Adapting to climate change in Canada

The issue

The Government of Canada is helping Canadians adapt to the challenges posed by climate change. Adaptation involves making adjustments in our decisions, activities, and thinking because of observed or expected changes in climate, in order to reduce harm or take advantage of new opportunities.

Adaptation actions can be in anticipation of, or in response to the impacts of a changing climate. Examples of adaptation measures  include the development of more stringent building standards for areas where heavier snowfall is expected, or limiting development in coastal areas where sea level is projected to rise. By making informed decisions, we will be able to avoid certain costs associated with climate change.

Government action

Expert Panel on Climate Change Adaptation and Resilience Results

The Expert Panel on Climate Change Adaptation and Resilience Results will help to define how to measure progress on federal, provincial, and territorial adaptation efforts in building Canada’s resilience to climate change. The panel will also help communicate to Canadians how we are doing in preparing for and recovering from the impacts of climate change.

The Pan-Canadian Framework on Clean Growth and Climate Change

Work underway to develop a Pan-Canadian Framework on Clean Growth and Climate Change, as well as recent announcements in the 2016 federal budget, will contribute to making Canadians and Canadian communities more resilient to the impacts of climate change:

  • Support a suite of federal adaptation programs related to science, health, northern and Indigenous communities, and key economic sectors ($129.5 million);
  • Enable the National Research Council to develop climate-resilient building and infrastructures codes and guides ($40.0 million);
  • Support the Federation of Canadian Municipalities in helping local governments conduct climate risk assessments and planning ($75.0 million);
  • Significant funding commitments have also been made for green infrastructure.

Additional information

In addition, the Federal Adaptation Policy Framework (PDF; 176 KB) helps the Government take account of climate risks as decisions are made on a wide range of programs and activities that support the well-being of Canadians. It brings climate change issues into the mainstream of federal decision-making and guides federal priorities to address climate risks in the future.

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