2011 progress report: pollution prevention planning by smelters, refineries and zinc plants, chapter 1

Table of Contents

Appendix A: Overall resultsFootnote1

Overall results include all stacks or point releases of the 11 facilities

Legend: The following legend is associated with each of the graphs found in this section. Vertical purple bars indicate the reported annual emissions for each toxic substance for the sector, orange horizontal lines indicate the 2008 sector targets and blue horizontal lines indicate the 2015 sector targets for the particular substance.

Legend 1

Sulphur dioxide(t/year)

48% reduction(315,995 t)

Figure 1

This figure shows total annual sulphur dioxide releases for the 2005 to 2015 period, as well as total 2008 and 2015 targets. Total sulphur dioxide releases were: 663,575 tonnes in 2005; 663,512 tonnes in 2006, 566,859 tonnes in 2008, 367,265 tonnes in 2010, 338,250 tonnes in 2012, 368,507 tonnes in 2014 and 347,580 tonnes in 2015. Total 2015 releases were less than the total 2008 targets of 690,525 tonnes but greater than the total 2015 targets of 219,625 tonnes. In 2015 the BMS sector reported a 48% reduction (315,995 tonnes) from their total 2005 releases of sulphur dioxide.

Particulate matter (t/year)

52% reduction (3,854 t)

Figure 2

This figure shows total annual particulate matter releases for the 2005 to 2015 period, as well as total 2008 and 2015 targets. Total particulate matter releases were: 7,416 tonnes in 2005, 6,997 tonnes in 2006, 4,480 tonnes in 2008, 2,969 tonnes in 2010, 3,217 tonnes in 2012, 3,391 tonnes in 2014 and 3,543 tonnes in 2015. Total 2015 particulate matter releases were less than the total 2008 targets of 5,307 tonnes and the total 2015 targets of 3,607 tonnes. In 2015 the BMS sector reported a 52% decrease (3,854 tonnes) from their total 2005 releases of particulate matter.

Mercury (kg/year)

90% reduction (1,518 kg)

Figure 3

This figure shows total annual mercury releases for the 2005 to 2015 period, as well as total 2008 targets. Total mercury releases were: 1,691 kg in 2005; 1,256 kg in 2006, 1,006 kg in 2008, 532 kg in 2010, 254 kg in 2012, 284 kg in 2014 and 174 kg in 2015. Total 2015 mercury releases were less than the total 2008 target of 373 kg. In 2015 the BMS sector reported a 90% decrease (1,518 kg) from their total 2005 releases of mercury.

Dioxins and furans (g I-TEQ)

65% reduction (0.69 g I-TEQ)

Figure 4

This figure shows total annual dioxin and furan releases for the 2005 to 2015 period, as well as total 2008 targets. Total dioxin and furan releases were: 1.07 g I-TEQ (International Toxicity Equivalent Quotient) in 2005, 1.05 g I-TEQ in 2006, 1.72 g I-TEQ in 2008, 0.59 g I-TEQ in 2010, 0.57 g I-TEQ in 2012, 0.28 g I-TEQ in 2014 and 0.38 g I-TEQ in 2015. Total 2015 releases are less than the total 2008 target of 0.5 g I-TEQ. In 2015 the BMS sector reported a 65% decrease (0.69 g I-TEQ) from their total 2005 releases.

Cadmium (t/year): No targets

86% reduction (27 t)

Figure 5

This figure shows total annual cadmium releases for the 2005 to 2015 period. Total cadmium releases were: 31 tonnes in 2005, 35 tonnes in 2006, 18 tonnes in 2008, 11 tonnes in 2010, 5 tonnes in 2012, 4 tonnes in 2014 and 4 tonnes in 2015. In 2015 the BMS sector reported an 86% decrease (27 tonnes) from their total 2005 releases of cadmium.

Arsenic (t/year): No targets

33% reduction (24 t)

Figure 6

This figure shows total annual arsenic releases for the 2005 to 2015 period. Total arsenic releases were: 71 tonnes in 2005, 71 tonnes in 2006, 63 tonnes in 2008, 40 tonnes in 2010, 31 tonnes in 2012, 55 tonnes in 2014 and 47 tonnes in 2015. In 2015 the BMS sector reported a 33% decrease (24 tonnes) from their total 2005 releases of arsenic.

Lead(t/year): No targets

46 % reduction (80 t)

Figure 7

This figure shows total annual lead releases for the 2005 to 2015 period. Total lead releases were: 174 tonnes in 2005, 178 tonnes in 2006, 158 tonnes in 2008, 109 tonnes in 2010, 73 tonnes in 2012, 67 tonnes in 2014 and 94 tonnes in 2015. In 2015 the BMS sector reported a 46% decrease (80 tonnes) from their total 2005 releases of lead.

Nickel (t/year): No targets

64% reduction (203 t)

Figure 8

This figure shows total annual nickel releases for the 2005 to 2015 period. Total nickel releases were: 319 tonnes in 2005, 229 tonnes in 2006, 142 tonnes in 2008, 61 tonnes in 2010, 198 tonnes in 2012, 79 tonnes in 2014 and 116 tonnes in 2015. In 2015, BMS sector reported a 64% decrease (203 tonnes) from their total 2005 releases of nickel.

Appendix B: Performance of facilitiesFootnote2

This appendix provides an overview of the results reported by the eight facilities that have implemented their P2 plans and the three facilities that have been granted a three-year extension. Two facilities (Glencore: CCR and Vale: Port Colborne) are not presented because they were not subject to any facility specific targets. Data from these two facilities is included in the results presented in Appendix A.  

Toxic substances releases with low emissions for each facility are not provided. The metals releases from most facilities are not subject to annual targets. The year-to-year variation in metals releases is partly caused by variability in the feed stocks.

Legend: The following legend is associated with each of the graphs found in this section. Vertical purple bars indicate the reported total annual emissions for each toxic substance, orange horizontal lines indicate the 2008 targets and blue horizontal lines indicate the 2015 targets for the particular substance.

Legend 2

Note: A single line indicates that the target is the same in 2008 and 2015.

Glencore: Brunswick

On May 29, 2013, Glencore: Brunswick submitted its Declaration of Implementation. While this facility has met both its 2008 and 2015 targets for SO2 and PM, it has increased releases of the following toxic substances: SO2 (11%); PM (14%); Mercury (123%); Arsenic (355%), Lead (38%); Cadmium (374%).

Sulphur dioxide (t/year)

Figure 9

This figure shows total annual sulphur dioxide releases for Glencore-Brunswick for the 2005 to 2015 period, as well as the 2008 and 2015 targets. The facility released: 9,481 tonnes in 2005; 6,762 tonnes in 2006; 7,007 tonnes in 2008, 9,364 tonnes in 2010, 9,949 tonnes for 2012, 8,575 tonnes for 2014 and 10,486 tonnes in 2015. Total 2015 sulphur dioxide releases were less than the 2015 target of 11,000 tonnes. In 2015 the facility reported an 11% increase (1,005 tonnes) from its total 2005 releases of sulphur dioxide.

Particulate matter (t/year)

Figure 10

This figure shows total annual particulate matter releases for Glencore-Brunswick for the 2005 to 2015 period, as well as the 2008 and 2015 targets. The facility released: 41 tonnes in 2005, 39 tonnes in 2006, 43 tonnes in 2008, 45 tonnes in 2010, 39 tonnes in 2012, 42 tonnes in 2014 and 47 tonnes in 2015. Total 2015 particulate matter releases were less than the 2015 target of 100 tonnes. In 2015 the facility reported a 15% increase (6 tonnes) from its total 2005 releases of particulate matter.

Mercury (kg/year): No target

Figure 11

This figure shows total annual mercury releases for Glencore-Brunswick for the 2005 to 2015 period. The facility released: 39 kg in 2005, 29 kg in 2006, 60 kg in 2008, 73 kg in 2010, 103 kg in 2012, 111 kg in 2014 and 87 kg in 2015. In 2015 the facility reported a 123% increase (48 kg) from its total 2005 releases of mercury.

Arsenic (t/year): No target

Figure 12

This figure shows total annual arsenic releases for Glencore-Brunswick for the 2005 to 2015 period. The facility released: 1 tonne in 2005, 3 tonnes in 2006, 6 tonnes in 2008, 9 tonnes in 2010, 5 tonnes in 2012, 4 tonnes in 2014 and 5 tonnes in 2015. In 2015 the facility reported a 355% increase (4 tonnes) from its total 2005 releases of arsenic.

Lead (t/year): No target

Figure 13

This figure shows total annual lead releases for Glencore-Brunswick for the 2005 to 2015 period. The facility released: 8 tonnes in 2005, 4 tonnes in 2006, 6 tonnes in 2008, 8 tonnes in 2010, 9 tonnes in 2012, 9 tonnes in 2014 and 11 tonnes in 2015. In 2015 the facility reported a 38% increase (3 tonnes) from its total 2005 releases of lead.

Cadmium (t/year): No target

Figure 14

This figure shows total annual cadmium releases for Glencore-Brunswick for the 2005 to 2015 period. The facility released: 0.4 tonnes in 2005, 0.5 tonnes in 2006, 0.5 tonnes in 2008, 0.8 tonnes in 2010, 1.5 tonnes in 2012, 1.3 tonnes in 2014 and 1.9 tonnes in 2015. In 2015 the facility reported a 374% increase (1.5 tonnes) from its total 2005 releases of cadmium.

Glencore: CEZ

Glencore: CEZ was subject to SO2 and PM targets. On November 8, 2010, it became the first smelter to submit its Declaration of Implementation, attesting the full implementation of its P2 plan. This facility is a relatively lowFootnote3 toxic substance emitter compared to other facilities of the sector and its releases of mercury, arsenic, dioxins and furans, and nickel are not included in the charts. Additionally, Glencore: CEZ does not release any nickel emissions. The facility reported overall reductions of 3% for SO2 and 85% for PM compared to 2005 levels.

Sulphur dioxide (t/year)

Figure 15

This figure shows total annual sulphur dioxide releases for Glencore-CEZ for the 2005 to 2015 period. The facility released: 5,413 tonnes in 2005, 5,335 tonnes in 2006, 5,548 tonnes in 2008, 5,227 tonnes in 2010, 5,120 tonnes in 2012, 5,489 tonnes in 2014 and 5,247 tonnes in 2015. Total 2015 sulphur dioxide releases were less than the 2008 and 2015 targets of 6,900 tonnes. In 2015 the facility reported a 3% decrease (166 tonnes) from its total 2005 releases of sulphur dioxide.

Particulate matter (t/year)

Figure 16

This figure shows total annual particulate matter releases for Glencore-CEZ for the 2005 to 2015 period. The facility released: 128 tonnes in 2005, 110 tonnes in 2006, 137 tonnes in 2008, 114 tonnes in 2010, 71 tonnes in 2012, 25 tonnes in 2014 and 19 tonnes in 2015. Total 2015 particulate matter releases were less than the 2015 target of 130 tonnes. In 2015 the facility reported an 85% decrease (109 tonnes) from its total 2005 releases of particulate matter.

Glencore: Horne

On February 28, 2016, Glencore: Horne submitted its Declaration of Implementation. The facility met its 2008 and 2015 targets for SO2 and PM. It has reduced its emissions of SO2 and cadmium by 99.9% and 55% respectively compared to 2005 levels. However, it has increased its emissions of PM (18%), lead (69%) and arsenic (131%).

Sulphur dioxide (t/year)

Figure 17

This figure shows total annual sulphur dioxide releases for Glencore-Horne for the 2005 to 2015 period, as well as the 2008 and 2015 targets. The facility released: 22,656 tonnes in 2005, 28,186 tonnes in 2006, 14,866 tonnes in 2008, 20,716 tonnes in 2010, 22,212 tonnes in 2012, 15,834 tonnes in 2014 and 13,591 tonnes in 2015. Total 2015 sulphur dioxide releases were less than the 2015 target of 43,500 tonnes. In 2015 the facility reported a 40% decrease (9,065 tonnes) from its total 2005 releases of sulphur dioxide.

Particulate matter (t/year)

Figure 18

This figure shows total annual particulate matter releases for Glencore-Horne for the 2005 to 2015 period, as well as the 2008 and the 2015 targets. The facility released: 214 tonnes in 2005, 198 tonnes in 2006, 246 tonnes in 2008, 211 tonnes in 2010, 215 tonnes in 2012, 217 tonnes in 2014 and 252 tonnes in 2015. Total 2015 particulate matter releases were less than the 2008 and 2015 targets of 500 tonnes. In 2015 the facility reported an 18% increase (38 tonnes) from its total 2005 releases of particulate matter.

Arsenic (t/year): No target

Figure 19

This figure shows total annual arsenic releases for Glencore-Horne for the 2005 to 2015 period. The facility released: 10 tonnes in 2005, 11 tonnes in 2006, 17 tonnes in 2008, 13 tonnes in 2010, 11 tonnes in 2012, 25 tonnes in 2014 and 24 tonnes in 2015. In 2015 the facility reported a 131% increase (14 tonnes) from its total 2005 releases of arsenic.

Lead (t/year): No target

Figure 20

This figure shows total annual lead releases for Glencore-Horne for the 2005 to 2015 period. The facility released: 34 tonnes in 2005, 42 tonnes in 2006, 36 tonnes in 2008, 24 tonnes in 2010, 36 tonnes in 2012, 29 tonnes in 2014 and 57 tonnes in 2015. In 2015 the facility reported a 69% increase (23 tonnes) from its total 2005 releases of lead.

Glencore: Kidd/Timmins

Glencore: Kidd/Timmins closed its copper and zinc operations on May 1, 2010, and the final Declaration of Implementation was submitted on June 15, 2011, attesting that it had fully implemented the P2 plan. From 2005 to 2009, the last full year of operations, Glencore: Kidd/Timmins reported overall reductions of 25% for SO2 and 55% for PM.

Sulphur dioxide (t/year)

Figure 21

This figure shows total annual sulphur dioxide releases for Glencore-Kidd/Timmins for the 2005 to 2010 period, as well as the 2008 and 2015 targets. The facility released: 4,407 tonnes in 2005; 4,489 tonnes in 2006; 4,689 tonnes in 2007, 3,312 tonnes in 2008, 3,307 tonnes in 2009 and 999 tonnes in 2010. Total 2010 sulphur dioxide releases were less than the 2015 target of 7,525 tonnes.

Particulate matter (t/year)

Figure 22

This figure shows total annual particulate matter releases for Glencore-Kidd/Timmins for the 2005 to 2010 period, as well as the 2008 and 2015 targets. The facility released:  774 tonnes in 2005, 651 tonnes in 2006, 459 tonnes in 2007, 359 tonnes in 2008, 344 tonnes in 2009 and 199 tonnes in 2010. Total 2010 particulate matter releases were less than the 2015 target of 500 tonnes.

Cadmium (t/year): No target

Figure 23

This figure shows total annual cadmium releases for Glencore-Kidd/Timmins for the 2005 to 2010 period. The facility released: 2.33 tonnes in 2005, 1.07 tonnes in 2006, 1.05 tonnes in 2007, 0.84 tonnes in 2008, 0.72 tonnes in 2009 and 0.36 tonnes in 2010. Total 2010 cadmium releases were less than the total 2005 releases.

Lead (t/year): No target

Figure 24

This figure shows total annual lead releases for Glencore-Kidd/Timmins for the 2005 to 2010 period. The facility released: 49 tonnes in 2005, 37 tonnes in 2006, 26 tonnes in 2007, 20 tonnes in 2008, 13 tonnes in 2009 and 8 tonnes in 2010. Total 2010 releases of lead were less than the total 2005 releases.

Glencore: SINO

Glencore: SINO met its 2008 and 2015 targets on SO2 and PM. The SO2 emissions showed an increased trend from 2010 to 2014. It was the only facility that was subject to a 2008 target on dioxins and furans which has been met. Compared to 2005 levels, the facility reported overall reductions of 44% for SO2 ,34% for PM, 71% for dioxins and furans, 80% for arsenic, 32% for cadmium and 63% for lead, while its nickel emissions increased by 105%.

On December 23, 2015, this facility was granted a time extension until December 31, 2018 in order for them to fully implement their P2 plan.

Sulphur dioxide (t/year)

Figure 25

This figure shows total annual sulphur dioxide releases for Glencore-SINO for the 2005 to 2015 period, as well as the 2008 and 2015 targets. The facility released: 40,131 tonnes in 2005, 39,627 tonnes in 2006, 37,640 tonnes in 2008, 24,294 tonnes in 2010, 25,626 tonnes in 2012, 31,913 tonnes in 2014 and 22,402 tonnes in 2015. Total 2015 sulphur dioxide releases were less than the 2015 target of 25,000 tonnes. In 2015 the facility reported a 44% decrease (17,729 tonnes) from its total 2005 releases of sulphur dioxide.

Particulate matter (t/year)

Figure 26

This figure shows total annual particulate matter releases for Glencore-SINO for the 2005 to 2015 period, as well as the 2008 and 2015 targets. The facility released: 318 tonnes in 2005, 255 tonnes in 2006, 397 tonnes in 2008, 265 tonnes in 2010, 277 tonnes in 2012, 162 tonnes in 2014 and 174 tonnes in 2015. Total 2015 particulate matter releases were less than the 2015 target of 258 tonnes. In 2015 the facility reported a 34% decrease (141 tonnes) from its total 2005 releases of particulate matter.

Dioxins and furans (g I-TEQ)

Figure 27

This figure shows total annual dioxins and furans releases for Glencore-SINO for the 2005 to 2015 period, as well as the 2008 target. The facility released: 0.54 g I-TEQ in 2005, 0.58 g I-TEQ in 2006, 1.06 g I-TEQ in 2008, 0.398 g I-TEQ in 2010, 0.23 g I-TEQ in 2012, 0.05 g I-TEQ in 2014 and 0.15 g I-TEQ in 2015. Total 2015 dioxins and furans releases were less than the target of 0.5 g I-TEQ. In 2015 the facility reported a 71% decrease (0.39 g I-TEQ) from its total 2005 releases of dioxins and furans.

Nickel (t/year): No target

Figure 28

This figure shows total annual nickel releases for Glencore-SINO for the 2005 to 2015 period. The facility released: 4.4 tonnes in 2005, 4.2 tonnes in 2006, 7.6 tonnes in 2008, 12.3 tonnes in 2010, 14.6 tonnes in 2012, 8.2 tonnes in 2014 and 9.1 tonnes in 2015. In 2015 the facility reported a 105% increase (4.7 tonnes) from its total 2005 releases of nickel.

Hudbay

Hudbay closed its copper smelter on June 11, 2010, but still operates a hydrometallurgical zinc plant. In addition to SO2 and PM targets, it was subject to a 2008 target for mercury. With the closure of its copper smelter, Hudbay met all its requirements under the Notice and submitted its Declaration of Implementation on November 12, 2010. From 2005 to 2009, Hudbay was the largest emitter of toxic substances among base metals smelters in Canada. In 2009, Hudbay accounted for most emissions of sulphur dioxide (36% of all smelters), mercury (84%), arsenic (38%), cadmium (71%) and lead (47%).

Sulphur dioxide (t/year)

Figure 29

This figure shows total annual sulphur dioxide releases for Hudbay for the 2005 to mid-June 2010 period, as well as the 2008 and 2015 targets. The facility released: 203,145 tonnes in 2005, 195,381 tonnes in 2006, 201,754 tonnes in 2007, 184,662 tonnes in 2008, 143,537 tonnes in 2009 and 58,141 tonnes in 2010. Total 2010 sulphur dioxide releases were less than the 2008 target of 187,000 tonnes but were greater than the 2015 target of 33,500 tonnes.

Particulate matter (t/year)

Figure 30

This figure shows total annual particulate matter releases for Hudbay for the 2005 to mid-June 2010 period, as well as the 2008 and 2015 targets. The facility released: 1,300 tonnes in 2005, 1,468 tonnes in 2006, 1,554 tonnes in 2007, 986 tonnes in 2008, 890 tonnes in 2009 and 476 tonnes in 2010. Total 2010 particulate matter releases were less than the 2008 and 2015 targets of930 tonnes and 616 tonnes respectively.

Mercury (kg/year)

Figure 31

This figure shows total annual mercury releases for Hudbay for the 2005 to mid-June 2010 period, as well as the 2008 target. The facility released: 1,319 kg in 2005; 912 kg in 2006; 1,106 kg in 2007, 857 kg in 2008, 631 kg in 2009 and 283 kg in 2010. Total 2010 releases of mercury were less than the 2008 target of 373 kg.

Cadmium (t/year): No target

Figure 32

This figure shows total annual cadmium releases for Hudbay for the 2005 to mid-June 2010 period. The facility released: 23 tonnes in 2005, 29 tonnes in 2006, 17 tonnes in 2007, 13 tonnes in 2008, 12 tonnes in 2009 and 8 tonnes in 2010.

Lead (t/year): No target

Figure 33

This figure shows total annual lead releases for Hudbay for the 2005 to mid-June 2010 period. The facility released: 55 tonnes in 2005, 61 tonnes in 2006, 74 tonnes in 2007, 50 tonnes in 2008, 84 tonnes in 2009 and 21 tonnes in 2010.

Teck: Trail Operations

On June 14, 2012, Teck: Trail Operations submitted its Declaration of Implementation, confirming that it had implemented its P2 plan.

Teck: Trail Operations has met its PM targets but has not met the 2008 and 2015 targets for SO2. Although the facility failed to meet its SO2 targets, Teck: Trail has met the intent of the Notice by capturing 98% of sulphur from its operation. The target was set as an annual SO2 emissions cap which did not account for increased emissions due to increased production.

Sulphur dioxide (t/year)

Figure 34

This figure shows total annual sulphur dioxide releases for Teck-Trail Operations for the 2005 to 2015 period, as well as the 2008 and 2015 targets. The facility released: 4,022 tonnes in 2005, 6,315 tonnes in 2006, 5,178 tonnes in 2008, 4,640 tonnes in 2010, 4,324 tonnes in 2012, 3,924 tonnes in 2014 and 4,070 tonnes in 2015. Total 2015 releases of sulphur dioxide were greater than the 2015 target of 3,400 tonnes.

Particulate matter (t/year)

Figure 35

This figure shows total annual particulate matter releases for Teck-Trail Operations for the 2005 to 2015 period, as well as the 2008 and 2015 targets. The facility released: 122 tonnes in 2005, 245 tonnes in 2006, 264 tonnes in 2008, 154 tonnes in 2010, 237 tonnes in 2012, 118 tonnes in 2014 and 99 tonnes in 2015. Total 2015 particulate matter releases were less than the 2008 and 2015 targets of 441 tonnes.

Mercury (kg/year)

Figure 36

This figure shows total annual mercury releases for Teck-Trail Operations for the 2005 to 2015 period. The facility released: 150 kg in 2005, 106 kg in 2006, 46 kg in 2008, 143 kg in 2010, 84 kg in 2012, 47 kg in 2014 and 37 kg in 2015. In 2015 the facility reported a 75% decrease (113 kg) from its total 2005 releases of mercury.

Vale Canada Ltd.: Copper Cliff

Vale Canada Ltd.: Copper Cliff met its 2008 targets for SO2 and PM but has not yet met the 2015 targets for these substances. The facility has reduced releases of SO2, PM, arsenic and cadmium, while the releases of lead and nickel have increased from their 2005 levels. The 2009 and 2010 lower emission levels reflect the plant shutdown for a period of about 12 months due to a labour dispute.

On December 23, 2015, this facility was granted a time extension until December 31, 2018 in order for them to fully implement their P2 plan.

Sulphur dioxide (t/year)

Figure 37

This figure shows total annual sulphur dioxide releases for Vale Ltd.-Copper Cliff for the 2005 to 2015 period, as well as the 2008 and 2015 targets. The facility released: 193,567 tonnes in 2005, 186,505 tonnes in 2006, 147,693 tonnes in 2008, 109,261 tonnes in 2010, 133,809 tonnes in 2012, 146,697 tonnes in 2014 and 154,019 tonnes in 2015. Total 2015 sulphur dioxide releases were greater than the 2015 target of 66,000 tonnes, but were less than the 2008 target of 175,000 tonnes. In 2015 the facility reported a 20% decrease (39,548 tonnes) from its total 2005 releases of sulphur dioxide.

Particulate matter (t/year)

Figure 38

This figure shows total annual particulate matter releases for Vale Ltd.-Copper Cliff for the 2005 to 2015 period, as well as the 2008 and 2015 targets. The facility released: 2,476 tonnes in 2005, 2,405 tonnes in 2006, 1,129 tonnes in 2008, 1,105 tonnes in 2010, 1,962 tonnes in 2012, 2,105 tonnes in 2014 and 1,955 tonnes in 2015. Total 2015 particulate matter releases were greater than the 2008 and 2015 targets of 1,430 tones and 864 tonnes respectively. In 2015 the facility reported a 21% decrease (521 tonnes) from its total 2005 releases of particulate matter.

Arsenic (t/year): No target

Figure 39

This figure shows total annual arsenic releases for Vale Ltd.-Copper Cliff for the 2005 to 2015 period. The facility released: 35 tonnes in 2005, 25 tonnes in 2006, 11 tonnes in 2008, 7 tonnes in 2010, 12 tonnes in 2012, 13 tonnes in 2014 and 5 tonnes in 2015. In 2015 the facility reported an 86% decrease (30 tonnes) from its total 2005 releases of arsenic.

Nickel (t/year): No target

Figure 40

This figure shows total annual nickel releases for Vale Ltd.-Copper Cliff for the 2005 to 2015 period. The facility released: 36 tonnes in 2005, 50 tonnes in 2006, 45 tonnes in 2008, 23 tonnes in 2010, 82 tonnes in 2012, 70 tonnes in 2014 and 62 tonnes in 2015. In 2015 the facility reported a 72% increase (26 tonnes) from its total 2005 releases of nickel.

Lead (t/year): No target

Figure 41

This figure shows total annual lead releases for Vale Ltd.-Copper Cliff for the 2005 to 2015 period. The facility released: 20 tonnes in 2005, 26 tonnes in 2006, 38 tonnes in 2008, 24 tonnes in 2010, 23 tonnes in 2012, 26 tonnes in 2014 and 19 tonnes in 2015. In 2015 the facility reported a 5% decrease (1 tonne) from its total 2005 releases of lead.

Vale Canada Ltd.: Thompson

Vale Canada Ltd.: Thompson met its 2008 targets for SO2 and PM but has not yet met its 2015 targets for these substances. Nickel emissions have been reduced significantly while its SO2 and PM emissions have only slightly reduced. Vale: Thompson is a lowFootnote4 toxic emitter of the following toxic substances (arsenic, cadmium, mercury, lead and dioxins and furans) compared to other facilities of the sector.

On December 23, 2015, this facility was granted a time extension until December 31, 2018 in order for them to fully implement their P2 plan.

Sulphur dioxide (t/year)

Figure 42

This figure shows total annual sulphur dioxide releases for Vale Ltd.-Thompson for the 2005 to 2015 period, as well as the 2008 and 2015 targets. The facility released: 180,736 tonnes in 2005, 190,897 tonnes in 2006, 160,937 tonnes in 2008, 134,617 tonnes in 2010, 136,892 tonnes in 2012, 155,880 tonnes in 2014 and 151,154 tonnes in 2015. Total 2015 sulphur dioxide releases were greater than the 2015 target of 22,800 tonnes, but were less than the 2008 target of 187,000 tonnes. In 2015 the facility reported a 16% decrease (29,582 tonnes) from its total 2005 releases of sulphur dioxide.

Particulate matter (t/year)

Figure 43

This figure shows total annual particulate matter releases for Vale Ltd.-Thompson for the 2005 to 2015 period, as well as the 2008 and 2015 targets. The facility released: 2,023 tonnes in 2005, 1,610 tonnes in 2006, 903 tonnes in 2008, 416 tonnes in 2010, 184 tonnes in 2012, 595 tonnes in 2014 and 865 tonnes in 2015. Total 2015 particulate matter releases were greater than the 2008 and 2015 targets of 735 tonnes and 198 tonnes respectively. In 2015 the facility reported a 57% decrease (1,158 tonnes) from its total 2005 releases of particulate matter.

Nickel (t/year): No target

Figure 44

This figure shows total nickel releases for Vale Ltd.-Thompson for the 2005 to 2015 period. The facility released: 282 tonnes in 2005, 179 tonnes in 2006, 94 tonnes in 2008, 32 tonnes in 2010, 4 tonnes in 2012, 4 tonnes in 2014 and 50 tonnes in 2015. In 2015 the facility reported an 82% decrease (232 tonnes) from its total 2005 releases of nickel.

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