Info Source 2019, Environment and Climate Change Canada: chapter 2

Taking action on clean growth and climate change

Through engagement with other federal departments and agencies, provinces, territories, Indigenous peoples, stakeholders and external experts, Environment and Climate Change Canada works to support and coordinates the implementation of the Pan-Canadian Framework on Clean Growth and Climate Change; works to reduce Canadian greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions; develops regulatory instruments; supports businesses and Canadians to adapt and become more resilient to climate change; and contributes to international climate change actions to increase global benefits.

Clean growth and climate change mitigation

The Government of Canada has committed to a national emissions target of 30% below 2005 levels by 2030.  The Clean Growth and Climate Change Mitigation program develops and implements regulations and other instruments to reduce GHG emissions from the oil and gas, transportation, electricity and other industrial sectors, which make a significant contribution to total GHG emissions in Canada. This will be done through a comprehensive approach which includes climate science, policy, technical and economic analysis; developing and implementing regulations and other tools targeting emissions for key sources; negotiating agreements with provinces and territories to reduce emissions of GHGs and short-lived climate pollutants; maintaining an inventory of emissions; and making science and data accessible to support regulatory development and performance monitoring.

Industrial Sector Emissions (GHGs)
Description:
Information is available on the sector-by-sector regulatory approach for addressing GHG emissions from industrial sources and the Air Quality Management System, including Canadian Ambient Air Quality Standards, industrial emissions requirements and air zone management and air sheds framework. Information is also available on the health and ecosystem impacts of air pollutants in Canada, as well as on the Canada/US Air Quality Agreement.
Document Types: Correspondence, regulatory documentation, briefing notes, agendas and meeting agendas and minutes, presentations, position papers and contracts
Record Number: EC CCC 211

Transportation Sector Emissions (GHGs)
Description:
Information is collected on policies and regulations to reduce emissions of air pollutants and GHGs from transportation sources (vehicles, engines and fuels) in Canada. Information is also available regarding work with federal government departments, provincial governments, vehicle and fuel industries, and internationally with other governments and organizations. Documentation exists on the following subjects: development of GHGs and air pollutant regulations; implementation and administration of those regulations; scientific testing and emissions verification to ensure compliance with standards; Environment and Climate Change Canada (ECCC)’s work with Transport Canada to develop new domestic and international standards to address air pollutant and GHG emissions from maritime shipping; Canada's collaboration with the International Maritime Organization to recommend practices for marine vessels; and ECCC's work done through a Mobile Sources Working Group to share information and identify areas of joint interest with provinces and territories toward reducing emissions.
Document Types: Correspondence, briefing notes, technical analyses, reports and regulatory documentation, meeting agendas and minutes, presentations and contracts
Record Number: EC CCC 212

International climate change action

The Program establishes Canada’s international climate change strategy and ensures Canada’s international engagement is reflective of, and advances Canada’s domestic climate change priorities. The Program leads Canada’s efforts in the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change with a focus on the implementation of the Paris Agreement and provides leadership, expertise and advances Canada’s priorities in other international fora. The Program contributes to reducing greenhouse gas emissions and short-lived climate pollutants to help developing countries transition to a low-carbon, climate resilient economy through the co-management of the Prime Minister’s $2.65B pledge for climate financing. Financing is also provided to domestic and international organizations, and to climate science and other environmental organizations that work to advance global climate change action. The Program also works with the United States and Mexico on joint climate change and broader environmental challenges to increase environmental benefits.

International Climate Change and Clean Air Partnerships
Description:
Information is available on the development and implementation of bilateral and international agreements to address air pollutants and global greenhouse gas emissions, and on Canada's policy, negotiating positions, participation and contribution in relevant international fora such as the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, the Climate and Clean Air Coalition to Reduce Short Lived Climate Pollutants, the Arctic Council, the Global Methane Initiative, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change and the Inter-American Institute for Global Change Research. Information is also available on the department's works under the Canada-US Air Quality Agreement to manage transboundary air pollution. Information is also available on the work to implement the US-Canada Clean Energy Dialogue to support bilateral collaboration on clean energy priorities, as well as with the Commission for Environmental Cooperation to address common issues related to climate change mitigation and adaptation. In addition, information exists on the department's participation in the negotiation and implementation of the Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution and participation under the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer and its Multilateral Fund.
Document Types: Correspondence, reports, briefing notes, position papers, annual reports, meeting agendas and minutes, contracts, memoranda, legal opinions, Contribution Agreements and planning documents
Record Number: EC CCC 223

Climate change adaptation

The Government of Canada has committed to taking action to adapt to current and future climate impacts to help protect Canadians, build resilience, reduce costs, and ensure that society thrives in a changing climate. The Climate Change Adaptation program coordinates action on the adaptation and climate resilience elements of the Pan-Canadian Framework on Clean Growth and Climate Change. This includes work with other federal departments, provinces, territories, and Indigenous peoples and ongoing policy development. This program will also directly deliver on the commitment to establish a Canadian Centre for Climate Services to improve access to foundational climate science, information, and services.

Climate Information, Predictions and Tools
Description:
Information is available on past climate; predictions, tools, and Canada's existing and changing climate. This includes information on hazards for disaster management and climate design values for infrastructure codes and standards. Data, science and information is shared with all levels of government in Canada, academia, industry, consortia, standards councils, and the national and international scientific community, including organization such as the Canadian Meteorological and Oceanographic Society, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, the World Meteorological Organization. Information is gathered on the contributions to specific activities such as climate change science, as well as contributions to support university research regarding climate change and its impact.
Document Types: Correspondence, research data, scientific reports, published papers, grants and agreements, planning documents, fellowship arrangements, training and development documents, National Climatological Archive data, modelling data, ice data, contribution agreements, impact and adaptation strategies
Record Number: EC WES 213

Preventing and managing pollution

Environment and Climate Change Canada collaborates with provinces, territories, Indigenous peoples and others to develop and administer environmental standards, guidelines, regulations and other risk management instruments to reduce releases and monitor levels of contaminants in air, water and soil; and promotes and enforces compliance with environmental laws and regulations.

Air quality

The Air Quality Program aims to improve the quality of ambient air and to reduce adverse effects of air pollution on human health and the environment. The Program contributes air quality science (research, monitoring and modeling), analysis, advice and emissions data as well as technical and policy advice to federal, provincial, territorial and international governments and partners (including the US). Through partnerships that include the public, civil society, Indigenous organizations and industry stakeholders, the Program develops Canadian Ambient Air Quality Standards, monitors and reports on ambient air quality, and develops and implements regulations and other tools to limit emissions of air pollutants from sources, including industry, transportation and consumer products. The Program also includes active participation in international air quality forums, with the goal of action by international partners to reduce transboundary air pollution for the benefit of all participants.

Industrial Sector Emissions (air pollutants)
Description:
Information is available on the sector-by-sector regulatory approach for addressing greenhouse gas emissions from industrial sources and the Air Quality Management System, including Canadian Ambient Air Quality Standards, industrial emissions requirements and air zone management and air sheds framework. Information is also available on the health and ecosystem impacts of air pollutants in Canada, as well as on the Canada/US Air Quality Agreement.
Document Types: Correspondence, regulatory documentation, briefing notes, agendas and meeting agendas and minutes, presentations, position papers and contracts
Record Number: EC CCC 211

Transportation Sector Emissions (air pollutants)
Description:
Information is collected on policies and regulations to reduce emissions of air pollutants and greenhouse gases from transportation sources (vehicles, engines and fuels) in Canada. Information is also available regarding work with federal government departments, provincial governments, vehicle and fuel industries, and internationally with other governments and organizations. Documentation exists on the following subjects: development of greenhouse gas and air pollutant regulations; implementation and administration of those regulations; scientific testing and emissions verification to ensure compliance with standards; Environment and Climate Change Canada's work with Transport Canada to develop new domestic and international standards to address air pollutant and greenhouse gas emissions from maritime shipping; Canada's collaboration with the International Maritime Organization to recommend practices for marine vessels; and Environment and Climate Change Canada's work done through a Mobile Sources Working Group to share information and identify areas of joint interest with provinces and territories toward reducing emissions.
Document Types: Correspondence, briefing notes, technical analyses, reports and regulatory documentation, meeting agendas and minutes, presentations and contracts
Record Number: EC CCC 212

Community Eco-Action

The Community Eco-Action Program is a suite of initiatives aimed at increasing Canadians’ participation in activities to protect, conserve and restore the environment. EcoAction Community Funding encourages local action-focused projects that will protect, rehabilitate, or enhance the natural environment, and build the capacity of communities to sustain these activities into the future. The Environmental Damages Fund receives monies from environmental infractions to support projects that restore or enhance degraded environments. Funding to employers for youth internships through the Science Horizons Youth Employment Initiative enables youth to acquire the skills, learning experiences and opportunities they need to find and maintain employment or return to school in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics in environmental fields. The Federal Sustainable Development Strategy and the Canadian Environmental Sustainability Indicators provide tools, information and indicators to enable the consideration of the state of the environment and sustainable development in environmental decision-making of Canadians, the federal government and Parliament.

EcoAction Community Funding
Description:
Information is available on Environment and Climate Change Canada's EcoAction Community Funding Program, which provides financial support to community groups for projects that protect, rehabilitate or enhance the environment, and build the capacity of communities and individuals to sustain these activities into the future. Information is also collected on the projects funded by the program.
Document Types: Correspondence, funding applications, funding agreements, financial data, reports, meeting agendas and minutes, management frameworks, operational guidelines and planning documents
Record Number: EC SUS 331

Environmental Damages Fund
Description:
Information is available on the Environmental Damages Fund, which manages funds received as compensation for environmental damages. Financial information is collected related to the funds, which are received through fines, court awards, out-of-court settlements and voluntary payments. Information regarding the types of projects that receive funding through the Environmental Damages Fund is also available. Projects implemented through the Environmental Damages Fund will restore natural resources of a similar ecological function to those affected and improve the environmental quality of different natural resources than those affected.
Document Types: Correspondence, funding applications, funding agreements, financial data, reports, meeting agendas and minutes, operational guidelines, management framework and planning documents
Record Number: EC SUS 332

Environmental Youth Employment
Description:
Information is available on the management of the Science Horizon Youth Internship Program. Science Horizons is an ongoing collaborative effort with industry, non-government organizations, and universities to offer opportunities to Canadian youth in obtaining employment or returning to advance level studies by gaining hands-on experience working in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) under the mentorship of experienced scientists and managers in the environmental sector. Information is collected on the specific agreements and internships.
Document Types: Correspondence, funding agreements, applications, reports, meeting agendas and minutes, grants and contributions and planning documents
Record Number: EC SUS 333

Sustainability Reporting and Indicators
Description:
Information is collected on sustainability policy as well as reporting and analysis of environmental indicators that allow governments at all levels, the private sector, and Canadians a better understanding of both the environmental context of their decision making, and the federal government's environmental sustainability priorities, its targets and its strategies to meet those targets. Indicators track multiple issues of concern, such as air quality, water quality and quantity, protected areas and greenhouse gas emissions, which are reported through the Canadian Environmental Sustainability Indicators initiative. Information exists on the following subjects: Environment and Climate Change Canada's Sustainable Development Strategy, Federal Sustainable Development Strategy, environmental information networks, e-reporting, strategic environmental sustainability indicators, ecosystem indicators and state of the environment.
Document Types: Correspondence, statistical data and methods, scientific data and methods, contracts, statements of work, proposals, memoranda, policies, legal opinions, public opinion research, meeting agendas and minutes, reports and published papers
Record Number: EC SUS 131

Compliance promotion and enforcement - pollution

The objective of this Program is to minimize damage to the environment from pollution by actively promoting compliance with, and enforcing environmental laws, regulations and other instruments administered by Environment and Climate Change Canada. Through a range of activities, including developing and disseminating information, training, and responding to enquiries, the Program engages individuals and organizations subject to the laws and regulations to promote awareness of, and compliance with legal requirements. Inspections and intelligence contribute to the detection and identification of non-compliance, which is then addressed by an array of enforcement measures ranging from warnings, tickets, and administrative monetary penalties, to orders to comply, and directions. For more serious offences, prosecution may be sought following the results of investigations, which may involve referrals to the Public Prosecution Service of Canada. Compliance is secured to protect air, water and land from harmful substances, and offenders are held accountable for their wrongdoing.

Water quality and ecosystems partnerships

The Water Quality and Ecosystems Partnerships Program aims to contribute to the integrated management of Canada’s priority ecosystems, including improving their water quality and restoring them to a healthy, productive and sustainable state. Priority ecosystems include the Great Lakes, St. Lawrence River system, Lake Winnipeg, and specific ecosystems in the Atlantic, Pacific and northern regions of Canada. Key science activities include research on the effects of contaminants on aquatic ecosystems, and monitoring Canada’s freshwater and shellfish harvesting areas. The Program contributes coordination and oversight to ecosystem management, develops and shares science, and funds proposals that leverage contributions from other sources. It engages and supports coordinated effort among diverse stakeholders, including other levels of government and watershed governance bodies in Canada and the US, Indigenous organizations, non-government organizations and industry, as well as post-secondary institutions.

Great Lakes
Description:
Information is available regarding the Great Lakes Program which is Environment and Climate Change Canada's mechanism for coordination and direct delivery of federal commitments to restore and maintain the chemical, physical and biological integrity of the waters of the Great Lakes Basin ecosystem, as expressed in the Canada-US Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement and the Canada-Ontario Agreement on Great Lakes Water Quality and Ecosystem Health. Information is available on the leadership, oversight and coordination and the overall governance of the Great Lakes Basin Ecosystem Initiative. Information is also available on funding external work through grants and contribution agreements to coordinate Remedial Actions Plans related to the remediation and restoration of beneficial uses in Areas of Concern in the Great Lakes and for Lakewide Management Plans which facilitate and coordinate stakeholder and partner engagement to achieve Lakewide Management and Action Plans goals, for projects funded by the Great Lakes Sustainability Fund to provide technical and financial support to clean up and restore Areas of Concern in the Great Lakes, and for Great Lakes remediation work carried out under the Government of Canada's 2007 Clean Water Action Plan.
Document Types: Correspondence, agreements, research data, studies, position papers, statements of work, agendas, meeting agendas and minutes, reports and planning documents
Record Number: EC SUS 341

St. Lawrence
Description:
Documentation exists regarding the St. Lawrence program, which is implemented through a Canada-Quebec Agreement committed to the conservation, protection, restoration and enhancement of the St. Lawrence ecosystem while allowing the alignment of science for decision making and on-the-ground environmental actions. Information can be found on program leadership, oversight and coordination to the overall governance of the St. Lawrence Plan, including support for the Agreement Management Committee, issue management, planning and coordination, evaluation and reporting and leadership in the development of new agreements. Information is also available on the coordination of the Area of Prime Concern Program (also known as ZIP - Zones d'intervention prioritaire) and the Community Interactions program (also known as PIC - Programme Interactions communautaires)
Document Types: Correspondence, agreements, memoranda, research data, studies, position papers, agendas, meeting agendas and minutes, reports and planning documents
Record Number: EC SUS 342

Lake Winnipeg
Description:
Information regarding the Lake Winnipeg Basin Initiative that is focused on research, information and monitoring, facilitating watershed governance across the basin and Environment and Climate Change Canada's establishment and administration of a Lake Winnipeg Basin Stewardship Fund. Information regarding actions to improve the water quality of Lake Winnipeg by identifying, assessing and addressing key water quality issues within the Lake and its contributing watershed.
Document Types: Correspondence, agreements, funding documents, research data, position papers and planning documents
Record Number: EC SUS 344

Lake Simcoe / South-Eastern Georgian Bay
Description:
Information regarding the establishment of a Lake Simcoe Clean-Up Fund and subsequent renewal and expansion to the Lake Simcoe / South-Eastern Georgian Bay Clean-Up Fund to provide financial and technical support to implement high-impact, priority projects aimed at reducing phosphorus inputs, rehabilitate habitats to achieve nutrient reductions, restore the cold water fishery in Lake Simcoe and South-Eastern Georgian Bay, and enhance research and monitoring capacity required for the restoration of Lake Simcoe/South-Eastern Georgian Bay and their watersheds. Information on initiatives which are expected to improve water quality, substantially reduce phosphorus loads from urban and rural sources and advance the restoration of a sustainable cold water fishery and the ecological integrity of Lake Simcoe / South-Eastern Georgian Bay.
Document Types: Correspondence, agreements, research data, reports, position papers and planning documents
Record Number: EC SUS 343

Ecosystems Partnerships
Description:
This program maintains and restores the beneficial uses and environmental quality of targeted ecosystems of federal interest (e.g. Northern Canada, Western Boreal Forest, Georgia Basin, Atlantic Canada Ecosystems and others). Information is available on strategic partnerships, research and science and funding programs to improve knowledge bases, increase stakeholder capacity, increase use of best practices and improve decision-making in order to address complex environmental issues in each targeted ecosystem. Further information is available on issue management, planning, coordination, reporting, support to committees, partnerships management, community engagement, and more specifically coordination within Environment and Climate Change Canada of delivery of results.
Document Types: Correspondence, agreements, research data, reports, position papers and planning documents
Record Number: EC SUS 345

Water Quality and Aquatic Ecosystems Health
Description:
Information is available on the impacts and risks posed to water quality and the health of aquatic ecosystems. Freshwater quality monitoring is conducted to support legislated requirements and departmental priorities and results are made available through annual reports using the Water Quality Indicator, as well as through national and regionally-specific reports on status and trends, and assessment of the success of implemented risk management actions. Documents exist on the monitoring of Canadian shellfish areas in accordance with established protocols under the Canadian Shellfish Sanitation Program. Information exists on the following subjects: water science and technology lab services, water quality and aquatic ecosystem monitoring/reporting, groundwater monitoring (priority transboundary aquifers, marine water quality monitoring, aquatic ecosystems protection research contaminants, large rivers, indicators, priority substances), hydrological and aquatic ecosystems management research.
Document Types: Correspondence, scientific reports, trends reports, position papers, published papers, annual reports and scientific data
Record Number: EC WAT 121

Environmental Technology
Description:
The Environmental Technology Program ended in 2012. Information remains available regarding the program activities related to the prediction, assessment, support, and verification of environmental technologies in support of federal technology investment decisions, policy making and regulations. Information also exists related to the delivery of expert environmental science and technology advice and program management for the Government of Canada's clean air and greenhouse gas technology investments.
Document Types: Correspondence, agreements and contribution agreements, briefing notes, position papers, meeting agendas and minutes, reports and planning documents
Record Number: EC CCC 323

Substances and waste management

The Substances and Waste Management Program aims to reduce threats to the health of Canadians and their environment from harmful substances through various actions and activities including research, monitoring, tracking and reporting of harmful substances, and assessing and managing their risks to the environment.  The Program works with the public, industry, other governments across Canada, and Indigenous peoples and their organizations to increase awareness of, and promote and enforce compliance with risk management measures.  It also aims to reduce threats to Canada’s aquatic system, prevent marine pollution and contributes to ecosystem health in oceans and the Antarctic, including by issuing permits for disposal of waste at sea and Canadians travelling to Antarctica. The program provides federal coordination for actions taken under the Federal Contaminated Sites Action Plan, and implements regulations to reduce and prevent environmental emergencies.

Environmental Emergencies
Description:
Information is available on regulatory instruments, policy, program administration, procedures, scientific research and guidance related to Environment and Climate Change Canada's responsibilities related to environmental emergencies. Information is maintained on spills notifications and environmental emergencies involving toxic and other hazardous substances that occur each year in Canada. Regulatory information is available for the Environmental Emergency Regulations, the Release and Environmental Emergency Notification Regulations and the Deposit Out of the Normal Course of Events Notification Regulations. Information is available on emergency preparedness activities including; exercises, inter-agency arrangements and contingency plans to prepare for and mitigate the effects of environmental emergencies; as well as on the operation of the National Environmental Emergencies Centre that coordinates the delivery of expertise and technical advice to protect the environment from the effects of emergency pollution incidents. Information is also available on scientific research (e.g., studies on spilled hydrocarbons fate and behaviour) and on environmental emergency advice for environmental assessments
Document Types: Correspondence, Spill Reports and advisories, scientific data, position papers, plans, meeting agendas and minutes, regulatory documentation and reports
Record Number: EC SMW 313

Contaminated Sites
Description:
Information is available on policy and program administration, procedures, and guidance related to Environment and Climate Change Canada's responsibilities in supporting the Federal Contaminated Sites Action Plan that addresses legacy contaminated sites that are owned by, or the responsibility of, the federal government. Specific information is maintained on Environment and Climate Change Canada's role as the Contaminated Sites Action Plan Secretariat, including project submissions, information management, preparation of funding requests, reporting on program performance, communications and supporting program committees, providing expert advice to other federal custodians of contaminated sites on the issue of ecological risk reduction. Information is also available on Environment and Climate Change Canada's role in the coordination of the Shared Sites Policy Framework and its role in the remediation of the Sydney Tar Ponds.
Document Types: Correspondence, submissions, reports, meeting agendas and minutes, media reports, proceedings of panel hearings, regulatory documentation and contaminated sites data
Record Number: EC SMW 314

Effluent Management
Description:
Documentation is maintained on activities performed under relevant legislation including Canadian Environmental Protection Act, 1999 and the Fisheries Act. Various types of information are available on industrial and wastewater sectors such as setting priorities, stakeholder engagement, governance mechanisms, risk assessments, risk management and timelines for various related activities. Information is available on how to comply with the requirements of the Wastewater Systems Effluent Regulations, the Metal Mining Effluent Regulations and the Pulp and Paper Effluent Regulations. Information is also available on other control actions taken for industrial and wastewater sectors and on the general provisions of the Fisheries Act. Mining, metals and mineral processing sector information can be found on the pollution and waste management page; forestry product sector information is available from various sources on Environment and Climate Change Canada's website; the Wastewater website, provides more information on activities related to the wastewater sector.
Document Types: Correspondence, scientific data, research reports, risk management data, position papers, communication products, published papers, regulatory documentation, agreements, annual reports and waste management data
Record Number: EC SWM 312

Marine Pollution
Description:
Information is available on regulatory and non-regulatory instruments to prevent marine pollution. Information is maintained on the provision of technical expertise and advice on marine pollution, meeting international obligations and commitments, ship pollution conventions and contributions to federal coordination of ship-sourced marine pollution prevention efforts. Information is also available on the risk of impacts to the marine environment as a result of Canadians or Canadian maritime traffic in the Antarctic. Documentation is also available on activities aimed at ensuring that obligations under the Canadian Environmental Assessment Act, 2012 for Disposal at Sea are undertaken. These include: the assessing and issuing of permits as per the Canadian Environmental Protection Act and the Canadian Environmental Assessment Act, 2012 requirements, and research into the development of decision making tools, monitoring tools and standards. Information is available on the environmental assessment and permitting of Canadian activities in the Antarctic under the Antarctic Environmental Protection Act. Information is also available on international obligations which include the London Convention and Protocol, the Antarctic Treaty and the Madrid Protocol.
Document Types: Correspondence, regulatory documentation, scientific data, agreements, reports, and marine waste management data
Record Number: EC SWM 122

Conserving nature

Environment and Climate Change Canada's activities aim to protect and recover species at risk and their critical habitat; conserve and protect healthy populations of migratory birds; engage and enable provinces and territories, Indigenous peoples, stakeholders, and the public to increase protected areas and contribute to conservation and stewardship activities; expand and manage the Department’s protected areas; and collaborate with domestic and international partners to advance the conservation of biodiversity and sustainable development.

Species at Risk

The Species at Risk Program aims to prevent wildlife species from being extirpated or becoming extinct, to provide for the recovery of wildlife species that are extirpated, endangered or threatened, and to manage species of special concern to prevent them from becoming endangered or threatened. The Program undertakes an integrated range of activities such as assessment of species; support and scientific advice to the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC); development of recovery documents for at-risk species; protection of at-risk species and their critical habitat; compliance promotion and enforcement, management of at-risk migratory birds and tracking and reporting recovery actions and their results. Through engagement with other federal, provincial and territorial governments, Indigenous peoples and organizations, wildlife management boards, owners and users of land where at-risk species exist, and local organizations and stakeholders, recovery actions are implemented.

Migratory birds and other wildlife

The objective of this Program is to contribute to maintaining healthy populations of migratory birds and other wildlife by reducing threats to populations and by conserving, protecting and enhancing priority habitats. The Program partners with and supports organizations and individuals, including those subject to harvest regulations, Indigenous peoples, and organizations and decision-makers involved in bird conservation and land-use planning. To support and promote management and stewardship, the Program monitors populations, undertakes research into the causes of population change, and consults with stakeholders to set population goals.  Actions are identified to conserve populations and habitat and to reduce threats; efforts are also invested to minimize human-wildlife conflicts. A national approach to proactively manage wildlife health and disease is promoted among partners.

Biodiversity partnerships and policy

This Program aims to conserve biodiversity by: 1) engaging with domestic and international governments, Indigenous organizations, non-government organizations, businesses, and Canadians to develop and meet Canada’s biodiversity commitments and to influence international policy related to biodiversity; and 2) participating in modern treaty negotiations with Indigenous Peoples to ensure conservation needs and the reconciliation agenda are met. Contributions include representing Canadian priorities and interests in domestic and international negotiations and forums, and providing technical and scientific advice to a range of federal departments and international entities (including the Arctic Council, the UN Convention on Biological Diversity and the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES)). To increase capacity to conserve biodiversity in Canada, the Program develops, reviews and shares Canadian positions and policy frameworks (including the Canadian Biodiversity Strategy and the Invasive Alien Species Strategy for Canada), provides targeted funding, issues CITES permits, conducts research, and maintains and shares data and information.

Habitat conservation and protection

The objective of the Habitat Conservation and Protection Program is to secure, protect, improve and restore ecologically sensitive habitat to contribute to the conservation and protection of migratory birds, species at risk and other wildlife. In collaboration with other levels of government, Indigenous organizations, private land owners, non-government organizations, ecological gift donors and recipients, industry, and a range of protected area users, the Program implements a range of initiatives including the Protected Area Program, North American Waterfowl Management Plan, the Natural Areas Conservation Program, the National Wetland Conservation Fund and the Ecological Gifts Program, and contributes to the Ramsar Convention (an international wetlands conservation treaty). Strategic program activities and tools include assessing market value of ecologically significant lands, providing funding (through grants and contributions) to secure, improve and restore lands, as well as managing and expanding the network of protected areas.  

Habitat Conservation Partnerships
Description:
Information is collected on the creation of incentives for voluntary action on the part of other levels of government and non-government organizations, Indigenous groups and private sector partners in priority ecosystems across Canada. The program is  involved in the North American Waterfowl Management Plan, a Canada-United States-Mexico partnership of federal, provincial/state and non-governmental organizations that aims to conserve wetlands in North America. The program supports many organizations and individuals as "stewards" in their efforts to protect, improve or restore habitat for species at risk and thereby meet the requirements of the National Recovery Program and the Species at Risk Act. The program also supports the delivery of Environment and Climate Change Canada's obligations under the Migratory Birds Convention Act and the Canadian Wildlife Act by funding projects to protect habitat for migratory birds and other wildlife. To support program activities documents exist on the following topics: Grants and Contributions funds to Support Environmental and Sustainable Development Initiatives, the Wildlife Habitat Canada Foundation and Habitat Stewardship Program Contribution. Also included is the Ecological Gifts Program, a tax incentive program under the federal Income Tax Act.
Document Types: Correspondence, funding applications, position papers, meeting agendas and minutes, reports and planning documents
Record Number: EC BIO 141

Protected Areas
Description:
Information is collected on the strategic planning, establishment (funding), coordination and management of Protected Areas for migratory birds, species at risk, wildlife of national interest, and their associated habitats, as well as coordination of national and international activities related to protected areas. Documentation exists on the following subjects: the number, location and spatial extent of federal, provincial, and territorial protected areas; policies, strategies, and plans with respect to protected areas, funding agreements for the Canadian Biosphere Reserves Association and the Canadian Council on Ecological Areas; agreements and plans on protected areas in the Northwest Territories and Nunavut; and planning documents and policies on protected marine areas.
Document Types: Correspondence, agreements, funding documents, position papers, meeting agendas and minutes, reports and planning documents
Record Number: EC BIO 143

Compliance promotion and enforcement – wildlife

The objective of this Program is to protect migratory birds, their nests, and eggs as well as at-risk species, their residences and their habitats by actively promoting compliance with, and enforcing wildlife regulations and other tools administered by Environment and Climate Change Canada. Through an array of activities, including developing and disseminating information and responding to enquiries, the Program engages individuals and organizations subject to regulations to promote awareness of compliance and regulatory requirements. Using tools ranging from warnings, tickets and monetary penalties, to orders to comply, to referrals to the Public Prosecution Service of Canada for court resolution, offenders are brought back into compliance. Inspections and intelligence gathering activities detect non-compliance and help identify and target promotion and enforcement activities to protect Canada’s wildlife, their residences and habitats and support recovery of endangered species.

Environmental assessment

The Environmental Assessment program consists of a consolidated range of activities that support the assessment, evaluation and management of Canada’s ecosystems with the goal of reducing the environmental impact of development projects subject to environmental assessments. Contributions include direct participation in federal environment assessments, and provision of scientific expertise, guidance and advice to decision makers within and outside the federal government. The Program aims to ensure that ecosystem information and environmental effects of development proposals can be factored into decisions, sustainability policies and strategies. Active collaboration with government agencies, environmental review panels, Indigenous peoples, industry and others supports: identification and consideration of environmental impacts of development projects prior to their approval, measures to prevent or otherwise manage adverse impacts, and action to build more resilient communities, economies and ecosystems.

Ecosystem and Environmental Assessments and Monitoring
Description:
Documentation is available on a consolidated range of activities that support the assessment, evaluation and management of Canada's ecosystems in a sustainable manner. Information is also available on the coordination of policy, program, scientific expertise, and advice to policy decision-makers, other federal departments, other levels of government, environmental non-governmental organizations, the research community, and the general public. Data is collected and collated on various environmental media such as water, air, biodiversity, to conduct research, and monitor, assess and report on the health of ecosystems and biodiversity as the program aims to ensure that ecosystem information and environmental effects of development proposals can be factored into decisions. Other information is available on consolidated environmental assessment, the coordination and participation in the Ecological Monitoring and Assessment Network, the Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Program, the Ecosystem Status and Trends report, and the identification of priority ecosystems in Canada.
Document Types: Correspondence, scientific data, policy papers, research reports and planning documents
Record Number: EC SUS 132

Predicting weather and environmental conditions

Environment and Climate Change Canada monitors weather, water, air quality and climate conditions; provides forecasts, information and warnings to the Canadian public and targeted sectors through a range of service delivery options; conducts research; develops and maintains computer-based models for predicting weather and other environmental conditions; and collaborates and exchanges data with other national meteorological services and with international organizations.

Weather and environmental observations, forecasts and warnings

The objective of this Program is to provide authoritative weather and related environmental information to enable Canadians to make decisions about their health and safety. The Program provides tailored weather services to Environment and Climate Change Canada clients (including other federal departments and weather-sensitive economic sectors, such as aviation and marine) and exchanges weather data and modelling approaches with other countries. A comprehensive array of activities includes monitoring, prediction, outreach and consultation with partners and clients, and science and technology research to support innovation. Through collaboration with international meteorological service providers, other federal departments, provincial and territorial governments and local health authorities, academia and the private sector, the Program delivers weather forecasts, severe weather warnings and watches, information on local weather quality (through the Air Quality Health Index), as well as marine forecasts, and ice information and warnings.

Health-Related Meteorological Information
Description:
Information is available on forecasts, tools and information on atmospheric conditions that affect health such as ultraviolet radiation, extreme temperatures and air quality. Documents exist on the Air Quality Health Index (AQHI), info smog, UV Index forecast and other projects that assist Canadians in making informed decisions to protect their health and reduce pollution, and that enable health agencies to help vulnerable populations respond to changing atmospheric conditions. Research information is available in a number of areas including: ultraviolet effects on the impact on wetlands; the National Atmospheric Change - Ozone Depletion Ultraviolet-B initiative; the relationships among the biogeochemical changes occurring within aquatic ecosystems; and, research collaborations with other government and university scientists.
Document Types: Correspondence, research data, reports, published papers, plans and policies, environmental monitoring reports, contribution agreements and data sets
Record Number: EC WES 212

Meteorological Services in Support of Air Navigation
Description:
Information is available regarding meteorological observations, forecasts and warnings provided to the aviation industry. Documents are available on the services that are provided under a cost-recovery agreement between Environment and Climate Change Canada and NAV CANADA, Canada’s air navigation system operator, and support decision-making throughout the aviation industry, including domestic and international airlines and the regulating body, Transport Canada. Information supports both tactical and strategic decisions to optimize air transportation safety and efficiency.
Document Types: Correspondence, meteorological data, research information, contracts, and data sets
Record Number: EC WET 221

Meteorological and Ice Services in Support of Marine Navigation
Description:
Information is available regarding forecasts of the sea state, ice conditions and weather in Canadian waters provided to marine industries and regulatory agencies, 24 hours a day, 365 days a year. Information is also collected on the ice science research.
Document Types: Correspondence, scientific data and research reports
Record Number: EC WET 222

Meteorological Services in Support of Military Operations
Description:
Records are collected regarding meteorological and oceanographic information, predictions and tools provided to the Department of National Defence for operations in Canada and abroad.
Document Types: Correspondence, scientific data, research reports, weather predictions and agreements
Record Number: EC WET 223

Hydrological services

The objective of the Hydrological Services Program is to support water management decisions that protect the health and safety of Canadians and ecosystems. The Program collects, generates and shares information on water quantity and flow in Canadian and cross-border waters in support of Canada’s domestic and international water management commitments and obligations. Its coordinated suite of activities includes generating real-time hydrometric data and models, and providing engineering studies and analysis to a diverse range of users. These include provincial, territorial and municipal water management authorities, hydro-electric power generators, industry, Indigenous organizations, waterfront residents, and commercial and recreational water users. The Program contributes to global water management through provision of technical advice and data contributions to the International Joint Commission, which works to protect waters shared by Canada and the US, as well as to Canada-US water boards and other global users of water data.

Water Resource Management and Use
Description:
Information is collected on the promotion of wise and efficient management and use of water resources. Documents exist to support integrated water management decisions at the federal, provincial, and territorial levels. Science-based information is available to inform decision making in an integrated and coherent manner consistent with the Department of the Environment Act, International Boundary Waters Treaty Act, Canada Water Act and International River Improvements Act. Documentation is available on water quality and water quantity science and monitoring which is used to inform decisions, policy development and management approaches. Science, engineering and monitoring information is available on domestic water boards and international Canada-US water boards (e.g. International Joint Commission, Lake of the Woods Control Boards), in order to regulate water levels and flows to protect ecosystems and a wide range of socio-economic interests related to domestic and Canada-US transboundary waters.
Document Types: Correspondence, research data, policies, meeting agendas and minutes, reports and planning documents
Record Number: EC WAT 122

Hydrometric Services
Description:
Information is available on the water cycle within Canada to enable decision making to protect the health and safety of Canadians (e.g. flood forecasting and prevention), scientific research, and support improved economic efficiency (e.g. agriculture, hydroelectricity and international shipping). Hydrometric data and information is collected to allow Canadian jurisdictions to make informed water management decisions. The information provided by this program protects the health and safety of Canadians by supporting the goals and mandates of all levels of government that manage water. The data supports the economic efficiency in the agriculture, hydroelectricity, and transportation sectors. Documentation exists on the domestic and international water management boards under the Water Resource Management and Use program, international, federal, provincial, territorial and municipal agencies that rely on hydrometric services data for the regulation of, and response to changing water levels and flows. Information exists on the Canada Water Act, such as monitoring activities that are carried out through cost-shared bilateral agreements between Environment and Climate Change Canada and each of the provinces and territories (Crown-Indigenous Relations and Northern Affairs Canada and Indigenous Services Canada represent Nunavut). These agreements create the national framework within which Environment and Climate Change Canada collects, interprets and provides water level and flow information, and supports both decision making and scientific investigations.
Document Types: Correspondence, research data, monitoring reports, position papers, agreements, published papers and planning documents
Record Number: EC WAT 123

Internal services

Internal Services are groups of related activities and resources that are administered to support the needs of programs and other corporate obligations of an organization. These groups are:

Internal Services include only those activities and resources that apply across an organization and not to those provided specifically to a program.

Acquisitions Services

Acquisition Services involve activities undertaken to acquire a good or service to fulfil a properly completed request (including a complete and accurate definition of requirements and certification that funds are available) until entering into or amending a contract.

Communications Services

Communications Services involve activities undertaken to ensure that Government of Canada communications are effectively managed, well-coordinated and responsive to the diverse information needs of the public. The communications management function ensures that the public - internal or external - receives government information, and that the views and concerns of the public are taken into account in the planning, management and evaluation of policies, programs, services and initiatives.

Financial Management

Financial Management Services involve activities undertaken to ensure the prudent use of public resources, including planning, budgeting, accounting, reporting, control and oversight, analysis, decision support and advice, and financial systems.

Human Resources Management

Human Resources Management Services involve activities undertaken for determining strategic direction, allocating resources among services and processes, as well as activities relating to analyzing exposure to risk and determining appropriate countermeasures. They ensure that the service operations and programs of the federal government comply with applicable laws, regulations, policies, and/or plans.

Information Management

Information Management Services involve activities undertaken to achieve efficient and effective information management to support program and service delivery; foster informed decision making; facilitate accountability, transparency, and collaboration; and preserve and ensure access to information and records for the benefit of present and future generations.

Information Technology

Information Technology Services involve activities undertaken to achieve efficient and effective use of information technology to support government priorities and program delivery, to increase productivity, and to enhance services to the public.

Legal Services

Legal services involve activities undertaken to enable government departments and agencies to pursue policy, program and service delivery priorities and objectives within a legally sound framework.

Management and Oversight Services

Management and Oversight Services involve activities undertaken for determining strategic direction, and allocating resources among services and processes, as well as those activities related to analyzing exposure to risk and determining appropriate countermeasures. They ensure that the service operations and programs of the federal government comply with applicable laws, regulations, policies, and/or plans.

Materiel Services

Materiel Services involve activities undertaken to ensure that material can be managed by departments in a sustainable and financially responsible manner that supports the cost-effective and efficient delivery of government programs.

Real Property Services

Real Property Services involve activities undertaken to ensure real property is managed in a sustainable and financially responsible manner, throughout its life cycle, to support the cost-effective and efficient delivery of government programs.

Travel and Other Administrative Services

Travel and Other Administrative Services include Government of Canada travel services, as well as those other internal services that do not smoothly fit with any of the internal services categories.

Legend

  • Standard Classes of Records (CoRs)
    • Standard Personal Information Banks (PIBs)

Classes of personal information

In the course of conducting the programs and activities of Environment and Climate Change Canada, categories of personal information may be accumulated which are not contained in specific banks described in this entry.

General Correspondence and Enquiries

Personal information is also stored within subject files where records are not normally retrieved by the name of the individual or other personal identifier. This form of personal information consists of requests for publications, reports etc. and enquiries for information of a general nature. It is normally retrievable only if specifics are provided concerning the subject matter. Retention of this form of personal information is controlled by the records schedules of the subject files in which the information is stored.

Ministerial Correspondence

This class of information contains correspondence addressed to the Minister and/or the Deputy Minister and received by the Departmental Correspondence Unit from external organizations and individuals in the form of requests for information, complaints, opinions and other submissions related to a broad range of policy issues pertaining to Environment and Climate Change Canada's activities, wherein some unsolicited personal information has been provided by the correspondent. This form of information would be retrievable only if specifics of name, date of communication and subject were provided; it is not arranged or retrievable by personal identifiers. The retention period of these classes of personal information are controlled by the records schedules of the subject files in which the information is stored.

Manuals

  • A Guide to the New Substances Fees Regulations for the Notification of Chemicals and Polymers and other Services
  • Aboriginal Funds for Species at Risk Application Guidelines
  • Abstracting Recorded Precipitation - AE209
  • Air Quality Standard Operating Procedures (AIRPRO)
  • Analytical Methods Manual (for water quality)
  • Biological Test Method: Reference method for determining the toxicity of sediment using luminescent bacteria in a solid-phase test. 2002 EPS 1/RM/42
  • Biological Test Method: Sub-lethal toxicity tests to assess sediments intended for disposal at sea. 2001 EPS 1/RM/40
  • Canadian Ecological Gifts Program Handbook
  • Canadian Wildlife Service Sign Manual
  • The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) Identification Guide - Birds
  • The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) Identification Guide - Butterflies
  • The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) Identification Guide - Crocodilian
  • The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) Identification Guide - Hunting trophies
  • The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) Identification Guide - Sturgeons and paddlefish
  • The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) Identification Guide - Tropical woods
  • The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) Identification Guide - Turtles and tortoises
  • COSEWIC Operation and Procedures Manual
  • The Ecological Gifts Program in Quebec. A Step-by-Step Guide
  • Environmental Assessment Handbook (Revised- March 2002)
  • Evaporation - AE016
  • Federal Guidelines for the National Flood Damage Reduction Program
  • The Federal Policy on Wetland Conservation: Implementation Guide for Federal Land Managers.
  • Guidance Document on the Collection and Preparation of Sediments for Physicochemical Characterization and Biological Testing. EPS 1/RM/29
  • Guidance for Applications to the Great Lakes Sustainability Fund
  • Guidance Manual for the Categorization of Organic and Inorganic Substances on Canada's Domestic Substances List
  • Guide for Reporting to the National Pollutant Release Inventory
  • Guidelines for Joint Federal-Provincial River Basin Planning Projects
  • Guidelines for Reporting for the Domestic Substances List
  • Guidelines for the Notification and Testing of New Substances: Chemicals and Polymers
  • Guidelines for the Notification and Testing of New Substances: Organisms
  • Guidelines for Wildlife Policy in Canada
  • Habitat Stewardship Program for Species at Risk Application Guidelines
  • Hydrodynamic Model Documentation Manual
  • Hydrologic Design Methodologies for Small Scale Hydro at Ungauged Sites
  • Hydrometric Surveys - Field and Office Manual (approximately 45, including manuals on HYDAT - a database for stream flow and water level data)
  • Implementation Guidelines for Part 8 of the Canadian Environmental Protection Act, 1999 - Environmental Emergency Plans
  • Instructions for Marine Weather Local Observations (English Manual Only)
  • Invasive Alien Species Partnership Program Application Guidelines
  • Manual of Climatological Observations
  • Manual of Marine Weather Observing (MANMAR) - AE003
  • Manual of Standards and Procedures for Issuing Aviation Weather Forecasts in Graphic Format (GRAPHPRO)
  • Manual of Standards and Procedures for Issuing Aviation Weather Forecasts Using Observations from Automated Weather Observing System (AWSPRO)
  • Manual of Standards Operational Procedures for Issuing Aerodrome Forecasts in TAF Code (TARPRO)
  • Manual of Standards Operational Procedures for Issuing Marine Weather Forecasts and Warnings (MARPRO)
  • Manual of Standards Operational Procedures for Issuing Public Weather Forecasts and Warnings (PUBPRO)
  • Manual of Standard Procedures for Issuing Aviation Forecast Bulletins, Advisories and Messages (MANAIR) - AE005
  • Manual of Surface Weather Observations (MANOBS) - AE001
  • Manual of Upper Air Observations (MANUPP) - AE002
  • Manual of Word Abbreviations (MANAB) - AE205
  • Migratory Birds - Bird Banding Manual
  • Monograph Series
  • National Code of Practice for Automotive Recyclers Participating in the National Vehicle Recycling Program
  • National Environmental Indicator Series
  • National Guidelines for Monitoring Dredged and Excavated Material at Ocean Disposal Sites. EPS M-386
  • National Public Warning Program Work Instruction
  • National Reports on Climate Change
  • Protected Areas Practitioners Manual
  • Reference Guide to Automatic Weather Observing System Reports - AE017
  • Sampling for Water Quality
  • Small-Hydropower Handbook for British Columbia
  • Snow Surveying - AE208
  • Soil Temperature - AE015
  • Solar Radiations
  • Standards Manual Writing Procedures (STANPRO)
  • Storm Rainfall in Canada - AE230
  • Sunshine - AE012
  • Type and Scope of Genots (MANGEN)
  • Water Management Model Manual
  • Water Use Analysis Model Manuals
  • Wind - AE20
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