Export and Import of Hazardous Waste and Hazardous Recyclable Material Regulations - User Guide: chapter 4


General Provisions

4.1 Which operations are considered disposal or recycling?

Schedules 1 and 2 of the Regulations specify the processes that are considered disposal and recycling operations, respectively. There are two types of disposal and recycling operations that are referred to in this guide as interim operations and final operations.  Interim disposal operations are those that bear codes D13 (blending or mixing), D14 (repackaging) and D17 (interim storage) in Schedule 1; while interim recycling operations are those that bear codes R12 (waste exchange), R13 (accumulation) and R16 (interim storage) in Schedule 2.  All other operation in Schedule 1 and 2 are considered final disposal or recycling operations.

It is important to note that the operations described in these lists may not be environmentally acceptable practices in all countries or provinces. These operations are meant to capture the disposal and recycling operations identified under both the Basel Convention and OECD Decision C(2001)107/Final.

The Regulations do not control the export, import, or transit of products being returned to manufacturers, or the return of containers with residues for refill. They do, however, apply to residuals exported or imported for disposal or recycling.

4.2 Can I ship hazardous waste or hazardous recyclable material to or from any country?

No. Consistent with the Basel Convention, hazardous waste cannot be disposed of or recycled in the Antarctic (south of 60o South latitude) or destined for a country that is not party to the Convention, unless Canada has an agreement with the country through a bilateral or multilateral agreement (e.g. USA).

If you are a Canadian company considering exporting waste or recyclable materials to another country, be sure to read this important notice.

It is important to note that parties to the Basel Convention are made up of both OECD and non-OECD countries. Visit the Basel Convention website for a list of parties to the Basel Convention and the OECD website for a list of OECD member countries.

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