Waste control in other countries

In Canada, a waste or recyclable material to be exported, imported or conveyed in transit is subject to the Canadian Export and Import of Hazardous Waste and Hazardous Recyclable Material Regulations (EIHWHRMR) if it falls within the definition of ‘’hazardous waste’’ or ‘’hazardous recyclable material’’ as set out in sections 1 and 2 of the EIHWHRMR. Furthermore, according to paragraphs 1.1.(g) and  2.1.(g) of these Regulations, any waste or recyclable material is included under these definitions if the receiving country, or any country of transit, considers it hazardous and prohibits or restricts its import or transit.

Countries that are party to the Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal have the right to define additional waste or recyclable material as hazardous under their own domestic legislation, and to prohibit or restrict the importation of all types of waste or recyclable material that are so defined. These waste and recyclable materials are therefore regulated under the EIHWHRMR for the purpose of exportation.

If a country defines additional waste or recyclable material as hazardous under their domestic legislation, the country must notify the Basel Convention in writing and provide documentation that will then be published on the website of the Basel Convention. On that website, interested parties can search for such documentation and other information on member countries’ domestic legislation that prohibits or restricts certain wastes or recyclable materials from import or transit.  Additionally, countries’ fact sheets and contact information are also available.

The sections below provide guidance on how to search for information on the Basel Convention website related to country information. 

Country Contacts
Country Fact Sheets
Texts of National Legislations
National Definitions and Import Restrictions
Other Related Information

On the Basel Convention website:

Country Contacts

To find contact information for the Competent Authority or Focal Point of a Party to the Basel Convention, select the Party you are interested in from the drop-down menu.  Once you have selected a Party, the contact information of the Party’s Competent Authority and Focal Point, if applicable, will be displayed at the bottom portion of the page.

Basel Convention Country Contacts.

Country Fact Sheets

Country fact sheets were published by the Basel Convention in May 2008.  Each fact sheet contains contact information, summaries of the country’s national definition of hazardous waste, restrictions on transboundary movement, among other topics of relevance to the transboundary movement of hazardous waste as defined by the country.  Note that these fact sheets may not contain the most updated information.

Basel Convention Country Fact Sheets.

Texts of National Legislations

To access texts of Parties’ National Legislation,, select the Party you are interested in from the drop-down menu.  Once you have selected a Party, the available legislation from that Party will be displayed below the drop-down menu, available in various formats and languages.

Basel Convention Texts of National Legislations.

National Definitions and Import Restrictions

Notifications submitted by member Parties  under the Basel Convention, regarding national definitions, import prohibitions and restrictions of hazardous wastes are listed on this page.  Notifications are available in the language of the Party’s choosing.  To see the list of Parties’ national definitions of hazardous wastes , select from the drop-down menu “Article 3 of the BC and / or Article 13 (2)(b)”.

To see the list of Parties’ notifications of prohibition of the import of hazardous wastes, select from the drop-down menu “Articles 4(1) and 13 (2)(c)”.

Note on language: Countries are not required to submit translated versions of the notifications, and therefore submissions are only available in the language of origin.  The language of any particular notification is indicated along the top row of the table where notifications are displayed.  The codes correspond to languages as follows:

  • E - English
  • A - Arabic
  • C - Chinese (simplified)
  • F - French
  • R - Russian
  • S - Spanish

Basel Convention National Definitions and Import Restrictions.

Other Related Information

Some Parties provide additional information to supplement official notifications to the Basel Convention and national legislations. 

Basel Convention Other Related Information.

Additional Information

Environment Canada provides the above information as a service to the regulated community. Should you require further information or any clarification of the above information, or wish to receive a quarterly communication of new notifications submitted to the Basel Convention, please contact us at tmb@ec.gc.ca

Environment Canada can also assist in obtaining additional information on waste controls in other countries that are a party to the Basel Convention but will not interpret the information they have sent.

It is the responsibility of those involved in commercial transactions of waste to ensure compliance with applicable legislations.  For more information on the management of hazardous waste and recyclable material in Canada, and the Export and Import of Hazardous Waste and Hazardous Recyclable Material Regulations, please visit the Hazardous waste and recyclable material section of Environment Canada’s website.

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