Archived: Report on Plans and Priorities 2014-15, supplementary tables, Environment and Climate Change Canada, chapter 3
The Federal Contaminated Sites Action Plan (FCSAP)
The Federal Contaminated Sites Action Plan (FCSAP), approved March 2005 (followed from the 2-year Federal Contaminated Sites Accelerated Action Plan (FCSAAP)).
Name of Lead Department(s)
Environment Canada with support from the Treasury Board of Canada Secretariat (TBS).
Lead Department Program Activity
Threats to Canadians and their environment from pollution are minimized (EC); Financial Management (TBS).
Start Date of the Horizontal Initiative
The 2-year FCSAAP program, with $175 million in funding, commenced April 1, 2003. FCSAP was approved in 2005, with funding of $3.5 billion over 15 years.
End Date of the Horizontal Initiative
The first phase of the program ended March 31, 2011. FCSAP will continue to March 31, 2020. However, the current policy approval for the second phase ends March 31, 2016.
Total Federal Funding Allocation (April 1, 2003 to March 31, 2016)
$2.737 billion (including PWGSC accommodations charges)
Description of the Horizontal Initiative (including funding agreement)
The Federal Contaminated Sites Action Plan (FCSAP) provides a long-term mechanism to address federal contaminated sites presenting the highest human health and ecological risks. At the end of March 2013, federal contaminated sites represented a financial liability of approximately $4.891 billion (Public Accounts of Canada 2013). Although responsibility for the actual management and remediation of federal contaminated sites rests with responsible custodial departments, the overall program is administered by Environment Canada with support from the Treasury Board of Canada Secretariat.
Reduce federal financial liability and risks to human health and the environment, including fish habitat. Increase public confidence in the overall management of federal real property through the effective risk management or remediation of individual federal contaminated sites.
The Federal Contaminated Sites Assistant Deputy Ministers Steering Committee is supported by the Director Generals Committee, the Contaminated Sites Management Working Group (CSMWG) and the FCSAP Secretariat (Environment Canada), which provides overall program coordination.
Phase II will focus remediation efforts on the highest-priority FCSAP sites (including Giant and Faro Mines in the North). From April 1, 2014 to March 31, 2015 remediation activities will be conducted on 117 sites and site assessments will occur on an estimated 34 sites. It is estimated that remediation expenditures in Phase II will reduce liability by up to $1.17 billion for all FCSAP-funded sites.
|Federal Partner||Federal Partner Program||Names of Programs for Federal Partners||Total Allocation
(Apr 1, 2003 to Mar 31, 2016)
|Planned Spending for
2014-2015(1) ($ thousands)
|Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada||Responsible Federal Stewardship||Contaminated Sites Management Program||188,406.4||841.4||See below.|
|Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada||Northern Land and Resources||Contaminated Sites||1,107,927.6||52,438.5||See below.|
|Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada||Total||1,296,334.0||53,279.9|
|Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada||Internal Services||Contaminated Sites||7,275.6||385.0||See below.|
|Canada Border Services Agency||Corporate Management and Direction||Infrastructure and Environment||3,490.2||0||NA|
|Canadian Food Inspection Agency||NA||NA||183.8||0||NA|
|Correctional Service Canada||Internal Services||Facilities/Asset Management Services||14,145.8||135.4||See below.|
|Environment Canada||Threats to Canadians and their environment from pollution are minimized||Asset Remediation and Disposal||57,220.9||998.6||See below.|
|Environment Canada||Threats to Canadians and their environment from pollution are minimized||Contaminated Sites||74,670.7||5,500.4||See below.|
|Fisheries and Oceans Canada||Internal Services||Contaminated Sites - FCSAP Projects||94,885.0||1,605.9||See below.|
|Fisheries and Oceans Canada||Internal Services||FCSAP Expert Support||31,121.9||1,884.4||See below.|
|Fisheries and Oceans Canada||Total||126,006.9||2,714.6|
|Health Canada||First Nations and Inuit Health||First Nations and Inuit Health Protection||7,445.2||0||NA|
|Health Canada||Contaminated Sites||Healthy Environments Consumer Safety Branch||62,749.1||3,475.3||See below.|
|Industry Canada||Communications Research Centre Canada||Contaminated Site Management Program||162.0||0||NA|
|Jacques Cartier and Champlain Bridges Incorporated||Management of federal bridge, highway and tunnel infrastructure, and properties in the Montréal area||NA||23,889.7||46.0||N/A|
|Marine Atlantic Inc.||Corporate Management||FCSAP (Projects)||120.0||0||NA|
|National Capital Commission||Real Asset Management||Land and real asset management||31,829.1||120.0||See below.|
|National Defence||Environmental Protection and Stewardship||Contaminated Sites Program||576,147.3||15,600.0||See below.|
|National Research Council of Canada||Internal Services||Environmental Operations||5,257.0||18.0||NA|
|Natural Resources Canada||Internal Services - Real Property||FCSAP||28,858.8||0||NA|
|Parks Canada Agency||Conserve Heritage Resources||Active Management and Restoration||51,551.2||3,802.2||See below.|
|Public Works and Government Services Canada||Federal Accommodation & Holdings||FCSAP (Projects)||109,300.2||15,483.0||See below.|
|Public Works and Government Services Canada||Federal Accommodation & Holdings||FCSAP (Expert Support)||8,850.0||650.0||See below.|
|Public Works and Government Services Canada||Total||118,150.2||16,133.0|
|Royal Canadian Mounted Police||Internal Services||FCSAP (Projects)||25,605.2||5.0||NA|
|Transport Canada||Sustainable Transportation Development and the Environment||Environmental Programs||204,467.1||16,776.3||See below.|
|Treasury Board of Canada Secretariat||Financial Management||Assets and Acquired Services||5,385.6||527.9||See below.|
|Total Allocation For All Federal Partners*||Total Planned Spending for All Federal Partners|
*Excluding PWGSC accommodations charges.
(1) Reprofile requests could be submitted to TBS later during the year and, pending TB approval of the reprofile requests, certain objectives as established in the RPP could be impacted.
Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada (AANDC)
The Northern Land and Resources section will undertake remediation activities on one site.
The Lands and Economic Developments section will undertake to complete the assessment of 10 and the remediation of five sites.
Agriculture and Agri-Food
Assessment activities will occur at three sites, and one site will undergo remediation.
Correctional Service Canada
Assessment activities will occur at five sites, and two sites will undergo remediation.
Assessment activities will occur at four sites and four sites will undergo remediation.
Contaminated Sites (FCSAP Secretariat): In cooperation with the Treasury Board of Canada Secretariat, the FCSAP Secretariat supports the Director General and Assistant Deputy Minister steering committees and the Contaminated Sites Management Working Group; oversees the project selection process; coordinates site funding and reporting processes; manages program communications; and evaluates program performance.
In 2014-2015, the FCSAP Secretariat will lead the planning for renewal of the program in Phase III (2016 to 2020); coordinate, analyze and report the program performance against established targets, and optimize the FCSAP information management system.
Through its role as an expert support department within FCSAP, Environment Canada will conduct the following activities:
- provide a central point of expert support services for custodial departments;
- coordinate regional and headquarters activities of other expert support departments (including implementation of interdepartmental regional working groups, integrated work planning, etc.);
- coordinate and undertake the review of site classification scores with other expert support departments ;
- lead the resolution of issues related to project implementation or eligibility;
- ensure that information on program tools and guidance is disseminated, that lessons learned are shared and that custodians’ needs are addressed;
- provide technical advice and expert information on ecological risks and environmental matters (e.g. compliance promotion with federal environmental statutes, National Classification System for Contaminated Sites and aquatic sites classification scoring, Canadian Council of Ministers for the Environment approaches, waste management, sampling design, emerging chemicals, etc.) at the project level and at the program level via the development of science based tools, best practices, guidance documents, and environmental quality guidelines; and
- provide training on the assessment and management of ecological risks at FCSAP sites as well as key training on other broader program-related aspects (ex. site prioritization, site closure tool).
Fisheries and Oceans Canada (DFO)
Assessment activities will occur at seven sites and 30 sites will undergo remediation.
In 2014-2015, DFO FCSAP Expert Support will conduct the following activities:
- provision of scientific and technical advice to custodial departments with respect to the management of federal contaminated sites that may be impacting, or have the potential to impact, fish or fish habitat;
- development of guidance material and provision of training to custodial organizations on the management of FCSAP aquatic sites (e.g. long-term monitoring and site closure of aquatic sites, remediation technologies identified in aquatic site remediation / risk management plans and the Aquatic Sites Framework);
- review of project submissions to ensure that the potential impacts to fish and fish habitat have been appropriately considered; and
- review and evaluation of FCSAP projects to ascertain if, and to what level, the risk to fish and fish habitat has been reduced as a result of custodial actions.
In 2014-2015, the Healthy Environments Consumer Safety Branch (Health Canada FCSAP Expert Support) will conduct the following activities:
- provision of guidance, training and advice on human health risk assessment and risk management;
- risk communication;
- review of National Classification System (NCS) scoring, human health risk assessments and remediation plans for projects;
- participation in interdepartmental national and regional working groups; and
- development of the human health component of Canadian Council of Ministers of the Environment (CCME) soil quality guidelines.
National Capital Commission
Five sites will undergo remediation.
Remediation will be completed at two sites while an additional 10 sites will have ongoing remediation, and 12 sites will undergo long-term monitoring.
Parks Canada Agency
Assessment activities will occur at four sites and three sites will undergo remediation.
Public Works and Government Services Canada (PWGSC)
Assessment activities will occur at one site and 15 sites will undergo remediation.
In 2014-2015, PWGSC FCSAP Expert Support will conduct the following activities:
- develop contaminated site management tools
- collect and share information about innovative and sustainable/green approaches to contaminated sites management
- inform the private sector of likely federal demand for services
Remediation will be completed at 1 site while an additional 23 sites will have ongoing remediation activities, and three sites will undergo long-term monitoring.
Treasury Board of Canada Secretariat
TBS supports Environment Canada in the management of the FCSAP Program through the provision of strategic advice and policy guidance to ensure that ongoing implementation of FCSAP is undertaken in a manner that is consistent with Treasury Board policies on management of federal real property, including federal contaminated sites. In this role, TBS will advise Environment Canada on monitoring of government-wide progress, administer the Federal Contaminated Sites Inventory, and coordinate planning for the biennial Federal Contaminated Sites National Workshop to be held in April 2014.
Contaminated Sites Division
17th floor, Place Vincent Massey
351 St. Joseph Blvd
The Group on Earth Observations (GEO)
The Group on Earth Observations (GEO) is a key international engagement of the Government of Canada that is coordinated through the Federal Committee on Geomatics and Earth Observations.
Name of lead department(s): Environment Canada is the lead department in International GEO by virtue of the identification of the Assistant Deputy Minister (ADM) of the Meteorological Service of Canada as the GEO Principal. Domestically, contributing departments and agencies are Natural Resources Canada (NRCan), Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (AAFC), the Canadian Space Agency (CSA), and Environment Canada (EC).
Lead department PAA program(s): 2.1 Weather and Environmental Services for Canadians
Start date of the Horizontal Initiative: July 2003
End date of the Horizontal Initiative: Ongoing. Although GEO has a mandate until 2015, this is expected to be extended by the Ministers for another 10-year period until 2025.
Total federal funding allocation (start to end date): Funding is provided through the existing resources envelope (A-Base) and in-kind contributions from federal departments. A contribution agreement was signed in 2013 between Environment Canada and GEO for a 5-year period, committing Canada to a contribution of $100,000 per year through 2018.
Description of the Horizontal Initiative (including funding agreement): The GEO seeks to implement the Global Earth Observation System of Systems (GEOSS) to allow free and open access to Earth observations for decision- and policy-makers in all countries. In doing so, users such as Environment Canada and Natural Resources Canada will be able to better predict the future state of Planet Earth and better warn citizens of the onset of hazardous conditions. See the GEO website for more details.
- Enhancing access to Global Earth Observation data and science to meet Canadian environmental and socio-economic monitoring requirements
- Maximizing the effectiveness of Canadian investments in Earth observation networks, both domestic and international
- Improving evidence-based decision making in operational and policy domains based on coordinated, comprehensive and sustainable Earth observations
Governance structure(s): Coordination is achieved through the Assistant Deputy Minister (ADM)-level Federal Committee on Geomatics and Earth Observation (FCGEO), the Director General-level Shadow Committee and other ad hoc committees.
The interdepartmental ADM-level FCGEO steering committee is co-chaired by AAFC and NRCan. This committee will remain active in ensuring national coordination of Earth Observation issues, providing direction to make linkages with geomatics initiatives and explore the larger issue of data standard and sharing policies and principles.
In the coming years, Canada’s active participation in international GEO will contribute to global efforts in the area of forest carbon tracking, the Global Forest Observation Initiative and the fire danger rating system (Canadian Forest Service and the Canadian Space Agency). Fisheries and Oceans Canada will contribute to the GEO Blue Planet efforts to coordinate the collection and dissemination (with a goal in real-time) of marine observations. Canada (through EC) will also contribute to conserving global biodiversity, through a new leadership role as Vice Chair of the GEO Biodiversity Observation Network Steering Committee.
Canada will continue in a leadership and coordination role for the development and implementation of the Joint Experiment for Crop Assessment and Monitoring (JECAM), including hosting the global secretariat and JECAM coordination website (AAFC) and through contributions of RADARSAT-2 data to research sites (CSA). Canada actively supports G20 GEOGLAM (the GEO Global Agricultural Monitoring initiative), as a member of the core implementation team and co-lead of the Research for Monitoring Enhancements component, through Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, which will continue to lead Canada’s engagement. The Canadian Space Agency is also supporting the data acquisition phase until 2015 through the CEOS engagement.
In fiscal year year 2014-15, NRCan’s Canada Centre for Mapping and Earth Observation (CCME) will have several staff working on preparation for access to key new international Earth Observation satellite missions, i.e., Sentinel 1, Sentinel 2, and the Landsat Data Continuity Mission. Fisheries and Oceans Canada scientists are involved in the scientific development of the Sentinel-3 and Surface Water and Ocean Topography (SWOT) missions.
Through the CSA, Canada will continue to participate in the Committee on Earth Observation Satellites (CEOS) to ensure coordination of satellite missions in support of Canada’s needs for space-based data. This includes in-kind and/or data provision to support Disaster Risk Management, Virtual Constellations, Earth Observation data quality assurance and the response to the GEO Carbon Strategy Report.
Canada will also play a key role in promoting good governance and accountability of GEO, with EC participating in the team conducting the fifth evaluation of GEOSS implementation. Canada plans to be engaged in the plans to develop the next 10-year GEOSS Implementation Plan (post-2015), which will lay out the detailed work plan to achieve GEO’s vision and strategic objectives in the post-2015 era.
|Federal Partner||PAA Program||Contributing activities/programs||Total Allocation (from start to end date)
|2014-15 Planned Spending
|2014-15 Expected Results|
|Environment Canada||Weather and Environmental Services for Canadians||Meteorological Service of Canada||N/A||In-kind contributions of $75,000 salary and $50,000 O&M from the existing resources envelope (A-Base); new contribution of $100,000||Please refer to the section below|
|Natural Resources Canada||
Responsible Natural Resource Management
Protections for Canadians and Natural Resources
|a. Canadian Forest Service||In kind: $34,000||Please refer to the section below|
|Natural Resources Canada||
Responsible Natural Resource Management
Protections for Canadians and Natural Resources
|b. Earth Sciences Sector/CCME||In kind: from existing resource envelope||Please refer to the section below|
|Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada||Environmental Knowledge, Technology, Information and Measurement.||a. Science and Technology||In kind: 0.5 FTE ($60,000 salary) and $50,000 O&M from existing resource envelope||Please refer to the section below|
|Canadian Space Agency||Space Data, Information and Services||a. Earth Observations||
$25,000 in kind (salaries)
$5,000 O&M (travel)
$287,000 for RADARSAT-2 imagery processing in support of GEO-led initiatives
|Please refer to the section below|
|Fisheries and Oceans Canada||Science for Sustainable Fisheries and Aquaculture to National /
International Missions and Ocean Forecasting
|a. Ecosystems and Oceans Science Sector||2.0 FTEs (combined) and approx. $10,000 O&M (travel)||Please refer to the section below|
(contribution from Environment Canada)
Expected Results by program of federal partners:
Participation in GEO by Canadian departments is expected to have benefits in GEO’s nine areas: ecosystems, biodiversity, agriculture/forestry, energy production, human health, weather forecasting, climate forecasting, disaster risk reduction, and water management. GEO’s coordination of open and full access to all available space-based and in-situ Earth observations is consistent with the Government of Canada’s Open Government Strategy, which commits to open data in order to increase the amount and improve the quality of information available to decision- and policy-makers at all levels of government and in industry, resulting in better predictions, identification of issues and adaptation and mitigation strategies and overall better management of these areas.
Results to be achieved by non-federal partners (if applicable): N/A
Policy, Planning and Partnership Directorate
Meteorological Service of Canada
Great Lakes Ecosystem Initiative (GLEI)
Name of lead department(s): Environment Canada
Lead department PAA Program(s): 1.3 Sustainable Ecosystems
Start date of the Horizontal Initiative: April 1, 2010 (Great Lake Action Plan V resources)
End date of the Horizontal Initiative:TB-approved funding ceases at various times--see below. GLEI delivery is ongoing through use of A-Base resources.
Total federal funding allocation (start dates to end dates):
- Great Lake Action Plan V (GLAPV) resources: $40 million over 5 years, from 2010 to 2015 and then ongoing
- Clean Water Action Plan (CWAP) resources: $48.9 million over 14 years, from 2007 to 2021
- Great Lakes Nutrient Initiative (GLNI) resources: $16 million over 4 years, from 2012 to 2016
Description of the Horizontal Initiative (including funding agreement):
The GLEI is the name given to Environment Canada’s activities in support of the restoration and protection of the Great Lakes. These activities include negotiation and implementation of the Canada-United States Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement (GLWQA) and the Canada-Ontario Agreement (COA) Respecting the Great Lakes Basin Ecosystem. Activities are supported by the implementation of the GLAPV, the CWAP sediment work, the GLNI and activities delivered with A-base resources.
The Government of Canada completed negotiations in 2012 with the Government of the United States to amend the GLWQA, which came into force on February 12, 2013. The GLWQA establishes long-term binational goals and objectives for the restoration and protection of Great Lakes water quality and aquatic ecosystem health. The Government of Canada is now completing negotiations for the 2014-19 Canada-Ontario Agreement, which will coordinate domestic actions to help deliver Canada’s obligations in the 2012 GLWQA.
Great Lakes Action Plan
The Great Lakes Action Plan was renewed in 2010 with a commitment to ongoing funding. An amount of $8 million per year is allocated for Areas of Concern (AOCs) to implement remedial actions to complete the clean-up and restoration in three key areas: fish and wildlife habitat rehabilitation and stewardship; contaminated sediment assessment and remediation; and innovative approaches to improve municipal wastewater effluent quality.
Clean Water Action Plan
Environment Canada’s CWAP includes the Great Lakes sediment remediation initiative. Under this initiative, $48.9 million was allocated over 14 years through 2021 to complete contaminated sediment management projects in 8 specific AOCs. Work has been completed in three AOCs: Bay of Quinte, Niagara River and Peninsula Harbour. The remaining funding has been allocated to work in the largest contaminated sediment site in Canada: Randle Reef, the Hamilton Harbour AOC. Funds are administered through the existing federal Great Lakes Sustainability Fund, with one third contributed by each of the federal government, the Province of Ontario and local stakeholders. Potential clean-up measures include the construction of containment structures around and over submerged contaminated sediments; the removal, treatment and disposal of sediment; and natural recovery with long-term monitoring. The remediation of contaminated sediment is an essential prerequisite to the longer-term objective of fully restoring environmental quality in certain Areas of Concern, a key commitment under the Canada-United States Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement (GLWQA).
Great Lakes Nutrient Initiative
In 2012, the Government of Canada committed $16 million over 4 years to the GLNI to address nearshore water quality and aquatic ecosystem health, and toxic and nuisance algae growth in the Great Lakes.
The GLNI will address these issues by determining the current nutrient loadings from selected Canadian tributaries; setting out binational lake ecosystem objectives, phosphorus objectives and load reduction targets; developing policy options and strategies to meet those targets; and developing a nearshore assessment and management framework. The GLNI will also support Canada’s binational commitments under the GLWQA.
Note: Environment Canada is still in the process of finalizing negotiations on the Canada-Ontario Agreement. These negotiations will need to be completed before identifying results by program and by federal and non-federal partners involved in the agreement.
Great Lakes Environment Office
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