Departmental Plan 2019 to 2020 report, Environment and Climate Change Canada, chapter 4

Spending and human resources

This section of Environment and Climate Change Canada’s 2019–20 Departmental Plan describes the spending and human resources by programs through which the Department delivers its mandate.

Planned spending

Note: Environment and Climate Change Canada will seek ongoing funding for priority initiatives. Funding requests for such initiatives are subject to government decisions and will be reflected in future Budget exercises and Estimates documents.
Long description
Departmental spending trend graph (dollars)
- 2016-17 2017-18 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22
Statutory 84,063,004 84,788,958 92,734,472 94,569,422 94,293,080 92,014,084
Voted 921,805,276 1,080,017,909 1,547,742,459 1,707,180 1,539,020,306 1,370,294,668
Total 1,005,868,280 1,164,806,867 1,640,476,931 1,801,749,617 1,633,313,386 1,462,308,752

For fiscal years 2016-17 and 2017-18, the amounts shown represent the actual expenditures as reported in the Public Accounts.

For fiscal year 2018-19, the forecast spending represents the planned budgetary and statutory expenditures as presented in the Estimates documents (Main Estimates and Supplementary Estimates), the Operating and Capital carry forward, the approved reprofiles of funds to future years, the compensation allocations from Treasury Board Secretariat for adjustments made to terms and conditions of service employment of the federal public administration for collective agreements, and other adjustments from central agencies.

For the period of 2019-20 to 2021-22, the planned spending reflects approved funding by Treasury Board to support departmental priorities.

Environment and Climate Change Canada’s actual spending for 2017–18 was $1,164.8 million, a year-over-year increase of $158.9 million (15.8%) from the 2016–17 actual spending. This increase is mainly due to the increase of salary payments to employees following the ratification and signing of some collective agreements in 2017–18 and temporary initiatives such as: the Green Municipal Fund, activities related to Clean Growth and Climate Change, the Revitalization of Canada’s Weather Radar Network, the Low Carbon Economy Fund, the Great Lakes and Lake Winnipeg Basin program and the Contaminated Sediment Remediation Projects.

The increase of $475.7 million from 2017-18 actual expenditures of $1,164.8 million to 2018-19 forecast spending of $1,640.5 million (40.8%) is mainly due to new funding announced in the Budgets 2017 and 2018 to address priorities in support of the:

  • Low Carbon Economy Fund;
  • Protecting Canada’s Nature, Parks and Wild spaces;
  • Initiatives supporting Clean Growth and Climate Change;
  • Federal Contaminated Sites Action Plan;
  • Great Lakes and Lake Winnipeg basin program; and
  • Revitalization of Canada’s Weather Services.

For explanation of the variance between 2018–19 and 2020–21 planned spending, please see the Budgetary planning summary section.

Budgetary planning summary for core responsibilities and internal services (dollars)
Core responsibilities and internal services 2016-17
expenditures
2017-18
expenditures
2018-19
forecast spending
2019-20
main estimates*
2019-20
planned spending
2020-21
planned spending
2021-22
planned spending
Taking action on Clean Growth and Climate Change 126,084,560 166,288,973 590,685,633 704,736,084 704,736,084 567,287,153 418,472,197
Preventing and Managing Pollution 286,323,031 351,755,596 350,773,089 345,273,615 345,273,615 307,056,519 281,762,261
Conserving Nature 193,481,114 196,910,240 246,259,396 298,536,798 298,536,798 313,021,053 315,925,230
Predicting Weather and Environmental Conditions 207,249,810 222,002,775 237,608,640 247,030,038 247,030,038 243,528,680 245,759,536
Subtotal 813,138,515 936,957,585 1,425,326,758 1,595,576,535 1,595,576,535 1,430,893,405 1,261,919,224
Internal Services 192,729,765 227,849,281 215,150,173 206,173,082 206,173,082
202,419,981 200,389,528
Total 1,005,868,280 1,164,806,866 1,640,476,931 1,801,749,617 1,801,749,617 1,633,313,386 1,462,308,752

*2019-20 Main Estimates exclusive of Budget 2019 items.

Budgetary planning summary

Excluding funding announced in Budget 2019, approximately $1,801.7 million in total funding is anticipated for 2019-20. The increase of $161.3 million from 2018-19 forecast spending to 2019-20 planned spending is mainly due to new funding announced in the Budgets 2017 and 2018 to address priorities in support of the Low Carbon Economy Fund, the Protecting Canada’s Nature, Parks and Wild Spaces, the Federal Contaminated Sites Action Plan, Impact Assessment and Regulatory Regime Implementation and initiatives related to Clean Growth and Climate Change. This increase is partially offset by reductions in planned spending for the Youth Employment Strategy.

Overall, there is a decrease in planned spending over the 2019-20 to 2021-22 planning horizon presented in the summary table. This is the result of sunsetting initiatives with temporary funding. Funding requests for such initiatives are subject to government decisions and will be reflected in future Budget exercises and Estimates documents.

Major initiatives whose funding profile will decrease in 2020-21 include the:

  • Low Carbon Economy Fund, under the Taking Action Clean Growth and Climate Change Core Responsibility; and
  • Federal Contaminated Sites Action Plan, under the Preventing and Managing Pollution Core Responsibility.

Major initiatives whose funding profile will decrease in 2021-22 include:

  • the Low Carbon Economy Fund, under the Taking Action Clean Growth and Climate Change Core Responsibility;
  • the Chemicals Management Plan, under the Preventing and Managing Pollution Core Responsibility; and
  • Initiatives related to Clean Growth and Climate Change under the Taking Action on Clean Growth and climate Change Core Responsibility.
2019–20 Budgetary planned gross spending summary (dollars)
Core responsibilities and internal services 2019-20 planned gross spending 2019-20 planned spending in specified purpose accounts 2019-20 planned revenues netted against expenditure 2019-20 planned net spending
Taking action on Clean Growth and Climate Change 704,736,084 0 0 704,736,084
Preventing and Managing Pollution 367,108,057 0 - 21,834,442 345,273,615
Conserving Nature 301,805,972 0 - 3,269,174 298,536,798
Predicting Weather and Environmental Conditions 300,215,626 0 - 53,185,588 247,030,038
Subtotal 1,673,865,739 0 - 78,289,204 1,595,576,535
Internal Services 210,393,085 0 - 4,220,003 206,173,082
Total 1,884,258,824 0 - 82,509,207 1,801,749,617

Environment and Climate Change Canada’s major sources of revenues netted against expenditures are the following:   

  • Provinces who receive water quantity monitoring services;
  • the Canadian Association of Petroleum Producers which funds the Joint Canada-Alberta implementation Plan for Oil Sands;
  • NAV CANADA to whom Environment and Climate Change Canada provides aviation weather services;
  • the Department of National Defence which receives detailed weather services in support of its military operations; and
  • the Canadian Coast Guard which receives ice and marine monitoring forecasts and services.

Planned human resources

Human resources planning summary for core responsibilities and internal services (FTEs)*
Core responsibilities and internal services 2016-17
actual FTEs
2017-18
actual FTEs
2018-19
forecast FTEs
2019-20
planned FTEs
2020-21
planned FTEs
2021-22
planned FTEs
Taking action on Clean Growth and Climate Change 688 797 538 539 527 517
Preventing and Managing Pollution 1,697 1,734 2,106 2,060 1,982 1,802
Conserving Nature 929 956 986 1,117 1,119 1,104
Predicting Weather and Environmental Conditions 1,579 1,567 1,555 1,544 1,531 1,505
Subtotal 4,893 5,185 5,185 5,260 5,159 4,928
Internal Services 1,432 1,450 1,450 1,488 1,467 1,433
Total 6,325 6,530 6,635 6,748 6,626 6,361

*Totals may differ within and between tables due to rounding of figures. The FTE numbers throughout this document include students.

One FTE equals one person working a 37.5-hour work week for the entire year, or any number of part-time employees whose combined hours of work equal one FTE. For fiscal years 2016-17 and 2017-18, the amounts shown represent the actual FTEs as reported in the Departmental Results Report. The total forecast and planned FTE for fiscal years 2018-19, 2019-20, 2020-21 and 2021-22 are calculated using average salary.

ECCC’s overall increase of 105 FTEs between the 2017-18 actual and the 2018-19 forecast FTEs is mainly due to new funding announced in the Budgets 2017 and 2018 to address priorities in support of the:

  • Protecting Canada’s Nature, Parks and Wild spaces;
  • Initiatives related to Clean Growth and Climate Change;
  • the Great Lakes and Lake Winnipeg basin program; and
  • the Low Carbon Economy Fund.

The overall increase of 113 FTEs between the 2018-19 forecast and the 2019-20 planned FTEs is mainly due to the increase in funding profile related to:

  • Protecting Canada’s Nature, Parks and Wild spaces;
  • Impact Assessment and Regulatory Regime Implementation; and
  • Initiatives related to Clean Growth and Climate Change.

Overall, there is a decreasing trend in planned FTEs over the 2019-20 to 2021-22 planning horizon. This is the result of sunsetting initiatives with temporary funding. Funding requests for such initiatives are subject to government decisions and will be reflected in future Budget exercises and Estimates documents.

The overall decrease of 122 FTEs between the 2019-20 and 2020-21 planned FTEs is mainly due to the reduction in funding profile related to the:

  • Federal contaminated Sites Action Plan, under the Preventing and Managing Pollution Core Responsibility;
  • Managing Transboundary Water Issues, under the Preventing and Managing Pollution Core Responsibility; and
  • Clean Growth and Climate Adaptation, under the Taking Action on Clean Growth and climate Change Core Responsibility.

The overall decrease of 265 FTEs between the 2020-21 and 2021-22 planned FTEs is mainly due to the reduction in funding profile related to the:

  • Chemical Management Plan, under the Preventing and Managing Pollution Core Responsibility.

Estimates by Vote

For information on Environment and Climate Change Canada’s organizational appropriations, consult the 2019–20 Main Estimates.

Future-Oriented Condensed Statement of Operations

The Future-Oriented Condensed Statement of Operations provides a general overview of Environment and Climate Change Canada’s operations. The forecast of financial information on expenses and revenues is prepared on an accrual accounting basis to strengthen accountability and to improve transparency and financial management. The forecast and planned spending amounts presented in other sections of the Departmental Plan are prepared on an expenditure basis and, as a result, amounts may differ.
A more detailed Future-Oriented Statement of Operations and associated notes, including a reconciliation of the net cost of operations to the requested authorities, are available on Environment and Climate Change Canada’s transparency page.

2019–20 Budgetary planned gross spending summary (dollars)
Financial information 2018–19 forecast results 2019–20 planned results Difference (2019–20 planned results minus 2018–19 forecast results)
Total expenses 1,793,251,193 1,956,066,422 162,815,229
Total revenues 109,291,898 107,997,941 -1,293,957
Net cost of operations before government funding and transfers 1,683,959,295 1,848,068,481 164,109,186

Total expenses are expected to increase by $162.8 million in 2019–20 in comparison with the forecast results of 2018–19. The overall increase is mainly due to new funding announced in the Budgets 2017 and 2018 to address priorities in support of the Low Carbon Economy Fund, the Protecting Canada’s Nature, Parks and Wild Spaces, Impact Assessment and Regulatory Regime Implementation and initiatives related to Clean Growth and Climate Change. This increase is partially offset by reductions in planned spending for the Youth Employment Strategy.

Based on fiscal year 2018–19, total revenues for 2019–20 are expected to be fairly similar as services provided will remain the same.

For comparative purposes, planned results are based on historical data and trends, and include 2019–20 Main Estimates. 2018–19 forecast results give the reader information on 2018–19 estimated spending based on historical data and trends, the 2018–19 Main Estimates, the Budget Implementation Vote, Supplementary Estimates A and B, carry-forward and funding received from Treasury Board for retroactive compensation of collective agreements.

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