Substituting materials or products

Materials or Feedstock Substitution deals with the substances and products you use. It involves replacing them with more environmentally friendly alternatives. Materials or Feedstock Substitution completely eliminates the use of a given substance or product.

This pollution prevention technique can help protect the environment by removing harmful substances and products from use. It can also save you money by decreasing your hazardous waste disposal costs.


  • Using natural fibres instead of synthetic fibres to make a piece of clothing
  • Using a plant-based ink instead of a conventional ink
  • Using water-based rather than solvent-based products
  • Using recycled plastic instead of new plastic in your product
  • Replacing lead solder with lead-free solder

For more information, examples and guidance, please see the Pollution Prevention Planning Handbook.

Materials or Feedstock Substitution in Practice

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