick passed on the full value of the federal NCB Supplement to families on social assistance, and has continued to pass on all subsequent increases. In August of 1998, the province made investments under the NCB initiative through increased funding for child care and the creation of the Alternative Child-Care Assistance Program. New Brunswick has consistently maintained or increased the level of funding for each of its initiatives since the creation of the NCB in 1998.

New Brunswick’s investments include:

Day-Care Assistance Program – The Day-Care Assistance Program is designed to help families get the best possible child care. This program offers parents or guardians financial assistance to help them access quality, affordable care at an approved day-care facility. In 1997-1998, prior to the NCB initiative, New Brunswick invested $4.23 million in the Day-Care Assistance Program. New Brunswick has devoted additional incremental funds to the Day-Care Assistance Program to support the goals of the NCB each year since the initiative began in 1998.

Alternative Child-Care Assistance – Financial assistance may also be available to low-income parents or guardians who are in school or are working and do not have access to licensed day care. This program is designed to assist those who require child care during evenings, nights and weekends or who have no licensed child-care facilities in their community.

Provincial Breastfeeding Strategy – As part of its strategy to promote, protect and support breastfeeding, New Brunswick has adopted the WHO/ UNICEF Baby-Friendly Initiative (BFI). As such, all hospitals with maternity units, Public Health offices and Community Health Centres are required to take steps to achieve BFI designation. This long term project is underway in all Regional Health Authorities. The sum of $100,000 has been allocated at the provincial level to support this initiative.

Healthy Minds Nutritional Partnership – Initially called Healthy Minds Breakfast Pilot Program and begun as a pilot program, it addressed the nutritional needs of elementary school students by providing basic breakfast items, and benefited approximately 2,150 children. In 2000-2001, the program was significantly expanded and renamed the Healthy Minds Nutritional Partnership. By 2006-2007, the program benefited as many as 6,219 students across the province.

Positive Learning Environment – This program addresses the unmet needs of children by identifying best practices for discipline in the school system when a positive environment alone is not enough. These include setting limits for behaviour and identifying the responsibilities of all partners in the school system.

Youth Addictions – The Regional Addiction Services Youth Treatment Program is a community-based program offered by the Department of Health through Regional Health Authorities. It provides treatment to young substance abusers within their own community. In 1997-1998, prior to the NCB, New Brunswick invested $0.6 million in youth addiction treatment. Prior spending, combined with incremental investments, resulted in a significant increase to New Brunswick’s expenditures in this program. Enhanced funding provided increased education, prevention and chemical dependency treatment for approximately 1,600 children and youth aged 12 to 19 years in 2006-2007.

In addition to its NCB initiatives, New Brunswick is also supporting the needs of families with children by funding the New Brunswick Child Tax Benefit, which includes the Working Income Supplement, with over $20 million every year.

Table 21 - New Brunswick: NCB InvestmentsA note is located after the table
2004-2005 Reference a is located after the table 2005-2006 2006-2007 2007-2008
Expenditures
($000)
Expenditures
($000)
Estimates
($000)
Estimates
($000)
Child/ Day Care
Day-Care Assistance Program 2,532 4,768 4,768 4,768
Alternative Child-Care Assistance 700 717 717 717
Early Childhood/Children-at-Risk Services
Provincial Breastfeeding Strategy 12 10 10 100
Healthy Minds Nutritional Partnership 689 744 899 858
Positive Learning Environment 3,704 3,638 4,000 4,000
Youth Initiatives
Youth Addictions 1,425 1,477 1,640 1,640
Total 9,061 11,354 12,033 12,083
  • Reference afrom the above table Some of the expenditures from for 2004-2005 differ from those reported in The National Child Benefit Progress Report: 2006 due to data revisions.
  • Note from the above table Note: Totals may not add due to rounding.

Table 22 - New Brunswick: Estimated Number of Families and Children Benefiting under NCB Investments

Ontario

Ontario’s NCB initiatives aim to prevent and reduce the depth of child poverty, encourage labour force attachment, and enhance learning and development for children in low-income families.

The 2004, 2005, 2006 and 2007 increases to the NCB Supplement were flowed through to social assistance recipients. Further, the 2007 Ontario Budget announced that all future NCB Supplement increases would flow through to social assistance recipients without an income charge, and that the full value of the NCBS would be exempt as income starting in July 2008.

In Ontario, the provincial government and municipalities have made significant investments in NCB initiatives. Since social assistance is cost-shared between the province and municipalities, each has a role to play in Ontario’s reinvestment strategy.

Ontario Reinvestments and investments include:

Ontario Child-Care Supplement for Working Families (OCCS) – Each year, Ontario spends about $200 million on the OCCS, funded in part from the NCB reinvestment funds and through additional provincial investments, including $40 million carried forward from the former Ontario Child Care Tax Credit. The OCCS, created in 1998, provides low- to moderate-income working families with a benefit for each child under age seven. Families are eligible for the OCCS if they have employment earnings exceeding $5,000 for the year, whether or not they have child-care expenses. It is also available to families where parents are attending school or training programs and have qualifying child-care expenses. The benefit starts decreasing when family net income reaches $20,000.

In 2000–2001, Ontario introduced an additional $210 per child supplement for single-parent families who qualify for OCCS, bringing the maximum annual OCCS benefit for single-parent families to $1,310 annually per child under the age of seven (maximum benefit for two-parent families is $1,100 per child). Funding for the single-parent supplement represented an additional provincial investment in children in low-income families.

Child and Youth Mental Health – In 2006-2007, the province reinvested $20 million towards clinical service areas in child and youth mental health, including intensive child and family intervention services and the Ontario Child and Youth Telepsychiatry Program.

Children’s Treatment Centres – In 2006-2007, the province reinvested $22 million towards the development of innovative approaches to assisting children with special needs.

Municipal Reinvestment Strategies – Ontario municipalities are implementing their own initiatives as part of Ontario’s overall reinvestment strategy. These strategies, designed to meet local needs and priorities, include reinvestments in areas such as early intervention, child care, employment supports and prevention programs.

Future Changes

The 2007 Ontario Budget announced the introduction of a new provincially-funded, non-taxable Ontario Child Benefit (OCB) for eligible families with a child under 18 years of age. The OCB is intended to increase the incentive to move away from social assistance towards paid employment, strengthen families and provide the opportunity for children to achieve their full potential.

In July 2007, eligible families received a one-time OCB down payment of up to $250 for each dependent child under 18 years of age. In July 2008 when monthly OCB payments begin, social assistance benefits and the OCCS will be restructured and families on social assistance will receive the full NCB Supplement.

Additional information is available on the Ontario Child Benefit website at Web site of Ministry of Children and Youth Services.

Table 23 - Ontario: NCB Reinvestments and Investments A note is located after the table
2004-2005 2005-2006 2006-2007 2007-2008
Expenditures
($000)
Expenditures
($000)
Estimates
($000)
Estimates
($000)
Child/ Day Care
Ontario Child-Care Supplement for Working Families (OCCS) Reference ais located after the table 160,000 160,000 141,850 136,850
Early Childhood/Children-at-Risk Services
Child and Youth Mental Health Reference bis located after the table 20,000 20,000 20,000 20,000
Children’s Treatment Centres 22,000 22,000 22,000 22,000
Other NCB Programs, Benefits & Services
Municipal Reinvestments Strategies 44,157 44,533 43,809 43,050
Total 246,157 246,533 227,659 221,900
  • Reference afrom the above table Figures exclude an additional $40 million previously committed to the former Ontario Child Care Tax Credit. The OCCS is an application-based program. Benefits are based on the previous year's tax return, and families have three years to file their tax return. After filing their tax return, families are given 18 months to return their OCCS application. Historically, it has taken about three years after the close of a given OCCS benefit year to achieve full take-up for that benefit year.
  • Reference bfrom the above table Formerly called 4-Point Plan for Children's Mental Health.
  • Note from the above table Note: Totals may not add due to rounding.

Table 24 - Ontario: Estimated Number of Families and Children Benefiting under NCB Investments

Manitoba

Manitoba Footnote 36 has continued to invest in programs and services that help reduce and prevent child and family poverty, promote labour market attachment and foster early childhood development.

In 1998, when the NCB Supplement was introduced, Manitoba, like most provinces, reduced benefit levels for families receiving income assistance by the amount of the supplement and redirected those funds into programs and services for low-income families with children living in Manitoba.

In mid-2000 however, as a means of providing additional assistance to families receiving income assistance, Manitoba began a phased in restoration of the NCB Supplement. In January 2004 the final phase of the restoration was implemented and the NCB Supplement was fully restored for all families receiving income assistance.

In addition to the restoration of the NCB Supplement, Manitoba’s investments and reinvestments include:

Manitoba Child Care Program – Between April 1999, and March 2008, child-care funding in Manitoba has increased by 81 percent to $97.0 million, Footnote 37 improving salaries, as well as training opportunities and supports for early childhood educators and providing additional subsidies for children. Increased funding has also been provided to integrate more children with disabilities into the child-care system and to expand the number of funded child-care spaces.

Children’s Special Services (CSS) – Family-centred services are provided to birth, extended or adoptive families to assist them with caring for their children with developmental and/or physical disabilities in their own homes to the greatest extent possible and to promote the development of normalized community arrangements. Between April 1999 and March 2008, funding for the CSS program has increased by 123.7 percent to $23.7 million, enabling more children with disabilities and their families to access the supports and services they need. As of March 31, 2008, a total of 4,345 children received services through the Family Support Services program of CSS, an increase of 3.8 percent over the previous fiscal year.

Healthy Baby – Healthy Baby is a two part program including the Manitoba Prenatal Benefit and Healthy Baby Community Support Programs. The Manitoba Prenatal Benefit (MPB) was launched in July 2001 for income-eligible pregnant women who live in Manitoba. It is intended to support women to meet their extra nutritional needs during pregnancy. The benefit also acts as a mechanism to connect women to health and community resources in their areas. MPB applicants have the option to consent to have their contact information given to their local Healthy Baby program coordinator and/or public/community health provider. Healthy Baby Community Support Programs, via group sessions and outreach, are designed to assist pregnant women and new parents in connecting with other parents, families and health professionals to ensure healthy outcomes for their babies. Delivered through community-based partners, the programs provide pregnant women and new parents with practical information and resources on maternal/child health issues, prenatal/postnatal and infant nutrition, benefits of breastfeeding, healthy lifestyle options, parenting support, infant development and strategies to support the healthy physical, cognitive and emotional development of children.

Families First – This is a community-based home visiting program for families with children from conception to Kindergarten. Delivered by Regional Health Authorities across Manitoba, Families First begins with universal screening of all families with a newborn. Based on the family’s identified strengths and needs, the program offers a continuum of support to families including referral to other community services. Regular visits by public health nurses are augmented by weekly home visits from specially trained home visitors. These visitors establish trusting nurturing relationships with families, support parenting and secure attachment, promote problem solving skills and assist in strengthening the family support system.

Parent-Child Coalitions (formerly Parent-Child Centred Approach) – This brings together community strengths and resources within a geographic boundary through regional coalitions, with representation from a variety of community partners. There are 26 funded coalitions province-wide (11 regions outside Winnipeg, 12 community areas within Winnipeg and 3 cultural organizations). Parent child coalitions promote and support existing community-based programs and activities for children and families, and initiate new activities that reflect community diversity. Also, a number of family resource centres receive funding under this initiative. Core priorities include positive parenting, nutrition and physical health, learning and literacy and community capacity building.

STOP FASD – This is an intensive three-year outreach program for women who have used alcohol and/or drugs heavily during pregnancy. Paraprofessional mentors offer flexible support services to women as they address a myriad of challenges and move toward a healthier, more secure and stable life. Following on the success of two Winnipeg sites, STOP FASD (Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Disorder) was expanded to Thompson and The Pas in northern Manitoba.

Special Needs Programs for Children in Schools – This initiative provides funding and consultative support for the development and operation of specific projects that provide school-based programming for students with special needs. Examples include FASD in the Classroom which provides a specialized classroom setting to enhance the school experience and outcomes for children and youth with FASD, and COACH, which is a 24-hour wraparound program for children ages 5 to 11 years with extreme behavioural, emotional, social and academic issues in their home, school and community settings.

Healthy Schools – This is Manitoba’s school health initiative intended to promote the health of school communities. The initiative recognizes that good health is important for learning, and that schools are in a unique position to positively influence the health of children, youth and their families. Healthy Schools focuses on priority health issues including physical activity, healthy eating, safety and injury prevention, substance use and addictions, sexual and reproductive health, and mental health promotion. Healthy Schools includes three main components: promoting community-based activities; promoting targeted provincial campaigns in response to issues affecting health and wellness of the school community; and developing resources for province-wide use.

Other Programs – These community-based initiatives provide access to education and support services for children, youth and families in high needs communities and promote community awareness, ownership and capacity building of the participants. Two examples through Healthy Child Manitoba are the William Whyte School Worker Project, a collaborative initiative which aims to provide greater access to more appropriate support services for Aboriginal children and families through community ownership and involvement; and Neah Kee Papa, a positive parenting program for young Aboriginal fathers, which is delivered by the Manitoba Metis Federation. In addition, the PEER Program funds support workers to visit families regularly to provide information on early childhood development, parenting information and community resources. Parents and their children are supported to prepare their children for school entry. This program is available in certain northern Manitoba Aboriginal communities within the Frontier School Division.

Early Childhood Development Initiative (ECDI) – ECDI provides funding support to school divisions in the provision of intersectoral services for preschoolers (birth to school age). ECDI, in partnership with parents, the community and Healthy Child Manitoba, is designed to facilitate preschoolers’ readiness to learn prior to school entry.

Early Literacy – This grant program supports school divisions in their efforts to implement early literacy intervention programs that will accelerate the literacy development of the lowest-achieving grade one students.

Healthy Adolescent Development (for ages 12 to 18 years) – The 1999 election commitment of teen pregnancy prevention has been placed within the larger context of healthy adolescent development with a particular focus on sexual and reproductive health issues. This approach incorporates harm reduction strategies for high risk behaviours and encompasses the principles of population health utilizing evidence based and best practice models. Aspects of the portfolio include resource development such as the Think Again Prevention Campaign, Your Choice for Your Reasons – Pregnancy Options, Teen Clinic Services Manual and a Sexual and Reproduction Health Volunteer Services Manual. Funding support is also provided to community organizations such as Teen Talk, Teen Touch, Northern Youth Council and school or community based teen clinics in St. John’s High School, Elmwood High School, École Selkirk Junior High, Flin Flon Primary Care Centre, The Pas Primary Care Centre and in Cranberry Portage. These clinics aim to address adolescents’ health and psycho-social needs. The Healthy Child Manitoba Office (HCMO) is also a key member on the Manitoba Implementation Team for the Provincial Sexually Exploited Youth Strategy. Through the strategy, HCMO has financially supported the development of a multi media campaign stopsexwithkids.ca and several northern trainings for front line service providers working with vulnerable and exploited children and youth.

Workforce Attachment – These initiatives provide low-income parents who are either working or on social assistance with a range of supports that help them obtain and maintain employment. Employment supports include needs/skills assessments, labour market information, job-focused education/skills development and job search/job placement assistance.

Building Independence/New Income Assistance Initiatives – Manitoba has increased supports for parents to enter or re-enter the labour market, and has improved benefits for families receiving income assistance. Job-centre supports and work incentives have been enhanced, and supports to help citizens become independent have been improved.

Table 25 - Manitoba: NCB Reinvestments and InvestmentsA note is located after the table
2004-2005 2005-2006 2006-2007 2007-2008
Expenditures
($000)
Expenditures
($000)
Estimates
($000)
Estimates
($000)
Child/ Day Care
Manitoba Child Care Program References a b care located after the table 3,082 5,324 5,100 4,420
Early Childhood/Children-at-Risk Services
Children’s Special Services References a bare located after the table 2,328 1,833 1,561 1,483
Healthy Child Manitoba:
Healthy Baby Reference bis located after the table 4,597 4,845 4,824 4,569
BabyFirst References b c dare located after the table 6,577 - - -
Early Start References b c dare located after the table 1,934 - - -
Families First References b c dare located after the table - 9,418 9,268 9,359
Parent-Child Coalitions References b eare located after the table 3,000 3,085 3,005 3,140
STOP FASD Reference bis located after the table 714 748 779 779
Special Needs Programs for Children in Schools 3,602 3,843 4,346 4,376
Healthy Schools 40 750 284 327
Other Programs 1,004 1,021 1,033 1,052
Early Childhood Development Initiative (ECDI) Reference bis located after the table 668 1,363 1,400 1,600
Early Literacy 6,016 6,058 6,181 6,200
Youth Initiatives
Healthy Adolescent Development 286 298 233 234
Other NCB Programs, Benefits & Services
Workforce Attachment Reference fis located after the table 2,252 2,252 1,266 0
Building Independence/New Income Assistance Initiatives References a gare located after the table 15,424 15,424 15,424 15,424
Total Reference bis located after the table 51,524 56,262 54,705 52,964
  • Reference afrom the above table The amounts indicated for the Manitoba Child Care Program, Children's Special Services and New Income Assistance Initiatives represent new incremental funding amounts only and do not include base funding in place prior to the introduction of the NCB.
  • Reference bfrom the above table Figures include funding which is provided through remaining NCB Supplement recoveries, Children’s Special Allowance recoveries and the federal transfers under the Early Childhood Development Agreement ($18.3 million in 2004-2005, 2005-2006 and 2006-2007, and $18.2 million in 2007-2008) as well as provincial revenue.
  • Reference cfrom the above table Figure includes funding received through the federal transfers under the 2003 Multilateral Framework on Early Learning and Child Care ($5.5 million in 2004-2005, $8.2 million in 2005-2006 , $10.8 million in 2006-2007 and $12.6 million in 2007-2008). Figure does not include the Early Learning and Child Care Funds.
  • Reference dfrom the above table In 2005-2006, Families First Program replaced BabyFirst and Early Start.
  • Reference efrom the above table Formerly referred to as the Parent Child Centred Approach.
  • Reference ffrom the above table In 2006-2007, Workforce Attachment no longer included funding for New Training Strategies.
  • Reference gfrom the above table Reinvestments and Investments include expenditures on the Employment and Income Assistance Rate Increase and the Restoration of the NCB Supplement for families in receipt of Employment and Income Assistance benefits. In both 2004-2005 and 2005-2006, $13.7 million was spent on the Restoration of the NCB Supplement. It is estimated that in both 2006-2007 and 2007-2008, $13.7 million will be spent on the Restoration of the NCB Supplement.
  • Note from the above table Note: Totals may not add due to rounding.

Table 26 - Manitoba: Estimated Number of Families and Children Benefiting under NCB Reinvestments and Investments

Saskatchewan

Saskatchewan’s NCB reinvestment programs aim to reduce and prevent child poverty through programs that assist low-income families with the costs of raising children, promote labour market attachment for low-income families, and support early learning and child care.

NCB initiatives in Saskatchewan are designed to help citizens enjoy a better quality of life through greater economic independence and social inclusion.

When the NCB was introduced in 1998, Saskatchewan restructured social assistance by removing children’s basic benefits from social assistance and establishing a separate child benefit available to all low-income families. The restructured benefit, known as the Saskatchewan Child Benefit, was delivered as an integrated payment with the Canada Child Tax Benefit to reduce duplication and simplify administration. The new structure was designed to support the NCB strategy of lowering the “welfare wall” and providing income-tested child benefits that remain portable as families move from welfare into work.

From 1998 to 2006, the province adjusted the Saskatchewan Child Benefit rates by the amount of federal increases to the NCB Supplement. Families on social assistance received at least the same in combined federal/provincial child benefits as they would have received under the previous welfare model of child benefits. Under the adjustment approach, the Saskatchewan Child Benefit was designed to reduce over time, and eventually phase out as it was replaced by increases to the NCB Supplement. The Saskatchewan Child Benefit was fully phased out in July 2006. All subsequent federal increases to the NCB Supplement flow directly through to families. All savings from the offset of the Saskatchewan Child Benefit expenditures have been reinvested in other NCB initiatives.

In 2007, Saskatchewan provided continued or enhanced support for its remaining NCB initiatives, designed to improve well-being and economic independence for low-income families with children.

Saskatchewan’s NCB initiatives include:

Saskatchewan Child Benefit – Together with the NCB Supplement, the Saskatchewan Child Benefit replaced social assistance for children and provided child benefits to low-income families, whether parents were on social assistance or employed. Paying child benefits outside of social assistance makes it easier for parents to move to or remain in the labour market. In July 2006, the Saskatchewan Child Benefit was phased out as benefits were fully displaced by federal increases to the NCB Supplement.

Saskatchewan Employment Supplement – This benefit is paid to low-income parents who are employed or who receive maintenance payments. The supplement supports employment by offsetting child-related costs that a parent may incur through working. It also improves incentives to collect maintenance payments by increasing the net value of the payment to the family.

Child Care Enhancements – Access to suitable child care arrangements is a critical support that helps parents enter and remain in the labour force, especially those whose children have special needs. Incremental funding has been provided to enhance child care subsidy rates, and to develop additional child care spaces and supports for the inclusion needs of low-income and high-needs families. These targeted supports provide low-income families with affordable, reliable child care so they can go to work or school and feel secure about the care of their children.

Family Health Benefits – This program extends supplementary health coverage to low-income families to assist with the cost of raising children. The program provides additional children’s coverage for dental, optometry, chiropractic services, prescription drugs, ambulance transportation, and medical supplies. More limited coverage for eye care, drugs, and chiropractic services is also provided to parents. With this program, low-income families are assured of retaining health benefits as they leave social assistance for work opportunities and are not forced onto assistance due to children’s health costs.

Community Schools Program – In 2002-2003, incremental funding was provided to expand the Community Schools Program. Located in low-income areas, community schools attempt to address the barriers to success in school and in life, by drawing parents and community resources into the schools. Parenting, pre-kindergarten, teen parent programs, and child nutrition programs are among the programs offered in community schools.

Employment Support Programs – These programs provide on-the-job training, job coaching, and productivity supports to assist individuals to attach to and remain in the labour force. Incremental funding was provided in 2002-2003 to enable families on social assistance and high-risk youth under 18 years who are at risk of becoming reliant on social assistance, to access employment opportunities and make the transition to independence.

Maintenance Enhancement Project – This initiative, introduced in 2002-2003, assists low-income single-parents to receive or increase maintenance income for their children. Three additional legal staff were added to assist single-parents to obtain child support orders, or to obtain variations in existing orders where non-custodial parents have experienced increased incomes. The income from child maintenance payments helps parents achieve greater financial independence, and is eligible for additional supplementation under the Saskatchewan Employment Supplement.

Saskatchewan Rental Housing Supplement – This program, developed in 2004 and implemented in 2005, is intended to help low-income families gain access to quality and affordable rental housing. Rent supplements are available to low-income households in the labour market as well as to those on welfare. Additional support is available for those with a disabled family member. The supplements are unique in that to qualify, rental properties must meet basic health and safety standards. Providing the supplements outside of welfare helps to reduce barriers to work.

Family Shelter Enhancements – In 2005, additional support was provided to enhance shelter benefits for families living in locations facing higher rental costs. The adjustments better reflect local market rents in different parts of the province. The Saskatchewan Rental Housing Supplement provides further assistance for rental costs exceeding base shelter benefits.

Child Nutrition and Development Program – This program provides funding for a range of projects, including school and community nutrition and nutrition education programs, food security initiatives, and self-sufficiency projects such as collective kitchens, which address the long-term causes of hunger and help low-income families acquire skills and abilities necessary for independence. In 2005, incremental funding was provided to expand services and enhance support for existing initiatives.

Table 27 - Saskatchewan: NCB Reinvestments and InvestmentsA note is located after the table
2004-2005 Reference ais located after the table 2005-2006 2006-2007 2007-2008
Expenditures
($000)
Expenditures
($000)
Estimates
($000)
Estimates
($000)
Child Benefits & Earned Income Supplement
Saskatchewan Child Benefit Reference b is located after the table 13,366 7,840 1,790 1,037
Saskatchewan Employment Supplement 20,354 20,341 19,635 18,675
Child/ Day Care
Child Care Enhancements 1,775 1,093 2,340 5,841
Supplementary Health Benefits
Family Health Benefits 10,558 11,505 11,505 10,938
Youth Initiatives
Community Schools Program 12,419 13,029 13,518 14,635
Other NCB Programs, Benefits & Services
Employment Support Programs 98 1,092 272 500
Maintenance Enhancement Project 243 276 311 339
Saskatchewan Rental Housing Supplement 432 2,871 4,558 4,812
Family Shelter Enhancements - 1,409 1,397 2,335
Child Nutrition Enhancements - 506 1,191 655
Unspent reinvestment funds 951
Total 59,245 59,962 57,468 59,767
  • Reference afrom the above table In 2005-2006, due to improved reporting methods, Saskatchewan revised the way in which it reports reinvestments/ investments. Expenditures for 2004-2005 were restated and will not match figures from reports prior to 2005.
  • Reference bfrom the above table Not including funds recovered from Indian and Northern Affairs Canada.
  • Note from the above table Note: Totals may not add due to rounding.

Table 28 - Saskatchewan: Estimated Number of Families and Children Benefiting under NCB Reinvestments and Investments

Alberta

Alberta’s NCB initiatives support the shared goals of helping reduce the depth of child poverty and encouraging parents to participate in the workforce by ensuring they are better off working while reducing overlap and duplication between government programs. Alberta’s initiatives also support low-income families with the costs associated with raising their children. Since 2003, Alberta has enhanced the mix of income and in-kind benefits and services to families receiving assistance through the Alberta Works-Income Support Program Footnote 38 by flowing through the full increase of the NCB Supplement directly to them.

Alberta’s reinvestments and investments include:

Child-Care Subsidy – The Child-Care Subsidy program supports eligible low-income families with child care costs for their pre-school children enrolled in licensed day-care centres, out of school care or approved family day homes. Parents may apply for a subsidy if they have a valid reason, such as they are currently working or looking for work, attending school, or if they or their children have special needs. Funds also support the Kin Child Care Funding Program which assists eligible low-income families to pay non resident relatives of the child to care for their children. This program provides families with flexible alternatives for child care where there are limited options; for example, in rural locations, or during non-traditional work hours.

Quality Child Care – The NCB funds for this initiative support respite options for families in need, as well as a child-care nutritional program. The respite care program ensures that a number of child care spaces are available for short-term placements. These placements assist families of children with disabilities in need of relief care, and also enable families who need support to participate in counselling or treatment programs to benefit their children. Funds directed to the child care nutritional program enhance the nutritional quality of meals and snacks served to children in child care settings, and provide information about preschool nutritional needs to parents of children in child care programs.

Alberta Child Health Benefit (ACHB) – This program was initially created by using NCB reinvestment funds. Children in families with limited incomes are provided with health services such as prescription drugs, dental care, optical, emergency ambulance, and essential diabetic supplies that are not available through standard Alberta Health Care Insurance. The ACHB helps children get health services they would not otherwise obtain and contributes to their health and well-being, including school performance. Parents can have peace of mind their children’s health will be cared for without worrying about costs that may be a barrier to accepting or maintaining employment.

Alberta Adult Health Benefit (AAHB) – When clients leave income support for employment, the AAHB provides individuals/families with the same health benefits they had when receiving income support. Ensuring that health benefits are provided outside of income support programs removes a potential barrier to employment, while assisting individuals/families to stay healthy. As of August 1, 2007, the AAHB is also available to other Albertans experiencing low income who are pregnant or who have high drug costs in relation to their income. This ensures these individuals/families can meet their health needs while remaining independent from income support.

Protection of Sexually Exploited Children (PSECA) – This protective legislation (enacted October 2007) replaces the legislation formally known as Protection of Children Involved in Prostitution (PCHIP). The change in name more accurately reflects the dynamics of children who are sexually exploited through prostitution and reduces the stigma of accessing supports via the program. Under this initiative, children and youth are afforded a broad range of supports and interventions ranging from community based services including outreach and residential services to more intrusive intervention including confinement in a secure protective safe house. The program addresses the unique educational, health, substance abuse treatment and life skills supports of the high risk population. In 2007-2008, the number of children reported reflects youth benefiting from both voluntary and non-voluntary services. Due to statistical data limitations, previous years included apprehensions only.

Transitional Support for Youth Leaving Child Welfare – This fund supports the Advancing Futures Bursary Program. Through this program, tuition costs, school-related expenses and living expenses for the academic term are provided to youth if they have had a Permanent Guardianship Order between the ages of 13 and 18 years or have been in care for at least 564 days between the ages of 13 and 22 years. Individuals are invited to apply if they are interested in: obtaining their high school equivalency through adult education; earning a degree/diploma from a post-secondary institution; learning a trade; or earning a license or certification.

Shelter Benefits – This reinvestment increased shelter benefits for Alberta Works-Income Support Program recipient families with children.

School Allowance Benefit – This reinvestment increased the school expense benefit and is paid annually to Alberta Works-Income Support Program recipients, when school starts, for children attending kindergarten to grade 12. It helps cover the costs of school and gym supplies, registration fees, and other education-related costs.

Earnings Exemption Increase – NCB reinvestment dollars were used to increase the earnings exemption for Alberta Works-Income Support Program Footnote 39 single-parent recipients who are working; thereby allowing them to earn additional income per month before their benefits are reduced.

Employment Maintenance Benefit – A benefit of $120 per year is made available to working parents to provide additional support for work-related expenses such as transportation and clothing.

Table 29 - Alberta: NCB Reinvestments and InvestmentsA note is located after the table
2004-2005 2005-2006 2006-2007 2007-2008
Expenditures
($000)
Expenditures
($000)
Estimates
($000)
Estimates
($000)
Child/ Day Care
Child-Care Subsidy 7,300 7,300 7,300 7,300
Quality Child Care 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000
Supplementary Health Benefits
Alberta Child Health Benefit 22,228 23,900 22,528 23,470
Alberta Adult Health Benefit 1,834 2,452 3,843 6,000
Early Childhood/Children-at-Risk Services
Protection of Sexually Exploited Children Reference ais located after the table 600 600 600 600
Youth Initiatives
Transitional Support for Youth Leaving Child Welfare 2,250 2,250 2,250 2,250
Other NCB Programs, Benefits & Services
Shelter Benefits 5,643 5,582 4,861 4,723
School Allowance Benefit 2,545 2,501 2,242 2,108
Earnings Exemption Increase 3,452 2,882 2,200 1,729
Employment Maintenance Benefit 363 315 429 439
Total 47,215 48,782 47,253 49,619
  • Reference afrom the above table Formerly known as the Protection of Children Involved in Prostitution.
  • Note from the above table Note: Totals may not add due to rounding.

Table 30 - Alberta: Estimated Number of Families and Children Benefiting under NCB Reinvestments and Investments

British Columbia

British Columbia’s NCB initiatives aim to prevent and reduce the depth of child poverty, to assist low-income families with the costs associated with raising children, and to encourage parents to join the workforce and to remain employed. The province’s commitment to this type of initiative began before the NCB was established with the BC Family Bonus. This program was implemented two years before the NCB and served as one of the models for the national program.

As in previous years, British Columbia continues to adjust BC Family Bonus benefits with respect to increases in the NCB Supplement, such that families receive the same or increased benefits when combined with the NCB Supplement. The NCB Supplement has now almost fully replaced the BC Family Bonus for families in receipt of the NCB, but partial BC Family Bonus benefits continue to be paid to families with incomes above the NCB reduction thresholds. As part of the BC Family Bonus, British Columbia also adjusted the BC Earned Income Benefit by any increase in the NCB Supplement in excess of the current BC Family Bonus payment.

British Columbia’s reinvestments and investments include:

(BCEIB) – The BCEIB was introduced in July 1998 as an additional incentive for low-income families to seek work and remain employed. The BCEIB pays an additional monthly amount based upon the earned income that a family receives from working.

BC Family Bonus (BCEIB) Increase – The BCEIB is a tax-free monthly benefit paid to low- and modest-income families with children. The program was implemented in 1996, two years prior to the implementation of the NCB. In 1998, the BCFB was combined with the Canada Child Tax Benefit into a single monthly payment for families with children. The BCEIB and the BCFB are tax-free monthly benefits that make it more attractive for those on income assistance to seek work and to remain employed.

The BCFB has been reduced by a portion of increases to the NCB Supplement since 1998. Since July 2005, only a small number of large families still receive basic BCFB in addition to the NCB Supplement. Only the portion of NCB Supplement payments that have been passed through to families still in receipt of BCFB is included as BCFB Increase. The combined BCFB and NCB Supplement have increased steadily. For example, the maximum monthly benefit for a first child was $103 in July 1998. As of July 2007, it had increased to $165.67.

Supported Child Development – This program helps facilitate the inclusion of children with special needs into child-care settings. Funds are directed to community agencies to provide extra support staff and resources to child-care facilities or to the families directly. Only the portion of funding used for children aged 6–13 years is accounted for as an NCB reinvestment.

Child-Care Subsidy (non-regulated) – In June 2004, all child-care programs were centralized within the BC Ministry of Children and Family Development (MCFD). Since 2005, the subsidy for non-regulated childcare is reported as part of Child-Care Programs and Services.

Child-Care Programs and Services (formerly called Child-Care Programs prior to 2005-2006) – Child-Care and Early Childhood Development programs were unified within MCFD). in June 2004 – improving service delivery and access for families. Given the mix of base-funding for NCB and other funding sources, only a portion of the funding for these programs is reported as an NCB reinvestment. These programs themselves offer services to meet a much broader range of needs and age groups, but generally the portion of funding reported as an NCB reinvestment reflects the population of children 6-13 years. Specific child-care programs and services for families, child-care providers and Early Childhood Educators across the Province, for which some NCB funding is used include:

  • Child-Care Operating Funding Program - provides fair and equitable operating funding to eligible licensed group and family providers to help meet the day to day costs of providing care, including staff recruitment and retention.
  • Minor Capital Funding Program - helps licensed group non-profit child-care providers meet licensing requirements related to upgrading or repairing existing facilities, replacing equipment and furnishings.
  • Major Capital Funding Program - provides eligible applicants with funding to purchase equipment, build, renovate or expand the capacity of existing child-care facilities or for the creation of new facilities to create new child-care spaces.
  • Child-Care Resource and Referral Program - offers information and referrals to assist parents to make quality child-care choices. It also supports child-care providers through toy and equipment lending libraries, professional development opportunities, information and resources in all communities across the province.
  • Child-Care Subsidy Program - assists low- and moderate-income families throughout British Columbia with the cost of child-care. The subsidy is a monthly payment provided to eligible families who are working, looking for work, attending school or a training program, or who have a medical condition which interferes with the ability to care for the child, or have a child attending a licensed preschool, or have child-care recommended by a MCFD social worker. MCFDbecame responsible for the administration of the Child-Care Subsidy Program in May 2005. The transfer of the subsidy program from the Ministry of Employment and Income Assistance was completed in the fall of 2006. Child-care subsidy can be provided for children who attend both regulated and non-regulated child-care settings however only the portion of funding used to support non-regulated child-care settings is accounted for as an NCB reinvestment.

BC Healthy Kids Program (formerly called the Healthy Kids Dental and Optical Benefits Program prior to 2007-2008) – This program provides basic dental and optical services for children in low- and moderate-income families in receipt of premium assistance. For families moving from income assistance to low- and moderate-income employment, the BC Healthy Kids Program removes one of the barriers for employment by allowing families to retain some benefits previously associated with income assistance.

Autism Intervention – This program, introduced in 2003-2004, provides families of children and youth (aged 6 to 18 years) diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder, with up to $6,000 per year to assist with the cost of purchasing out-of-school autism intervention services. This funding is in addition to the educational program and special education services provided through school boards.

Foster Care 2000 – Foster Care 2000 provides continuing improvements to training and support for foster parents.

Family Support Programs – These are community-based services intended to promote the well-being of families. The services are designed to increase the strength and stability of families, to increase parents' confidence and competence in their parenting abilities, to give children a stable and supportive family environment, and to enhance child development. Core elements of family support programs include: home visiting; child development; parent training and education; and social, emotional and educational support for families.

Aboriginal Regional Support Services (formerly called Aboriginal Strategy prior to 2006-2007) – This funding is devoted to developing administrative and service structures for Aboriginal organizations and for training of staff who will develop and deliver services for children and families. A continuum of services are offered to Aboriginal communities, including child welfare, family support, early childhood development, child-care, child and youth mental health, adoption, and youth justice probation.

CommunityLINK – Funding is provided to school boards to improve the educational performance, including academic achievement and social functioning of vulnerable students. Supports funded by school districts include, for example, youth and family counsellors, inner-city school programs and school meal and snack programs, etc.

Youth Initiatives – A continuum of services is provided through this program that targets youth-at-risk of family breakdown, and those youth living apart from family in high-risk situations. Key service functions include youth-family mediation, outreach, youth support workers, safe housing, youth agreements and specialized youth services. Specialized youth services are developed to meet the specific needs of at-risk youth populations, such as young parents and aboriginal people, sexually exploited and LGBTQ Footnote 40 youth.

Other Youth Programs – Other Youth Programs cover a range of community-based services for youth. These include the Safe Streets and Safe Schools Grant Program, which support schools and community strategies that enhance public safety and local crime prevention efforts; and the Community Capacity Building Project Fund which helps communities develop programs that address the issues of prostitution, particularly when they involve the sexual exploitation of children and youth. It also includes the Youth Against Violence Line, which provides youth a safe, confidential way to prevent and report incidents of youth violence or crime and seek help from local police; the Youth Gang Prevention Fund, a four-year, multi-staged, community action model that supports the direct efforts of local communities in developing plans that work toward the prevention of youth gang violence; and the Child and Youth Guardian of Estate, which protects the legal and property rights of children and youth.

Social Housing – Housing assistance is provided to low-income families across British Columbia and is targeted to households in the greatest need. As new housing units reach completion, additional subsidy dollars are required to support these families.

Rental Assistance Program – This program, introduced in 2006-2007 provides direct cash assistance to low-income, working families with at least one child aged 18 and under, a gross household income less than $28,000 per year, less than $10,000 in assets and who pay more than 30% of their household income towards rent.

Table 31 - British Columbia: NCB Reinvestments and InvestmentsA note is located after the table
2004-2005 2005-2006 2006-2007 2007-2008
Expenditures
($000)
Expenditures
($000)
Estimates
($000)
Estimates
($000)
Child Benefits & Earned Income Supplements
BC Earned Income Benefit 61,500 48,600 31,200 21,500
BC Family Bonus Increase Reference a is located after the table 82,000 32,890 13,370 9,610
Child/ Day Care
Supported Child Development 13,642 14,274 13,959 15,102
Child-Care Subsidy (non-regulated) Reference bis located after the table 46,198 - - -
Child-Care Programs and Services Reference cis located after the table 10,029 67,388 81,162 71,595
Supplementary Health Benefits
B.C. Healthy Kids Program Reference d is located after the table 6,204 8,221 8,421 8,013
Autism Intervention 11,884 13,696 16,740 18,878
Early Childhood/ Children-at-Risk Services
Foster Care 2000 3,853 3,900 4,283 3,305
Family Support Programs 12,937 13,353 14,968 13,474
Aboriginal Regional Support Services Reference eis located after the table 6,282 5,201 6,348 6,462
Community LINK 41,650 41,650 44,600 45,800
Youth Initiatives
Youth Initiatives 20,838 22,613 24,883 23,436
Other Youth Programs Reference f is located after the table 1,433 1,893 2,102 2,752
Other NCB Programs, Benefits & Services
Social Housing 53,454 54,851 56,762 66,800
Rental Assistance Program Reference g is located after the table - - 2,400 16,100
Total 371,904 328,530 321,198 322,827
  • Reference afrom the above table Figures include the amount of NCB Supplement increases that have been passed through to BC Family Bonus recipients since 1998. As of 2004-2005, this amount starts to decline as a result of the full offset of the BC Family Bonus for most families with one child.
  • Reference bfrom the above table After 2004-2005, this funding is reported within Child-Care Programs and Services.
  • Reference cfrom the above table Formerly called Child-Care Programs prior to 2006-2007. The subsidy for non-regulated child care is reported under this program area as of 2005-2006.
  • Reference dfrom the above table Formerly called Healthy Kids Dental and Optical Benefits Program prior to 2007-2008
  • Reference efrom the above table Formerly called Aboriginal Strategy prior to 2006-2007.
  • Reference ffrom the above table The expenditure for 2004-2005 differs from that reported in the National Child Benefit Progress Report: 2006 due to incorrect rounding in the previous report.
  • Reference gfrom the above table This program was launched in October 2006. In 2007-2008, this amount increases as enhancements were made to the program and the provincial government committed to more funding. The full take up of this program is expected in 2008-2009.
  • Note from the above table Note: 1) All expenditures and estimates exclude the amounts reported under other federal/provincial agreements.
    2) Figures have been rounded.

Table 32 - British Columbia: Estimated Number of Families and Children Benefiting under NCB Reinvestments and Investments

Yukon

Yukon’s savings associated with the NCB Supplement have been invested in programs supporting healthy children, healthy families and healthy communities. These initiatives support the national goals of helping to reduce the depth of child poverty and encouraging parents to participate in the work force while ensuring they are better off working. Yukon’s initiatives also support low-income families with the costs of raising children and recognize the long-term benefits of early childhood interventions.

Adjustments to Social Assistance benefits are made monthly by treating the actual amount of the NCB Supplement received as a separate category under income. This results in a deduction from Social Assistance benefits that is not subject to either the flat rate income exemption ($150 per month per family) or the earned income exemption (50 percent of earned income). For non-taxfilers, the amount of the NCB Supplement is covered by Social Assistance, but the client must sign an “agreement to repay” which is collected when their NCB Supplement is issued for the portion that Social Assistance covered. This situation happens rarely.

Yukon’s reinvestments and investments include:

Yukon Child Benefit (YCB) (Investment) – Yukon families in receipt of the Canada Child Tax Benefit (CCTB) and the NCB Supplement are automatically considered for the Yukon Child Benefit (YCB). The YCB is an investment that supplements the NCB Supplement and is based on the same objectives and principles. The benefit is tax-free and is not considered as income (i.e., not counted) when calculating social assistance benefits. Effective July 2004, the YCB was increased to $450 per year per child, and is available for families with net annual incomes below $25,000 (turning point), at which point the tax-back rate applied is 2.5 percent for one-child families and 5 percent for families with two or more children. The Yukon Government negotiated a recovery from Indian and Northern Affairs Canada (INAC) for costs of the YCB associated with Status Indian children in the Yukon.

Yukon Children’s Drug/Optical Program (CDOP) (Reinvestment) – This program is designed to assist low-income families with the cost of prescription drugs and eye care for children up to 18 years of age. While families with incomes above $23,500 per year pay a deductible, there is no deductible for families with incomes below $23,500 per year. Families must reapply each fiscal year.

Kids Recreation Fund (KRF) (Reinvestment) – The fund covers registration fees, equipment and supplies for sports, arts, cultural, recreational or social activities. It is available to families whose net income is under $37,000 per year or who have other special family circumstances, including recent financial hardship, family illness, large family size or family crisis. Each application is assessed on the family’s individual circumstances. Eligible families can apply for up to $300 per child, per activity, to a maximum of $500 per year. The KRF is a special fund administered by Sport Yukon and supported in part by the Government of Yukon through the NCB initiative.

Healthy Families Yukon (Reinvestment) – The Government of Yukon in March 1999, implemented the early intervention program, Healthy Families Yukon, to improve the long-term outcomes of Yukon children. The Healthy Families Yukon program is a culturally appropriate, intensive home-based family support service offered to expectant parents and parents of children under three months of age. The service is voluntary and is offered on a long-term basis, up to when the child is five years old. Weekly home visits are offered to the family in the first nine to twelve months, with criteria to increase/decrease the level of service as the child becomes older. The goals of Healthy Families Yukon are:

  • to systematically assess the strengths and needs of new parents and assist them in accessing community services as needed;
  • to enhance family functioning by:
    • building trusting, nurturing relationships,
    • teaching problem-solving,
    • improving the family’s support system;
  • to promote positive parent-child relationships; and
  • to promote healthy childhood growth and development.

Food for Learning (Investment) – The Yukon Food for Learning Society provides funds to assist schools in providing nutrition programs such as breakfast, lunch or snacks for students who do not have enough to eat. The Yukon Government provided a one-time reinvestment of $30,000 in 1998–1999 to enhance the Food for Learning Project. The project is a special fund administered by a non-government organization and supported in part by the Government of Yukon through the NCB initiative.

Table 33 - Yukon: NCB Reinvestments and InvestmentsA note is located after the table
2004-2005 2005-2006 2006-2007 2007-2008
Expenditures
($000)
Expenditures
($000)
Estimates
($000)
Estimates
($000)
Child Benefits & Earned Income Supplements
Yukon Child Benefit Reference a is located after the table 711 675 660 1,030
Supplementary Health Benefits
Yukon Children’s Drug/Optical Program Reference bis located after the table 48 46 44 39
Early Childhood/Children-at-Risk Services
Kids Recreation Fund 200 102 105 111
Healthy Families Yukon 1,026 937 974 975
Food for Learning 30 30 30 30
Total 2,015 1,790 1,814 2,185
  • Reference afrom the above table Not including funds recovered from Indian and Northern Affairs Canada.
  • Reference bfrom the above table The figures were revised to include administrative fees associated with the Yukon Children's Drug/Optical Program.
  • Note from the above table Note: Totals may not add due to rounding.

Table 34 - Yukon: Estimated Number of Families and Children Benefiting under NCB Reinvestments and Investments

Northwest Territories

The NCB initiative assumes a major role in the collective fight against child poverty in Canada. The flexibility of the NCB program has enabled the Government of the Northwest Territories (GNWT) to develop three specific programs that proactively challenge child poverty and encourage employment attachment for parents.

In the Northwest Territories (NWT), the NCB Supplement is deducted from income assistance entitlement, and reinvested in three programs for low income families. The Government of the Northwest Territories provides added value to these reinvestment programs through additional funding. To reduce duplication and streamline efficiency, the Canada Revenue Agency delivers the NWT programs as an integrated payment with federal child benefits.

Northwest Territories reinvestments and investments include:

Northwest Territories Child Benefit (NWTCB) – This cash benefit provides a maximum of $330 annually per child for families with income of $20,921 or less in the previous year.

Territorial Workers’ Supplement (TWS) – This supplement is paid to families with working incomes over $3,750. This supplement is phased in so that the maximum benefit becomes available when working incomes reach $10,000 annually.

Note: The NWTCB and TWS are need-determined programs that are based on a family’s net income, working income and the number of children under the age of 18 years.

Healthy Children Initiative (HCI) – The GNWT initiated the HCI in 1998. Since 1998, NCB reinvestment funds and NWT investment funds have been directed to the continued development and expansion of this program. To date, NCB increases/reinvestment funding has been directed to the HCI programs. The HCI enables communities groups across the NWT, to develop and deliver programs that proactively focus on health, learning and cultural development for children six years of age and under. HCI programs to date have included the delivery of healthy snack programs in Early Learning and Child Care Programs, Aboriginal Culture and Language Programs, Family Literacy and the support of training opportunities for early Child Care staff.

Table 35 - Northwest Territories: NCB Reinvestments and InvestmentsA note is located after the table
2004-2005 2005-2006 2006-2007 2007-2008
Expenditures
($000)
Expenditures
($000)
Estimates
($000)
Estimates
($000)
Child Benefits & Earned Income Supplements
NWT Child Benefit/Territorial Workers’ Supplement 1,500 1,644 1,443 1,336
Early Childhood/Children-at-Risk Services
Healthy Children Initiative Reference a is located after the table 419 419 1,768 1,768
Total 1,919 2,063 3,211 3,104
  • Reference afrom the above table Figures include funding from another budget that provides children in the Northwest Territories with programs such as snacks, Aboriginal language and on-the-land camps.
  • Note from the above table Note: Totals may not add due to rounding.

Table 36 - Northwest Territories: Estimated Number of Families and Children Benefiting under NCB Reinvestments and Investments

Nunavut

The Government of Nunavut’s Pinasuaqtavut mandate continues to focus on the commitment to building Nunavut’s future by improving the well-being, prosperity and self-reliance of Nunavummiut. Nunavut’s NCB initiatives correspond to the Inuit principle of Pijitsirniq (providing for families and the community) by helping to prevent and reduce the depth of child poverty and by assisting low-income families with the costs associated with raising children. The NCB also provides an incentive for parents to (re)join the workforce, consistent with the government’s interest in encouraging economic self-reliance.

The Government of Nunavut offsets the NCB Supplement as income from income support payments and reinvests the funds in the Nunavut Child Benefit (NUCB) and the Territorial Workers’ Supplement (TWS).

Nunavut’s reinvestment and investments include:

Nunavut Child Benefit (NUCB) – This is the primary reinvestment program in Nunavut which is funded using monies from the recovery of social assistance payments in the territory. The NUCB is a tax-free payment given to qualifying families with children under the age of 18 living at home. To reduce duplication and streamline efficiency, the Canada Revenue Agency delivers the Nunavut Child Benefit as an integrated payment with the CCTB and the NCB Supplement. The NUCB is a benefit paid to all families with a net income of $20,921 or less in the previous year. Families receive $27.50 per month or $330 annually for each eligible child under the age of 18 living at home.

Territorial Workers’ Supplement (TWS) – Families who have earned income of more than $3,750 in the previous year may also receive the Territorial Workers’ Supplement. This is an additional benefit for working families with children under the age of 18 living at home. Nunavut uses recovered funds from social assistance payments to provide the Territorial Workers’ Supplement for working parents, and Canada Revenue Agency delivers this benefit as an integrated payment with the CCTB and the NCB Supplement. Eligible families may receive up to $275 annually for the first child and an additional $75 per year for the second.

Table 37 - Nunavut: NCB Reinvestments and Investments
2004-2005 2005-2006 2006-2007 2007-2008
Expenditures
($000)
Expenditures
($000)
Estimates
($000)
Estimates
($000)
Child Benefits & Earned Income Supplements
Nunavut Child Benefit/Territorial Workers’ Supplement 2,775 2,679 3,058 3,409
Total 2,775 2,679 3,058 3,409

Table 38 - Nunavut: Estimated Number of Families and Children Benefiting under NCB Reinvestments and Investments

First Nations

The purpose of the First Nations NCBR Initiative is to reduce the effects of child poverty by funding programs and services that will provide for the otherwise-unmet physical and social needs of children in reserve communities. Specifically, the initiative aims to foster the growth of children in low-income families into self-sufficient, contributing members of their communities.

Of the more than six hundred First Nations in Canada, the number that have used reinvestment funding to expand the range of services to low-income families and their children is in excess of four hundred. First Nations that are not included in departmental reinvestment reports include Atlantic, Ontario, Alberta, and British Columbia bands that fall under multi-year funding agreements; self-governing Yukon bands; and bands in Newfoundland and Labrador.

Reinvestments are categorized under five activity areas:

Child Care - These projects are intended to create more spaces in day-care centres for children of low‑income families. There is particular emphasis on accommodating children of parents who are working or undertaking training or educational upgrading to improve their opportunities for employment. The reinvestment funds may also be used to subsidize child‑care costs for working/in-training parents, although no direct subsidies may be granted to parents.

Child Nutrition - These programs are intended to improve the health and well‑being of children by providing breakfast, lunch, or snacks in school, by educating parents about the nutritional needs of children and meal preparation, or by delivering food hampers to homes of low‑income families.

Support to Parents - These programs are designed to equip and support parents by giving their children a sound start in life. Projects may include drop‑in centres for parents or training in parenting skills.

Home‑to‑Work Transition - These programs are directed at improving the prospects of employment for parents and youth. These include employment and skills development, and summer work projects for youth.

Cultural Enrichment - In this category are projects such as the teaching of traditional culture (e.g., language, art, music, storytelling), support projects for youth, celebrations, peer support groups, family and community supports such as life skills, financial management training, and other group activities that bring together community elders, children, and youth.

Table 39 - First Nations: NCB Reinvestments and InvestmentsA note is located after the table
Activity Area 2004-2005 2005-2006 2006-2007 2007-2008
Expenditures
($000)
Expenditures
($000)
Estimates
($000)
Estimates Reference ais located after the table
($000)
Child Care 2,323 3,246 3,228 n/a
Child Nutrition 12,459 12,762 13,561 n/a
Support to Parents 4,995 12,584 7,533 n/a
Home-to-Work Transition 17,509 17,103 18,934 n/a
Cultural Enrichment 15,462 8,919 7,101 n/a
Additional administrative costs Reference b is located after the table 1,524
Sub-total 52,748 54,614 51,880 54,606
Additional Investment Envelope Reference c is located after the table 2,379 3,434 780 240
Total 55,127 58,048 52,660 54,846
  • Reference afrom the above table A breakdown of 2007-2008 estimates is not available.
  • Reference bfrom the above table The Saskatchewan region did not include administrative costs in activity areas.
  • Reference cfrom the above table The additional investment envelope includes funding to reimburse Saskatchewan and Yukon for the portion of provincial/territorial children’s benefits paid on reserve. In 2006-2007, the additional investment envelope for Saskatchewan was phased out due to the restructuring of the provincial child benefit programming.
  • This note is from the above table Notes: 1) n/a indicates the data is not available.
    2) Totals may not add due to rounding.
    3) Indian and Northern Affairs Canada does not fund social assistance in the Northwest Territories and Nunavut. Reinvestments in these areas are not included in this table.

Table 40 - First Nations: Estimated Number of Families and Children on Reserve by Region, Benefiting under NCB Reinvestments

Citizenship and Immigration Canada

Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC) is committed to the objectives of the NCB initiative. CIC continues to aid government-assisted refugees by reinvesting income support adjustments into benefits for refugee families and their children.

CIC administers the NCB through its local and regional offices following provincial/territorial social assistance guidelines which helps to maintain a national standard for clients. The funds available as a result of the income support adjustments are reinvested into benefits for refugee families with children.

The Resettlement Assistance Program (RAP) provides newly arrived government-assisted refugees with income support and a range of immediate and essential services. Income support is provided for up to 12 months or until the client has become self-sufficient, whichever comes first, with a maximum of 24 months coverage for certain special needs refugees. Clients who are not self-sufficient at the end of the period of RAP support are entitled to provincial/territorial social assistance.

CIC’s other reinvestments and investments include:

Newborn Allowance – This supplement assists government-assisted refugee families with the costs of caring for a newborn.

Children under 6 Years Allowance – This benefit recognizes the additional costs associated with raising young children.

School Start-Up Allowance – This supplement assists government-assisted refugee families with the costs of equipping young children for elementary school.

Monthly School Allowance – This supplement aids government-assisted refugee families with the recurring and on-going costs of their children’s education, such as school and gym supplies and registration fees.

NCB Transportation Allowance – This supplement assists government-assisted refugee families with their transportation costs.

Table 41 - Citizenship and Immigration Canada: NCB Reinvestments and InvestmentsA note is located after the table
2004-2005 2005-2006 2006-2007 2007-2008
Expenditures
($000)
Expenditures
($000)
Estimates
($000)
Estimates
($000)
Child Benefits & Earned Income Supplements
Newborn Allowance, Children under 6 Allowance, School Start-up Allowance, Monthly School Allowance 799 767 1,022 1,463
Other NCB Programs, Benefits & Services
NCB Transportation Allowance 1,793 1,688 1,066 969
Total 2,592 2,455 2,088 2,432
  • Note from the above table Note: Totals may not add due to rounding.


  • 34 This report does not include data for Quebec. Quebec residents benefit in the same way as other Canadians from the Canada Child Tax Benefit. Moreover, they benefit from substantial investments made by the Quebec government, in the context of its family policy, in services for families with children. Return to reference 34
  • 35 Between July 1998 and June 1999, a third source of reinvestment funds was Transitional Assistance. It ensured that no families that previously received the Working Income Supplement experienced a reduction in the overall benefits they received as a result of the introduction of the NCB Supplement. Return to reference 35
  • 36 Effective July 2000, Manitoba discontinued recovering increases to the NCB Supplement for all families receiving income assistance. Effective July 2001, Manitoba stopped recovering the NCB Supplement for children age six and under. Effective January 2003, it stopped recovering the NCB Supplement for children age 7 to 11 years; and, effective January 2004, it stopped recovering the NCB Supplement for children age 12 to 17 years. Return to reference 36
  • 37 Includes funding provided through federal 2000 Early Childhood Development Agreement and 2003 Multilateral Framework on Early Learning and Child Care transfers as well as provincial revenue funds. Does not include 2005 and 2006 federal Early Learning and Child Care funds ($25.6 million in 2005-2006, $23.7 million in 2006-2007). The federal Early Learning and Child Care funding was cancelled in 2007-2008. Return to reference 37
  • 38 Effective April 1, 2004, the Alberta Works-Income Support Program replaced the Supports for Independence (SFI) program. Return to reference 38
  • 39 Effective April 1, 2004, the Alberta Works-Income Support Program replaced the Supports for Independence (SFI) program. Return to reference 39
  • 40 LGBTQ is the generally accepted term for lesbian, gay, bi-sexual, transgendered and questioning individuals. Questioning reflects that group of individuals who are not sure what their sexuality actually is. Return to reference 40

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