Fact sheet on halocarbon regulations for chillers

Information Pertaining to Chillers

This fact sheet focuses on the prohibition under the Federal Halocarbon Regulations, 2003 to operate a chiller that contains a prohibited halocarbon after January 1, 2015. It is not intended to replace the full legal text of the Regulations or to provide legal opinions. You are advised to retain a lawyer should you require a legal opinion.

Scope of the Federal Halocarbon Regulations, 2003

The Federal Halocarbon Regulations, 2003 apply to refrigeration and air-conditioning systems, including chillers, fire-extinguishing systems and solvent systems that are:

  • owned by the federal government (e.g., departments, boards or agencies, Crown corporations) or by federal works or undertakings; or
  • located on Aboriginal or federal lands (including all tenants on such lands).


Chiller an air-conditioning system or refrigeration system that has a compressor, an evaporator and a secondary refrigerant.
Federal work or undertaking any work or undertaking that is within the legislative authority of the Parliament of Canada, including but not limited to shipping, railways, aviation, broadcasting, banks, or other work or undertaking connecting one province with another
Owner a person who holds a right in, has possession, control or custody of, is responsible for the maintenance, operation or management of, or has the power to dispose of, a system

Chiller prohibition

The Federal Halocarbon Regulations, 2003 prohibit operating or permitting to operate any chiller that contains a halocarbon other than hydrochlorofluorocarbons, hydrofluorocarbons or perfluorocarbons after January 1, 2015. Any chiller containing a halocarbon other than these three refrigerants must be converted to an alternative refrigerant or be decommissioned by that time. This includes chillers containing chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), such as R12, or mixtures containing CFCs, such as R500.

As an owner, you should check your inventory for chillers using a refrigerant that contains a halocarbon listed in any of items 1 to 9 of Schedule 1 of the Regulations (e.g., CFCs) and consider developing a replacement or succession plan to help achieve compliance. This could also help you avoid service disruptions and last-minute costs in meeting the January 1, 2015, prohibition deadline. Your service provider may be able to assist you in this task.

Regulatory compliance

Environment Canada undertakes regular inspections in order to verify compliance with the requirements of the Canadian Environmental Protection Act, 1999 and its regulations. Investigations are conducted when there are reasonable grounds to believe that a violation has occurred. In situations of non-compliance, enforcement officers may issue a warning or an environmental protection compliance order, proceed with prosecution or take some other enforcement action, depending on the circumstances (see the Compliance and Enforcement Policy for the Canadian Environmental Protection Act, 1999).

Where an officer proceeds with prosecution and a conviction is obtained, the court may order a fine and/or imprisonment. In 2012, maximum fines were increased and mandatory minimum fines were introduced for certain specified offences. For further information, consult Environment Canada’s website.

For more information

Visit Environment Canada's Stratospheric Ozone website for more information, including information regarding

  • Canada's Ozone Layer Protection Program
  • the Federal Halocarbon Regulations, 2003

For additional information, please contact your Environment Canada regional representative listed on the Ozone website.

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