Maintaining a home
Beyond the long list of costs related to buying a home, maintaining a home costs money, too. In this section, you’ll find information about the types of essential expenses you'll need to budget for.
This will be one of your biggest ongoing expenses. Speak with your financial institution about automatically deducting your mortgage payments from your account on a schedule that works best for you.
As a homeowner, you’ll have to pay property taxes every year. The amount you pay will depend on the value of your home and where you live. For example, if your home is valued at $350,000 and your annual property tax rate is 1%, you’ll owe $3,500 each year.
Most municipalities offer a variety of options for paying your property taxes. Learn more about property taxes in your area by visiting your municipality’s website.
Some financial institutions will collect and pay your property taxes for you. This may also be a condition of financing. Speak with your financial institution for more information.
Water, heating and electricity are all costs that you'll have to cover as a homeowner. And services like cable, Internet and telephone can quickly add up.
The cost of utilities and telecommunications varies by region. To learn more about utilities in your area, visit your municipality’s website or consult individual company websites.
All condo owners in a building have to pay monthly condo fees, whether or not they use the services covered by the fees.
These fees can vary widely depending on:
- the building
- the services and amenities the building provides
- the size of your condo
Condo fees typically cover:
- general maintenance of the building’s common areas
- additional services and amenities, such as a swimming pool, gym, security guard or concierge
A portion of your monthly condo fee also goes to a reserve fund to cover expected large expenses relating to building maintenance. Condo fees change from time to time to reflect increases in the costs of utilities and services and the status of the building’s reserve fund.
There may also be large one-off fees called special assessments. Condo owners must pay these fees when the regular condo fees and the reserve fund won’t cover an unexpected major repair.
Your building’s condominium association or board will tell you about the fees you can expect to pay and why.
Repairs and home maintenance
Maintenance and repairs are a normal part of homeownership. To avoid an unexpected financial shock, it’s important to save for repairs and other unexpected expenses. Regularly set aside savings to pay for these ongoing costs. Speak with your financial institution about automatic deposits.
The Government of Canada offers programs and services that help with the renovation of your home.
The GST/HST New Housing Rebate program provides a rebate on part of the GST or the federal part of the HST paid on the construction or purchase of most newly constructed or substantially renovated houses used as a primary place of residence.
Energy and pollution-saving upgrades are also available. Grants and incentives will help you use less energy, switch to renewable energy, and produce less waste at home and on the road.
Your provincial or territorial government may also offer programs to help you buy and renovate a home.
Home insurance can help protect your home and its contents in case of theft, loss or damage to the inside and outside of your home or property. It may also help you cover additional living expenses such as the cost of living in a hotel or renting a home if you're temporarily unable to live in your home.
Your household budget
To help you manage and track the costs of maintaining a home, keep an up-to-date household budget.
Saving for emergencies
Setting aside savings in an emergency fund can help you deal with unexpected events, including job loss, unexpected repairs to your home and serious illness.
As a general rule, try to maintain enough emergency savings to cover three months of household expenses.
To help you save, you can set up automatic payments to a savings account.
Tax credits and deductions for homeowners
There are tax credits and deductions available for homeowners.
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