Info Source 2019, Environment and Climate Change Canada: chapter 1
Info Source: Sources of Federal Government and Employee Information provides information about the functions, programs, activities and related information holdings of government institutions subject to the Access to Information Act and the Privacy Act. It provides individuals and employees of the government (current and former) with relevant information to access personal information about themselves held by government institutions subject to the Privacy Act and to exercise their rights under the Privacy Act.
The Introduction to Info Source: Sources of Federal Government and Employee Information and an index of institutions subject to the Access to Information Act and the Privacy Act are available centrally.
The Access to Information Act and the Privacy Act assign overall responsibility to the President of Treasury Board (as the designated Minister) for the government-wide administration of the legislation.
The Department of the Environment was established by the Government Reorganization Act, 1970-71-72, ch. 42 on June 10, 1971. The Department, also known as Environment and Climate Change Canada (ECCC), reports to Parliament through the Minister of Environment and Climate Change.
Environment and Climate Change Canada is the lead federal department for a wide range of environmental issues, including taking action on clean growth and climate change. The Department is also engaged in activities aimed at preventing and managing pollution, conserving nature, and predicting weather and environmental conditions. The Department addresses these issues through various actions including the implementation of the Pan-Canadian Framework on Clean Growth And Climate Change, engaging with our strategic partners including provinces, territories and Indigenous peoples; monitoring; science-based research, policy and regulatory development; and through the enforcement of environmental laws and regulations. The Department's program focus reflects the interdependence between environmental sustainability and economic well-being.
A number of Acts and regulations provide the Department with its mandate and allow it to carry out its programs. Under the Department of the Environment Act, the powers, duties and functions of the Minister of Environment and Climate Change extend to and include matters relating to: the preservation and enhancement of the quality of the natural environment, including water, air and soil quality; renewable resources, including migratory birds and other flora and fauna; water; meteorology; the enforcement of any rules or regulations made by the International Joint Commission relating to boundary waters; and the coordination of the policies and programs of the Government of Canada respecting the preservation and enhancement of the quality of the natural environment.
Beyond those authorities conferred under the Department of the Environment Act, the Minister of Environment and Climate Change exercises additional authorities provided under other Acts and regulations including (but not limited to) the Canadian Environmental Protection Act, the Federal Sustainable Development Act, and several pieces of legislation relating to the protection of biodiversity and water and the enforcement of environmental laws and regulations. Under the Canadian Environmental Assessment Act, Environment and Climate Change Canada provides information and analysis to others (as a federal authority) and is also a department with decision-making responsibilities (as a responsible authority).
The Department is a key partner for other federal departments (including its ministerial portfolio partners, the Canadian Environmental Assessment Agency and Parks Canada), where statutes provide Environment and Climate Change Canada with secondary or shared responsibility for the successful execution of other federal departments’ mandates. These statutes include, among others, the Arctic Waters Pollution Prevention Act (Transport Canada, Crown-Indigenous Relations and Northern Affairs Canada, Indigenous Services Canada, and Natural Resources Canada), the Canada Foundation for Sustainable Development Technology Act (Natural Resources Canada), the Fisheries Act (Fisheries and Oceans Canada) and the Marine Liability Act (Transport Canada). For more information on specific plans and initiatives, please refer to Environment and Climate Change Canada's Departmental Plan.
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