See yourself as a partner - Guide to Community Partnership Development: Resources

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Vulnerable LGBT Homeless Youth (2013), 23:26
The Current

"Among homeless Canadians between 16 and 24 years old, 20% to 40% are lesbian, gay, bisexual or transgender. The Current looks at the challenges facing LGBT youth, considered the most vulnerable in the already very vulnerable population of homeless people."

The Housing First Approach (2008), 23:01
The National

"The National explores the complicated and difficult issue of homelessness in Victoria, BC. In recent years, the postcard image of this quaint seaside capital has been tarnished by increasing homelessness. Victoria's solution? To turn to Portland, Oregon, for inspiration. Their mantra is "housing first". No matter how people wind up on the streets — drug addiction, mental illness, crime or bad luck — they get a home first. Then a city-wide web of support workers helps them find solutions for any other issues."

Helping the Mentally Ill Homeless (2007), 23:01
News in Review

"In late August 2007, Prime Minister Stephen Harper announced the formation of the Canadian Mental Health Commission. It will fight the stigma associated with mental illness and draw up a mental health strategy for Canada. One of its biggest challenges will be to find new ways to help people who are mentally ill and homeless. In this News in Review story, we'll look at the case of a Saskatchewan woman and her family's desperate struggle to find her a place to call home."

Une caravane philosophique pour les sans-abri de Montréal [A philosophical caravan for Montreal's homeless people] (2013), 9:25
Second Regard (in French only)

Winter or no winter, homelessness continues to grow in Quebec. Today, there are presumed to be more than 50,000 homeless people in the province, 35,000 of which are in Montreal. Although insufficient, there are already many ways to address this exclusion, including a ground-breaking initiative that was launched in the city a few months ago: a philosophical caravan that visits metro stations and the city's downtown parks. The mission of idAction Mobile is to combat exclusion by giving access to reflection and creativity, and providing homeless people with nourishment for the heart and soul.

Naufrag's des villes : l'itinérance [Shipwrecked in the city: Homelessness] (2010), 45:02 (in French only)

Homelessness is an inconvenient phenomenon that we would rather hide. The cliché which immediately springs to mind is the drunk old man. The reality, however, is different. Homelessness has many other faces. Our two volunteers are immersed in their new reality. Emmanuelle is still wandering. After several unsuccessful attempts to find housing within her budget, she has decided to sleep in a women's shelter. Pierre, on the other hand, likes his new roommates, even though the apartment is not very clean. He and one of his roommates go to get food at a food bank. Every dollar counts.

Housing First' Could Be The Program To Best End Chronic Homelessness
Huffington Post

"Sam Tsemberis had a simple realization that started a revolution: we've been dealing with homeless completely backwards, treating the symptoms instead of the causes. He's flipped the model on its head and the results have been remarkable, with cities slashing thousands they spend on dealing with the homeless. Now some cities are claiming to have almost eradicated chronic homelessness."

Transformation Through Partnerships: Systems Change to End Chronic Homelessness (2009)

SAMHSA Health Information Network

"The Transformation through Partnerships DVD is an award-winning documentary produced to demonstrate how community partnerships can be forged to effectively provide the necessary range of services to persons who are homeless with mental illnesses or substance use disorders. It provides a short explanation of the partnership model and illustrates how the Downtown Emergency Services Center in Seattle, Washington and Project HOME in Philadelphia…"

Building Communities of Recovery: How Community-Based Partnerships and Recovery Support Organizations Make Recovery Work (2012)
SAMHSA Health Information Network

"Describes how communities are organizing and networking to provide recovery support to people dealing with mental and substance use disorders, and highlights efforts to change the culture of communities to accept and embrace people in recovery."

Downloadable documents online

The Partnership Handbook (2000)
Human Resources Development Canada

"Strong, viable partnerships don't just happen. They need to be understood, properly developed and well maintained. Skills, knowledge and experience are required when we bring people together to form useful and productive partnerships. Many of us do not feel confident in each and every aspect of partnering or, if we do, we may not be able to share our knowledge effectively with others.

The Partnership Handbook has been developed by the Labour Market Learning and Development Unit at Human Resources Development Canada to help people learn more about what community-based partnerships are and to offer suggestions on how to be effective in them. It provides tools and tips to enhance partnerships, and outlines what is needed to move forward together."

Building Effective Partnerships (2004)
BC Non-Profit Housing Association

"Early in 2004, the BC Non-Profit Housing Association (BCNPHA) embarked on an initiative – Building Bridges – to facilitate networking and information-sharing sessions among non-profit housing providers and community service agencies to alleviate homelessness in the Greater Vancouver region. The plan was to bring together people who work and volunteer in these two sectors, to network, discuss common goals and interests, and explore the potential for greater collaboration and partnerships. Ultimately, BCNPHA's goal was to encourage, build and grow partnerships between these sectors, to provide needed stable housing for homeless or at-risk people, along with some level of support from the community service agencies. One of the results of the Building Bridges initiative was a recognition that partnerships need to be encouraged between the non-profit housing sector and a variety of sectors: health, social services, and private. This emerging need to partner was also identified in the 2004 BCNPHA study, Sustaining the Non-Profit Housing Sector in British Columbia. As government social housing programs and funding become ever more restrictive, it is imperative that groups and individuals concerned with providing accessible, appropriate services to a wide range of the province's citizens pool their talents and resources to sustain the social safety net. BCNPHA has prepared this guide to assist non-profit, governmental, and for-profit organizations to build the foundations for successful partnerships."

A Pocket Guide to Building Partnerships (2003)
World Health Organization

"To make the concept of building partnerships somewhat easier to visualize, we use the analogy of farming – preparing the ground, sowing the seed, and nurturing the growing plants with the right tools to ensure a good harvest."

Comment développer des partenariats [How to Develop Partnerships]
Canadian Volunteerism Initiative (in French only)

The goal of this workshop is to familiarize you with the various basic elements of developing partnerships. The workshop promotes the development of volunteer groups and aims to increase volunteering skills within your organization or group.

Four organizations partnered to address youth homelessness in Vancouver: Analysis of an Intersectoral Collaboration (2014)
Stigma and Resilience Among Vulnerable Youth Centre

"This report details the process of intersectoral collaboration between St. Paul's Hospital Inner City Youth Program, Covenant House Vancouver, Coast Mental Health, and BC Housing, from a study SARAVYC undertook, funded by Human Resources and Social Development Canada."

Le partenariat : comment ça marche? Mieux s'outiller pour réussir [Partnership: How does it work? Tooling up for success]
Direction de santé publique/Régie régionale de la santé et des services sociaux de Montréal-Centre (2003) (in French only)

One cannot consider public health action without collaboration from partners. In a way, all stakeholders whose mission supports public health need to work in partnership with others. But does partnership yield results that are equal to the efforts invested? Are some ways more productive than others? How can one ensure that all stakeholders benefit from a partnership? This tool is the result of five years of evaluative research on public health programs. It compares different ways of working in partnership against the results they produced. The findings highlight certain planning and partnership practices that produce better results than others. This tool proposes ways to better understand the dynamics of partnerships, to avoid pitfalls and to analyze situations with a view to developing winning strategies. It is intended for health and social services professionals, as well as for partners from other activity sectors that support the public health mission.

Le partenaire efficace. Seul cèest difficile… En partenariat, ça se porte bien! Vers des partenariats communautaires rassembleurs [Effective partnerships. Working alone is difficult, working in partnership is effective! Toward inclusive community partnerships]
Plurielles (Manitoba) inc (in French only)

Using its expertise in this field, Plurielles (Manitoba) inc. designed this training and facilitation guide for individuals, committees and organizations interested in establishing a local inclusive partnership model in the specific area of family literacy.

Aboriginal Skills and Employment Training Strategy: Partnership Development
Handbook (2014)
Employment and Social Development Canada

"In 2010, the Government of Canada established the Aboriginal Skills and Employment Training Strategy (ASETS).Through agreements with Aboriginal organizations, ASETS provides funding to help Aboriginal people prepare for, find, and maintain jobs. Under this strategy, ASETS agreement-holders design and deliver employment programs and services best suited to the unique needs of their clients. This strategy focuses on three strategic priorities: demand-driven skills development, partnerships, and accountability.

Although ASETS seeks to promote partnerships in a more targeted manner, partnerships have been a pillar of Aboriginal labour market programming for many years. Partnerships were considered an important component of the predecessor of ASETS, the Aboriginal Human Resources development Strategy (AHRDS). Furthermore, the sunset Aboriginal Skills and Employment Partnership (ASEP) and the Aboriginal Skills and Training Strategic Investment Fund (ASTSIF), as well as the Skills and Partnership Fund (SPF), have all been dependent on partnerships as a pre-condition to receiving contribution funding from Employment and Social Development Canada (ESDC).

Building partnerships is not an easy task. Many challenges exist; however, the outcomes of partnerships outweigh the challenges and are generally overwhelmingly positive. Outcomes include access to additional resources and expertise, better results for clients and finally, a sense of mutual responsibility for achieving better outcomes for the community."

Connecting the Dots: A Handbook for Chronic Disease Prevention through Community Engagement (2009)
Health Nexus Santé

"This handbook is for health professionals, health promoters/educators, and community groups/ organizations who want to work across sectors and with multiple levels to leverage their joint potential to prevent chronic disease in their communities."

Governing for Partnership Success (2010)
Healthy Communities Consortium

This document presents a variety of governance approaches and models, and offers practical suggestions for choosing a governance structure or type that can support the initiatives put forward by your partnership. The article outlines three key governance functions and proposes several organizational structures or styles suited to multi-sectorial community partnerships. It also covers the principles of 'good governance.'

Partnerships Development (2009)
A Resource of the Heart Health Resource Centre

Throughout the past 20 years, the success and sustainability of OHHP-Taking Action for Healthy Living initiatives can be credited to the collaborative work of a wide range of community partnerships in each of the 36 HHRC networks across the province. In fact, successful community partnerships have mobilized more than 2,300 community partners across Ontario, and generated local in-kind support in excess of 13.6 million dollars.

Éléments essentiels à la création et au maintien d'un partenariat gagnant [Key components of creating and maintaining a winning partnership] (2011)
Health Nexus Santé (in French only)

This resource is a summary of the key components of creating and maintaining winning partnerships. It provides synthesized information on the possibilities that partnership presents, on proactive networking approaches, on how to choose the appropriate partners and on the types of partnerships you need. It will make you aware of the importance of building the foundations of partnership using the Interactive Domain Model (IDM), a best practices approach to promoting health. Lastly, it reviews the components of a partnership agreement.

Evaluating Community Partnerships : Resource List (2012)
Public Health Ontario
List of links and documents on the partnerships and their evaluation.
Building Effective Community Partnerships
Institute for Educational Leadership

"This toolkit is designed to provide ideas and linkages to other resources that will increase the capacity of demonstration projects engaged in systemic reform efforts to bring together organizations and individuals, develop shared goals, and implement strategies to achieve them. It offers case study examples and a variety of tools communities may want to use as they consider plans for implementing, monitoring and institutionalizing these strategies based on the opportunities and needs of the community."

Making Community Partnerships Work: A Toolkit (2007)
March of Dimes

"This toolkit is based on the lessons learned from the national and community partners involved in the Genetics Education Needs Evaluation (GENE) Project. The GENE Project was a 5-year program funded by the Health Resources and Services Administration to investigate the genetics education needs of underserved, minority communities. March of Dimes and its national partners, Genetic Alliance and Family Voices, worked with two communities to determine their cultural and language needs in the area of genetics education and develop action plans to address those needs. This toolkit provides the reader with some insight into how these community partnerships were developed."

Community Partnership Resource Guide (2009)
Quality Improvement and Innovation Partnership and Health Nexus Santé

"This Guide to Community Partnerships provides the tools to create or expand our relationships with our community networks of partners. It shows us different ways that community partnerships might manifest themselves, and ways in which these partnerships can be formed and maintained. The guide also encourages us to look beyond our current or usual networks to help our clients have the best health possible."

Homeless Hub Partnership resources:

Not a Solo Act: Creating Successful Partnerships to Develop and Operate Supportive Housing (1997)
Corporation for Supportive Housing

"Since the development and operation of supportive housing requires expertise in housing development, support service delivery and tenant-sensitive property management, non-profit sponsors are rarely able to "go it alone." This how-to manual is a guide to creating successful collaborations between two or more organizations in order to effectively and efficiently fill these disparate roles. It provides worksheets and sample legal documents to help groups maximize their potential for success. (KnowledgePlex)".

The Downtown Outreach Addiction Partnership Team (DOAP) Program (2015)
The Calgary Alpha House Society

"The Downtown Outreach Addictions Partnership (DOAP Team) program was initiated in 2005 as a mobile diversion response to street level addiction and public intoxication. Using a client-centered approach, the DOAP Team encourages self-determination and decision-making. The DOAP Team advocates on behalf of participants and assists them in navigating complex service systems to better access shelter, health services, addictions treatment, and housing services.

This study shows the return on investment for DOAP funding is $9.43:1. The findings show that, by helping those who are struggling with addictions and homelessness, DOAP is also making a positive impact on Calgary's emergency services, hospitals and health care, and our community. Most importantly, they are making a positive change for vulnerable people living on the streets."

Affordable Housing Partnerships: Lessons for Melbourne's Transforming Housing Project from Portland, Vancouver and Toronto (2015)
Melbourne School of Design

"Transforming Housing is a Melbourne action research partnership facilitated by the University of Melbourne, involving local and state government, private and non-profit developers, private and philanthropic investors, and affordable housing advocates. The current focus of the research is on exploring options in terms of better policy and investment mechanisms in order to move partners towards action. The next stage of action research is intended to test affordable housing innovation prototypes in 4 to 6 demonstration projects within the rubric of an International Affordable Housing Solutions Competition.

The purpose of this paper is to summarize how affordable housing partnerships in three cities with similar planning regimes, population pressures, affordability dilemmas, and housing typologies are developing innovative approaches, and derive lessons from these partnerships for Melbourne."

St. John's Homeless-Serving System Coordination Framework (2016)

"The Plan to End Homelessness in St. John's (2014-2019), led by End Homelessness St. John's (EHSJ), prioritizes the development of a systems approach grounded in Housing First where diverse services are organized and delivered in a coordinated manner to advance common community priorities. The purposeful, design and management of St. John's homeless-serving system is critical to meeting the community's objective of ending homelessness."

Useful links

Partnership development tools (2012)
National Collaborating Centre for Methods and Tools

"This suite of tools can be used in a step-wise manner to plan, implement, review and sustain partnerships. Created for sustainable development initiatives, the resource provides useful strategies for intersectoral partnerships."

Collaboration Multiplier (2011)
Prevention Institute

"Collaboration Multiplier is an interactive framework and tool for analyzing collaborative efforts across fields. It is designed to guide an organization to a better understanding of which partners it needs and how to engage them, or to facilitate organizations that already work together in identifying activities to achieve a common goal, identify missing sectors that can contribute to a solution, delineate partner perspectives and contributions, and leverage expertise and resources. Using Collaboration Multiplier can help lay the foundation for shared understanding and common ground for all partners."

Developing Effective Coalitions: An Eight-Step Guide (2002)
Prevention Institute

"This step-by-step guide to coalition building helps partnerships launch and stabilize successfully. It supports advocates and practitioners in every aspect of the process—from determining the appropriateness of a coalition to selecting members, defining key elements, maintaining vitality, and conducting ongoing evaluations."

The Tension of Turf: Making it Work for the Coalition (2003)
Prevention Institute

"Successful coalitions learn to anticipate and validate turf issues as part of solidifying partnerships and gathering their full strength. Tension of Turf is the Institute's companion tool to its 8-step process of coalition building, Developing Effective Coalitions: An Eight-Step Guide. It offers practical support for skillfully managing the dynamic tension that commonly arises when people collaborate. This guide helps coalitions derive authentic, constructive power from their varying perspectives, skills, and mandates."

Creating and Maintaining Partnerships
Community Tool Box

"This toolkit provides guidance for creating a partnership among different organizations to address a common goal."

Academic sources (2010-2016)

Sharing information

Neideck, Geoff; Siu, Penny; Waters, Alison (2015). "Meeting national information needs on homelessness: Partnerships in developing, collecting and reporting homelessness services statistics". Statistical Journal of the IAOS, Vol. 31, Issue 2.

"In 2008 the Council of Australian Governments agreed to national reforms to address homelessness through the National Agreement on Affordable Housing (NAHA) and National Partnership Agreement on Homelessness (NPAH). Integral to meeting the information needs to support these reforms was the development of a Specialist Homelessness Services data collection. Working in collaboration with Commonwealth and state and territory governments, NGO service providers, peak homelessness bodies and a private-sector information systems supplier, the Australian Institute of Health and Wealth (AIHW) developed a new national data collection and introduced an innovative data collection instrument and client information management system, known as SHIP. SHIP enables NGO case workers to easily capture client information, case manage clients and monitor their progress. SHIP allows the seamless collection of data conforming to national data standards and submission to AIHW each month via a secure website. This paper describes the strong partnership arrangements that successfully delivered the new information system and data collection to 1,500 NGO service providers across Australia and is providing valuable information to support measurement of policy effectiveness under the NAHA and NPAH in achieving successful outcomes for the clients of homelessness services."


Bonugli, Rebecca (2014). "Psychiatric Nursing Faculty Partner with Residents of a Homeless Shelter to Address Medication Safety", Issues in Mental Health Nursing, Vol. 35, Issue 3.

"The article presents the author's views on the partnership between Texas-based transitional homeless shelter Haven for Hope and University of Texas' School of Nursing faculty to address medication safety. She details her experience of conducting focus group interviews with Haven for Hopes' residents and staff, as well as how they studied the interviews to determine ways to improve medication safety. She also discusses the potential strategies to implement medication dispensing systems."

Comito, Lauren (2015). “DPL, SFPL Offer Innovative Homeless Services”, Library Journal, 10/15/2015, Vol. 140, Issue 17 .

The article focuses on the partnerships reached by the Denver Public Library (DPL) and San Francisco Public Library (SFPL), which aim to create a library programming services for homeless people. It mentions the partnership initiated by the SFPL with the Lava Mae, a non-profit organization dedicated to retrofitting of decommissioned city buses. The article also discusses the move on the part of DPL’s instruction librarian Simone Groene-Nieto to hire local musicians using money from the programming budget.”

Dixon, Caitlin; Funston, Leticia; Ryan, Catherine; Wilhelm, Kay. (2011). "Linking young homeless people to mental health services: An exploration of an outreach clinic at a supported youth accommodation service", Advances in Mental Health, Vol. 10, Issue 1.

“Recent research has indicated that young people experiencing homelessness live with high rates of psychological distress and mental illness, yet often do not access mental health services due to a number of barriers. Access may be enhanced through greater interagency collaboration, adopting principles of early intervention, outreach and youth cultural competence. The St Vincent’s Hospital Program for Early Intervention and Prevention of Disability (PEIPOD) has implemented these recommendations in an innovative outreach clinic being conducted at Oasis Youth Support Network in Sydney (Oasis). The purpose of this article is to describe the clinic and to present the perspectives of Oasis youth workers and the PEIPOD clinical team arising from focus groups regarding the extent to which the clinic has: (i) facilitated access to mental health services for young people; (ii) provided a positive experience of a mental health service for young people; and (iii) enhanced the capacity for Oasis staff to work with young people living with complex needs and mental illness. This article also reports the results of a file audit of all case notes and triage forms for the 29 clients who attended the clinic between January 2010 and January 2011. Findings suggest that the highly transient behaviour of the Oasis clients is a key challenge to linking young people to (mental health) services. This article describes several service strengths, including the close partnership between Oasis and PEIPOD staff and access to a mental health assessment for young people at a youth-friendly location. Recommendations arising from the staff interviews include expanding the outreach clinic model to other service sites, improving handover information from the Oasis youth support staff and involving medical staff in the clinic assessment”.

E. Rutherford, Gayle. (2011). “Peeling the layers: a grounded theory of interprofessional co-learning with residents of a homeless shelter”, Journal of Interprofessional Care, Vol. 25, Issue 5.

“Clients, patients, families, and communities must be conceived as partners in care delivery, not just as recipients (D’Amour, D. and Oandasan, I. (2005). Journal of Interprofessional Care, 19 (Suppl.), 8-20). Health-care students need an opportunity to understand community member self-determination, partnership, and empowerment (Scheyett, A., and Diehl, M. (2004). Social Work Education, 23(4), 435-450), within the framework of interprofessional education (IPE) where community members are involved as teachers and learners. The aim of this grounded theory research was to determine the conditions that enable health-care students to learn with, from, and about community members. This study took place in a shelter for the homeless where nursing and social work students learned interprofessionally along with residents and clients of the shelter. Data were gathered through seven months of participant observation, interviews, and focus groups. The interprofessional co-learning theory that emerged introduces the three phases of entering, engaging, and emerging, which co-learners experienced at different levels of intensity. This article outlines the conditions that support each of these phases of the co-learning process. This interprofessional co-learning theory provides a basis for further development and evaluation of IPE programs that strive to actively include community members as teachers and learners, experts, and novices, together with service providers, students, and faculty members.”

Girard, V.; Bonin, J.P.; Tinland, A.; Farnarier, C.; Pelletier, J.F.; Delphin, M.; Rowe, M.; 'simeoni, M.C (2014), “Mental health outreach and street policing in the downtown of a large French city”, International Journal of Law and Psychiatry, Vol. 37, Issue 4.

“Marseille, the second largest city in France, has a large population of homeless persons. A mental health outreach team was created in 2005 as a response to high rates of mental illness among this group. In a national political context where security is a government priority, a new central police station was created in Marseille in 2006 to address robberies, violence and illegal traffic in the downtown area of the city. While not directly related to such crimes, police also are responsible for public safety or behavioral issues related to the presence of individuals who are homeless in this area. Objective: This report on a two-year pilot study (2009-2011) addresses collaborative work between a mental health outreach team and the police department responding to the clinical needs of persons who are homeless with serious psychiatric disorders. It also describes the homeless persons’ interactions with, and perceptions of the presence of police and mental health professionals on the streets. Methods: Investigators adopted a mixed-methods approach. Data were collected on 40 interactions using brief, standardized reports for each interaction. Focus groups were conducted with police officers, outreach team members, peer workers, and service users.

Minutes of partnership meetings between police officers and outreach workers also served as a source of qualitative data. Results: Outreach workers initiated just over half (n=21) of the encounters (n=40) between police and outreach workers. Interactions mainly involved persons with psychosis (77%), the vast majority (80%) of which involved persons in an acute phase of psychosis. Two key themes that emerged from data analysis included the violent nature of life on the streets and the high percentage of ethnic minorities among subjects of the interactions. In addition, it was found that the practices of the outreach workers are sometimes similar to those of the police, especially when outreach workers use coercive methods. “Users” (homeless persons) described police as sometimes using less coercion than the outreach team, and noted that they were more fearful of psychiatrists than police. Conclusion: Formal initiatives between mental health outreach teams and police departments involve some common street practices. This study demonstrates the potential for closer working relationships between the two parties to help persons who are homeless with mental illnesses receive needed care, and to reduce inappropriate coercion, including involuntary hospitalization and arrests.”

Johnston, Mark; Angell, Susan (2013). “Partnering for Performance at Departments of HUD and VA”, Public Manager, Vol. 42, Issue 2.

“The article reports on the collaboration of the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) and the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) to achieve the goal of ending veteran homelessness across the U.S. by 2015. It states that the two agencies reassessed the HUD-VA Supportive Housing (HUD-VASH) program and determined that it needed to better target the neediest homeless veterans, those who have been living on the streets the longest. They administer a congressional initiative called the Veterans Homelessness Prevention Demonstration, which assists returned veterans from Iraq, Afghanistan and other locations, who are at high risk of homelessness.”

Kuver, Rekha1(2015. “Voices of Homeless Youth: Community Partnerships in Library Training”. Young Adult Library Services, Vol. 13, Issue 2.

“The article discusses the training session about youth homelessness sponsored by the Mockingbird Society through its Youth Advocates Ending Homelessness (YAEH) program in King County, Washington. Topics covered include personal stories, the Count Us In project to end homelessness, and the National Safe Place program whereby qualified agencies including libraries help young people in crisis. The session also featured several speakers including Lamar Campbell, Megan Gibbard and Courtney Warren.”

Parker-Radford, David (2015). “Identifying standards to ensure seamless discharge to primary care for homeless people”, Primary Health Care, Vol. 25, Issue 3.

“Practitioners need to work collaboratively to enable people experiencing homelessness to achieve a good standard of care whenever they have a ‘transition of care’ between hospital and community services. The Queen’s Nursing Institute, in partnership with other organizations, is sharing best practice with a network of more than 850 health professionals who specialize in working with homeless and vulnerable people. This article outlines the role primary health professionals should play in preventing homelessness and supporting people with ongoing care”.

Passafaro, Belinda; Gomez, Lissette; Weaver-Spencer, Jennifer (2016). “Afterschool programs that support homeless youth: igniting hope and opportunities in the midst of trauma, uncertainty, and displacement”, Journal of Children and Poverty. Mar 2016, Vol. 22, Issue 1.

“Across the United States, many after school and out-of-school-time programs are making constructive and lasting impacts on the lives of homeless children and youth by providing expanded learning opportunities and positive youth development outcomes in a safe space. In this brief, we profile two youth-serving organizations and the After School Division of the California Department of Education to illustrate how after school programs can be part of the solution for homeless children and youth. Staff from these organizations shared their practices, successes, challenges, and lessons learned. Most importantly, they shared a message of hope and a vision for what is possible in the midst of trauma, uncertainty, and displacement.”

Wilkins, Julia; Terlitsky, Amy B (2016). “Strategies for Developing Literacy-Focused Family'school Partnerships”, Intervention in School & Clinic, Vol. 51, Issue 4.

“Student achievement increases when parents are involved in their child’s education. This article describes the benefits of building partnerships with parents around child literacy activities. Tips for teachers provide ideas for sustaining communication with parents, involving parents in the school community, and conducting home visits along with specific recommendations for partnering with foster parents and homeless parents to promote child literacy.”

Difficult partnerships

Quirouette, Marianne; Hannah-Moffat, Kelly; Maurutto, Paula (2016), ‘A Precarious Place’: Housing and Clients of Specialized Courts, British Journal of Criminology, Vol. 56, Issue 2.

Specialized courts rely on partnerships with community agencies to address multiple issues related to offending. Despite their popularity, little is known about the implications of such partnerships or about how stakeholders negotiate client support, therapeutic interventions and correctional practices. We analyzed six Canadian sites (four drug treatment courts and two community/wellness courts), specifically focusing on how they conceptualize and respond to housing issues. We found that practices are pushing the boundaries of punishment and producing unintended consequences related to (1) positioning homelessness as criminogenic, (2) emphasizing short-term stability to the detriment of longer-term solutions and (3) facilitating enhanced supervision/knowledge exchange. When legal concerns dominate, therapeutic potential is compromised, along with efforts to restructure supports needed by marginalized offenders in the community.

Housing First Model

Gilmer, Todd P.; Ojeda, Victoria D.; Hiller, Sarah; Stefancic, Ana; Tsemberis, Sam; Palinkas, Lawrence A (2013). “Variations in Full Service Partnerships and Fidelity to the Housing First Model”, American Journal of Psychiatric Rehabilitation, Vol. 16, Issue 4.

“In California, the Mental Health Services Act allocated substantial funding to Full Service Partnerships (FSPs): programs that do whatever it takes to improve residential stability and mental health outcomes. The state-guided, but stakeholder-driven, approach to FSPs resulted in a set of programs that share core similarities but vary in their specific approaches. This qualitative study examines FSP variations within the framework of fidelity to the Housing First model. Semistructured interviews with 21 FSP program managers identified through purposeful sampling were coded and analyzed to identify variations across programs in their approaches to housing and services. Through the process of constant comparison, FSP characteristics were condensed into a set of broad themes related to fidelity to the Housing First model. We identified three broad themes:

a) FSPs varied in the degree to which key elements of Housing First were present; (b) program recovery orientation and staff experience were associated with fidelity; and (c) FSPs for older adults, adults exiting the justice system, and transitional age youth made specific adaptations to tailor their programs for the needs of their specific populations. FSPs bring a considerable level of community-based housing and treatment resources to homeless persons with serious mental illness. However, when examined individually, there exists enough variation in approaches to housing and treatment to raise the question of whether some programs may be more or less effective than others. An opportunity exists to employ the variation in FSPs implemented under this initiative to analyze the importance of fidelity to HF for client outcomes, program costs, and recovery-oriented care.”

Macnaughton, Eric; Stefancic, Ana; Nelson, Geoffrey; Caplan, Rachel; Townley, Greg; Aubry, Tim; McCullough, Scott; Patterson, Michelle; Stergiopoulos, Vicky; Vallée, Catherine; Tsemberis, Sam; Fleury, Marie-Josée; Piat, Myra; Goering, Paula (2015). “Implementing Housing First Across Sites and Over Time: Later Fidelity and Implementation Evaluation of a Pan-Canadian Multi-site Housing First Program for Homeless People with Mental Illness”, American Journal of community Psychology, Vol. 55, Issue 3/4.

“This article examines later fidelity and implementation of a five-site pan-Canadian Housing First research demonstration project. The average fidelity score across five Housing First domains and 10 programs was high in the first year of operation (3.47/4) and higher in the third year of operation (3.62/4). Qualitative interviews (36 key informant interviews and 17 focus groups) revealed that staff expertise, partnerships with other services, and leadership facilitated implementation, while staff turnover, rehousing participants, participant isolation, and limited vocational/educational supports impeded implementation. The findings shed light on important implementation ‘drivers’ at the staff, program, and community levels.”

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