Habitat secured for species at risk

As of March 31, 2014, 1836 square kilometres (km2) of Canadian habitat had been secured through the Habitat Stewardship Program (HSP) for Species at Risk. This benefits up to 603 species assessed as "at risk" (Endangered, Threatened or of Special concern) by the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC). The area secured has increased steadily since the program's inception in 2000-2001.

In addition, during the program year 2013-2014, 109 km2 of land and 136 km of shoreline habitat were improved through HSP projects.

Cumulative species at risk habitat secured by HSP-funded projects, Canada, 2000 to 2013

Line chart
Long description

The line chart shows the cumulative habitat that has been secured through the Habitat Stewardship Program for Species at Risk, in square kilometres, for fiscal years from 2000 to 2013. The area secured has increased steadily since 2000, reaching 1836 square kilometres in 2013.

Data for this chart
Data for Cumulative species at risk habitat secured by HSP-funded projects, Canada, 2000 to 2013
Year Fiscal year Annual area of habitat protected
(legally binding protection measures, square kilometres)
Cumulative area of habitat protected
(square kilometres)Footnote [A]
2000 2000-2001 12 12
2001 2001-2002 165 176
2002 2002-2003 185 361
2003 2003-2004 117 478
2004 2004-2005 158 636
2005 2005-2006 196 832
2006 2006-2007 184 1016
2007 2007-2008 194 1210
2008 2008-2009 157 1367
2009 2009-2010 134 1501
2010 2010-2011 109 1610
2011 2011-2012 76 1685
2012 2012-2013 60 1745
2013 2013-2014 91 1836

Download data file (Excel/CSV; 733 B)

How this indicator was calculated

Note: The line (in green) tracks the cumulative habitat secured by the Habitat Stewardship Program. Years refer to fiscal years, which run from April to March. The year 2013 therefore refers to April 1, 2013 to March 31, 2014.
Source: Environment Canada (2014) Canadian Wildlife Service, Species at Risk Funding Programs office.

As of March 2014, 671 wildlife species have been assessed as being Endangered, Threatened or of Special Concern by the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC).Footnote [1] Many more may be at risk. For example, the Wild Species report for 2010 ranked the status of 2013 species as At risk, Possibly at risk, or Sensitive.Footnote [2] Although a species can be considered at risk for many reasons, most species decline as a result of human activities that alter habitat, such as urban development, agriculture, natural resource development, invasive species, pollution and climate change. Recognizing the importance of natural habitat to the survival and recovery of species, the Government of Canada launched the HSP in 2000. The HSP supports the Species at Risk Act (SARA) and gives priority to species included in the "List of Wildlife Species at Risk" (Schedule 1 of SARA).

The HSP provides funding for stewardship activities that, among other conservation actions, secure land for species at risk and support their recovery, improve habitat or mitigate threats to species at risk from human activity. The HSP considers habitat as "secured" when it has been protected through purchase, donation, or other legally binding agreements such as conservation easements and leases.Footnote [3] The HSP is not the only program that secures habitat for species at risk. Some of these other initiatives are part of the National Conservation Plan.

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