Managing federal contaminated sites

The Federal Contaminated Sites Action Plan (FCSAP) takes a risk-based approach to addressing contaminated sites in Canada. This approach involves assessing the risks to human health and the environment of each site and prioritizing the allocation of resources within federal custodians to deal with highest priority contaminated sites.

Information about the 10-step process used to assess and manage federal contaminated sites is provided in the guidance document A Federal Approach to Contaminated Sites (PDF, 276KB). A decision-making framework has been developed to assist federal custodians and their consultants in making the most informed decisions at each step of the 10-step process.

Who pays for dealing with contaminated sites in Canada?

In Canada, the federal government promotes “the polluter pays” principle: the party responsible for producing pollution should be responsible for paying for damage to the natural environment. Private companies are usually responsible for the costs of cleaning up (or remediating) the land they contaminate. The provinces, territories and federal government are generally responsible for the cost of dealing with contamination at the sites they own or lease.

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