Number of long-term drinking water advisories affecting First Nations water systems
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Drinking water advisories are public health protection notifications about real or potential health risks related to drinking water. This indicator shows progress towards lifting the 78 long-term drinking water advisories affecting First Nations communities as of April 2016 that were included in the Government of Canada's initial commitment.
- In April 2016, there were 78 long-term drinking water advisoriesFootnote 1 affecting federally supported First Nations public water systems
- As of July 2018, 34 (44%) of these long-term drinking water advisories were removed
- The greatest number of advisories (11) was lifted in February 2018
Progress on the 78 long-term drinking water advisories affecting First Nations as of April 2016, Canada, 2016 to 2018
Data table for the long description
|Month||Number of long-term drinking water advisories lifted||Long-term drinking water advisories remaining|
Note: n/a = not applicable.
Download data file (Excel/CSV; 1.10 kB)
Note: The graph shows the number of long-term drinking water advisories remaining in effect at the end of each month from the original 78 advisories.
Source: Indigenous Services Canada (2018) Ending long-term drinking water advisories in First Nations communities.
Drinking water advisories are issued in off-reserve communities across Canada by the relevant municipal, provincial or territorial government.
In First Nations communities, it is the responsibility of the Chief and Council to issue or rescind a drinking water advisory and take necessary actions.
A drinking water advisory is considered long-term when it has been in place for more than a year. This generally happens when a water system is not functioning well for a variety of reasons, for example, because of equipment malfunction and/or operational issues which prevent the system from treating water to the required quality.
About the indicator
About the indicator
What the indicator measures
In November 2015, the Government of Canada committed to end all long-term drinking water advisories affecting public water systems on reserves by 2021. The overall scope of the original commitment included 800 public water systems and 77 long-term drinking water advisories. In April 2016, 78 long-term drinking water advisories were in effect. The indicator, used to assess the progress towards the 2016–2019 Federal Sustainable Development Strategy, provides a snap shot as of July 2018 of the Government of Canada's progress towards eliminating these 78 long-term drinking water advisories affecting First Nations water systems financially supported by Indigenous Services Canada.
Real-time results for long-term drinking water advisories on public systems on reserve, along with a map of the communities affected, may be found at Indigenous Services Canada's website on ending long-term drinking water advisories in First Nation communities.
Why this indicator is important
The indicator is used to assess progress towards the 2016–2019 Federal Sustainable Development Strategy target of lifting all long-term drinking water advisories on federally funded public water systems on reserves by March 2021. The indicator focuses on the progress made towards lifting the 78 long-term drinking water advisories on water systems financially supported by Indigenous Services Canada that were in effect as of April 2016.Footnote 2
The Drinking water advisories indicator provides a long-term national view of why boil water advisories are issued, whether it is due to water quality or equipment and process-related issues.
Data sources and methods
The data for this indicator come from Indigenous Services Canada.
Indigenous services Canada supports First Nations communities in establishing their own drinking water quality monitoring programs and provides related funding through its Community-Based Water Monitor program.
Community-based drinking water quality monitors sample and test the drinking water for potential bacteriological contamination as a final check on the overall safety of the drinking water at tap. If a community does not have a community-based drinking water quality monitor, an environmental health officerFootnote 3 will sample and test drinking water quality, with the community's permission. Environmental health officers test drinking water quality for chemical, physical, and radiological contaminants and maintain quality assurance and quality control. They also review and interpret drinking water quality tests and disseminate the results to First Nations communities. In all situations, if the drinking water is found not to be safe for drinking, the environmental health officer will immediately communicate the appropriate recommendation(s) to the Chief and Council for action, such as issuing a drinking water advisory.
A drinking water advisory automatically becomes a long-term drinking water advisory once it has been in existence for a year.
Indigenous Services Canada records when drinking water advisories are issued and when they become a long-term drinking water advisory. This information is maintained in a database and updated as new data becomes available.
Caveats and limitations
This indicator is a snapshot of the progress towards eliminating the 78 long-term drinking water advisories affecting First Nations water systems financially supported by Indigenous Services Canada that were in effect as of April 2016.
In January 2018, the Government of Canada expanded the scope of its commitment to eliminate all long-term drinking water advisories to include all public drinking water systems on reserve (an additional 250 public systems). At that time, the 2016 baseline was reset to 105 long-term drinking water advisories. This indicator is used to assess the progress towards the 2016–2019 Federal Sustainable Development Strategy, it does not include the additional public systems.
The number of long-term drinking water advisories affecting First Nations reserves is not static and the data are updated frequently in response to changing situations. This indicator does not include long-term drinking water advisories added since April 2016. Real-time results for long-term drinking water advisories on reserve, along with a map of the affected communities, may be found at Indigenous Services Canada's website: Canada.ca/water-on-reserve.
The data on the number of long-term drinking water advisories that are in place and that have been lifted are overall numbers. They are not broken down by type of advisory (boil water, do not consume, do not use).
Indigenous Services Canada (2018) Ending long-term drinking water advisories in First Nations communities. Retrieved on June 4, 2018.
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