What we heard report from national forum on lamp disposal Appendix B: table of recommendations

Public awareness, education and participation





Establish best practices for industrial, commerical, and institutional (ICI) and consumer sector(s) for management and procurement. For example, Building Owners and Management Association (BOMA).

All levels of government, industry business sectors

Utilities fundand create programs for public participation in conjunction with local government hazardous waste programs

Federal, utilities (endorsement at federal level), local government

Engage distribution and marketing supply chain provide consumer education of end of life disposition.



National sector-based messaging (positive messaging) developed

  1. Federal Government
  2. Provinces/Territories
  3. Municipalities/everyone else

Education based training programs developed for industry professionals (handlers, contractors, property/project, managers, etc.)

  1. Provinces/territories
  2. Industry
  3. Municipal

Common/standard recycling clauses for tenders/contracts developed

All buyers


Focus efforts on the ICI and the construction, renovation, demolition (CRD) sector.

Target construction associations, electricians, BOMA best program/certification.

Stewardship organizations, non-profit organization, lamp processors

Combining/expanding collection sites to handle multiple materials “one stop shop”

Stewardship organizations, provinces, territories, governments

Packaging/promotional material for residential/ICI lamps contains info on mercury content and recyclability

Federal government, retailers


Trades training (electricians, construction, demolition, lighting engineers)

Schools, trade associations, industry representatives

Customer/residential awareness about products at point of sale and end of life management

Schools, manufacturers, retailers, governments (all), utilities

Educating businesses and institutions about procurement

Distributors, tradeassociations (e.g., Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design [LEED]), government (procurement)


Target students (kindergarden - post secondary) with education in curriculum

Provincial Government

Create national awareness campaign (broad message with equal focus on human and environmental health/sense of urgency)andtailored regional campaign

  1. Environment and Climate Change Canada (ECCC)
  2. Regional cooperation

Make collection as convenient and accessible as possible to overcome lack of financial incentive

Stewards and Industry


National advertising campaign focusing on awareness of mercury in lamps that can potentially be hazardous and that they canand should be recycled for:

  1. Residential
  2. ICI
  3. CRD


Each reccomendation may need customized “mini” campaigns

Develop a national educational campaign targeted to school/students about hazardous (including lamps)and need for proper mgmt.


Leveragingand supplementing communications/municipal programs, public relations programs, Take Back The Light [TBLT]) as part of a broad national awareness campaign or as a stand alone.



Targeted messaging to all relevant audiences through existing/trusted channels whenever possible (while making improvements when needed)

Shared provincial/municipal/federal. Producer/manufacurer. Retail can also play a role.

Messaging must include call to actionand education programs that are measurable/trackable (putting info out there without proper channels to implement is useless)

Shared (same as above)

Connection with energy efficiency/retrofit programs

Sharedand utilities

Data, measurement, reporting and tracking





Monitor landfill leachate levels for mercury for non-hazardous landfills 

Municipal government reporting to federal government

Establish benchmarks utilizing standard definitions for units sold, collected, processed, etc.

Industry, provincial government and Canadian Council of Ministers of the Environmental (CCME)

Update waste definitions so products destined for reclamation are exempt from the hazardous waste definition

Agreed to by all levels of government        


Develop standardized definitions clarified by National Strategy (e.g. recycling rate vs. capture rate)


Develop standardized metrics for inputs & outputs to support Minamata and other regulatory requirements


Develop a registry of qualified mercury containing lamp processing facilities that are registered/licensed/certified by respective Provinces and Territories that have a standardized system of accountability for mercury inputs/outputs



Develop new additional reporting metric: weight of mercury imported/manufactured in Canada and weight of mercury recovered/processed

Federal government/processors/stewardship organizations

Measure accessibility (percent of Canadian population with access to a drop off location)

Municipal governments, provincial governments, and stewardship organizations

Develop a metric for public participation & awareness in lamp recycling programs

Stewardship organizations / municipal & provincial governments


Undertake regular reporting (ie. annual) in a consistent manner in all jurisdictions differentiated by lamp type/sector

Distributors, retailers, etc. in the life cycle of environmentally sound management (ESM).

Carefully define metrics (for example recovery of mercury: recovery rate, amount and how it is measured (especially in ICI sector where large inventories may be stockpiled)

Governments (all) & product stewardship & all stakeholders


Standardize measurement methodology to be consistent throughout product life cycle

Standing Industry Committee led by ECCC

Streamline data to be collected; don’t collect unnecessary data just because

Standing Industry Committee led by ECCC

Ensure reporting is frequent enough to keep pace with technology and market innovations/trends



Create a reporting database that requires “buildings” to report/prove/verify that their lamps are being recycled

Federal, provincial, and municipal governments

Require recyclers to report processing numbers to the federal government

Federal, provincial, and municipal governments.         

Establish a working advisory committee to support data analysis/reporting/ maybe extending their role to strategy implementation

Multi-stakeholder and government representatives


Having a standardized/consistent reporting tool in the National Strategy to specify what and how to report (e.g. metrics)

National Strategy to develop in collaboration between all levels of government and industry

From that standardized tool, develop a National Database

Maintained at a national level

Compile information on current collection infrastructures to inform accessibility and close gaps.

National Strategy to develop in collaboration between all levels of government and industry.  Maintained at a national level.

Best practices and guidance for environmentally sound end-of-life management






Produce national guidance to ban mercury containing products from landfills

Federal write provincial-enabling regulations

Redefine mercury-containing lamps/lighting as products not waste through collectionand recycling steps (not hazardous waste)

Federal and provincial governments

Municipal,provinces,and the federal government occupational health and safety committees work together to agree that spent lamps are products, not waste

All government levels

Third-party representative for processors to develop a North American standard for lamp processing. Through that - auditingand certification system



Develop standardized and harmonized legislated requirements for provincial/territorial emissions standards and recycling standards

Independent audits


Promote whole bulb transportation, but also provision for extenuating circumstances

Standard guide, federal, provincial, and territorial legislation

Standardized access (per capita of population and provisions for regions)

Technical working committee


Development of best practices that consider challenges facedand recommendations to improve recycling of all lamp component (research and development, new markets, communication/collaboration)

Processors, end users, manufacturers, provinces/territories, stewardship organizations

Development of guidance for drum top crushers focused on safety considerations, efficiency of use & risks of use & development of specific best practices on worker safety, use & maintenance if they are chosen for use.

Bulb crusher manufacturers and stewardship organizations


Conduct regular review of codes of practice/ regulations/ standards to ensure relevancy and effectiveness


Create/offer centralized online training & resources applicable to users at each lifecycle stage

ECCC in consultation with users

Explore expanding scope of Strategy to include all lamps and all mercury products



Undertake standardization / certification from packaging / transportation / processing


Develop videos/sound bites/ posters covering specific areas of end-of-life chain using ECCC Code of Practice


Target/require existing LED retrofit programs to properly manage spent lamps

Federal and regional governments, utilities


Promote existing tools & resources raise awareness. Especially on health and safety (priority) e.g. websites (with links to existing documents), use existing channels

All (i.e. creator of tool, all levels of government, stakeholders, etc.)

Develop new tools to fill in current gaps e.g. websites signage, warning labels, training

Producers / key stakeholders, municipalities

Develop & implement national guidelines

  • flexible
  • address residential & ICI
  • adaptable to location

National (collaborative work)

Northern, remote and Indigenous Communities





Locate community champions (housing managers, public works, etc.) to facilitate/lead collections/swap-outs

Funded by Indigenous and Northern Affairs (INAC) Chief, Assembly of First Nations (AFN), and industry partners

Engage community partners to assist with logistics of removal from communities with limited access

Industry and local government


Create educational/awareness program on the social/economic/health impacts of mercury lamps

ECCC, Health Canada, Indigenous and Northern Affairs Canada (INAC)

Expandand educate on courier programs for limited access communities

Service providers

Create national app for waste management or consolidate existing regional apps

Federally-managed database fed by regions


INAC to work with AFN to collaborate & create an action plan for northern communities that works in concert with the National Strategy

INAC, AFN, and Indigenous communities

Light emitting diode (LED) swap-out program (one pig push), possibly funded by carbon tax revenue or federal money. Tied to the territorial/provincial efficiency programs

Federal government to territorial/provincial governments

Develop a practical collectionand transportation guideline (including suggested containers, handling procedures à i.e. upright transport of tubes, storage, etc) for Northernand remote communities

Federal government in collaboration with transportation companies and processors


Courier program combined with a phase-out of lamps partnered with educations/awareness programs

All stakeholders

Swap out pilot

  • will need scope of issue/cost
  • needs to be carried out in a short timeline

All stakeholders


Incorporate requirements within procurement process, which obligate backhauling of lamps containing mercury from consolidated areas to a recognized recycling facility

All who are involved in procurement

Engage power companies to assist with an LED swap out program

Power companies

Engage major retailers in the North, with existing infrastructure, to collect and ship spent lamps


Create increased awareness in Northern communities about the need/benefit of recycling lamps; after necessary infrastructure is in place

Band councils and the federal government


Partner with other organizations

  1. Work on Strategy development (i.e. CCMEand National Solid Waste Management Committee for First Nations)
  2. Existing diversion programs (i.e. paint/batteries)
  1. ECCC
  2. Stewards


Work with community champions to understand admin. structure,logistics, increase participant buy-in, community needs, andoperations


Develop specialized (i.e. language) public awareness/education campaignand resources with targeted messaging, referencing the “Truth and Reconciliation Calls to Action”

Stewards with communities


Create web portal for end-of-life lamp management with information resources (kits, printouts, etc) ability to provide feedback, can be used to connect communities to others or to waste management organizations

Federal government

Partnering with existing entities (general stores) to utilize existing infrastructure to recoverand collect household hazardous wastes


Use efficiency programs to “swap-out” compact fluorescent lampss for LED’s in remote communities. ICI-LED tubes for fluorescent tubes.



Fund pilot program (LED swap) in multiple communities (e.g. Nunavut, provincial ice road access, more accessible) to test different options/programs to address diff. challenges

Multiple sources (explore potential partnerships)

Raise public awareness in northern and remote communities regarding mercury need for diversion. Must be in local language & use local communication channels (e.g. community radio)

All (especially local municipalities/community governments)

Create separate working group as part of the strategy to focus on northern and remote communities & their unique challenges/issues/realities


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