Canada’s Black Carbon Inventory Report 2021

Annex 3: United Nations Economic Commission for Europe Report on black carbon emissions

Canada is using the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) report (template) and the associated Nomenclature for Reporting (NFR) codes for reporting its black carbon emissions internationally (Table A3–1)

Table A3–1: 2021 Canadian black carbon United Nations Economic Commission for Europe Report (kt)
NFR aggregation NFR code Long name Black carbon emissions
2013
Black carbon emissions
2014
Black carbon emissions
2015
Black carbon emissions
2016
Black carbon emissions
2017
Black carbon emissions
2018
Black carbon emissions
2019
A_PublicPower 1A1a Public electricity and heat production 0.21 0.23 0.24 0.24 0.21 0.22 0.21
B_Industry 1A1c Manufacture of solid fuels and other energy industries 1.18 1.31 1.26 1.24 1.32 1.34 1.38
B_Industry 1A2a Stationary combustion in manufacturing industries and construction: Iron and steel 0.12 0.13 0.13 0.13 0.13 0.14 0.14
B_Industry 1A2b Stationary combustion in manufacturing industries and construction: Non-ferrous metals 0.05 0.05 0.04 0.04 0.03 0.03 0.03
B_Industry 1A2d Stationary combustion in manufacturing industries and construction: Pulp, paper and print 0.27 0.22 0.20 0.19 0.17 0.16 0.15
B_Industry 1A2f Stationary combustion in manufacturing industries and construction: Non-metallic minerals 0.01 0.01 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02
B_Industry 1A2gviii Stationary combustion in manufacturing industries and construction: Other (please specify in the IIR) 0.71 0.63 0.62 0.54 0.65 0.54 0.59
B_Industry 2A5a Quarrying and mining of minerals other than coal 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
C_OtherStationaryComb 1A4ai Commercial/institutional: Stationary 0.83 0.88 0.84 0.85 0.93 0.96 0.99
C_OtherStationaryComb 1A4bi Residential: Stationary 8.18 8.16 7.82 7.34 7.35 7.65 7.60
C_OtherStationaryComb 1A4ci Agriculture/Forestry/Fishing: Stationary 0.07 0.07 0.06 0.06 0.06 0.05 0.04
D_Fugitive 1B1a Fugitive emission from solid fuels: Coal mining and handling 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
D_Fugitive 1B2c Venting and flaring (oil, gas, combined oil and gas) 0.97 1.12 1.02 0.80 0.86 0.87 0.87
F_RoadTransport 1A3bi Road transport: Passenger cars 0.33 0.30 0.29 0.29 0.28 0.28 0.27
F_RoadTransport 1A3bii Road transport: Light duty vehicles 0.33 0.33 0.33 0.35 0.36 0.38 0.39
F_RoadTransport 1A3biii Road transport: Heavy duty vehicles and buses 6.98 6.33 5.65 5.51 5.80 6.10 6.08
F_RoadTransport 1A3biv Road transport: Mopeds and motorcycles 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
G_Shipping 1A3dii National navigation (shipping) 1.43 1.63 0.73 0.75 0.80 0.86 0.96
H_Aviation 1A3ai(i) International aviation LTO (civil) 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02
H_Aviation 1A3aii(i) Domestic aviation LTO (civil) 0.20 0.18 0.18 0.17 0.18 0.20 0.19
I_Offroad 1A2gvii Mobile combustion in manufacturing industries and construction: (please specify in the IIR) 5.88 5.22 5.08 3.78 4.19 4.50 4.38
I_Offroad 1A3c Railways 1.90 1.76 1.51 1.35 1.44 1.47 1.48
I_Offroad 1A3ei Pipeline transport 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04
I_Offroad 1A3eii Other (please specify in the IIR) 0.62 0.55 0.53 0.44 0.47 0.49 0.48
I_Offroad 1A4aii Commercial/institutional: Mobile 0.71 0.64 0.66 0.57 0.65 0.68 0.68
I_Offroad 1A4bii Residential: Household and gardening (mobile) 0.24 0.23 0.23 0.19 0.20 0.21 0.21
I_Offroad 1A4cii Agriculture/forestry/fishing: Off-road vehicles and other machinery 5.15 4.76 4.41 3.40 3.60 3.90 3.90
I_Offroad 1A4ciii Agriculture/forestry/fishing: National fishing 0.12 0.08 0.05 0.05 0.04 0.04 0.04
I_Offroad 1A5b Other, mobile (including military, land based and recreational boats) 0.03 0.03 0.04 0.03 0.03 0.02 0.03
J_Waste 5C1bi Industrial waste incineration 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Total -- 37 35 32 28 30 31 31

Note:

0.00 Indicates emissions were truncated due to rounding.

Other emissions estimated in the black carbon inventory (kt)
NFR aggregation NFR code Long name Black carbon emissions
2013
Black carbon emissions
2014
Black carbon emissions
2015
Black carbon emissions
2016
Black carbon emissions
2017
Black carbon emissions
2018
Black carbon emissions
2019
O_AviCruise 1A3aii(ii) Domestic aviation cruise (civil) 0.23 0.22 0.21 0.21 0.23 0.25 0.25
O_AviCruise 1A3ai(ii) International aviation cruise (civil) 0.37 0.36 0.37 0.38 0.42 0.48 0.49
P_IntShipping 1A3di(i) International maritime navigation 3.16 3.67 1.60 1.57 1.53 1.53 1.64

The black carbon inventory reports marine and aviation differently than NFR tables. While the overall total of emissions for these sectors are the same, the allocation into different categories are different.

The NFR table has five categories for marine: 1A3dii – National navigation (shipping), 1A4ciii – Agriculture/Forestry/Fishing: National fishing, 1A3di(i) – International maritime navigation, 1A3di(ii) – International inland waterways, and 1A5b – Other, Mobile (including military, land based and recreational boats). The black carbon inventory report includes all emissions occurring from domestic marine navigation (1A3dii), fishing vessels (1A4ciii) and military vessels (1A5b) in one category as those categories contribute to Canada’s national total. International marine navigation (excluding fishing and military operations) are reported in a separate table in the black carbon inventory report, the Air Pollutant Emissions Inventory (APEI) report and the NFR table, as those emissions do not contribute to Canada’s national total. This is consistent with international reporting requirements. No values are reported under 1A3di(ii) – International inland waterways.

Similarly, the NFR table has five categories for aviation: 1A3ai(i) – International aviation landing/takeoffs (LTO) (civil), 1A3ai(ii) – International aviation cruise (civil), 1A3aii(i) – Domestic aviation LTO (civil), 1A3aii(ii) – Domestic aviation cruise (civil), and 1A5b – Other, Mobile (including military, land based and recreational boats). The black carbon inventory report includes all emissions occurring from civil LTO cycles—1A3ai(i) and 1A3aii(i)—and military flights (1A5b) in one category as those categories contribute to Canada’s national total. The emissions attributed to the cruise phase for civil flights are reported separately in the black carbon inventory report and the NFR table, as those emissions do not contribute to Canada’s national total. This is consistent with international reporting requirements.

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