Work stoppages by jurisdiction and year

Publication date: November 30, 2023

All sectors
All jurisdictions Federal jurisdiction Provincial jurisdiction
Work stoppages started in specified period Work stoppages terminated in specified period Work stoppages in effect in specified period Maximum number of workers involved in work stoppages Duration of work stoppages in days (average) (Avg) Person-days not worked Work stoppages started in specified period Work stoppages terminated in specified period Work stoppages in effect in specified period Maximum number of workers involved in work stoppages Duration of work stoppages in days (average) (Avg) Person-days not worked Work stoppages started in specified period Work stoppages terminated in specified period Work stoppages in effect in specified period Maximum number of workers involved in work stoppages Duration of work stoppages in days (average) (Avg) Person-days not worked
2014 100 104 153 80,474 97.7 1,711,330 5 6 6 1,067 40.2 35,230 95 98 147 79,407 100.0 1,676,100
2015 188 189 237 428,802 64.6 1,845,503 12 11 12 4,620 53.8 58,640 176 178 225 424,182 65.2 1,786,863
2016 141 172 189 44,387 35.7 631,880 3 4 4 388 63.0 29,060 138 168 185 43,999 35.1 602,820
2017 117 96 134 203,939 72.4 1,200,700 6 6 6 1,408 23.3 43,590 111 90 128 202,531 74.7 1,157,110
2018 82 107 120 83,833 52.9 1,133,724 10 9 10 54,462 28.0 157,072 72 98 110 29,371 55.1 976,652
2019 115 119 128 46,249 33.2 1,212,938 9 8 10 7,073 25.8 78,519 106 111 118 39,176 33.9 1,134,419
2020 57 61 66 624,028 44.5 1,451,556 2 3 4 1,597 80.0 92,330 55 58 62 622,431 42.2 1,359,226
2021 181 167 186 289,804 23.4 1,323,637 3 2 4 1,578 72.8 70,340 178 165 182 288,226 22.3 1,253,297
2022 156 142 175 206,577 57.9 1,895,612 10 10 12 2,559 56.9 113,650 146 132 163 204,018 58.0 1,781,962
2023 133 116 166 169,102 73.8 2,346,432 8 7 10 127,670 36.8 1,300,380 125 109 156 41,432 76.1 1,046,052

Note: Work stoppage data cover strikes and lockouts that amount to 10 or more person-days not worked. Data for 2023 cover the months of January through October. Work Stoppages data is up to date until October 2023, with the exception of Ontario. Ontario data for October is preliminary. For additional information, please see the Technical notes.

Source: Strategic Policy, Analysis, and Workplace Information Directorate, Labour Program, Employment and Social Development Canada.

Private sector
All jurisdictions Federal jurisdiction Provincial jurisdiction
Work stoppages started in specified period Work stoppages terminated in specified period Work stoppages in effect in specified period Maximum number of workers involved in work stoppages Duration of work stoppages in days (average) (Avg) Person-days not worked Work stoppages started in specified period Work stoppages terminated in specified period Work stoppages in effect in specified period Maximum number of workers involved in work stoppages Duration of work stoppages in days (average) (Avg) Person-days not worked Work stoppages started in specified period Work stoppages terminated in specified period Work stoppages in effect in specified period Maximum number of workers involved in work stoppages Duration of work stoppages in days (average) (Avg) Person-days not worked
2014 53 56 104 10,153 133.3 471,050 5 6 6 1,067 40.2 35,230 48 50 98 9,086 138.9 435,820
2015 63 65 111 15,847 118.5 374,711 8 7 8 4,491 58.5 49,950 55 58 103 11,356 123.2 324,761
2016 111 145 157 15,375 37.5 361,500 2 3 3 340 78.7 28,290 109 142 154 15,035 36.7 333,210
2017 81 58 93 165,550 96.4 725,040 5 5 5 1,386 26.6 43,440 76 53 88 164,164 100.4 681,600
2018 56 79 91 22,289 59.3 743,707 7 7 7 3,944 25.6 13,690 49 72 84 18,345 62.1 730,017
2019 72 76 84 35,685 34.7 1,067,393 7 5 7 4,008 29.1 40,979 65 71 77 31,677 35.2 1,026,414
2020 33 36 41 10,382 60.0 536,166 2 3 4 1,597 80.0 92,330 31 33 37 8,785 57.8 443,836
2021 121 110 126 31,082 29.3 808,847 2 2 3 1,408 89.3 66,430 119 108 123 29,674 27.9 742,417
2022 79 88 95 79,432 45.2 1,382,103 9 8 10 2,301 59.7 99,850 70 80 85 77,131 43.5 1,282,253
2023 84 71 91 31,395 38.8 623,972 5 4 7 7,951 45.6 115,970 79 67 84 23,444 38.2 508,002

Note: Work stoppage data cover strikes and lockouts that amount to 10 or more person-days not worked. Data for 2023 cover the months of January through October. Work Stoppages data is up to date until October 2023, with the exception of Ontario. Ontario data for October is preliminary. For additional information, please see the Technical notes.

Source: Strategic Policy, Analysis, and Workplace Information Directorate, Labour Program, Employment and Social Development Canada.

Public sector
All jurisdictions Federal jurisdiction Provincial jurisdiction
Work stoppages started in specified period Work stoppages terminated in specified period Work stoppages in effect in specified period Maximum number of workers involved in work stoppages Duration of work stoppages in days (average) (Avg) Person-days not worked Work stoppages started in specified period Work stoppages terminated in specified period Work stoppages in effect in specified period Maximum number of workers involved in work stoppages Duration of work stoppages in days (average) (Avg) Person-days not worked Work stoppages started in specified period Work stoppages terminated in specified period Work stoppages in effect in specified period Maximum number of workers involved in work stoppages Duration of work stoppages in days (average) (Avg) Person-days not worked
2014 47 48 49 70,321 22.2 1,240,280 47 48 49 70,321 22.2 1,240,280
2015 125 124 126 412,955 17.1 1,470,792 4 4 4 129 44.3 8,690 121 120 122 412,826 16.2 1,462,102
2016 30 27 32 29,012 26.6 270,380 1 1 1 48 16.0 770 29 26 31 28,964 26.9 269,610
2017 36 38 41 38,389 17.8 475,660 1 1 1 22 7.0 150 35 37 40 38,367 18.1 475,510
2018 26 28 29 61,544 32.8 390,017 3 2 3 50,518 33.7 143,382 23 26 26 11,026 32.7 246,635
2019 43 43 44 10,564 30.5 145,545 2 3 3 3,065 18.0 37,540 41 40 41 7,499 31.4 108,005
2020 24 25 25 613,646 19.1 915,390 24 25 25 613,646 19.1 915,390
2021 60 57 60 258,722 10.8 514,790 1 0 1 170 23.0 3,910 59 57 59 258,552 10.6 510,880
2022 77 54 80 127,145 73.1 513,509 1 2 2 258 43.0 13,800 76 52 78 126,887 73.8 499,709
2023 49 45 75 137,707 116.2 1,722,460 3 3 3 119,719 16.3 1,184,410 46 42 72 17,988 120.4 538,050

Legend: The dash () symbol indicates missing data.

Note: Work stoppage data cover strikes and lockouts that amount to 10 or more person-days not worked. Data for 2023 cover the months of January through October. Work Stoppages data is up to date until October 2023, with the exception of Ontario. Ontario data for October is preliminary. For additional information, please see the Technical notes.

Source: Strategic Policy, Analysis, and Workplace Information Directorate, Labour Program, Employment and Social Development Canada.

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