Departmental Plan 2021 to 2022, supplementary tables, Environment and Climate Change Canada

Details on transfer payment programs

Canada Nature Fund

Start date
April 1, 2018
End date
March 31, 2023
Type of transfer payment
Contribution
Type of appropriation
The program is appropriated annually through Estimates.
Fiscal year for terms and conditions
2018-19
Link to departmental result(s)

Canada’s wildlife are conserved and protected

Canada’s species at risk are recovered

Indigenous peoples are engaged in conservation

Link to department’s Program Inventory
Species at Risk and Habitat Conservation and Protection.
Purpose and objectives of transfer payment program

The Canada Nature Fund is a critical tool for advancing actions by others that conserve and protect Canada’s habitat and biodiversity.

The Canada Nature Fund will secure private land, support provincial and territorial species protection efforts and help build Indigenous capacity to conserve land and species. It will support and enable others to undertake actions that conserve wildlife and protect and improve their habitat.

Expected results

The Canada Nature Fund will support and increase collaboration and momentum for conserving Canada’s biodiversity and habitat and demonstrate the federal government’s leadership in enabling the establishment of protected and conserved areas, protecting and recovering species at risk and preventing other priority species from becoming a conservation concern.

Projects funded will contribute to the departmental core responsibility of Conserving Nature, and will contribute to the following key expected results:

  • Canada’s wildlife and habitat are conserved and protected
  • Canada’s species at risk are recovered
  • Indigenous peoples are engaged in conservation
Fiscal year of last completed evaluation
N/A
Decision following the results of last evaluation
N/A
Fiscal year of next planned evaluation

A formative evaluation of the Canada Nature Fund is planned to be completed in fiscal year 2021-22.

A summative evaluation of the Nature Legacy Initiative is planned to be completed in fiscal year 2022-23.

General targeted recipient groups
Domestic or international not-for-profit organizations; domestic or international Indigenous organizations; domestic or international research, academic and educational institutions; Canadian or foreign individuals; domestic or international for-profit organizations; local organizations; Provincial, territorial, municipal and local governments and provincial Crown corporations.
Initiatives to engage applicants and recipients
Environment and Climate Change Canada engages applicants and recipients under this program in two ways: applicants through applications related to specific program elements; and recipients through single or named recipients identified on the basis of their unique ability to address targeted program results. The Department employs one or a combination of the following initiatives to provide access to the program in a clear, understandable and accessible manner: publicity in news media; information provided on the departmental website; letter-writing activities; and meetings with targeted recipient communities. Administrative requirements have been tailored to evaluated risk levels, and efficiency is being addressed through simplified agreement templates.
Financial information (dollars)
Type of transfer payment 2020–21
planned spending
2021–22
planned spending
2022–23
planned spending
2023–24
planned spending
Total grants 0 0 0 0
Total contributions 109,175,597 101,573,097 97,828,097 1,447,500
Total other types of transfer payments 0 0 0 0
Total program 109,175,597 101,573,097 97,828,097 1,447,500

Taking Action on Clean Growth and Climate Change

Start date
April 1, 2018
End date
Ongoing
Type of transfer payment
Contribution
Type of appropriation
The program is appropriated annually through Estimates.
Fiscal year for terms and conditions
2018-19
Link to departmental result(s)

Canadian greenhouse gas and short-lived climate pollutant emissions are reduced.

Indigenous peoples are engaged in clean growth and climate change.

Canada contributes to reducing greenhouse gas emissions and increasing climate resilience globally.

Canadian communities, economies, and ecosystems are more resilient.

Link to the department’s Program Inventory
Clean Growth and Climate Change Mitigation, International Climate Change Action and Climate Change Adaptation
Purpose and objectives of transfer payment program
The purpose is to promote change towards sustainable environmental development and policies.
Expected results
  • Support and coordinate the implementation of the Pan-Canadian Framework on Clean Growth and Climate Change (PCF);
  • Increase awareness on climate and climate change initiatives;
  • Increase youth, student and Indigenous participation in climate change initiatives;
  • Support actions that reduce Canadian greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions;
  • Develop regulatory instruments;
  • Support businesses and Canadians to adapt and become more resilient to climate change; and
  • Contribute to international climate change actions to increase global benefits.
Fiscal year of last completed evaluation
N/A
Decision following the results of last evaluation
N/A
Fiscal year of next planned evaluation
N/A
General targeted recipient groups
Domestic or international not-for-profit organizations; domestic or international Indigenous organizations; domestic or international research, academic and educational institutions; Canadian or foreign individuals; domestic or international for-profit organizations; local organizations; provincial, territorial, and municipal governments and provincial Crown corporations.
Initiatives to engage applicants and recipients
Environment and Climate Change Canada engages applicants and recipients under this program in two ways: applicants through applications related to specific program elements; and recipients through single or named recipients identified on the basis of their unique ability to address targeted program results. The Department employs one or a combination of the following initiatives to provide access to the program in a clear, understandable and accessible manner: publicity in news media; information provided on the departmental website; letter-writing activities; and meetings with targeted recipient communities. Administrative requirements have been tailored to evaluated risk levels, and efficiency is being addressed through simplified agreement templates.
Financial information (dollars)
Type of transfer payment 2020–21
planned spending
2021–22
planned spending
2022–23
planned spending
2023–24
planned spending
Total grants 3,000,000 3,000,000 3,000,000 3,000,000
Total contributions 27,235,765 15,420,016 13,511,411 11,610,161
Total other types of transfer payments 0 0 0 0
Total program 30,235,765 18,420,016 16,511,411 14,610,161

Conserving Nature

Start date
April 1, 2018
End date
Ongoing
Type of transfer payment
Contribution
Type of appropriation
The program is appropriated annually through Estimates.
Fiscal year for terms and conditions
2018-19
Link to departmental result(s)

Canada’s wildlife and habitat are conserved and protected

Canada’s species at risk are recovered

Indigenous peoples are engaged in conservation

Link to the department’s Program Inventory
Species at Risk; Biodiversity Policy and Partnerships; Migratory Birds and other Wildlife; Environmental Assessment; Habitat Conservation and Protection; and Compliance Promotion and Enforcement – Wildlife
Purpose and objectives of transfer payment program
The purpose is to advance conservation of biodiversity and sustainable development. The overall objective of the Conserving Nature Program is to conserve, protect and recover Canada’s wildlife including; species at risk and their habitat (including critical habitat); and healthy populations of migratory birds. Actions taken will also contribute to Canada’s biodiversity strategy and related domestic and international partnership interests, including the establishment and management of protected areas, other effective conservation measures, Indigenous protected and conserved areas and Indigenous people’s capacity and participation in conservation.
Expected results

The Conserving Nature Program will support biodiversity conservation domestically and internationally. Specifically, projects funded will contribute to the departmental core responsibility of Conserving Nature, and will contribute to the following key expected results:

  • Canada’s wildlife and habitat are conserved and protected
  • Canada’s species at risk are recovered
  • Indigenous peoples are engaged in conservation
Fiscal year of last completed evaluation
N/A
Decision following the results of last evaluation
N/A
Fiscal year of next planned evaluation
Unknown
General targeted recipient groups
Domestic or international not-for-profit organizations; domestic or international Indigenous organizations; domestic or international research, academic and educational institutions; Canadian or foreign individuals; domestic or international for-profit organizations; local organizations; Provincial, territorial, municipal and local governments and provincial Crown corporations.
Initiatives to engage applicants and recipients
Environment and Climate Change Canada engages applicants and recipients under this program in two ways: applicants through applications related to specific program elements; and recipients through single or named recipients identified on the basis of their unique ability to address targeted program results. The Department employs one or a combination of the following initiatives to provide access to the program in a clear, understandable and accessible manner: publicity in news media; information provided on the departmental website; letter-writing activities; and meetings with targeted recipient communities. Administrative requirements have been tailored to evaluated risk levels, and efficiency is being addressed through simplified agreement templates.
Financial information (dollars)
Type of transfer payment 2020–21
planned spending
2021–22
planned spending
2022–23
planned spending
2023–24
planned spending
Total grants 0 0 0 0
Total contributions 29,545,797 30,432,296 23,966,326 22,256,316
Total other types of transfer payments 0 0 0 0
Total program 29,545,797 30,432,296 23,966,326 22,256,316

Low Carbon Economy Fund

Start date
April 1, 2017
End date
March 31, 2024
Type of transfer payment
Grant and Contribution
Type of appropriation
The program is appropriated annually through Estimates
Fiscal year for terms and conditions
2018-2019
Link to departmental result(s)
Canadian greenhouse gas and short-lived climate pollutant emissions are reduced
Link to Program Inventory
Clean Growth and Climate Change Mitigation
Purpose and objectives of transfer payment program

The Low Carbon Economy Fund (LCEF) is a critical tool for advancing incremental domestic mitigation action under the Pan-Canadian Framework (PCF) to support its implementation, transition Canada to a low-carbon economy, and work towards meeting or exceeding commitments under the Paris Agreement.

The LCEF supports provincial and territorial mitigation action in the context of the PCF. Specifically the LCEF is to support actions that materially reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions (includes actions that materially increase removals where relevant), are incremental to current plans, and achieve significant reductions within the period of Canada’s first Nationally Determined Contribution under the Paris Agreement. Also, where possible, resources will be allocated towards those projects that yield the greatest absolute greenhouse gas reductions for the lowest cost-per-tonne.

Expected results
Continue to support collaboration and maintain momentum with provinces and territories that are signatories to the PCF, while also demonstrating the Government’s leadership in addressing climate change; and effectively implementing proposals approved for funding under the LCEF in order to contribute to Canada’s transition to a resilient, low-carbon economy.
Fiscal year of last completed evaluation
The LCEF has not yet undergone an evaluation.
Decision following the results of last evaluation
N/A
Fiscal year of next planned evaluation
An evaluation of the Low Carbon Economy Fund is planned to begin in fiscal year 2022-23 and continue through 2023-24.
General targeted recipient groups
Provincial, territorial, and municipal governments and provincial Crown corporations; Indigenous organizations and communities; not-for-profit non-governmental organizations; individuals; research, academic and educational institutions; private corporations and businesses
Initiatives to engage applicants and recipients

For the Leadership Fund, ECCC conducted face-to-face meetings with all provinces and territories to provide clarification on the program and discuss initial proposals.

ECCC also responded to applicant questions via email throughout the Champions and Partnerships stream application processes.

Financial information (dollars)
Type of transfer payment 2020–21
planned spending
2021–22
planned spending
2022–23
planned spending
2023–24
planned spending
Total grants 2,000,000 2,500,000 2,500,000 2,500,000
Total contributions 605,153,546 421,242,415 174,221,565 148,041,178
Total other types of transfer payments 0 0 0 0
Total program 607,153,546 423,742,415 176,721,565 150,541,178

Preventing and Managing Pollution

Start date
April 1, 2018
End date
Ongoing
Type of transfer payment
Contribution
Type of appropriation
The program is appropriated annually through Estimates.
Fiscal year for terms and conditions
2018-19
Link to departmental result(s)

Canadians have clean air

Canadians have clean water

The Canadian environment is protected from harmful substances

Link to the department’s Program Inventory
Air Quality; Water Quality and Ecosystems Partnerships; Community Eco-Action; and Substances and Waste Management
Purpose and objectives of transfer payment program
The purpose is to protect, conserve and have a positive impact on the environment.
Expected results
  • Reduce releases and monitor levels of contaminants in air, water and soil;
  • Promote and enforce compliance with environmental laws and regulations;
  • Develop and administer on the ground projects that have positive impact on the environment, environmental standards, guidelines, regulations and other risk management instruments by collaborating with provinces, territories, Indigenous peoples, community based groups and other stakeholders.
Fiscal year of last completed evaluation
N/A
Decision following the results of last evaluation
N/A
Fiscal year of next planned evaluation
N/A
General targeted recipient groups
Not-for-profit organizations; Indigenous organizations; research, academic and educational institutions; individuals; for-profit organizations; local organizations; environmental groups; community groups; youth and senior groups; community-based associations; service clubs; and/or provincial, territorial, municipal and local governments and provincial Crown corporations.
Initiatives to engage applicants and recipients
Environment and Climate Change Canada engages applicants and recipients under this program in two ways: recipients through application-based process, and/or recipients on the basis of their unique ability to address targeted program results. The Department employs one or a combination of the following initiatives to provide access to the program in a clear, understandable and accessible manner: publicity in news media; information provided on the departmental website; letter-writing activities; email correspondence with targeted interest groups; and meetings with targeted recipient communities. Administrative requirements have been tailored to evaluated risk levels, and efficiency is being addressed through simplified agreement templates.
Financial information (dollars)
Type of transfer payment 2020–21
planned spending
2021–22
planned spending
2022–23
planned spending
2023–24
planned spending
Total grants 0 0 0 0
Total contributions 32,491,141 29,477,591 24,125,726 24,045,186
Total other types of transfer payments 0 0 0 0
Total program 32,491,141 29,477,591 24,125,726 24,045,186

Disclosure of transfer payment programs under $5 million

Name of transfer payment program End date Type of transfer payment Type of appropriation Link to departmental results Link to department’s program inventory Purpose and main objective Planned spending for 2021-22 Fiscal year of last completed evaluation Fiscal year of next planned evaluation General targeted recipient group
Assessed contribution to the Commission for Environmental Cooperation (CEC) Not applicable (N/A) C The program is appropriated annually through Estimates. Canada contributes to reducing greenhouse as emissions and increasing climate resilience globally International Climate Change Action To enable Canada’s obligation to cost share the core and projected expenses of the CEC. $3,460,777 2012-2013 (Evaluation of Canada’s Participation in the CEC) Not planned for evaluation Commission for Environmental Cooperation
Assessed contribution to the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) N/A C The program is appropriated annually through Estimates. The Canadian environment is protected from harmful substances Substances and Waste Management Canada is a signatory to this convention and is thus bound by the requirements of the international convention, including the obligation to pay the assessed contribution. $121,214 2019-2020 (Evaluation of Chemicals Management Plan) Not planned for evaluation Convention on the OECD, Environment Directorate
Assessed contribution to the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) N/A C The program is appropriated annually through Estimates. Canadians use authoritative weather and related information to make decisions about their health and safety Weather and Environmental Observations, Forecasts and Warnings Canada has been a member of the WMO since 1950 as one of the initial signatories to the convention. The annual assessed contribution is based on the U.N. Scale as agreed to every three years by the U.N. General Assembly and adapted, as is normal practice, to accommodate the varying membership of U.N. organizations. $2,167,785

2015-2016 (Evaluation of the Weather Observations, Forecasts and Warnings (Sub-program 2.1.1))

2009–2010 (Evaluation of Environment Canada’s Class Grants and Contributions)

2021-2022 (Evaluation of Weather, Observations, Forecasts and Warnings including Radar) World Meteorological Organization
Assessed contribution to the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) N/A C The program is appropriated annually through Estimates.

Canada’s species at risk are recovered

 

Biodiversity Policy and Partnerships Canada is a signatory to this convention and is thus bound by the requirements of the international convention, including the obligation to pay the assessed contribution. $190,000 2009–2010 (Evaluation of Environment Canada’s Class Grants and Contributions) 2022-2023 (Evaluation of Species at Risk, including SAR components of Canada Nature Fund) CITES Secretariat
Assessed contribution to the Convention on Wetlands of International Importance (RAMSAR Convention) N/A C The program is appropriated annually through Estimates.

Canada’s wildlife and habitat are conserved and protected

Canada’s species at risk are recovered

Indigenous Peoples are engaged in conservation

Biodiversity Policy and Partnerships

Canada has been a Contracting Party to the Ramsar Convention since 1981.

Annual membership dues are an obligation of the Parties based on terms agreed to at the Convention of the Parties.

$206,140

2018-2019 (Evaluation of the National Wetland Conservation Fund)

2009–2010 (Evaluation of Environment Canada’s Class Grants and Contributions)

2022-2023 (Evaluation of Protected Areas, including Canada Nature Fund) RAMSAR Convention Secretariat
Assessed contribution to the Minamata Convention on Mercury N/A C The program is appropriated annually through Estimates.

Canadians have clean water

The Canadian environment is protected from harmful substances

Substances and Waste Management Canada is a Party to the Minamata Convention on Mercury (the Convention). The Convention is a multilateral treaty to protect human health and the environment from the adverse effects of mercury. The payment is made to the Convention’s Secretariat under the auspices of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP). $200,000 Not planned for evaluation Not planned for evaluation United Nations Environment Programme
Assessed Contribution to the International Network for Bamboo and Rattan (INBAR) N/A C The program is appropriated annually through Estimates. Canada contributes to reducing greenhouse gas emissions and increasing climate resilience globally International Climate Change Action and Clean Growth and Climate Change Mitigation The International Bamboo and Rattan Organisation (INBAR) is an intergovernmental organization dedicated to improving the social, economic, and environmental benefits for producers and users of bamboo and rattan, while maintaining a sustainable resource base by supporting innovative research and development. $38,000 Not planned for evaluation Not planned for evaluation International Network for Bamboo and Rattan
Grants for the implementation of the Montreal Protocol on substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer N/A G The program is appropriated annually through Estimates. Canada contributes to reducing greenhouse as emissions and increasing climate resilience globally International Climate Change Action Under the rules of the Montreal Protocol, Canada has the option of directing up to 20% of its annual contribution to the Multilateral Fund for the Implementation of the Montreal Protocol (MFMP) towards support for bilateral or regional projects in developing countries, which helps them reduce their consumption or production of ozone-depleting substances (ODS). $2,800,000 2012-2013 (Evaluation of ECCC’s Activities in Support of the Montreal Protocol and Multilateral Fund) Not planned for evaluation Developing country governments, universities, training institutes that have signed the Montreal Protocol, and third‑party delivery agents

Grants – Weather and Environmental Services for Canadians

N/A G The program is appropriated annually through Estimates. Canadians use authoritative weather and related information to make decisions about their health and safety Weather and Environmental Observations, Forecasts and Warnings The purpose is to encourage and support individuals and organizations engaged in activities that enable Canadians to access, understand, and use information on changing weather, water, climate and air quality conditions. $44,000 2015-2016 (Evaluation of Weather Observations, Forecasts and Warnings) 2021-2022 (Evaluation of Weather Observations, Forecasts and Warnings) Domestic or international not-for-profit organizations; domestic or international Indigenous organizations; domestic or international research, academic and educational institutions; Canadian or foreign individuals; provincial, territorial, municipal and local governments and provincial Crown corporations.
Contributions – Predicting Weather and Environmental Conditions Includes Treasury Board Submissions for MSC Renewal and Hydrological (both sunset in 2022-23); as well as on-going A-Base funding C The program is appropriated annually through Estimates. Canadians use authoritative weather and related information to make decisions about their health and safety Weather and Environmental Observations, Forecasts and Warnings; Hydrological Services The purpose is to encourage and support individuals and organizations engaged in activities that enable Canadians to access, understand, and use information on changing weather, water, climate and air quality conditions. $2,975,378 2015-2016 (Evaluation of Weather Observations, Forecasts and Warnings)

2021-2022 Evaluation of Weather Observations, Forecasts and Warnings

2021-2022

(Evaluation of Hydrological Services)

Domestic or international not-for-profit organizations; domestic or international Indigenous organizations; domestic or international research, academic and educational institutions; Canadian or foreign individuals; provincial, territorial, municipal and local governments and provincial Crown corporations.
Contributions in Support of the Impact Assessment and Regulatory System: Environment and Climate Change Canada Treasury Board Submission funding sunsets in 2022-23 C The program is appropriated annually through Estimates.

Canada’s wildlife and habitat are conserved and protected

Canada’s species at risk are recovered

Indigenous Peoples are engaged in conservation

Species at Risk; Migratory Birds and other Wildlife; Environmental Assessment. The overall objective of these terms and conditions is to advance ECCC’s contribution to the “Cumulative Effects, Open Science and Evidence” approach. This includes the development of an open science and data platform; supporting regional assessments; conducting strategic assessments, including ones on climate change and biodiversity; and coordinating departmental, federal and inter-jurisdictional efforts to implement the proposed approach to addressing the cumulative effects of natural resource development. $3,060,400 Not planned for evaluation 2022-2023 (Horizontal Evaluation of the Impact Assessment and Regulatory Processes (IARP) Horizontal Initiative) Domestic or international not-for-profit organizations, such as charitable and volunteer organizations, professional associations, and non-governmental organizations; Domestic Indigenous organizations, governments, Individuals, boards, commissions, communities, associations and authorities including: Indigenous not-for-profit organizations; District councils, Chiefs councils and Tribal councils; Indigenous research, academic and educational institutions; and Indigenous for-profit organizations; Domestic research, academic and educational institutions; Canadian individuals; Domestic for-profit organizations, such as small businesses with less than 500 employees, companies, corporations, and industry associations; Local organizations such as community associations and groups, seniors’ and youth groups, and service clubs; and Provincial, territorial, municipal and local governments and their agencies (e.g. Crown corporations).
Contribution – Youth Employment and Skills Strategy (2019) N/A C The program is appropriated annually through Estimates. Not applicable Community Eco-Action Youth Employment and Skills Strategy (2019) (formerly Science Horizons) is funded through the Career Focus stream of the Government of Canada’s Youth Employment and Skills Strategy (YESS), overseen by Employment and Social Development Canada. Programs under the Career Focus stream aim to demonstrate federal leadership by investing in the skills required to meet the needs of the knowledge economy, facilitate the transition of highly skilled young people to a rapidly changing labour market, and promote the benefits of advanced studies. $3,069,000 2019-2020 (Horizontal Evaluation of the Youth Employment Strategy - Career Focus Stream) 2024-2025 (Horizontal Evaluation of the Youth Employment Strategy - Career Focus Stream) The direct recipients of Environment and Climate Change Canada (ECCC) funding are the Delivery Agents administering the Youth Employment and Skills Strategy. Indirectly, recipients of the wage subsidy are for-profit organizations, not-for-profit organizations, municipal governments, Indigenous organizations, and post-secondary educational institutions.
Grants - Innovation Solutions Canada (ISC) Treasury Board Submission for Ocean Agenda sunsets in 2021-22 G The program is appropriated annually through Estimates. Support Clean technology and Zero Plastic Waste Agenda Substance and Waste Management

Incentivize clean technology development and innovation to reduce plastic waste.

Includes grant funding from Oceans Agenda TB Submission, as well as internal re-allocation to fund pressure.

$1,700,000 Not planned for evaluation 2021-2022 (Evaluation of Federal Leadership Towards Zero Plastic Waste in Canada Horizontal Initiative) Canadian Small and Medium Size Enterprises

Gender-based analysis plus (GBA+)

Institutional GBA+ capacity

The Assistant Deputy Minister (ADM) of the Strategic Policy Branch (SPB) is Environment and Climate Change Canada’s (ECCC) Gender-based Analysis Plus (GBA+) Champion. The GBA+ Champion is responsible for the overall implementation and updating, as required, of the department’s GBA+ policy.

The department’s GBA+ Centre of Expertise resides with SPB and the Director General of Strategic Policy manages the day-to-day operation of the Centre of Expertise (CoE), which includes two dedicated FTEs of an analyst and a senior analyst who report to a Director. The CoE provides support to the department, including:

The GBA+ Branch Advisory Network aims to strengthen GBA+ capacity throughout the department by facilitating the sharing of information, best practices and resources. The network consists of approximately 25 members from across the department.

Additional specific activities for 2021-22 include the development of:

In addition, GBA+ activities feed into the department’s Working Group on Diversity and Inclusion, supported by two ADM Co-Champions.

These resources aim to advance the integration of GBA+ across all departmental activities to support evidence-based decision-making and to continue to build a culture of inclusiveness.

Highlights of GBA+ results by program

ECCC plays an important role in the protection of Canadians and their environment. The careful consideration of how different groups of people experience the environment and the differentiated impacts of environmental policies and programs helps inform good policymaking, science, program implementation and service delivery.

Clean Growth and Climate Change Mitigation

Climate change affects all Canadians; however, experiences differ according to geographic location, gender, income level, ethnicity and other socio-economic factors. For example, large urban centers experience amplified heat waves, whereas those in rural areas who depend on agriculture can experience loss of livelihood. Studies demonstrate that women, people with lower income, and Indigenous people tend to be more vulnerable to the effects of climate change. In Canada, northern and coastal regions are particularly vulnerable to climate change.

Policy responses to climate change can disproportionally affect some subgroups of the population. For example, low income households, which are more likely to be headed by sole female parents and disproportionately include individuals with disabilities or mental illness, recent immigrants and Indigenous persons, may be more vulnerable to pollution pricing as expenditures on carbon-intensive goods make up a larger share of their expenses. This initiative may also impact employment for many Canadians, with potential losses in the traditional energy sector, and gains in the environmental, clean technology, and renewable energy sector. As the initiative is implemented, efforts are taken to mitigate and avoid, as much as possible, impacts on vulnerable groups. Disaggregated data, such as data broken down by gender, age, race, ethnicity, and income will be collected to understand how certain groups may be disproportionately impacted, and to determine ways to mitigate impacts. This includes a Just Transition, which aims to ensure that the transition away from coal-fired electricity takes into consideration those who may be adversely impacted, such as coal workers and communities.

Overall, mitigating the effects of climate change in a balanced and inclusive manner will benefit all Canadians, and in particular, help alleviate the impacts that will be disproportionally felt by certain groups.

Alignment with Gender Results Framework Goal(s): Reduced poverty and improved health outcomes

International Climate Change Action

Canada’s international engagement on climate change, including our climate finance pledge for developing countries, serves to reduce the impacts of climate change on those most vulnerable (women, Indigenous people, youth, etc.). The repercussion from droughts, floods, extreme weather events, and food and water insecurity have a greater and differentiated effect on these vulnerable groups, especially the poor. To address these issues, proposed programming will specifically target women, girls, and Indigenous people by integrating GBA+ considerations into climate change actions alongside developmental considerations, such as health.

In line with Canada’s Gender Results Framework Goals, GBA+ is considered during the negotiation and implementation of Free Trade Agreements (FTAs) as well as in other bilateral and regional environmental cooperation agreements with strategic partners, including the United States and Europe. Multilateral and bilateral engagement is expected to increase throughout 2021-22. Canada’s international environmental cooperation has the potential to have positive impacts on individuals and groups outside of Canada by improving environmental conditions in the most vulnerable locations, including in Southeast Asia and Latin America. GBA+ considerations are also integrated through the development of bilateral environmental cooperation activities with international partners, in order to provide women and Indigenous peoples equitable access to and benefits from the opportunities created by FTAs in green goods and services.

Canada will continue supporting the implementation of the Gender Action Plan adopted under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, which aims to increase women’s participation and leadership in climate action and to better integrate gender considerations in national climate plans and policies. Applying a GBA+ lens to investment decisions will help create better social and economic opportunities for vulnerable groups in the face of climate change. In addition, such actions promote the engagement of women and vulnerable groups in the design, decision-making, and implementation of programs and projects while facilitating cooperative solutions and knowledge transfer.

Alignment with Gender Results Framework Goal(s): Reduced poverty and improved health outcomes; Promoting gender equality to build a more peaceful, inclusive, rules-based and prosperous world; Equal and full participation in the economy; Equal opportunities and diversified paths in education and skills development

Climate Change Adaptation

Climate change can transform the economy and significantly affect the daily lives of Canadians. Climate change is influencing the frequency and intensity of extreme events, is altering ecosystems and habitats, has the potential to affect the economy across all sectors, and poses risks to human health and safety. Certain populations are more vulnerable to a changing climate depending on region of residence, sex, gender, age, income, employment status, family status, Indigenous status, visible minority status, and disability status. Prevailing social norms, attitudes and behavioural habits may also exacerbate the impacts and responses to climate change for certain populations.

Integrating considerations of gender, income, age, employment status, education, family status, region of residence, disability status and of Indigenous and visible minority communities helps ensure that adaptation policy and programs fulfill the specific needs of the most vulnerable, do not exacerbate inequalities and other vulnerabilities, and ensure the equal participation of diverse groups of people in the decision-making and implementation phases of these activities.

To address these issues and build on recent efforts to include diverse perspectives in adaptation policy, a GBA+ lens will be applied to the ongoing development of adaptation policy advice and in the work of the Canadian Centre for Climate Services. In addition, in 2021-22, ECCC will engage partners, including Indigenous peoples, to develop a shared national vision and goals to enhance climate resilience in Canada. While this work will benefit all Canadians, it is likely to have the greatest impact on populations who are disproportionately affected by climate change.

Alignment with Gender Results Framework Goal(s): Equal and full participation in the economy, Eliminating gender-based violence and harassment, and promoting security of the person and access to justice; Reduced poverty and improved health outcomes

Air Quality

Certain populations are more vulnerable to air pollution depending on sex, gender, age, income, employment status, family status, previous health status and other factors. Detrimental health effects of air pollution can be compounded in individuals who have multiple risk factors. For example, a person could be disproportionately affected by air pollution if they are elderly, have chronic health conditions, and live in an area that has a higher degree of air pollution, compared to someone who has only one risk factor.

A GBA+ lens has been applied to the development of some policy recommendations, programs and measures to address air pollution and improve air quality. ECCC will build on this approach by exploring ways to ensure that vulnerable groups are considered in future air quality work, such as Indigenous communities in geographic areas located downwind of large industrial complexes and those affected by smoke during wildfires.

ECCC will also continue to work with provinces and territories to monitor air quality on a daily basis through the National Air Pollution Surveillance (NAPS) Program to provide information for the Air Quality Health Index (AQHI), which is tailored to vulnerable groups and provides messaging on the health risks of air pollution and personal actions to reduce these risks.

Alignment with Gender Results Framework Goal(s): Reduced poverty and improved health outcomes

Water Quality and Ecosystems Partnerships

In general, the Program is expected to affect Canadians positively by providing cleaner freshwater for drinking, fishing, swimming and other uses, and healthier freshwater ecosystems.

Certain elements of the Program will positively affect Indigenous peoples. Specific targeted activities under this Program seek to improve the technical capacity and engagement of Indigenous governments, organizations, individuals and communities. These activities aim to address Indigenous peoples’ particular concerns regarding freshwater ecosystems; to include Indigenous representation at key decision-making tables, where appropriate; and, to build capacity in understanding and addressing freshwater issues, especially those that have implications in Indigenous communities.

Ecosystem-specific targeted activities

Great Lakes

In 2021-22, through the Great Lakes Protection Initiative, projects that build capacity in understanding and addressing Great Lakes issues will be supported, including those that have implications for Indigenous communities. Direct support will be provided through the Indigenous Engagement program component of the Great Lakes Protection Initiative (i.e., six capacity-building projects in four Indigenous communities and two organizations). Through ongoing efforts related to lake-wide management and Areas of Concern, ECCC will continue to engage with First Nations and Métis communities across the Great Lakes basin in taking action and Great Lakes decision-making. Indigenous participation in Great Lakes governance will continue to be welcomed, including participation on the Great Lakes Executive Committee, pursuant to the Canada-U.S. Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement, and annual meetings between Canada-Ontario Agreement on the Great Lakes Executive Committee Co-Chairs and First Nations and Metis partners.

Lake Winnipeg

In 2021-22, ECCC’s Lake Winnipeg Basin Program will provide funding to support Indigenous governments and peoples in efforts to reduce nutrient loading in the Lake Winnipeg Basin through Indigenous-led projects such as community-based monitoring and projects that gather and utilize Traditional Knowledge to enhance the understanding of the ecosystem health of Lake Winnipeg and its basin.

St. Lawrence

In 2021-22, the St. Lawrence Action Plan will continue to support projects that foster education and raise awareness of best practices among Indigenous peoples and communities to preserve water quality and aquatic ecosystem health. For example, an ongoing project in the watershed will engage youth in the Mohawk community of Kanesatake through activities that recognize the traditional Kanien’kéhâ:ka knowledge and through scientific samplings of territorial rivers and scientific analysis of the aquatic ecosystem.

Atlantic Ecosystem Initiatives

In 2021-2022, through the Atlantic Ecosystem Initiatives, projects will be supported in the Saint John River Watershed that build capacity in understanding and addressing freshwater issues, including those that have implications in Indigenous communities. For example, Atlantic Ecosystem Initiatives will support a comprehensive examination of factors affecting water quality in the upper Saint John River basin, the results of which will be shared with Indigenous communities and local organizations to help inform future planning and initiatives to improve water quality.

Alignment with Gender Results Framework Goal(s): Reduced poverty and improved health outcomes

The Water Quality and Ecosystem Partnerships, including Indigenous engagement efforts, align with the principles and spirit of GBA+, which considers many identity factors such as race, ethnicity, religion, age, and mental or physical disability, and how the interaction between these factors influences the way we might experience government policies and initiatives.

Community Eco-Action

The EcoAction Community Funding Program and the Environmental Damages Fund programs aim to affect Canadians and their communities positively by funding projects that benefit the environment. The Programs’ eligible funding recipients include environmental non-governmental organizations, community groups, youth and student groups, and Indigenous organizations.

The programs allocate funding using Calls for Proposals that are open to all eligible applicants. French and English information on how to apply for funding is available widely on program websites and social media. Staff are also available to answer inquiries and provide advice on proposal development to groups that are underrepresented or have less capacity or experience in applying for funding. Concrete actions will be taken to recognize various cultures and languages through the engagement of Indigenous communities to build awareness of funding opportunities, and with a linguistic lens when evaluating projects are involving Official Language Minority Communities. This includes: ensuring different subgroups of the population are eligible and aware of funding opportunities; using a linguistic lens when answering inquiries and evaluating proposals that involve Official Language Minority Communities; translating program material in both official languages and considering translation in Indigenous languages when appropriate; funding projects in communities negatively impacted by climate risks; directing funding to diverse communities as appropriate; and including members of diverse backgrounds, cultures, and regions in the review process. Both programs compile data on funding to Indigenous communities, some of which are located in remote regions.

Alignment with Gender Results Framework Goal(s): Equal and full participation in the economy

Substances and Waste Management

Although the Substances and Waste Management Program benefits all Canadians, certain populations in Canada, such as expectant mothers, children, the elderly, the economically disadvantaged, and Indigenous communities are more vulnerable to harmful substances, and benefit most from sound risk management. The Chemicals Management Program uses scientific information to properly assess the risks posed for vulnerable groups from exposure to toxic chemicals and products that contain them. Scientific information is also used to inform decisions and risk management.

Alignment with Gender Results FrameworkGoal(s): Reduced poverty and improved health outcomes

Compliance Promotion and Enforcement – Pollution

Compliance promotion officers tailor compliance promotion material based on the target audience’s needs and known compliance barriers, including the cultural and linguistic profile of a regulated community. For example, compliance promotion fact sheets for the Tetrachloroethylene (Use in Dry Cleaning and Reporting Requirements) Regulations were made available in 6 languages (English, French, Korean, Chinese, Punjabi and Persian) to take into consideration the demographics and language profiles of the regulated community. In addition, compliance promotion officers will continue to work with various Indigenous communities and organizations to deliver compliance promotion activities that meet the needs of their communities, for example, through in-person visits or workshops.

Enforcement will continue to adapt its hiring practices to ensure its workforce is more representative. Additional training will be provided regarding Treaty rights and the unique legal status and rights of Indigenous peoples in Canada to facilitate better engagement initiatives. This will notably be performed with respect to a number of laws and regulations with significant impact on these communities such as the Wastewater Systems Effluent Regulations and the Storage Tank Systems for Petroleum Products and Allied Petroleum Products Regulations. Enforcement officers will continue to adapt their engagement approaches when conducting enforcement activities with diverse communities through the use of translators, for instance.

Alignment with Gender Results Framework Goal(s): Equal opportunities and diversified paths in education and skills development; Equal and full participation in the economy

Species at Risk

Preserving biodiversity is necessary for maintaining strong ecosystems, which in turn, deliver important and diverse ecosystem services to Canadians. The performance indicators considered in the Species at Risk Program reflect not only the ability to protect species at risk, but also examine how the Program might impact, either directly or indirectly, demographic groups who may be more vulnerable due to a combination of socio-economic factors. Other groups may also be impacted including private landowners, industry, other orders of government, non-governmental organizations, and Indigenous peoples.

ECCC expects that the Program will have more direct effects on Indigenous peoples, given that Indigenous reserves and lands often provide important refuge for species at risk. Canada’s Indigenous peoples are also the holders of Indigenous Traditional Knowledge (ITK) essential to achieving the protection and recovery goals for many species. Additionally, the Program consults with Indigenous peoples to ascertain impacts to Treaty rights. Therefore, expected negative Program effects may be related to consultation fatigue and the continuous, repeated gathering of ITK on species at risk. Efforts will be made to reduce these effects by focusing more on ecosystem-based and multi-species conservation approaches as well as improving coordination among federal departments and provincial/territorial governments.

Alignment with Gender Results Framework Goal(s): Gender equality in leadership roles and at all levels of decision-making; Equal and full participation in the economy

Migratory Birds and Other Wildlife

ECCC is responsible for implementing the Migratory Birds and Other Wildlife Program and the Minister of the Environment and Climate Change provides advice to the Governor in Council with respect to migratory birds and other wildlife. Such advice is based on science, including Indigenous Traditional Knowledge, and consultations with affected parties for expected socio-economic impacts. Where socio-economic or cultural impacts are significant, the department collaborates with conservation stewards, stakeholders and other orders of government to incorporate, when possible, their concerns into the decision-making processes and implementation activities to avoid or mitigate disproportionate impacts on certain groups.

Alignment with Gender Results Framework Goal(s): Gender equality in leadership roles and at all levels of decision-making

Habitat Conservation and Protection

The core outcome of this Program is the protection of important wildlife habitat through the regulation, purchase or donation of land and water for conservation purposes. Impacts and benefits would accrue to different demographics along the process of achieving this outcome. While the processes of land and water securement and protection tend to involve and favour specific groups of Canadians (landowners, governments, non-government organizations), the long-term ecosystem services, such as climate regulation, erosion control, tourism and recreation, education, knowledge systems, and cultural heritage, that are gained by conserving ecosystems and landscapes are most often to the benefit of lower-income, rural and Indigenous communities.

Alignment with Gender Results Framework Goal(s): Equal and full participation in the economy; Gender equality in leadership roles and at all levels of decision-making; Equal opportunities and diversified paths in education and skills development

Biodiversity Policy and Partnerships

The Biodiversity Policy and Partnerships Program aims to engage with domestic and international governments, Indigenous organizations, non-government organizations, businesses, and Canadians to develop and meet Canada’s biodiversity commitments. The conservation and protection of biodiversity is necessary for maintaining strong ecosystems, which in turn, deliver important and diverse ecosystem services to all Canadians. For example, healthy ecosystems can filter toxic substances from air, water, and soil, protect us against flooding, storm surges, and erosion, sequester carbon, maintain the water cycle, and help stabilize local climates.

To increase capacity to conserve biodiversity in Canada, the Program will continue to develop, review, and share Canadian positions and policy frameworks, provide targeted funding, conduct research, and maintain and share data and information. Indicators will be assessed to gauge the level of engagement of the population and, in the case of Indigenous peoples, the level of satisfaction with those engagement activities. This information will be used to adjust engagement activities as needed in 2021-22.

Alignment with Gender Results Framework Goal(s): Equal opportunities and diversified paths in education and skills development; Gender equality in leadership roles and at all levels of decision-making

Environmental Assessment

Resource development affects the environment and can have economic, social and health consequences that are felt more heavily by some demographic groups. ECCC provides expert advice and knowledge to decision-makers for subjects within its mandate, such as water quality and biodiversity. This engagement will help to determine potential impacts of development to Canadians, including vulnerable populations.

Alignment with Gender Results Framework Goal(s): Reduced poverty and improved health outcomes

Compliance Promotion and Enforcement – Wildlife

ECCC is aware that certain instruments under the Acts it is responsible for enforcing may present more challenges to compliance for specific groups, such as visible minorities, linguistic groups, and/or Indigenous peoples. The various compliance promotion strategies utilized need to respond to these challenges.

  • The Program will provide training and material to inform on elements that must be considered when engaging in compliance promotion and enforcement activities with regulatees that may be Indigenous or part of a visible minority or linguistic group.
  • Through a group of officers who meet regularly with Indigenous representatives such as in wildlife co-management committees, ECCC will continue to build and promote mutual understanding and partnership.
  • Imagining new ways of working together, the department successfully implemented a service agreement for a Quebec Collège d’enseignement général et professionnel (QC-CEGEP) to develop a collegial training program adapted to Indigenous students’ unique realities, culture and history. The Program will continue to address the special considerations required to meet GBA+ requirements through policy analysis and the development of service agreements with the affected groups.

As a result, enforcement officers take into account established precepts when determining a fair and appropriate enforcement response.

Furthermore, ECCC has developed guidelines for entry and engagement on Indigenous lands, which support staff by: raising awareness and respect for Aboriginal treaty rights; instilling a greater awareness for the unique cultural and legal context of regulatory enforcement on lands where Indigenous peoples manage or control access or where Indigenous peoples exercise Aboriginal or treaty rights; and providing contact information and resources to leverage existing branch and departmental knowledge.

Alignment with Gender Results Framework Goal(s): Gender equality in leadership roles and at all levels of decision-making. ECCC has made strides in ensuring gender equality in leadership roles within the directorate with representation at the various levels of management.

Weather and Environmental Observations, Forecasts and Warnings

Canadians, and especially people living in northern and rural areas, are dependent on weather forecasts, warnings and expert advice to safely plan their daily activities. Canadians and other stakeholders rely on ECCC for authoritative information on weather, water, climate, marine, ice and air quality. Weather warnings provide information that can assist vulnerable Canadians, such as the elderly, children, or those with certain chronic illnesses or their caretakers, to make informed decisions in weather scenarios that may pose increased risks to these populations (e.g. extreme heat, extreme cold). This also applies to information that might be used to support other populations such as the homeless (i.e. extreme cold responses). An important aspect of these warnings is determining how best to communicate with all Canadians, especially those who are most vulnerable. Recognizing the different needs of Canadians, ECCC provides weather and environmental information through a wide range of platforms including the WeatherCAN application, weather radios, webinars, tailored weather products focusing on potential impacts of a weather situation, and stakeholder engagement. ECCC is also improving the accessibility and documentation of its weather and environmental data and services. Together, these strategies will help better communicate risk to a wide variety of Canadians and prepare them for potential impacts of hazardous weather.

Alignment with Gender Results Framework Goal(s): Equal opportunities and diversified paths in education and skills development; Promoting gender equality to build a more peaceful, inclusive, rules-based and prosperous world

Hydrological Services

Disasters in Canada, including water-related disasters such as floods and droughts, have shown that major events such as these can have significant psycho-social impacts, especially on those citizens who lack sufficient social infrastructure or those who were vulnerable prior to the event. Hydrometric data can be used in combination with socio-economic data to identify potential impacts of water hazards on various groups and implement mitigation measures accordingly. For instance in the case of flooding, hydrometric data provide the core information to develop flood maps which, when combined with geo-referenced socio-economic data, such as household revenue, age and sex, can be used to generate detailed risk assessments to prioritize actions targeting the groups that are the most at risk, including optimizing the monitoring network to enhance coverage for Canadians.

Alignment with Gender Results Framework Goal(s): Equal opportunities and diversified paths in education and skills development; Promoting gender equality to build a more peaceful, inclusive, rules-based and prosperous world

Internal Services

ECCC is committed to integrating GBA+ in evaluation. A GBA+ lens is applied in evaluation design and methodologies. Among other things, evaluations can consider how GBA+ has informed program design and delivery.

In its role as an enabler in the delivery of services by program Branches, ECCC’s Corporate Services and Finance Branch (CSFB) is applying a social procurement lens during procurement processes. This pilot initiative aims to consider impacts on gender, diversity and Indigenous groups, and aims to integrate GBA+ in all procurement activities.

Furthermore, a built-in GBA+ component as been integrated in the consideration of project investment in IM/IT. Digital tools, primarily remote work and the use of GCworkplace, have been deployed to enhance inclusion and meet the needs of all employees. CSFB has encouraged flexible work arrangements for employees to ensure that family situations and family roles are considered, especially during the COVID-19 pandemic.

To enhance inclusion, workplace solutions such as GCworkplace are considered and where feasible, implemented in new projects. The GCworkplace vision was formed and is oriented towards the following seven dimensions: flexible, digital, efficient, green, inclusive, collaborative, and healthy. Additionally, a single window approach for accommodation requests and a Return to Work application were both developed with a GBA+ lens in mind.

CSFB also benefits from a high representation of women throughout the senior management cadre, enabling decision-making that incorporates balanced and diverse perspectives.

On Human Resources, the Department will continue to support the overall implementation of the ECCC Diversity & Inclusion / Employment Equity action plan, and work through avenues such as the Leadership Council on Diversity & Inclusion and the Diversity & Inclusion Working Group to ensure that ECCC works towards addressing key employment equity areas of under-representation.

The Department will continue to contribute to a leadership culture that promotes and builds a healthy, harassment-free, accessible, respectful and supportive work environment.

ECCC will continue to use and develop tools and resources to support the mainstreaming of GBA+ in all ECCC activities and build a culture of inclusiveness.

Alignment with Gender Results Framework Goal(s): Gender equality in leadership roles and at all levels of decision-making; eliminating gender-based violence and harassment, and promoting security of the person and access to justice

Horizontal initiatives

Addressing Air Pollution

General information

Name of horizontal initiative

Addressing Air Pollution (AAP)

Lead department(s)

Environment and Climate Change Canada (ECCC)

Federal partner organization(s)

Health Canada (HC), National Research Council of Canada (NRC)

Non-federal and non-governmental partner(s)

The implementation of the Air Quality Management System (AQMS) is a federally led collaborative process with provinces and territories, with involvement of and in consultation with Indigenous peoples, health and environmental non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and industry.

Start date of the horizontal initiative

April 1, 2016

This initiative is a continuation of previous work conducted under the Clean Air Regulatory Agenda (CARA) which was in place from 2006-07 to 2015-16.

Current investments include funding provided in Budget 2016. Budget 2017 approved additional funding for this initiative starting in April 2018.

End date of the horizontal initiative

This initiative is ongoing, and funded through two budget submissions. Budget 2016 provided funding for the science and reporting activities for five years and ongoing, and provided funding for policy and analysis, mitigation actions, and indoor air quality activities for two years (2016–17 to 2017–18).

For 2018-19, Budget 2017 provided funding for policy and analysis activities for four years and ongoing. It also provided funding for mitigation activities for outdoor and indoor air quality for four years and ongoing.

Description of the horizontal initiative

Air pollution threatens the health of Canadians, degrades the environment, and can reduce economic productivity. It is linked with increased incidences of stroke, heart disease and acute respiratory diseases, and it exacerbates conditions such as asthma and diabetes, with subsequent increases in hospital admissions, emergency room visits and premature mortality. Outdoor air pollution also affects wildlife, ecosystems and vegetation, structures, and leads to reduced visibility. Indoor air pollution exposure is of particular concern given Canadians spend approximately 90% of their time indoors.

This initiative aims to improve air quality and health in Canada, and provide Canadians with the tools to make informed decisions to reduce their exposure to indoor and outdoor air pollutants. Activities include:

  1. Scientific and reporting activities to provide the foundation for credible, relevant and timely policy and regulation development, administration, and enforcement; and to provide air quality information to Canadians, including on the health risks of air pollution.
  2. Policy and analysis activities to: develop effective policy measures; work with provinces, territories and other stakeholders to address domestic air pollution; and work with the U.S. under the Air Quality Agreement and with other countries in international fora, such as the Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution to reduce transboundary sources of air pollution.
  3. Mitigation actions for outdoor air quality include developing and implementing regulatory and non-regulatory instruments to reduce emissions from industrial, transportation and consumer and commercial products sectors and equipment types.
  4. Mitigation actions for indoor air quality include communication and outreach activities through HC’s and NRC’s indoor air quality programs to inform Canadians of the health risks of indoor air pollution and to encourage personal actions to reduce these risks in homes and buildings, including at schools and workplaces.
Governance structures

ECCC provides program coordination and chairs an interdepartmental horizontal oversight committee at the assistant deputy minister level. Meetings occur annually or more frequently as needed. This committee is supported by interdepartmental committees at the director general and director levels and by working groups.

Total federal planned spending to date (dollars)

$392,670,259

Total federal actual spending to date (dollars)

$366,906,975

Date of last renewal of the horizontal initiative

December 14, 2017

Total federal funding allocated at the last renewal and source of funding (dollars)

Budget 2017 provided $201.04 million over four years, beginning in 2018-19, and $48.96 million in 2022-23 and ongoing, to improve the health of Canadians and their environment by reducing outdoor and indoor air pollution.

Additional federal funding received after the last renewal (dollars)

Not applicable

Funding contributed by non-federal and non-governmental partners

Not applicable

Fiscal year of planned completion of next evaluation

An evaluation of horizontal initative (led by ECCC, in collaboration with HC and NRC) is currently underway and will be completed in 2021.

Shared outcome of federal partners
  1. Canadians have clean air
  2. Adverse impacts on human health and ecosystems are reduced
Performance indicator(s)
  1. a) Percentage of Canadians living in areas where air quality standards are achieved
  2. a) Change in number of deaths per year attributable to air pollution
  1. b) Area of exceedance of ecosystem critical loads of acidity
Target(s)
  1. a) 85% of Canadians live in areas that meet all Canadian Ambient Air Quality Standards (CAAQS) in 2030 (from a baseline of approximately 60% in 2005-2007, based on 2020 CAAQS values)
  2. a) Decrease in number of deaths per year attributable to air pollution (from a baseline in 2017 of 42 per 100,000 population using data from 2007-2015)
  1. b) Decrease in the area of exceedance of ecosystem critical loads of acidity from a baseline (to be established)
Data source and frequency of monitoring and reporting
  1. a) National air pollution data map (including data from National Air Pollution Surveillance (NAPS) Program) cross-referenced with population data provided by Statistics Canada - maps produced annually
  2. a) Health Canada’s Air Quality Benefits Assessment Tool (AQBAT) - using national air pollution data from the NAPS Program and the Canadian Air and Precipitation Monitoring Network (CAPMoN) reported every five years based on a three-year average
  1. b) NAPS Program, CAPMoN, Aquatic and Terrestrial Critical Loads, and GEM-MACH air quality model. Three-year average reported annually.
Expected outcome or result of non-federal and non-governmental partners

Not applicable

Name of Theme

Not applicable

Planning Highlights 2021-2022

ECCC, HC and NRC will contribute to the improvement of air quality by:

  • Reporting to Canadians, in collaboration with provinces and territories, on the state of their air, via updates to the State of the Air Report;
  • Supporting the implementation of Canada’s Air Quality Management System (AQMS), in collaboration with provinces, territories and stakeholders, to improve outdoor air quality and protect the health of Canadians and the environment;
  • Setting and implementing new Canadian Ambient Air Quality Standards;
  • Developing regulatory and other measures to reduce and prevent air pollution emissions;
  • Working with international partners under the Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution to address transboundary air pollution, in Europe, Canada and the U.S.;
  • Working with the U.S. under the Canada-U.S. Air Quality Agreement to reduce transboundary air pollution;
  • Furthering science through policy-driven research and health assessments to inform evidence-based integrated policy decision-making;
  • Collaborating with provinces and territories to provide information to Canadians of the health risks of indoor air pollution (including radon) and to encourage individual actions to reduce these risks;
  • Increasing awareness and use of the Air Quality Health Index among individuals who are more vulnerable to the health impacts of air pollution.
Contact information

Addressing Air Pollution Horizontal Initiative Secretariat
Air Emissions Priorities Division
Legislative and Regulatory Affairs Directorate
Environmental Protection Branch
Environment and Climate Change Canada
351 Saint-Joseph Blvd, Place Vincent Massey
Gatineau, Quebec  K1A 0H3
ec.secretariatinitiativeairsecretariatairinitiative.ec@canada.ca

Planning information

Planning information
Federal organizations Link to the Department’s Program Inventory Total allocation (from start to end date) (dollars) 2021-22 Planned spending (dollars)
Total
Environment and Climate Change Canada Air Quality

$412,820,858
(from 2016-17 to 2021-22)

$67,827,508
(2022-23 and ongoing)

$68,662,571
Health Canada

Air Quality

Radiation Protection

$170,339,995
(from 2016-17 to 2021-22)

$28,389,999
(2022-23 and ongoing)

$28,389,999
National Research Council of Canada Construction

$3,626,596
(from 2016-17 to 2017-18)

$8,750,000
(from 2018-19 to 2021-22)

$2,300,000
(2022-23 and ongoing)

$2,300,000
Total for all federal organizations Not applicable

$595,537,449
(from 2016-17 to 2021-22)

$98,517,507
(2022-23 and ongoing)

$99,352,570

*For more information on Horizontal initiative activities, expected results, performance indicators, targets and state to achieve, please consult the table below

Environment and Climate Change Canada
Specific activity in support of initiative Immediate outcomes Performance indicators Targets Date to achieve targets
Science
Develop and provide air quality science (research, monitoring, and modelling, analysis and advice)

ER 1.1

Senior managers and decision makers have access to information and analysis on air quality and air pollution

PI 1.1

Percentage of requested foundational information products delivered to support evidence-based decision-making

T 1.1

100% of requested foundational work is delivered

2021-22
Develop and provide air pollutant emissions inventory data and reporting

ER 1.2

Increased public awareness of air pollution and air quality

PI 1.2

Number of sensitive individuals reached by Air Quality Health Index (AQHI) risk communications

T 1.2

Four million

  • Target has been developed based on an initial value estimate of 400,000 at risk Canadians receiving AQHI risk communications
2026 (progress reported annually)
Policy
Implementation of the federal air quality program

ER 1.3

Federal air quality standards are strengthened

PI 1.3

Percentage of CAAQS reviewed and updated

T 1.3

100% of CAAQS will be reviewed and, where necessary, will be made more stringent to encourage continuous improvement in air quality

Every five years from the CAAQS publication date
Mitigation

Develop, administer, review, and amend regulatory instruments—Multi-Sector Air Pollutants Regulations (MSAPR)

Stationary Spark-ignition Engines

ER 1.4

Regulatees are in compliance with federal air pollution measures

PI 1.4.1

Percentage of modern engines meeting performance requirements

T 1.4.1

13 major industrial sectors:  100% of modern engines of a size ≥ 75 kW emit ≤ 2.7 g/kWh of NOx

2020 compliance year (reporting in 2021)

PI 1.4.2

Percentage of pre-existing engines or fleets meeting performance requirements

T 1.4.2

Pre-existing engines ≥ 250 kW (in terms of rated brake power) in the oil and gas sector, by 2021:

  • 100% of individual engines emit of ≤ 4 g/kWh (or 210 ppm) of NOx for; or
  • 50% of individual engines in a fleet, in term of rated brake power, each emit ≤ 4 g/kWh (or 210 ppm) of NOx; or
  • 100% of engines in a fleet emit a yearly average of ≤ 8 g/kWh (or 421 ppm) of NOx

Pre-existing engines ≥ 250 kW (in terms of rated brake power) in the oil and gas sector, by 2026:

  • 100% of individual engines emit ≤ 4 g/kWh (or 210 ppm) of NOx; or
  • 100% of engines in a fleet emit a yearly average of ≤ 4 g/kWh (or 210 ppm) of NOx
2021 and 2026 compliance years (reporting in 2022 and 2027)

Develop, administer, review, and amend regulatory instruments—Multi-Sector Air Pollutants Regulations (MSAPR)

Boilers and Heaters

PI 1.4.3

Percentage of pre-existing, transitional, modern, or redesigned boilers and heaters meeting performance requirements

T 1.4.3

12 major industrial sectors: 100% of pre-existing, transitional, modern or redesigned boilers and heaters emit less than or equal to their NOx obligation no later than the following:

  • On commisioning for transitional, modern, or redesigned
  • 2027 for class 80 boilers and heaters that currently emit ≥ 80 g of NOx per gigajoule
  • 2037 for class 70 boilers and heaters that currently emit ≥ 70 g of NOx per gigajoule and < 80 g of NOx per gigajoule
2027 and 2037

Develop, administer, review, and amend regulatory instruments—Multi-Sector Air Pollutants Regulations (MSAPR)

Cement

PI 1.4.4

Percentage of cement manufacturing facilities meeting performance requirements

T 1.4.4

100% of regulated cement manufacturing facilities meet:

  • For NOx (preheater and precalciner):  2.25 kg/tonne of clinker / (wet and long dry):  2.55 kg/tonne clinker or 30% reduction in emission intensity from 2006
  • For SO2 (all kilns):  3.0 kg/tonne of clinker

Annual

2020 compliance year (reporting in 2021)

Develop, administer, review, and amend regulatory instruments—Transportation

PI 1.4.5

Percentage of regulatees reporting compliance with the regulated limits in new or amended fuel quality regulations

T 1.4.5

100% of regulatees reporting compliance with the regulated limits in new or amended fuel quality regulations

Annual

2021compliance year (reporting in 2022)

ER 1.5

Compliance review related to air pollutant regulations is strengthened

PI 1.5.1

Percentage of regulatees subject to fulsome review related to compliance with fuels regulations

T 1.5.1

5% of all fuels regulatees are subject to an enhanced compliance verification (including record review and sampling)

Annual

2021 compliance year (reporting in 2021)

Environment and Climate Change Canada
Intermediate outcomes Performance indicators Targets Date to achieve targets
Policy

ER 1.6

Canada’s involvement in international and bilateral transboundary agreements improves air quality

PI 1.6.1

Percentage reduction of national emissions of sulphur dioxide (SO2)

T 1.6.1

Indicative commitment:  55%reduction of national emissions of sulphur dioxide (SO2) from 2005 level

2020 (reporting in 2022, when 2020 data is available)

PI 1.6.2

Percentage reduction of national emissions of nitrogen oxides (NOx)

T 1.6.2

Indicative commitment:  35% reduction of national emissions of national nitrogen oxide (NOx) from 2005 level

2020 (reporting in 2022, when 2020 data is available)

PI 1.6.3

Percentage reduction of national emissions of fine particulate matter (PM2.5)

T 1.6.3

Indicative commitment:  25% reduction of national emissions of fine particulate matter (PM2.5) from 2005 level

2020 (reporting in 2022, when 2020 data is available)

PI 1.6.4

Percentage reduction of national emissions of volatile organic compounds (VOCs)

T 1.6.4

Indicative commitment:  20% reduction of national emissions of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) from 2005 level

2020 (reporting in 2022, when 2020 data is available)
Mitigation

ER 1.7

Regulatory and non-regulatory instruments reduce Canadian air pollutant emissions

PI 1.7.1

Reduction of emissions of air pollutants from industrial, transportation, and other sources for fine particulate matter (PM2.5); sulphur oxides (SOx); nitrogen oxides (NOx); volatile organic compounds (VOCs), in percentage and tonnes

T 1.7.1

Reduction in most recent three-year average emissions from baseline 2006–2008 and from the previous three-year average (recalculated annually)

Annual

(results relative to 2017-19 average reported in 2021)

PI 1.7.2

Percentage reduction of emissions of air pollutants from transportation and mobile sources for carbon monoxide (CO)

T 1.7.2

Decrease in most recent three-year average emissions from the previous three-year average (recalculated annually)

Annual

(results relative to 2017-19 average reported in 2021)

Health Canada
Specific activity in support of initiative Immediate outcomes Performance indicators Targets Date to achieve targets
Science
Develop and provide air pollutant emissions inventory data and reporting

ER 2.1

Increased public awareness of air pollution and air quality

PI 2.1

Number of sensitive individuals reached by Air Quality Health Index (AQHI risk) communications

T 2.1

Four million

  • Target has been developed based on an initial value estimate of 400,000 at risk Canadians receiving AQHI risk communications
2026 (progress reported annually)
Policy
Implementation of the federal Air Quality rogram

ER 2.2

Federal air quality standards are strengthened

PI 2.2

Percentage of CAAQS reviewed and updated

T 2.2

100% of CAAQS will be reviewed and, where necessary, will be made more stringent to encourage continuous improvement in air quality

Every five years from the CAAQS publication date
Indoor Air
Implement National Radon Program

ER 2.3

Canadians are aware of radon

PI 2.3

Percentage of Canadians surveyed who are knowledgeable about radon

T 2.3

65%

March 2023
Health Canada
Intermediate outcomes Performance indicators Targets Date to achieve targets

ER 2.4

Canadians change behaviour to reduce exposure to radon

PI 2.4

Percentage of Canadian homeowners surveyed who have tested their homes for radon

T 2.4

10%

March 2026
National Research Council
Specific activity in support of initiative (PIP) Immediate outcomes Performance indicators Targets Date to achieve targets
Indoor Air
Increase to the number of validated indoor air quality technologies that can be used by Canadians

ER 3.1

Develop technological solutions to improve indoor air quality

PI 3.3

Number of evaluated technical indoor air quality (IAQ) solutions ready for adoption by stakeholders

T3.3

Eight evaluated technical solutions over 5 years

2023
National Research Council
Intermediate outcomes Performance indicators Targets Date to achieve targets

ER 3.4

Increased uptake of products and systems that improve indoor air quality

PI 3.4

Number of new indoor air quality technologies that experience market uptake

T 3.4

Eight by April 2026

2026

Clean Growth and Climate Change

The Clean Growth and Climate Change Horizontal Initiative Supplementary Table is undergoing final review and confirmation across implicated federal departments. The table will be published on this web page as soon as it is finalized. Please check here later for further updates, or reach out to Amy Goon (amy.goon@canada.ca) for more information.

Federal Contaminated Sites Action Plan

General information

Name of horizontal initiative

Federal Contaminated Sites Action Plan (FCSAP)

Lead department

Environment and Climate Change Canada (ECCC) with support from the Treasury Board of Canada Secretariat (TBS).

Federal partner organization(s)

Indigenous Services Canada,Crown-Indigenous Relations and Northern Affairs Canada, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Canada Border Services Agency, Correctional Service Canada, Defence Construction Canada, Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Health Canada, Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada, Jacques Cartier and Champlain Bridges Incorporated, Marine Atlantic Inc., National Capital Commission, National Defence, National Research Council of Canada, Natural Resources Canada, Parks Canada, Public Services and Procurement Canada, Royal Canadian Mounted Police, Transport Canada, Treasury Board of Canada Secretariat (TBS), VIA Rail Canada

Start date of the horizontal initiative

The FCSAP was approved in 2005, as a 15-year program. It followed after the two-year Federal Contaminated Sites Accelerated Action Plan program which began in 2003.

End date of the horizontal initiative

FCSAP has been extended to March 31, 2035

Description of the horizontal initiative

The FCSAP provides a long-term mechanism to address the highest priority federal contaminated sites. Although responsibility for the management and remediation of federal contaminated sites rests with responsible custodial departments, the FCSAP program is administered by ECCC with support from the TBS.

Governance structures

The Federal Contaminated Sites Assistant Deputy Ministers Oversight Board is supported by the Director Generals Advisory Committee, the Contaminated Sites Management Working Group and the ECCC’s FCSAP Secretariat, which provides overall program coordination.

Total federal funding allocated from start to end date (dollars)

$6,228,062,532 from April 1, 2003, to March 31, 2025 (Phase I, II, III and IV).

Total federal planned spending to date (dollars)

Not Applicable

Total federal actual spending to date (dollars)

$4,586,432,966 from April 1, 2003 to March 31, 2020

Date of last renewal of the horizontal initiative

The FCSAP Horizontal Initiative was renewed in 2019 until March 31, 2035

Total federal funding allocated at the last renewal and source of funding (dollars)

$1,404,058,413

  • $1,353,191,618 Budget 2019
  • $50,866,795 additional funding received after the last renewal (Budget 2015)
Additional federal funding received after the last renewal (dollars)

Not Applicable.

Total planned spending since the last renewal

$234,340,858

Total actual spending since the last renewal

Not Applicable.

Fiscal year of planned completion of next evaluation

Evaluation lead by Environment and Climate Change Canada to begin in 2022–23 and be concluded in 2023–24. 

Planning highlights

FCSAP Phase IV (2020-21 to 2024-25) will focus remediation efforts on the highest-priority federal sites. From April 1, 2021, to March 31, 2022, remediation activities will be conducted on an estimated 689 sites and these activities will reduce liability by $236,290,733. Site assessments will occur on an estimated 112 sites.

Contact information

FCSAP Secretariat
Contaminated Sites Division
17th floor, Place Vincent Massey
351 St. Joseph Blvd
Gatineau, QC, K1A 0H3
ec.pascf-fcsap.ec@canada.ca

Horizontal initiative framework: departmental funding by theme (dollars)

Horizontal initiative: Federal Contaminated Sites Action Plan (FCSAP)

Shared outcomes: 1) Reduce risks to human health and the environment from federal contaminated sites. 2) Reduction in environmental liability due to implementation of risk reduction plans at FCSAP funded sites during Phase IV

Departmental funding by theme
Name of theme Theme 1
Risk Reduction
Theme 2
Collaborative Governance
Internal Services*
Theme outcome(s) More efficient spending leads to a more timely program delivery Whole-of-government collaborative solutions lead to improved spending Not applicable
Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada 4,781,725 337,020 0
Canada Border Services Agency 1,239,275 0 0
Crown-Indigenous Relations and Northern Affairs Canada 191,029,841 2,447,376 0
Indigenous Services Canada 213,430,736 13,548,485 366,520
Correctional Service Canada 1,653,117 721,783 0
Defence Construction Canada N/A 0 0
National Defence 353,232,609 10,063,106 0
Environment and Climate Change Canada 146,922,153 13,862,919 2,187,135
Fisheries and Oceans Canada 118,426,974 4,374,380 0
Health Canada 12,504,662 0 1,199,450
Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada 965,000 606,870 0
Jacques Cartier and Champlain Bridges Incorporated 49,571,896 0 0
National Capital Commission 19,381,548 488,790 0
National Research Council of Canada 3,627,000 0 0
Natural Resources Canada 3,761,465 0 39,553
Parks Canada 28,013,650 2,542,478 787,805
Public Services and Procurement Canada 86,533,929 3,667,109 0
Transport Canada 101,043,837 7,627,124 609,508
Treasury Board of Canada Secretariat N/A 2,786,469 246,000
VIA Rail Canada 4,865,087 0 0

*The Internal Services figure is included in the total allocation amounts for each theme.

Planning information

Horizontal initiative overview
Name of horizontal initiative Total federal funding allocated since the last renewal*
(dollars)
2021-22
Planned spending
(dollars)
Horizontal initiative shared outcome(s) Performance indicator(s) Target(s) Date to achieve target
Federal Contaminated Sites Action Plan 1,404,058,413 279,519,721 Reduce risks to human health and the environment from federal contaminated sites Percentage of FCSAP eligible sites (based on the FCSI, as of March 31st 2020) closed or in long-term monitoring (Highest Step Completed  (HSC>=9) 60%  March 31, 2025
Reduction in environmental liability due to implementation of risk reduction plans at FCSAP funded sites during Phase IV Reduction of total environmental liability (in dollars) by implementing remediation at FCSAP funded sites that have existing risk reduction plans (HSC≥7) $554 million March 31, 2025

* This amount includes any additional funding received after the last renewal.

Theme 1 details
Name of theme Total federal theme funding allocated since the last renewal*
(dollars)
2021–22
Federal theme planned spending
(dollars)
Theme outcome(s) Theme performance indicator(s) Theme target(s) Date to achieve theme target
Risk Reduction 1,340,984,504 266,938,669 More efficient spending leads to a more timely program delivery Percentage increase in average allocated annual assessment, remediation, and expert support funding that is spent in Phase IV is higher than in Phase III. 5% March 31, 2025

* This amount includes any additional funding received after the last renewal.

Theme 1 horizontal initiative activities
Departments Link to the department’s Program Inventory Horizontal initiative activity (activities) Total federal funding allocated to each horizontal initiative activity since the last renewal*
(dollars)
2021–22
Planned spending for each horizontal initiative activity
(dollars)
2021–22
Horizontal initiative activity expected result(s)
2021–22
Horizontal initiative activity performance indicator(s)
2021–22
Horizontal initiative activity target(s)
Date to achieve horizontal initiative activity target
Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada Internal Services Design and Implement remedial action plans at highest priority eligible contaminated sites to reduce risk 4,781,725 3,950,353 Reduced level of risks to human health and the environment as more contaminates sites are remediated Percentage of FCSAP-funded sites during Phase IV that have completed remediation/risk management work (HSC ≥ 8) 7 sites March 31, 2025
Canada Border Services Agency Buildings and Management
Design and Implement remedial action plans at highest priority eligible contaminated sites to reduce risk 1,239,275 333,900 Reduced level of risks to human health and the environment as more contaminates sites are remediated Percentage of FCSAP-funded sites during Phase IV that have completed remediation/risk management work (HSC ≥ 8) 2 sites March 31, 2025
Crown-Indigenous Relations and Northern Affaires Northern Contaminated Sites Design and Implement remedial action plans at highest priority eligible contaminated sites to reduce risk 191,029,841 36,277,443 Reduced level of risks to human health and the environment as more contaminates sites are remediated Percentage of FCSAP-funded sites during Phase IV that have completed remediation/risk management work (HSC ≥ 8) 5 sites March 31, 2025
Indigenous Services Canada Land, Natural Resources and Environmental Management Identify risks and priorities for remediation by completing Environmental Site Assessments (ESA) 7,817,301 1,575,676 Completion of site assessment activities allows for the evaluation of risks Percentage of planned site assessments that are completed in Phase IV 18 sites March 31, 2025
Design and Implement remedial action plans at highest priority eligible contaminated sites to reduce risk 205,613,435 38,642,877 Reduced level of risks to human health and the environment as more contaminates sites are remediated Percentage of FCSAP-funded sites during Phase IV that have completed remediation/risk management work (HSC ≥ 8) 49 sites March 31, 2025
Correctional Service Canada Accommodation Services Identify risks and priorities for remediation by completing Environmental Site Assessments (ESA) 316,553 98,247 Completion of site assessment activities allows for the evaluation of risks Percentage of planned site assessments that are completed in Phase IV 1 site March 31, 2025
Design and Implement remedial action plans at highest priority eligible contaminated sites to reduce risk 1,336,564 371,099 Reduced level of risks to human health and the environment as more contaminates sites are remediated Percentage of FCSAP-funded sites during Phase IV that have completed remediation/risk management work (HSC ≥ 8) 1 site March 31, 2025
National Defence Environmental Sustainability and Protection Identify risks and priorities for remediation by completing Environmental Site Assessments (ESA) 12,669,752 3,278,696 Completion of site assessment activities allows for the evaluation of risks Percentage of planned site assessments that are completed in Phase IV 35 sites March 31, 2025
Design and Implement remedial action plans at highest priority eligible contaminated sites to reduce risk 340,562,857 66,351,280 Reduced level of risks to human health and the environment as more contaminates sites are remediated Percentage of FCSAP-funded sites during Phase IV that have completed remediation/risk management work (HSC ≥ 8) 12 sites March 31, 2025
Environment and Climate Change Canada Substances and Waste Management Identify risks and priorities for remediation by completing Environmental Site Assessments (ESA) 4,045,359 1,900,727 Completion of site assessment activities allows for the evaluation of risks Percentage of planned site assessments that are completed in Phase IV 1 site March 31, 2025
Design and Implement remedial action plans at highest priority eligible contaminated sites to reduce risk 127,951,878 29,925,037 Reduced level of risks to human health and the environment as more contaminates sites are remediated Percentage of FCSAP-funded sites during Phase IV that have completed remediation/risk management work (HSC ≥ 8) 2 sites March 31, 2025
Review FCSAP site classification documents for project prioritization, review site specific scientific and technical documents to promote national consistency with respect to management of federal contaminated site activities (e.g. site assessment, site remediation, risk management), and provide advice to inform risk-based decision making as per FCSAP policy. 14,924,916 2,984,983 Science-based Expert Support Departments (SESDs) service standards are met when reviewing FCSAP site classification documents and/or FCSAP site specific scientific and technical documents Percentage of times the review of site classification and the review of site-specific scientific and technical documents are completed within established service standards 90% March 31 of each year starting in 2022
Fisheries and Oceans Canada Real Property Identify risks and priorities for remediation by completing Environmental Site Assessments (ESA) 1,734,954 455,212 Completion of site assessment activities allows for the evaluation of risks Percentage of planned site assessments that are completed in Phase IV 2 sites March 31, 2025
Design and Implement remedial action plans at highest priority eligible contaminated sites to reduce risk 106,353,315 11,895,006 Reduced level of risks to human health and the environment as more contaminates sites are remediated Percentage of FCSAP-funded sites during Phase IV that have completed remediation/risk management work (HSC ≥ 8) 29 sites March 31, 2025
Fish and Fish Habitat Protection Review FCSAP site classification documents for project prioritization, review site specific scientific and technical documents to promote national consistency with respect to management of federal contaminated site activities (e.g. site assessment, site remediation, risk management), and provide advice to inform risk-based decision making as per FCSAP policy. 10,338,705 2,067,741 Science-based Expert Support Departments (SESDs) service standards are met when reviewing FCSAP site classification documents and/or FCSAP site specific scientific and technical documents Percentage of times the review of site classification and the review of site-specific scientific and technical documents are completed within established service standards 90% March 31 of each year starting in 2022
Health Canada Health Impacts of Chemicals Review FCSAP site classification documents for project prioritization, review site specific scientific and technical documents to promote national consistency with respect to management of federal contaminated site activities (e.g. site assessment, site remediation, risk management), and provide advice to inform risk-based decision making as per FCSAP policy. 12,504,662 2,500,932 Science-based Expert Support Departments (SESDs) service standards are met when reviewing FCSAP site classification documents and/or FCSAP site specific scientific and technical documents Percentage of times the review of site classification and the review of site-specific scientific and technical documents are completed within established service standards 90% March 31 of each year starting in 2022
Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada Communication Technologies, Research and Innovation Identify risks and priorities for remediation by completing Environmental Site Assessments (ESA) 425,000 175,000 Completion of site assessment activities allows for the evaluation of risks Percentage of planned site assessments that are completed in Phase IV 2 sites March 31, 2025
Design and Implement remedial action plans at highest priority eligible contaminated sites to reduce risk 540,000 0 Reduced level of risks to human health and the environment as more contaminates sites are remediated Percentage of FCSAP-funded sites during Phase IV that have completed remediation/risk management work (HSC ≥ 8) 0 sites March 31, 2025
The Jacques-Cartier and Champlain Bridges Inc. The Jacques-Cartier and Champlain Bridges Inc. Identify risks and priorities for remediation by completing Environmental Site Assessments (ESA) 4,256,506 1,354,343 Completion of site assessment activities allows for the evaluation of risks Percentage of planned site assessments that are completed in Phase IV 0 sites March 31, 2025
Design and Implement remedial action plans at highest priority eligible contaminated sites to reduce risk 45,315,390 2,059,193 Reduced level of risks to human health and the environment as more contaminates sites are remediated Percentage of FCSAP-funded sites during Phase IV that have completed remediation/risk management work (HSC ≥ 8) 0 sites March 31, 2025
National Capital Commission National Capital Commission Identify risks and priorities for remediation by completing Environmental Site Assessments (ESA) 1,999,381 610,790 Completion of site assessment activities allows for the evaluation of risks Percentage of planned site assessments that are completed in Phase IV 3 sites March 31, 2025
Design and Implement remedial action plans at highest priority eligible contaminated sites to reduce risk 17,382,167 7,537,234 Reduced level of risks to human health and the environment as more contaminates sites are remediated Percentage of FCSAP-funded sites during Phase IV that have completed remediation/risk management work (HSC ≥ 8) 1 site March 31, 2025
National Research Council of Canada Internal Services Identify risks and priorities for remediation by completing Environmental Site Assessments (ESA) 190,000 0 Completion of site assessment activities allows for the evaluation of risks Percentage of planned site assessments that are completed in Phase IV 0 sites March 31, 2025
Design and Implement remedial action plans at highest priority eligible contaminated sites to reduce risk 3,437,000 665,000 Reduced level of risks to human health and the environment as more contaminates sites are remediated Percentage of FCSAP-funded sites during Phase IV that have completed remediation/risk management work (HSC ≥ 8) 1 site March 31, 2025
Natural Resources Canada Internal Services Identify risks and priorities for remediation by completing Environmental Site Assessments (ESA) 85,933 85,933 Completion of site assessment activities allows for the evaluation of risks Percentage of planned site assessments that are completed in Phase IV 1 site March 31, 2025
Design and Implement remedial action plans at highest priority eligible contaminated sites to reduce risk 3,675,532 1,164,425 Reduced level of risks to human health and the environment as more contaminates sites are remediated Percentage of FCSAP-funded sites during Phase IV that have completed remediation/risk management work (HSC ≥ 8) 0 sites March 31, 2025
Parks Canada Heritage Places Conservation Identify risks and priorities for remediation by completing Environmental Site Assessments (ESA) 1,111,140 78,750 Completion of site assessment activities allows for the evaluation of risks Percentage of planned site assessments that are completed in Phase IV 2 sites March 31, 2025
Design and Implement remedial action plans at highest priority eligible contaminated sites to reduce risk 26,902,510 6,892,029 Reduced level of risks to human health and the environment as more contaminates sites are remediated Percentage of FCSAP-funded sites during Phase IV that have completed remediation/risk management work (HSC ≥ 8) 1 site March 31, 2025
Public Services and Procurement Canada Property and Infrastructure – Federal Accommodation and Infrastructure Assets Identify risks and priorities for remediation by completing Environmental Site Assessments (ESA) 4,542,180 835,249 Completion of site assessment activities allows for the evaluation of risks Percentage of planned site assessments that are completed in Phase IV 6 sites March 31, 2025
Design and Implement remedial action plans at highest priority eligible contaminated sites to reduce risk 81,991,749 29,897,261 Reduced level of risks to human health and the environment as more contaminates sites are remediated Percentage of FCSAP-funded sites during Phase IV that have completed remediation/risk management work (HSC ≥ 8) 0 sites March 31, 2025
Transport Canada Environmental Stewardship of Transportation Identify risks and priorities for remediation by completing Environmental Site Assessments (ESA) 419,386 209,303 Completion of site assessment activities allows for the evaluation of risks Percentage of planned site assessments that are completed in Phase IV 1 site March 31, 2025
Design and Implement remedial action plans at highest priority eligible contaminated sites to reduce risk 100,624,451 10,966,039 Reduced level of risks to human health and the environment as more contaminates sites are remediated Percentage of FCSAP-funded sites during Phase IV that have completed remediation/risk management work (HSC ≥ 8) 5 sites March 31, 2025
VIA Rail Canada VIA Rail Canada Inc. Identify risks and priorities for remediation by completing Environmental Site Assessments (ESA) 125,000 0 Completion of site assessment activities allows for the evaluation of risks Percentage of planned site assessments that are completed in Phase IV 0 sites March 31, 2025
Design and Implement remedial action plans at highest priority eligible contaminated sites to reduce risk 4,740,087 1,798,911 Reduced level of risks to human health and the environment as more contaminates sites are remediated Percentage of FCSAP-funded sites during Phase IV that have completed remediation/risk management work (HSC ≥ 8) 0 sites March 31, 2025

* This amount includes any additional funding received after the last renewal.

Theme 2 details
Name of theme Total federal theme funding allocated since the last renewal*
(dollars)
2021-22
Federal theme planned spending
(dollars)
Theme outcome(s) Theme performance indicator(s) Theme target(s) Date to achieve theme target
Collaborative Governance 63,073,909 12,581,052 Whole-of-government collaborative solutions lead to improved spending Percentage decrease in average annual funding surpluses in Phase IV compared to Phase III 4% March 31, 2025

* This amount includes any additional funding received after the last renewal.

Theme 2 horizontal initiative activities
Departments Link to the department’s Program Inventory Horizontal initiative activity (activities) Total federal funding allocated to each horizontal initiative activity since the last renewal*
(dollars)
2021-22
Planned spending for each horizontal initiative activity
(dollars)
2021-22 Horizontal initiative activity expected result(s) 2021-22 Horizontal initiative activity performance indicator(s) 2021-22 Horizontal initiative activity target(s) Date to achieve horizontal initiative activity target
Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada Foundational Science and Research Implement procurement approaches that meet service standards of custodial departments 337,020 67,404 Contracts issued via standard procurement tools or solicited via Buy and Sell respect service standards.

Percentage of custodian contracts via procurement tools or via competitive procurement processes that are issued within the appropriate custodial departmental service standards of receiving the finalized requirement and required funding.

*only procurement done through O&M funding should be reported on.

90% March 31st of each year starting in 2022
Canada Border Services Agency Buildings and Management Implement procurement approaches that meet service standards of custodial departments 0 0 Projects are planned and initiated to prevent delays and to maximize the work season each year Percentage of contracts via standing procurement tools (e.g., standing offers, task authorizations)  will be issued within 30 days of receiving the finalized requirement and required funding 90% March 31st of each year starting in 2022
Percentage of contracts solicited via Buy and Sell and other competitive procurement processes will be issued within 100 days of receiving the finalized requirement and required funding 90% March 31st of each year starting in 2022
Crown-Indigenous Relations and Northern Affaires Northern Contaminated Sites Implement procurement approaches that meet service standards of custodial departments 2,447,376 489,475 Projects are planned and initiated to prevent delays and to maximize the work season each year Percentage of contracts via standing procurement tools (e.g., standing offers, task authorizations)  will be issued within 30 days of receiving the finalized requirement and required funding 90% March 31st of each year starting in 2022
Indigenous Services Canada Land, Natural Resources and Environmental Management Implement procurement approaches that meet service standards of custodial departments 13,548,485 2,709,697 Projects are planned and initiated to prevent delays and to maximize the work season each year Percentage of contracts via standing procurement tools (e.g., standing offers, task authorizations)  will be issued within 30 days of receiving the finalized requirement and required funding 90% March 31st of each year starting in 2022
Correctional Service Canada Accommodation Services Implement procurement approaches that meet service standards of custodial departments 721,783 144,356 Projects are planned and initiated to prevent delays and to maximize the work season each year Percentage of contracts via standing procurement tools (e.g., standing offers, task authorizations)  will be issued within 30 days of receiving the finalized requirement and required funding 90% March 31st of each year starting in 2022
Defence Construction Canada - Implement procurement approaches for DND that meet DCC service standards 0 0 Contracts issued via standard procurement tools or solicited via Buy and Sell respect service standards. Percentage of custodian contracts via procurement tools or via competitive procurement processes that are issued within the appropriate service standards of receiving the finalized requirement and required funding. 90% March 31st of each year starting in 2022
National Defence Environmental Sustainability and Protection Implement procurement approaches that meet service standards of custodial departments 10,063,106 2,002,758 Projects are planned and initiated to prevent delays and to maximize the work season each year Percentage of contracts via standing procurement tools (e.g., standing offers, task authorizations)  will be issued within 30 days of receiving the finalized requirement and required funding 90% March 31st of each year starting in 2022
Environment and Climate Change Canada Substances and Waste Management Provide enhanced oversight, administration and coordination to program partners 11,763,166 2,352,643 Senior governance committee meetings are conducted according to the governance schedule. Percentage of senior governance meetings that are held on time each fiscal year.    80% March 31st of each year starting in 2022
Senior governance committees are supported by implementation of action items and decisions related to enhanced oversight, administration and coordination of the  FCSAP program % of action items and decisions with in year completion dates made at the senior governance meetings that are completed by their deadline. 100% March 31st of each year starting in 2022
Provide oversight and coordination to expert support departments Coordinated ESD activities provides improved guidance, training or documentation for program partners % of Pre-identified information gaps are addressed 80% March 31st of each year starting in 2022
Implement procurement approaches that meet service standards of custodial departments $2,099,753 419,952 Contracts issued via standard procurement tools or solicited via Buy and Sell respect service standards.

Percentage of custodian contracts via procurement tools or via competitive procurement processes that are issued within the appropriate custodial departmental service standards of receiving the finalized requirement and required funding.

*only procurement done through O&M funding should be reported on.

90% March 31st of each year starting in 2022
Fisheries and Oceans Canada Real Property Implement procurement approaches that meet service standards of custodial departments 4,374,380 874,876 Projects are planned and initiated to prevent delays and to maximize the work season each year Percentage of contracts via standing procurement tools (e.g., standing offers, task authorizations)  will be issued within 30 days of receiving the finalized requirement and required funding 90% March 31st of each year starting in 2022
Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada Communication Technologies, Research and Innovation Implement procurement approaches that meet service standards of custodial departments 606,870 121,374 Projects are planned and initiated to prevent delays and to maximize the work season each year Percentage of contracts via standing procurement tools (e.g., standing offers, task authorizations)  will be issued within 30 days of receiving the finalized requirement and required funding 90% March 31st of each year starting in 2022
The Jacques-Cartier and Champlain Bridges Inc. The Jacques-Cartier and Champlain Bridges Inc. Implement procurement approaches that meet service standards of custodial departments 0 0 Projects are planned and initiated to prevent delays and to maximize the work season each year Percentage of contracts via standing procurement tools (e.g., standing offers, task authorizations)  will be issued within 30 days of receiving the finalized requirement and required funding 90% March 31st of each year starting in 2022
National Capital Commission National Capital Commission Implement procurement approaches that meet service standards of custodial departments 488,790 97,758 Projects are planned and initiated to prevent delays and to maximize the work season each year Percentage of contracts via standing procurement tools (e.g., standing offers, task authorizations)  will be issued within 30 days of receiving the finalized requirement and required funding 90% March 31st of each year starting in 2022
National Research Council Canada Internal Services Implement procurement approaches that meet service standards of custodial departments 0 0 Projects are planned and initiated to prevent delays and to maximize the work season each year Percentage of contracts via standing procurement tools (e.g., standing offers, task authorizations)  will be issued within 30 days of receiving the finalized requirement and required funding 90% March 31st of each year starting in 2022
Natural Resources Canada Internal Services Implement procurement approaches that meet service standards of custodial departments 0 0 Projects are planned and initiated to prevent delays and to maximize the work season each year Percentage of contracts via standing procurement tools (e.g., standing offers, task authorizations)  will be issued within 30 days of receiving the finalized requirement and required funding 90% March 31st of each year starting in 2022
Parks Canada Heritage Places Conservation Implement procurement approaches that meet service standards of custodial departments 2,542,478 484,607 Projects are planned and initiated to prevent delays and to maximize the work season each year Percentage of contracts via standing procurement tools (e.g., standing offers, task authorizations)  will be issued within 30 days of receiving the finalized requirement and required funding 90% March 31st of each year starting in 2022
Public Services and Procurement Canada Property and Infrastructure – Federal Accommodation and Infrastructure Assets Communicate program demand forecasts to industry service providers. 2,708,699 541,740 Private sector is informed of the federal demand for services Annual FCSAP federal demand forecasts are developed based on regional workplans  and are shared with the  private sector Federal demand forecasts for private sector support are shared on time online and through outreach to each of the 6 regions. By June 15th of each year
Implement procurement approaches for federal custodians that meet PSPC service standards 0 0 Contracts issued via standard procurement tools or solicited via Buy and Sell respect service standards. Percentage of custodian contracts via procurement tools or via competitive procurement processes that are issued within the appropriate service standards of receiving the finalized requirement and required funding. 90% March 31st of each year starting in 2022
Implement procurement approaches that meet service standards of custodial departments 958,410 191,682 Contracts issued via standard procurement tools or solicited via Buy and Sell respect service standards.

Percentage of custodian contracts via procurement tools or via competitive procurement processes that are issued within the appropriate custodial departmental service standards of receiving the finalized requirement and required funding.

*only procurement done through O&M funding should be reported on.

90% March 31st of each year starting in 2022
Transport Canada Environmental Stewardship of Transportation Implement procurement approaches that meet service standards of custodial departments 7,627,124 1,525,436 Projects are planned and initiated to prevent delays and to maximize the work season each year Percentage of contracts via standing procurement tools (e.g., standing offers, task authorizations)  will be issued within 30 days of receiving the finalized requirement and required funding 90% March 31st of each year starting in 2022
Treasury Board of Canada Secretariat Acquired Services and Assets Policies and Initiatives Provide enhanced oversight, administration and coordination to program partners $2,786,469 557,294 Senior governance committee meetings are conducted according to the governance schedule. Percentage of senior governance meetings that are held on time each fiscal year. 80% March 31st of each year starting in 2022
Senior governance committees are supported by implementation of action items and decisions related to enhanced oversight, administration and coordination of the  FCSAP program Percentage of action items and decisions with in year completion dates made at the senior governance meetings that are completed by their deadline. 100% March 31st of each year starting in 2022
VIA Rail Canada VIA Rail Canada Inc. Implement procurement approaches that meet service standards of custodial departments 0 0 Projects are planned and initiated to prevent delays and to maximize the work season each year Percentage of contracts via standing procurement tools (e.g., standing offers, task authorizations)  will be issued within 30 days of receiving the finalized requirement and required funding 90% March 31st of each year starting in 2022

* This amount includes any additional funding received after the last renewal.

Total spending, all themes
Theme Total federal funding allocated since the last renewal*
(dollars)
2021–22 Total federal planned spending
(dollars)
Theme 1 – Risk Reduction 1,340,984,504 266,938,669
Theme 2 – Collaborative Governance 63,073,909 12,581,052
Total, all themes 1,404,058,413 279,519,721

* This amount includes any additional funding received after the last renewal.

Federal Leadership Towards Zero Plastic Waste

General information

Name of horizontal initiative

Federal Leadership Towards Zero Plastic Waste

Lead department

Environment and Climate Change Canada (ECCC)

Federal partner organization(s)

Department of Fisheries, Oceans and the Canadian Coast Guard (DFO), Transport Canada (TC), Public Services and Procurement Canada (PSPC), and Crown-Indigenous Relations and Northern Affairs Canada (CIRNAC)

Start date of the horizontal initiative

2019-20

End date of the horizontal initiative

2021-22

Description of the horizontal initiative

The Federal Leadership towards Zero Plastic Waste initiative will advance federal actions to deliver on Canada’s goal of zero plastic waste by 2030; it will gather evidence to inform decision-making; support targeted actions to divert plastic waste from landfills and the environment; and lay the groundwork to instigate change by industry, provincial/territorial partners, Indigenous peoples and communities.

Governance structures

Environment and Climate Change Canada has a cascading oversight accountability and reporting structure that consists of three governance committees: Deputy Minister, Assistant Deputy Minister and Director General interdepartmental oversight committees.

Total federal funding allocated from start to end date (dollars)

$59,958,154 ($54,627,745 new funding + $5,330,409 existing funding) from 2019 to 2022.

Total federal planned spending to date (dollars)

$42,021,395

Total federal actual spending to date (dollars)

$7,967,010

Date of last renewal of the horizontal initiative

Not applicable

Total federal funding allocated at the last renewal and source of funding (dollars)

Not applicable

Additional federal funding received after the last renewal (dollars)

Not applicable

Total planned spending since the last renewal

Not applicable

Total actual spending since the last renewal

Not applicable

Fiscal year of planned completion of next evaluation

2021-22

Planning highlights

The Government of Canada will continue to implement key initiatives along the six themes of the Federal Leadership Towards Zero Plastic Waste initiative. These concerted actions aim to set Canada on course to achieve its 2030 goal of keeping all plastics in the economy, and out of the environment.

  • Theme I: Promoting sustainable design, production and after-use markets: we will continue to pursue voluntary government and industry standards and initiatives to instigate change in plastic product design and production practices. These changes aim to prolong the useful life of plastic products, render them recyclable, reduce the impact of their production, and ensure there are markets for their recycled form. For example, we will develop recycled content standards, and introduce regulatory measures to implement the government’s commitment to ban single-use plastics.
  • Theme II: Invest in collection, management and systems infrastructure: we will continue to work with provinces through the Canadian Council of Ministers of the Environment (CCME) to develop guidance for harmonized extended producer responsibility programs to increase plastic waste collection rates and improve end-of-life management practices. The aim is to increase the supply of plastic that is collected and diverted back into the economy by producers and other economic actors.
  • Theme III: Promote sustainable lifestyles and education: Federal government campaigns will encourage employees to produce less plastic waste, in order to reduce the amount of plastic waste generated by federal operations.
  • Theme IV: Support science, innovation and new technologies: The Canadian Plastics Science Agenda (CaPSA) will continue to fund research to further our understanding of the impacts of plastics on human health, the environment and in the North, and to develop harmonized methods and standards for the detection of plastics and assessing the impacts of plastic pollution. With Statistics Canada we will continue to develop a methodology for measuring plastic usage and plastic waste through surveys to establish baseline waste data and track progress over time. Second phase winners of the Canadian Plastics Innovation Challenges will be funded to proceed to prototype development.
  • Theme V: Support coastal and shoreline action: The Zero Plastic Waste Initiative (ZPWI) has funded and will receive progress reports from projects aimed at providing local solutions to prevent waste from entering the environment, or to capture and remove plastic pollution.
  • Theme VI: Engage domestic and international stakeholders on the circular economy by hosting the 2021 World Circular Economy Forum in Canada: The Forum, to be held in September 2021, will promote awareness of economic and environmental opportunities associated with a circular economy.
Contact information

Nathan Farrar, Environmental Protection Branch
Environment and Climate Change Canada
Plastics and Waste Management Directorate
Plastics and Marine Litter Division
Nathan.Farrar@canada.ca
351 Saint-Joseph Boulevard, Gatineau, QC  K1A 0H3

Horizontal initiative framework: departmental funding by theme (dollars)

Horizontal initiative: Federal Leadership Towards Zero Plastic Waste

Shared outcomes: Actions are taken to reduce plastic waste by governments; industry and citizens, and baseline information is collected to inform the next phase of Canada’s approach to achieving zero plastic waste.

Shared outcomes
Name of theme I. Sustainable design, production and after-use markets II. Collection, management, other systems, and infrastructure III. Sustainable lifestyles and education IV. Science, Innovation and New Technologies V. Coastal and Shoreline Action VI. Laying the Foundation for a Circular Economy Internal Services
Theme outcome(s) I. Targeted measures drive sustainable design, production and after-use markets within Industry and federal operations

II.A. Targeted sectors adopt measures to increase plastic waste collection rates and improve end-of-life management practices

II.B. Targeted actions divert plastic waste and ghost fishing gear from aquatic sources

III. Federal employees in targeted buildings produce less plastic waste

IV.A. Scientific and socio-economic information on the distribution and impacts of plastics throughout their lifecycle is available

IV.B. Government funding drives technological innovation to reduce plastic waste

V. Plastic pollution is diverted from aquatic environments VI. 2021 World Circular Economy Forum (WCEF) attendees are more informed about opportunities for a circular economy Not applicable
ECCC $8,100,520 $6,239,872 N/A $12,058,294 $5,349,059 $4,227,120 $2,197,459
DFO N/A $15,000,000 N/A N/A N/A N/A $610,055
TC N/A $791,066 N/A N/A $312,223 N/A $109,878
PSPC $1,229,000 $3,980,000 $671,000 N/A N/A N/A N/A
CIRNAC N/A N/A N/A $2,000,000 N/A N/A $50,124

*The Internal Services figure is included in the total allocation amounts for each theme.

Planning information

Horizontal initiative overview
Name of horizontal initiative Total federal funding allocated since the last renewal*
(dollars)
2021-22
Planned spending
(dollars)
Horizontal initiative shared outcome(s) Performance indicator(s) Target(s) Date to achieve target
Federal Leadership Towards Zero Plastic Waste $59,958,154 $23,069,398 1. Scientific and socio-economic information on plastics throughout their lifecycle is available to inform policy PI1.  # of pre-identified information gaps on science, socio-economic and best practices addressed At least 4 TBD upon G&C approvals, in 2021)
2. Plastic is diverted from landfills and the environment PI2. Weight (kilograms) of plastics diverted TBD once targets for actions below have been established March 31, 2022

* This amount includes any additional funding received after the last renewal.

Theme 1 details
Name of theme Total federal theme funding allocated since the last renewal*
(dollars)
2021–22
Federal theme planned spending
(dollars)
Theme outcome(s) Theme performance indicator(s) Theme target(s) Date to achieve theme target
Sustainable design, production and after-use markets $9,329,520 $3,610,342 Targeted measures drive sustainable design, production and after-use markets within Industry and federal operations Adoption rates of targeted measures within targeted sectors 100% of targeted sectors March 2022

* This amount includes any additional funding received after the last renewal.

Theme 1 horizontal initiative activities
Departments Link to the department’s Program Inventory Horizontal initiative activity (activities) Total federal funding allocated to each horizontal initiative activity since the last renewal*
(dollars)
2021–22
Planned spending for each horizontal initiative activity
(dollars)
2021–22
Horizontal initiative activity expected result(s)
2021–22
Horizontal initiative activity performance indicator(s)
2021–22
Horizontal initiative activity target(s)
Date to achieve horizontal initiative activity target
ECCC Substances and Waste Management 1.1  Establish a scientific and socio-economic knowledge base to inform regulation, including producing a science assessment $8,100,520 $327,351 1.1 The Government of Canada has access to a scientific and socio-economic knowledge base to inform regulation 1.1 # of science, socio-economic and policy reports and peer-reviewed publications used to inform regulations At least 3 March 2022
1.2.1  Develop  National standards /  performance requirements for sustainable plastics and alternatives $637,627 1.2. Partnerships and voluntary instruments are in place to drive sustainable design, production and after-use markets in targeted Industry sectors 1.2.1 Published National Standards and performance requirements National Standards and performance requirements published March 2022
1.2.2 Develop industry partnerships and voluntary agreements in targeted sectors not covered by EPR programs to improve plastic product design, production and/or after-use markets $2,012,240 1.2.2 % of targeted industry not cover by EPR having signed partnerships and voluntary agreements 100% of targeted sectors March 2022
1.2.3 Develop a roadmap for single-use and disposable plastic products $216,124 1.2.3 Published roadmap for single-use and disposable plastic products Roadmap for single-use and disposable plastic products published March 2022
1.3 Establish federal plastic waste reduction purchasing requirements (with TBS and PSPC) $0
1.3 Federal organizations have access to new plastic waste reduction purchasing requirements 1.3 % of government organizations having received the new plastic waste reduction purchasing requirements 100% March 2020
PSPC Federal Accommodation and Infrastructure 1.4 Develop and implement pilot fit-ups that support the sustainable use of plastics and plastic waste reduction $1,229,000 $417,000 Pilot fit-up projects produce solutions to reduce plastic waste within fit-up projects # of solutions to reduce plastic waste identified from pilot project findings A minimum of five solutions are confirmed (which may include a combination of performance criteria, design specifications, and procurement strategies for both furniture and fit-up materials) March 2022

* This amount includes any additional funding received after the last renewal.

Theme 2 details
Name of theme Total federal theme funding allocated since the last renewal*
(dollars)
2021–22
Federal theme planned spending
(dollars)
Theme outcome(s) Theme performance indicator(s) Theme target(s) Date to achieve theme target
Collection, management, other systems, and infrastructure $26,010,938 $10,934,350 A. Targeted sectors adopt measures to increase plastic waste collection rates and improve end-of-life management practices A. Adoption rates of measures by targeted sector TBD  once measures have been completed by March 2021 Target date to be established once baseline has been set by March 2021
B. Targeted actions divert plastic waste and ghost fishing gear from aquatic sources B. Weight (kilograms) of fishing nets processed for recycling TBD - once baseline is established (by March 31, 2021)

* This amount includes any additional funding received after the last renewal.

Theme 2 horizontal initiative activities
Departments Link to the department’s Program Inventory Horizontal initiative activity (activities) Total federal funding allocated to each horizontal initiative activity since the last renewal
(dollars)
2021–22
Planned spending for each horizontal initiative activity
(dollars)
2021–22
Horizontal initiative activity expected result(s)
2020–21
Horizontal initiative activity performance indicator(s)
2020–21
Horizontal initiative activity target(s)
Date to achieve horizontal initiative activity target
ECCC Substances and Waste Management 2.1.1 Develop a consistent Extended-Producer-Responsibility (EPR) model program for plastics, with the provinces via CCME $6,239,872 $823,062 2.1 Tools and agreements for increased plastic waste diversion and value recovery are in place 2.1.1 % P/T governments that have committed to implementing model EPR program 100% of 13 P/T governments March 2022
2.1.2 Develop a national roadmap to increase remanufacturing and refurbishing $571,345 2.1.2 Published national roadmap One national roadmap for remanufacturing and refurbishing published March 2022
2.1.3 Conclude performance agreements with industry sectors not covered by EPR programs that would set specific plastic waste reduction and recycled content objectives $639,752 2.1.3 % of targeted industry sectors not covered by EPR programs having signed performance agreements outlining specific plastic waste reduction and recycled content objectives 100% March 2022
DFO Fisheries Management 2.2 Expand abandoned, lost of otherwise discarded fishing gear (ALDFG) reporting requirements under the Fisheries Act  and engage industry in collection efforts $15,000,000 $7,104,698 2.2.1 Stakeholder-led retrieval of abandoned, lost or otherwise discarded fishing gear (ALDFG) is increased 2.2.1 Total # of recipients* with signed contribution agreements participating in gear retrieval efforts 4 March 2022
2.2.2 Indigenous participation in retrieval of ALDFG is expanded 2.2.2 # of eligible Indigenous groups represented in agreements involving retrieval of ALDFG 1 March 2022
2.2.3 Technologies to reduce ALDFG are piloted and/or implemented 2.2.3 # of recipients2 with signed contribution agreements piloting and/or implementing technologies to reduce ALDFG 3 TBD once baseline is established
Small Craft Harbours 2.3.1 Equip Small Craft Harbours in coastal communities as port reception facilities for plastic waste and ghost fishing gear from aquatic sources: Net recycling on the Pacific coast 2.3.1 A system for recycling of fishing nets at DFO Small Craft Harbours at end-of-life on the coast of BC is developed 2.3.1 % of targeted  DFO Small Craft Harbours (SCH) in British Columbia with access to a net recycling support system based on the results of the feasibility study TBD – once baseline is established (by March 31, 2021) March 2022
2.3.2 Equip Small Craft Harbours in coastal communities as port reception facilities for plastic waste and ghost fishing gear from aquatic sources: ALDFG and marine litter reception locations 2.3.2 Locations to dispose of ALDFG/marine litter are provided 2.3.2 % of targeted locations that are equipped to receive marine litter/ALDFG 25% March 2022
TC Protecting Oceans and Waterways 2.4 Develop marine sector assessments that support plastic waste reduction $791,066 $0
2.4.1 Information on best practices and opportunities for plastic waste diversion in the marine sector is available 2.4.1.1 # of  identified best practices to reduce plastic waste from the marine sector At least one best practice The project has been postponed for reconsideration in 2022-2023 due to lack of resources.
2.4.1.2 # of identified opportunities to reduce plastic waste from the marine sector At least one opportunity
$165,493 2.4.2 Opportunities to enhance/improve waste reception and treatment capacity within Canadian ports are identified. 2.4.2 # of identified opportunities At least one opportunity March 2022
PSPC Federal Accommodation and Infrastructure 2.5 Implement the Real Property Waste Action Plan to reduce plastic waste $3,980,000 $1,630,000 2.5 Results from waste audits within applicable  PSPC buildings and leased space are available to inform plastic waste reduction plans 2.5.1 % of applicable Crown-owned  buildings for which PSPC is the custodian and leased space in which audits have been completed 100% of applicable Crown-owned buildings for which PSPC is the custodian will have completed waste audits and waste reduction plans March 2022
2.5.2 % of applicable Crown-owned buildings for which PSPC is the custodian that have confirmed baselines for plastic waste diversion, and plastic waste generation per capita 100% of applicable Crown-owned buildings for which PSPC is the custodian with confirmed baselines

* A recipient is a person participating under a contribution agreement. The number of persons participating can vary by contribution agreement, e.g. a fishing association may have a contribution agreement with 15 persons participating in retrieval, or an individual fish harvester may enter into a contribution agreement.

Theme 3 details
Name of theme Total federal theme funding allocated since the last renewal*
(dollars)
2021–22
Federal theme planned  spending
(dollars)
Theme outcome(s) Theme performance indicator(s) Theme target(s) Date to achieve theme target
Sustainable lifestyles and education $671,000 $340,000 Federal employees in targeted buildings produce less plastic waste % of plastic waste diversion achieved as measured through waste audits of targeted PSPC buildings 75% diversion rate for plastics By 2022

* This amount includes any additional funding received after the last renewal.

Theme 3 horizontal initiative activities
Departments Link to the department’s Program Inventory Horizontal initiative  activity (activities) Total federal funding allocated to each horizontal initiative activity since the last renewal
(dollars)
2021–22
Planned spending for each horizontal initiative activity
(dollars)
2021–22
Horizontal initiative activity expected result(s)
2021–22
Horizontal initiative activity performance indicator(s)
2021–22
Horizontal initiative activity target(s)
Date to achieve horizontal initiative activity target
PSPC Federal Accommodation and Infrastructure 3. Deliver awareness and educational initiatives to federal employees and partners on plastic waste reduction measures in federal operations $671,000 $340,000 3.1 Federal employees are aware and engaged in reducing plastic waste in federal operations 3.1 % of employees reached by occupant awareness and engagement initiatives in pilot buildings 75% employees engaged via survey results and participation rates in pilot buildings March 2022
3.2 Plastic waste is reduced in buildings for which PSPC is the custodian where occupant awareness and engagement pilots are implemented 3.2 % of plastic waste diverted in buildings reached by occupant awareness and engagement pilot to be measured through the completion of waste audits pre and post pilots 50% of plastic waste in buildings reached by the occupant awareness and engagement pilots is diverted
Theme 4 details
Name of theme Total federal theme funding allocated since the last renewal*
(dollars)
2021–22
Federal theme planned  spending
(dollars)
Theme outcome(s) Theme performance indicator(s) Theme target(s) Date to achieve theme target
Science, Innovation and New Technologies $14,058,294 $6,182,436 A. Scientific and socio-economic information on the distribution and impacts of plastics throughout their lifecycle is available A. % of scientific and socio-economic information gaps addressed A. 100% of sought knowledge gaps March 2022
B. Government funding drives technological innovation to reduce plastic waste B. # of prototypes developed B. At least 2

* This amount includes any additional funding received after the last renewal.

Theme 4 horizontal initiative activities
Departments Link to the department’s Program Inventory Horizontal initiative  activity (activities) Total federal funding allocated to each horizontal initiative activity since the last renewal*
(dollars)
2021–22
Planned spending for each horizontal initiative activity
(dollars)
2021–22
Horizontal initiative activity expected result(s)
2021–22
Horizontal initiative activity performance indicator(s)
2021–22
Horizontal initiative activity target(s)
Date to achieve horizontal initiative activity target
ECCC Substances and Waste Management 4.1.1 Implement Canada’s Plastics Science Agenda: Allocate contribution Funds for research projects to eligible organizations (in collaboration with Health Canada) $2,313,486 $1,060,466 4.1.1 Information on the exposure and impacts of plastics on human health is increased 4.1.1 % of information gaps on the impacts of plastics on human health addressed 100% of identified information gaps March 31, 2022
4.1.2 Implement Canada’s Plastics Science Agenda: Allocate contribution funds to eligible organizations to increase understanding of plastics in the North and research on the eco-toxicological effects of plastic pollution 4.1.2 Information on plastics in the North and on eco-toxicological effects of plastic pollution is advanced 4.1.2 % of information gaps with respect to the North and on the eco-toxicological effects of plastic pollution addressed 100% of sought information gaps March 31, 2022
4.1.3 Implement Canada’s Plastics Science Agenda: Allocate funding for targeted research on priority knowledge gaps relating to methods and standards development for detection of plastics and assessing impacts of plastic pollution 4.1.3.1 Methods and standards for detecting, quantifying and characterizing plastics increase our understanding of the impacts of plastics pollution 4.1.3.1 Methods and standards for detecting plastics and assessing the impacts of plastic pollution are shared amongst Canadian scientists Methods and standards disseminated (e.g., number of papers, conferences/posters, technical reports) T Fall 2021
4.1.3.2 Non-academics participate in Research projects 4.1.3.2 % of projects in which non-academics are collaborators 50% March 31, 2021
ECCC Substances and Waste Management 4.2 Administer Canadian Plastics Innovation Challenge $4,485,682 $1,887,508 4.2.1 Government funding for Plastics Innovation Challenge gives way to innovative solutions to address plastic waste 4.2.1.1 # of proof of concepts developed 4 proof of concepts developed March 31, 2022
4.2.1.2 # of prototypes developed 2 prototypes developed
ECCC Substances and Waste Management 4.3 Develop methodology for measuring plastic usage and plastic waste through StatsCan surveys $5,259,126 $2,409,462 4.3 Data on plastic material and waste flows is available to Canadians and policy-makers 4.3 StatsCan methodology related to data outputs and indicators is published Methodology is published March 31 2021
CIRNAC Northern and Arctic Environmental Sustainability 4.4 Implement Canada’s Plastics Science Agenda: Monitor plastics and microplastics pollution in the Arctic through the Northern Contaminants Program (NCP) $2,000,000 $825,000 4.4 Information on the geographic and ecological distribution of plastic pollution in the North is available through monitoring and research 4.4.2 # of datasets established as baselines for long-term monitoring of plastic pollution in the North 10 March 31, 2022

* This amount includes any additional funding received after the last renewal.

Theme 5 details
Name of theme Total federal theme funding allocated since the last renewal*
(dollars)
2021–22
Federal theme planned  spending
(dollars)
Theme outcome(s) Theme performance indicator(s) Theme target(s) Date to achieve theme target
Coastal and shoreline action $5,661,282 $2,002,270 Plastic pollution is diverted from aquatic environments A. Amount of plastic litter by source and/or location collected by funded initiative A. TBD by initiative A. December 2021
B. Approved options for adapting the measures found in the IMO Action Plan to address marine plastic litter from ships within the Canadian context are implemented B. # of implemented options TBD upon completion of report

B. TBD upon completion of report

Completed report is expected by March 2022.

* This amount includes any additional funding received after the last renewal.

Theme 5 horizontal initiative activities
Departments Link to the department’s Program Inventory Horizontal initiative activity (activities) Total federal funding allocated to each horizontal initiative activity since the last renewal
(dollars)
2021–22
Planned spending for each horizontal initiative activity
(dollars)
2021–22
Horizontal initiative activity expected result(s)
2021–22
Horizontal initiative activity performance indicator(s)
2021–22
Horizontal initiative activity target(s)
Date to achieve horizontal initiative activity target
ECCC Substances and Waste Management 5.1 Deliver funding for community-led clean-up and citizen science initiatives $5,349,059 $1,800,000 5.1.1 Effective plastic pollution capture and collection solutions are deployed in targeted communities 5.1.1.1 # of kg of plastic litter diverted (captured or collected) from water bodies 5.1.1 TBD kg of plastic litter based on region and amount of pollution March 31, 2022
5.1.1.2 # of participating organizations 5.1.2 At least 10
5.1.2 Citizen science information is available to the public 5.1.2 One citizen science sharing platform mechanism identified 5.1.2 One citizen science protocol published March 31, 2021
5.1.3 The Government of Canada knowledge of plastic pollution sources is available 5.1.3 # of modules, science reviews to identify plastic sources and distribution 5.1.3 At least 2 March 31, 2022
5.1.4 Targeted plastic pollution prevention activities are identified 5.1.4 # of best practices or guidance reports/tools developed 5.1.4 At least 2
TC Protecting Oceans and Waterways 5.2 Conduct an assessment of the measures under the International Maritime Organization Action Plan to Address Marine Plastic Litter from Ships $312,223 $202,270 5. Options for adapting measures (taken within the IMO Action Plan to address marine plastic litter from ships) within the Canadian context are identified. 5.2 # of identified options At least two options identified March 2022
Theme 6 details
Name of theme Total federal theme funding allocated since the last renewal*
(dollars)
2021–22
Federal theme planned  spending
(dollars)
Theme outcome(s) Theme performance indicator(s) Theme target(s) Date to achieve theme target
Laying the foundations for a circular economy $4,227,120 $0 2021 World Circular Economy Forum (WCEF) attendees are more informed about opportunities for a circular economy % of invited participants who report increasing their knowledge and/or networks on the circular economy 60% of respondents to post-event survey December 2021

* This amount includes any additional funding received after the last renewal.

Theme 6 horizontal initiative activities
Departments Link to the department’s Program Inventory Horizontal initiative  activity (activities) Total federal funding allocated to each horizontal initiative activity since the last renewal*
(dollars)
2021–22
Planned spending for each horizontal initiative activity
(dollars)
2021–22
Horizontal initiative activity expected result(s)
2021–22
Horizontal initiative activity performance indicator(s)
2021–22
Horizontal initiative activity target(s)
Date to achieve horizontal initiative activity target
ECCC Substances and Waste Management 6. Engage domestic and international stakeholders on the circular economy by hosting the 2020 World Circular Economy Forum in Canada $4,227,120 $0 The WCEF has been hosted in Canada in 2021 WCEF event WCEF event Dec 2021

* This amount includes any additional funding received after the last renewal.

Total spending, all themes
Theme Total federal funding allocated since the last renewal*
(dollars)
2021–22
Total federal planned spending
(dollars)
Theme 1 $9,329,520 $3,610,342
Theme 2 $26,010,938 $10,934,350
Theme 3 $671,000 $340,000
Theme 4 $14,058,294 $6,182,436
Theme 5 $5,661,282 $2,002,270
Theme 6 $4,227,120 $0
Total, all themes $59,958,154 $23,069,398

* This amount includes any additional funding received after the last renewal.

Nature Legacy for Canada

General information

Name of horizontal initiative

Nature Legacy for Canada

Lead department(s)

Environment and Climate Change Canada (ECCC)

Federal partner organization(s)

Parks Canada (PCA); Fisheries and Oceans Canada (DFO); Natural Resources Canada (NRCan)

Start date of the horizontal initiative

2018-19

End date of the horizontal initiative

2023-24

Description of the horizontal initiative

Natural spaces will be protected by establishing and expanding protected areas, managing them to high standards, and linking them onto a well-connected network of protected lands, inland water and coastal and marine areas. Species will be conserved by developing and implementing, in collaboration with partners, protection and recovery measures for priority species, in priority areas, and to address risks; and the rights and responsibilities of Indigenous peoples in conserving species and spaces will be respected and supported.

Governance structures

A senior management committee (Senior Oversight Committee), chaired by ECCC, was established at the ADM level with representation from ECCC, PCA, DFO and NRCan to guide the initiative, address any issues, and overcome any roadblocks that become apparent.

The Committee meets at least once a year to consider a status report on the implementation of the Nature Legacy for Canada.

Total federal funding allocated (from start to end date)(dollars)

$1,168,087,505 from June 2018 to March 2024

Total federal planned spending to date (dollars)

$372,529,496

Total federal actual spending to date (dollars)

$337,695,741

Date of last renewal of the horizontal initiative

Not applicable

Total federal funding allocated at the last renewal and source of funding (dollars)

Not applicable

Additional federal funding received after the last renewal (dollars)

$46,500,000 (Offcycle funding decision providing Southern Mountain Caribou (SMC))

Total planned spending since the last renewal

Not applicable

Total actual spending since the last renewal

Not applicable

Fiscal year of planned completion of next evaluation

2023-24

Planning highlights

The Speech from the Throne committed Canada to conserve 25% of our country’s land and 25% of our country’s oceans by 2025 and work toward 30% of each by 2030. We will continue to develop an ambitious plan to achieve these targets. Recognizing that the loss of nature is a global issue requiring global action, Canada will also advocate that countries around the world set a “high ambition” 30% conservation goal for 2030, as advocated by the Prime Minister in September 2020.

The Pan-Canadian Approach to Transforming Species at Risk Conservation in Canada (Pan-Canadian Approach) reflects a shift to more multi-species and ecosystem-based conservation, and more targeted and collaborative federal, provincial and territorial, and Indigenous partnership approach focussed on conservation planning and action on shared priority places, species, and sectors.

We will continue to implement the Pan-Canadian Approach by supporting the recovery and conservation of six identified shared priority species (Barren-ground Caribou (including the Dolphin and Union population), Boreal Caribou, Greater Sage-grouse, Peary Caribou, Southern Mountain Caribou, and Wood Bison) and other species of federal interest, through investments, including investments from partners and ongoing collaborative conservation planning arrangements.

We will continue to invest in projects to support partner and stakeholder engagement, integrated conservation planning and ongoing species at risk conservation in 11 federal-provincial-territorial priority places. We will continue to administer the Canada Nature Fund’s Community-Nominated Priority Places for Species at Risk—a $15.6 million, four-year funding initiative to support community-led projects that protect and conserve species at risk. We will also continue to work with a variety of partners and stakeholders in the agriculture, forest, and urban development sectors to develop conservation action plans to align sector policy and practice with positive outcomes for species at risk, and other wildlife such as migratory birds, and sector sustainability.

We will work with provinces and territories, Indigenous peoples, key industry sectors, and private foundations and trusts to continue to expand and effectively manage a network of protected and conserved areas across Canada. For example, the federal and provincial governments will work with the ranching community to conserve prairie grasslands and manage pastures in southwestern Saskatchewan in an environmentally, economically, and socially responsible way in order to support wildlife habitat protection, livestock production, and local and Indigenous community interests. We will also continue to collaborate with partners to conserve ecosystems and landscapes in ways that benefit lower income, rural and Indigenous communities. Additionally, we will continue to administer the Target 1 Challenge program of the Canada Nature Fund – a up to $175 million, four-year funding initiative to support projects that will create new protected and conserved areas, including Indigenous Protected and Conserved Areas, across Canada that will contribute to Canada’s Target 1.

We will continue to work with our three Indigenous governance bodies to co-deliver the Indigenous Guardians Pilot to support the more than 70 First Nations, Métis and Inuit communities’ Guardians initiatives in protecting sensitive and culturally important areas and species, monitoring ecological health, and maintaining Indigenous cultural sites. The Pilot will conclude in 2022, with the completion of an evaluation of the funded initiatives’ benefits and the Pilot’s effectiveness. Supporting Indigenous leadership in conservation is a central component of Canada’s effort to protect 25% of Canada lands and 25% of Canada’s oceans by 2025, and lay a foundation for achieving 30% of each by 2030. Work funded under the Canada Nature Fund will support the establishment of up to 30 Indigenous Protected and Conserved Areas (IPCAs), across Canada through funding opportunities, such as the Target 1 Challenge program.

Contact information

Nature Legacy Secretariat
Canadian Wildlife Service
Environment and Climate Change Canada
315 Saint-Joseph Boulevard, Gatineau QC J8Y 3Z5
ec.secretariatdupatrimoinenaturel-naturelegacysecretariat.ec@canada.ca

Horizontal initiative framework: departmental funding by theme (dollars)

Shared outcomes: Canada’s species at risk are recovered and Canada’s ecosystems, landscape and biodiversity are protected
Name of theme Species at Risk Spaces (Protected Areas) Internal Services
Theme outcome(s) Protection and recovery action for 230 species at risk is enhanced Canada’s network of protected areas, OECMs and IPCAs is expanded and strengthened Not applicable
Environment and Climate Change Canada $331,173,996

$452,632,353

(Including IS)

$22,194,340
Parks Canada

$58,667,050

(Including IS)

$162,010,390

(Including IS)

$15,129,515
Fisheries and Oceans Canada

$159,183,716 and $14,600,000 ongoing

(Including IS)

n/a $13,647,819
Natural Resources Canada $4,420,000 n/a n/a

2021-22 Planning information

Horizontal initiative overview
Name of horizontal initiative Total federal funding allocated since the last renewal*
(dollars)
2021-22 Planned spending
(dollars)
Horizontal initiative shared outcome(s) Performance indicator(s) Target(s) Date to achieve target
Nature Legacy for Canada $1,168,087,505 $251,186,951 Canada’s species at risk are recovered Percentage of species at risk for which changes in populations are consistent with recovery and management objectives 60% May 2025
Canada’s ecosystems, landscape and biodiversity are protected Percentage of total i) terrestrial territory (land and inland water); and ii) coastal and marine areas that are conserved through networks of protected areas, other effective conservation measure (OECMs) and Indigenous Protected and Conserved Areas (IPCAs)

i) 17% of total land is conserved

ii) 10% of total coastal and marine areas are conserved

2020

* This amount includes any additional funding received after the last renewal.

** Amounts include offcycle funding decision providing Southern Mountain Caribou (SMC) with new funding of $46.5M. Southern Mountain Caribou is inherently tied to Nature Legacy and its outcomes under Species and Spaces Themes.

Theme 1 details
Name of theme Total federal theme funding allocated since the last renewal*
(dollars)
2021-22 Federal theme planned spending
(dollars)
Theme outcome(s) Theme performance indicator(s) Theme target(s) Date to achieve theme target
Species at risk $553,444,762 $133,165,635 Protection and recovery action for 230 species at risk is enhanced Percentage of 230 species at risk for which protection or recovery actions are being implemented through action for priority places, species, and threats 100% 2023

* This amount includes any additional funding received after the last renewal.

** Amounts include offcycle funding decision providing Southern Mountain Caribou (SMC) with new funding of $46.5M. Southern Mountain Caribou is inherently tied to Nature Legacy and its outcomes under Species and Spaces Themes.

Theme 1 horizontal initiative activities
Departments Link to the department’s Program Inventory Horizontal initiative activity (activities) Total federal funding allocated to each horizontal initiative activity since the last renewal*
(dollars)
2021–22 Planned spending for each horizontal initiative activity
(dollars)
2021–22 Horizontal initiative activity expected result(s) 2021–22 Horizontal initiative activity performance indicator(s) Horizontal initiative activity target(s) Date to achieve horizontal initiative activity target
ECCC Species at risk Protection and recovery of species and their critical habitat through science, action planning, stewardship actions, regulations, enforcement, and reporting $117,444,701 $27,819,709 Protection and recovery action for species at risk is enhanced Percent of species whose critical habitat has been identified on federal land for which habitat, wholly or in part, is protected 100% 2025
Enabling the stewardship actions of partners with contributions funding through the Canada Nature Fund $167,475,500 $45,427,100 Collaboration with partners for species at risk is enhanced through the Canada Nature Fund Total land area (in hectares) that has been (i) secured; (ii) protected (new); or (iii) protected (renewed) for species at risk

3 year rolling average

(i) 7,000

(ii) 10,000

(iii) 100,000

2023
Percentage of Indigenous peoples engaged with ECCC who indicate that the engagement was meaningful 61% Ongoing
Renewing capacity for assessment, listing, and recovery planning $46,253,795 $9,250,759 Core capacity to implement the Species at Risk Act is renewed Percentage of legally listed species at risk with a recovery strategy or management plan available on the Species at Risk public registry where a recovery document is due. 75% 2023
PCA Heritage Places Conservation Program Protection and recovery of species and their critical habitat through science, implementation of on-the ground recovery actions, enforcement, and reporting $41,968,610 $9,221,440 Heritages places are managed responsibly Percentage of actions identified in Parks Canada led Species at Risk Act action plans that are implemented 50% 2023
Renewing capacity for assessment, listing, and recovery planning $16,698,440 $3,248,110 Number of species at risk action plans for Parks Canada places with 3 or more species at risk that are completed 24 2020
DFO Species at Risk Protection and recovery of species and their critical habitat through science, action planning, stewardship actions, regulation, enforcement, and reporting $58,831,716 $13,078,117 Protection and recovery action for species at risk is enhanced Percentage of listed aquatic species that, when reassessed, have trends consistent with the population and distribution objectives laid out in the recovery strategies or management plans 75% 2023
Enabling the stewardship actions of partners with contributions funding through the Canada Nature Fund $59,352,000 $15,870,400 Collaboration with partners for species at risk is enhanced through the Canada Nature Fund Number of stakeholder actively involved in species at risk protection and recovery activities 50 2023
Renewing capacity for assessment, listing, and recovery planning $41,000,000 $8,200,000 Core capacity to implement the Species at Risk Act is renewed Percentage of aquatic species/populations at risk listed under the Species at Risk Act for which a recovery strategy/management plan is completed 80% 2023
NRCan Cumulative Effects Protection and recovery of species and their critical habitat through science $4,420,000 $1,050,000 Protection and recovery action for species at risk is enhanced Trends in the use of tools, products and approaches by key decision makers to enhance information, decisions and responses regarding management of disturbance in ecosystems Minimum of 5 tools, products and approaches used by key decision makers 2023

* This amount includes any additional funding received after the last renewal.

** Amounts include offcycle funding decision providing Southern Mountain Caribou (SMC) with new funding of $46.5M. Southern Mountain Caribou is inherently tied to Nature Legacy and its outcomes under Species and Spaces Themes.

Theme 2 details
Name of theme Total federal theme funding allocated since the last renewal*
(dollars)
2021-22 Federal theme planned spending
(dollars)
Theme outcome(s) Theme performance indicator(s) Theme target(s) Date to achieve theme target
Protected areas $614,642,743 $118,021,316 Canada’s network of protected areas, OECMs and IPCAs is expanded and strengthened Number of protected areas, OECMs and IPCAs with demonstrable progress toward establishment or expansion 15 protected areas by 2023 2023
20 Indigenous Protected and Conserved Areas (IPCAs) by 2023 2023
10 Other Effective Area-Based Conservation Measures (OECMs) 2023
Percent of existing ECCC and PCA protected areas where overall ecological condition or management effectiveness is maintained or improved 78% 2023

* This amount includes any additional funding received after the last renewal.

** Amounts include offcycle funding decision providing Southern Mountain Caribou (SMC) with new funding of $46.5M. Southern Mountain Caribou is inherently tied to Nature Legacy and its outcomes under Species and Spaces Themes.

Theme 2 horizontal initiative activities
Departments Link to the department’s Program Inventory Horizontal initiative activity (activities) Total federal funding allocated to each horizontal initiative activity since the last renewal*
(dollars)
2021-22 Planned spending for each horizontal initiative activity
(dollars)
2021-22 Horizontal initiative activity expected result(s) 2022-22 Horizontal initiative activity performance indicator(s) Horizontal initiative activity target(s) Date to achieve horizontal initiative activity target
ECCC Habitat Conservation and Protection Protection of wildlife habitat as National Wildlife Areas, Migratory Bird Sanctuaries, and Conservation Areas through regulation, management, and evaluation $90,590,629 $24,913,680 ECCC network of protected areas is expanded Total area of habitat protected as ECCC National Wildlife Areas, Migratory Bird Sanctuaries, and Conservation Areas 136,816 km2 terrestrial 2022
ECCC network of protected areas is effectively managed Effective management of the ECCC protected areas network (average performance of all sites) 75% 2023
Supporting the actions of partners to create protected areas, other effective conservation measures, and Indigenous protected and conserved area with contribution funding from the Canada Nature Fund $323,768,488 $56,145,997 Collaboration with partners for protected areas, OECMs, and IPCAs is enhanced through the Canada Nature Fund Percentage of total terrestrial territory (land and inland water) conserved by partners, OECMs and IPCAs 6.2% 2020
Enabling the participation of Indigenous peoples in the establishment, management, and monitoring of protected areas, other effective conservation measures, and Indigenous conserved and protected areas with contribution funding $38,273,236 $7,368,740 Indigenous peoples are engaged in conservation Percentage of Indigenous peoples engaged with ECCC who indicate that the engagement was meaningful 61% Ongoing
PCA Heritage Places Establishment Program Complete negotiations to establish Protected Areas $7,000,000 $0
Indigenous peoples actively participate and contribute to the stewardship and establishment of heritage places Number of negotiated agreements signed (Nahanni) 1 or 2, still to be confirmed 2021
$32,373,564 $0
Number of agreements under negotiation 1

Completed.

2020

Heritage Places Conservation Program Effective Management of National Parks and National Marine Conservation Areas $118,231,830 $29,592,899 Canada’s natural heritage is protected for future generations Percentage of National Park ecosystems where ecological integrity is maintained or improved 92% 2023
National marine conservation areas are ecologically sustainable Percentage of ecological sustainability measures for which data is collected and assessed 65% 2021
Support new National Advisory Committee on Nature for planning, consensus-building, coordination, and Indigenous engagement $4,404,996 $0
Indigenous peoples actively participate in and contribute to the stewardship and conservation of heritage places Percentage of Conservation and Restoration (CoRe) projects that incorporate Indigenous Knowledge 35% 2021***

* This amount includes any additional funding received after the last renewal.

** Amounts include offcycle funding decision providing Southern Mountain Caribou (SMC) with new funding of $46.5M. Southern Mountain Caribou is inherently tied to Nature Legacy and its outcomes under Species and Spaces Themes.

*** The COVID-19 pandemic precluded consultations with indigenous collaborators to have the result in 2020, it is expected to be reported on in 2021.

Total spending, all themes
Theme Total federal funding allocated since the last renewal*
(dollars)
2021-22 Total federal planned spending
(dollars)
Theme 1 – Species at Risk $553,444,762  $133,165,635
Theme 2 – Protected Areas $614,642,743 $118,021,316
Total, all themes $1,168,087,505 $251,186,951

* This amount includes any additional funding received after the last renewal.

** Amounts include offcycle funding decision providing Southern Mountain Caribou (SMC) with new funding of $46.5M. Southern Mountain Caribou is inherently tied to Nature Legacy and its outcomes under Species and Spaces Themes.

Up-front multi-year funding

Clayoquot Biosphere Trust

Recipient information

Clayoquot Biosphere Trust (CBT)

For more information, please visit the CBT site at www.clayoquotbiosphere.org

Start date

February 2000

End date

In perpetuity

Link to departmental results

Canadians have clean water

Link to Program Inventory

Water Quality and Ecosystems Partnerships; Community Eco-Action

Purpose and objectives of the transfer payment program

Creation of an endowment fund for the CBT, which is the cornerstone of the Clayoquot Sound United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Biosphere Reserve. The CBT will use the income from the endowment fund to support local research, education and training in the Biosphere Reserve region.

Total funding approved

$12 million

Total funding received

$12 million (in 2000)

Planned funding in 2021-22

$0.0

Planned funding in 2022-23

$0.0

Planned funding in 2023-24

$0.0

Summary of annual plans of recipient

During 2021-22, the CBT will focus on the following objectives and deliverables:

  • Deliver a range of grants for regional initiatives in the areas of research and environment, arts and culture, community development, and youth and education. A seventh Biosphere Research Award will be offered for research that advances understanding of conservation challenges in the marine and/or terrestrial ecosystems and prioritizes conservation actions.
  • Publish a Vital Brief that presents data and stories to build understanding of the social, environmental, economic, and cultural impacts of tourism during COVID-19. The report will align with the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (UN SDG) as a means of tracking progress towards national and global goals and showcase regenerative tourism innovations.
  • Proceed with the development of the Biosphere Centre through activities such as the re-zoning process and raising capital funds.
  • Complete the 2021 UNESCO Periodic Review. Produce a self-study report that compiles data and stories to showcase the evolution and impact of the UNESCO Biosphere designation and the CBT from 2010 - 2020 and host independent reviewers appointed by the Canadian Commission for UNESCO.
  • Build awareness and local action for the UN SDG targets by hosting an SDG bootcamp for local youth and develop SDG education programs creating curriculum based on local sustainability science and research.
  • Continue to co-ordinate the Sydney Inlet Acoustic Refugium Monitoring Project 2020-2023.

Green Municipal Fund

Name of recipient

Green Municipal Fund (GMF)

For more information, please visit the GMF site at www.fcm.ca/home/programs/green-municipal-fund.htm

Start date

February 2000

End date

No end date

Link to departmental result(s)

Canadian greenhouse gas and short-lived climate pollutant emissions are reduced

Canadian communities, economies, and ecosystems are more resilient

Link to Program Inventory

Clean Growth and Climate Change Mitigation

Description

Between 2000 and 2018, the Government of Canada endowed the Federation of Canadian Municipalities (FCM) with $50 million for grants and $625 million for endowment funding to administer a revolving fund for grants, loans and loan guarantees to encourage investment in municipal environmental projects. As per Budget 2019, the Government of Canada transferred an additional $950 million to the FCM for the GMF. Since its inception, the total amount transferred from the Government of Canada for the GMF amounts to $1.625 billion.

The GMF was established to have a positive impact on the health and the quality of life of Canadians by reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and tackling the effects of climate change, improving local air, water and soil quality, and promoting renewable energy and energy efficiency by supporting environmental studies and projects within the municipal sector. Eligible projects may fall into one or more of the following categories: energy, water, waste, sustainable transportation, brownfields, or integrated community projects.

The amount of GMF financing available to municipalities is directly related to the environmental benefits and/or innovation of the projects undertaken, with grant/loan combinations of up to 80% of eligible costs available for capital projects with exceptional environmental benefits.

As stipulated in the GMF Funding Agreement between the FCM and the Government of Canada, the FCM has created two advisory bodies: the Green Municipal Fund Council (GMF Council) and the Peer Review Committee. The GMF Council’s role is to assist the FCM Board of Directors—the GMF decision-making body—in approving projects proposed by municipalities. The 18-member GMF Council includes six federal members: two from Environment and Climate Change Canada (ECCC), two from Natural Resources Canada (NRCan), one from Infrastructure Canada (INFC), and one from the Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC). All ECCC members are appointed by the FCM Board of Directors based on recommendations from the Minister of Environment and Climate Change.

The GMF Peer Review Committee comprises 75 members, of which 20 are Government of Canada representatives (10 from ECCC; 10 from NRCan). Environment and Climate Change Canada Peer Reviewers provide the GMF and federal Council members with scientific expert advice on proposals for plans, studies or capital projects.

Total funding approved

$337,500,000

Total funding received

$337,500,000

Funding in 2021-22

$0

Planned funding in 2022-23

$0

Planned funding in 2023-24

$0

Summary of annual plans of recipient

GMF’s 2021-2022 Annual Statement of Plans and Objectives (ASPO) is expected to be available in February 2021. The GMF’s 2020-2021 ASPO states the following:

The 2019 GMF Funding Agreement specifies that FCM commits:

  • $4.5–9.5M per year in grants for plans, studies and pilots;
  • $7.5–22.5M per year in grants for capital projects;
  • $50-150M per year in loans for capital projects; and
  • $30-90M per year in granting as it relates to the new project streams announced in federal Budget 2019;
    • Community Efficiency Financing (CEF) – empowering low-rise residential property owners to invest in energy efficiency and renewable energy upgrades;
    • Sustainable Affordable Housing (SAH) – enabling energy efficient retrofit programs and new builds in the affordable housing sector;
    • Low Carbon Cities Canada (LC3) – supports projects aimed at reducing cities’ carbon footprint in seven major Canadian cities.
GMF Funding Targets in millions (M) of dollars
Indicator Average net approved yearly funding since inception* Target
2020–21
Total grants approved for plans, studies and pilots $5.1M $6M
Total grants approved for capital projects $5.1M $11M

Total loans approved for capital projects (including

brownfields and new programs)

$36.3M $120M
Total grants approved for new programs N/A $55M

* Average approved funding since inception excludes data from fiscal year 2019–2020 as it is not yet available.

Key Result Areas (KRAs)

The GMF planned activities for 2020-21 include the following KRAs:

  • Empower innovation: focus on addressing the risks that municipalities and private-sector partners face when they try to adopt new and innovative solutions.
  • Accelerate the replication of proven sustainable solutions: enhance the replication rate and mobilization of promising new solutions emerging from GMF.
  • Create a roadmap of the municipal sector’s challenges and solution pathways: develop roadmaps to show municipalities how to achieve their overall sustainability objectives in each GMF focus subsector (i.e. energy, transportation, water, waste and land use and planning).
  • Establish the business case for and economic benefits of sustainable solutions: deliver appropriate analysis and knowledge tools to support municipalities in their decision-making and due diligence around sustainable solutions.
  • Be responsive to clients’ needs: establish a central advisory service system to optimize the benefits of GMF’s funding offers and the related processes, and help it respond to its clients’ needs.
  • Leverage and mobilize GMF’s knowledge, decision tools and capacity-building support for planning and executing sustainable projects: outline a holistic approach to capacity building that enables GMF to address gaps.
  • Collect and develop data to help direct the efforts of the municipal sector and its partners: FCM will collect data and make it available so that municipalities, GMF and its partners have the information they need to identify sustainability areas that easily address and have significant environmental and economic impact.
  • Attract capital and investments to the municipal sustainability sector (lever investments) and help municipalities access funds and identify new revenue streams: better position the municipal sector to receive additional investments and stretch their budgets further.
  • Ensure GMF’s sustainability and maximize its influence: ensure the endowment’s sound management in the long term while ensuring that it has the financial resources required to fulfill its mandate.
  • Inspire municipalities and their partners by defining, recognizing and communicating the successes, lessons learned and triple bottom line benefits of sustainable solutions: better position GMF to communicate the key ingredients in successes as well as lessons learned.
  • Maintain excellence in governance, due diligence, project funding and oversight while balancing risks with returns: development of a performance measurement system that will articulate GMF’s sector contributions and the progress it makes toward delivering on its mandate and ensuring optimal results from its operations.
Report a problem or mistake on this page
Please select all that apply:

Thank you for your help!

You will not receive a reply. For enquiries, contact us.

Date modified: