Health Canada Quarterly Financial Report - For the quarter ended December 31, 2013

Table of Contents

Introduction

Health Canada is the federal department responsible for helping Canadians maintain and improve their health.  In keeping with the Department's commitment to making this country's population among the healthiest in the world as measured by longevity, lifestyle and effective use of the public health care system, its main responsibilities are as a regulator, a service provider, a catalyst for innovation, a funder, and an information provider.  A summary of Health Canada's program activities may be found in Part II of the Main Estimates.  Health Canada administers the Canada Health Act which embodies national principles to ensure a universal and equitable publicly-funded health care system.

This quarterly financial report has been prepared by management as required by section 65.1 of the Financial Administration Act in the form and manner prescribed by the Treasury Board, and should be read in conjunction with the Main Estimates, Supplementary Estimates A, Supplementary Estimates B as well as Canada's Economic Action Plan 2012 (Budget 2012).

Basis of Presentation

This quarterly report has been prepared by management using an expenditure basis of accounting and using a special purpose financial reporting framework designed to meet financial information needs with respect to the use of spending authorities.  The accompanying Statement of Authorities presents the spending authorities granted to Health Canada by Parliament and those used by the Department consistent with the Main Estimates and Supplementary Estimates for the 2013-2014 fiscal year.

The authority of Parliament is required before any money can be spent by the Government.  Such authorities are given in the form of annually-approved limits through appropriation acts or through legislation in the form of statutory spending authority for specific purposes.

As part of the Parliamentary business of supply, the Main Estimates must be tabled in Parliament on or before March 1 preceding the new fiscal year.  Budget 2012 was tabled in Parliament on March 29, after the tabling of the Main Estimates on February 28, 2012.  As a result, the measures announced in the Budget 2012 could not be reflected in the 2012-2013 Main Estimates.

In fiscal year 2012-2013, frozen allotments were established by Treasury Board authority in departmental votes to prohibit the spending of funds already identified as savings measures in Budget 2012.  Additional funding was sought by Health Canada through the 2012-2013 Supplementary Estimates B.  The Department received this additional authority net of the planned savings or other amounts transferred by Treasury Board authority to a frozen allotment.  In 2013-2014, the changes to departmental authorities were reflected in the 2013-2014 Main Estimates tabled in Parliament.

As part of the departmental performance reporting process, Health Canada prepares its annual departmental financial statements on a full accrual basis in accordance with Treasury Board accounting policies, which are based on Canadian public sector accounting standards.  The spending authorities voted by Parliament remain on an expenditure basis.

The quarterly report has not been subject to an external audit or review.

Highlights of Fiscal Quarter and Fiscal Year to Date Results

This quarterly financial report reflects the results of the current fiscal period in comparison to the authorities provided in the combination of the Main Estimates, Supplementary Estimates A and Supplementary Estimates B for fiscal year 2013-2014, as well as budget adjustments approved by Treasury Board up to December 31, 2013.

A. Significant Changes to Authorities

The following graph provides a comparison of net budgetary authorities available for spending for the year as at the end of each quarter of the current and previous fiscal years.

Graph of Comparison of Authorities Available for Spending for the Year as at June 30, September 30 and December 31 of Fiscal Years 2012-2013 and 2013-2014

Comparison of Authorities Available for Spending for the Year as at June 30, September 30 and December 31 of Fiscal Years 2012-2013 and 2013-2014 (in millions $)

Bar chart showing a comparison of authorities available for spending for the year as at June 30, September 30 and December 31 of fiscal years 2012-2013 and 2013-2014 in millions of dollars.

2012-2013 Authorities available as at June 30 = 3,462; 2012-2013 Authorities available as at September 30 = 3,599; 2012-2013 Authorities available as at December 31 = 3,819; 2013-2014 Authorities available as at June 30 = 3,387; 2013-2014 Authorities available as at September 30 = 3,385; 2013-2014 Authorities available as at December 31 = 3,909.


The following table provides a comparison of authorities by vote for the third quarter of the current and previous fiscal years.

Comparison of Authorities Available for Spending for the Year as at December 31 of Fiscal Years 2012-2013 and 2013-2014
Authorities available (in millions of dollars) 2012-2013 2013-2014 Variance
Vote 1 - Operating expenditures 2,078 1,981 (97)
Vote 5 - Capital expenditures 31 26 (5)
Vote 10 - Grants and contributions 1,485 1,626 141
Statutory 225 276 51
Total authorities 3,819 3,909 90

Authorities available for spending in fiscal year 2013-2014 are $3,909 million at the end of the third quarter as compared with $3,819 million at the end of the third quarter of 2012-2013, representing an increase of $90 million, or 2.4%.  This increase is primarily attributable to the following:

  • $59.5 million net increase for funding to support First Nations and Inuit Health Programs and Services;
  • $58.9 million increase in statutory spending authority for internal services resources under the co-management agreement for Portfolio Shared Services for Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC);
  • $43.9 million increase for funding to support the implementation of the British Columbia (BC) Tripartite Framework Agreement on First Nation Health Governance for transfer to the BC First Nations Health Authority;
  • $48.0 million increase due to the annual 3% growth in the First Nations and Inuit Health Envelope;
  • $13.9 million increase in funding for changes in collective agreements; and,
  • $10.0 million increase for the Brain Canada Foundation to support neuroscience research to advance knowledge for the treatment of brain disorders.

These increases are partially offset by the following decreases:

  • $59.1 million decrease for savings identified as part of the Budget 2012 Economic Action Plan;
  • $32.2 million decrease relating to the sunsetting of funding in 2012-2013 for support of tripartite negotiations in BC which will lead to First Nations being responsible for health service delivery in their communities;
  • $16.6 million decrease relating to the sunsetting of the Official Languages Health Contribution Program;
  • $15.2 million decrease for the transfer to the PHAC of the International Health Grants Program; and,
  • $14.4 million decrease for reprofiling of the Drug Treatment Funding Program.

Authorities for revenues netted against expenditures have increased $137.9 million primarily as a result of expenditure recoveries to be received under the tripartite agreement with the First Nations Health Authority in BC.  This increase in authority for revenues netted against expenditures is fully offset by increases in authority for operating expenditures.

The fluctuations in authorities available for spending are most notable in the following standard objects and in revenues netted against expenditures for services of a non-regulatory nature:  transportation and communications; professional and special services; utilities, materials and supplies; acquisition of machinery and equipment; and, transfer payments.

B. Significant Changes in Year to Date Expenditures

The following graph provides a comparison of net budgetary authorities and cumulative spending by quarter for the current and previous fiscal years.

Graph of Comparison of Net Budgetary Authorities and Year to Date Expenditures for the Quarters Ended June 30, September 30 and December 31 of Fiscal Years 2012-2013 and 2013-2014

Comparison of Net Budgetary Authorities and Year to Date Expenditures for the Quarters Ended June 30, September 30 and December 31 of Fiscal Years 2012-2013 and 2013-2014 (in millions $)

Bar chart showing a comparison of net budgetary authorities and year to date expenditures for the quarters ended June 30, September 30 and December 31 of Fiscal Years 2012-2013 and 2013-2014 in millions of dollars.

2012-2013 Net Budgetary Authorities = 3,819; 2012-2013 Year to date Expenditures to June 30 = 936; 2012-2013 Year to date Expenditures to September 30 = 1,761; 2012-2013 Year to date Expenditures to December 31 = 2,628; 2013-2014 Net Budgetary Authorities = 3,909; 2013-2014 Year to date Expenditures to June 30 = 1,038; 2013-2014 Year to date Expenditures to September 30 = 1,928; 2013-2014 Year to date Expenditures to December 31 = 2,835.


The following table provides a comparison of cumulative spending by vote for the third quarter of the current and previous fiscal years.

Comparison of Year to Date Expenditures for the Quarter Ended December 31 of Fiscal Years 2012-2013 and 2013-2014
Year to date expenditures (in millions of dollars) 2012-2013 2013-2014 Variance
Vote 1 - Operating expenditures 1,331 1,293 (38)
Vote 5 - Capital expenditures 8 9 1
Vote 10 - Grants and contributions 1099 1,327 228
Statutory 190 206 16
Total year to date expenditures 2,628 2,835 207

During the third quarter of 2013-2014, total budgetary expenditures were $2,835 million compared with $2,628 million reported for the same period of 2012-2013, representing an increase of $207 million or 7.9%, primarily in expenditures relating to grants and contributions.

Year to date net operating expenditures have decreased by approximately $38 million or 2.8% when compared to the third quarter of 2012-2013.  This decrease is comprised of the following changes in operating expenditures reported by standard object:

  • $49.2 million increase in vote-netted revenues, which reduces net spending, primarily due to cost recovery arrangements as a result of the tripartite agreement with the First Nations Health Authority in BC; and,
  • $17.3 million increase in personnel due primarily to the settlement of collective agreements in the current fiscal year and timing of accounting adjustments relative to the transfer of control and supervision of certain portions of the Internal Services functions from PHAC to Health Canada.

There was an increase in Vote 10 - Grants and contributions year to date expenditures of $228 million or 20.7% when compared to the third quarter of the prior year.  This increase in spending is primarily due to:

  • $163.2 million increase related to timing of disbursements for several of the First Nations and Inuit Health Programs as compared with the prior year; and,
  • $108.8 million increase as a result of disbursements made under the tripartite agreement with the First Nations Health Authority in BC;

These increases in grants and contributions expenditures are partially offset by the following decreases:

  • $13.2 million decrease relating to the sunsetting of the Official Languages Health Contribution Program;
  • $13.2 million decrease for the transfer to the PHAC of the International Health Grants Program; and,
  • $6.8 million decrease relating to previous year reprofiling of the Drug Treatment Funding Program.

Statutory year to date expenditures have increased $16 million from $190 million in 2012-2013 to $206 million in 2013-2014 or 8.0%.  This increase in statutory vote is primarily due to:

  • $21.6 million increase in statutory expenditures incurred by Health Canada for the provision of Internal Services functions on behalf of the PHAC; and,
  • $6.2 million decrease in employee benefit plan costs related to the savings identified as part of the Budget 2012 Economic Action Plan.

C. Quarterly Variances

The following graph presents a comparison of quarterly spending by quarter and by fiscal year.

Graph of Comparison of Quarterly Expenditures for the Quarters Ended June 30, September 30 and December 31 of Fiscal Years 2012-2013 and 2013-2014

Comparison of Quarterly Expenditures for the Quarters Ended June 30, September 30 and December 31 of Fiscal Years 2012-2013 and 2013-2014 (in millions $)

Bar chart showing a comparison of quarterly expenditures for the quarters ended June 30, September 30 and December 31 of Fiscal Years 2012-2013 and 2013-2014 in millions of dollars.

2012-2013 Expenditures for the Quarter Ended June 30 = 936; 2012-2013 Expenditures for the Quarter Ended September 30 = 826; 2012-2013 Expenditures for the Quarter Ended December 31 = 867; 2013-2014 Expenditures for the Quarter Ended June 30 = 1,038; 2013-2014 Expenditures for the Quarter Ended September 30 = 889; 2013-2014 Expenditures for the Quarter Ended December 31 = 908.


Expenditures in the third quarter of fiscal 2013-2014 were $908 million compared with $867 million for the third quarter of 2012-2013, representing an increase of $41 million or 4.7% in quarterly spending.

Increases in quarterly spending are due primarily to:

  • the settlement of collective agreements in the current fiscal year and timing of accounting adjustments relative to the transfer of control and supervision of certain portions of the Internal Services functions from PHAC to Health Canada;
  • disbursements made under the tripartite agreement with the First Nations Health Authority in BC;
  • the timing of transfer payment disbursements which were advanced as compared to the prior year; and,
  • offset by an increase in vote-netted revenues due to cost recovery arrangements as a result of the tripartite agreement with the First Nations Health Authority in British Columbia.

Risks and Uncertainties

Health Canada, as part of its commitment to effective management and accountability, employs integrated risk management tools to recognize, understand, accommodate and capitalize on new challenges and opportunities.  The Department, as a public sector organization, is dedicated to enhancing the health and well-being of Canadians and recognizes that its success in fulfilling its mandate is directly related to the effective management of risk.  To ensure effectual risk management, the Department makes sure that effective and efficient systems of internal controls are in place, and that these controls are proportionate to the risks being managed.

In a dynamic and complex environment characterized by internal and external drivers of change in Canada and abroad (e.g. population growth in First Nations and Inuit and changes in drug prices for the non-insured health program), effective management of risk at Health Canada contributes to improved decision-making, better allocation of resources and, ultimately, better results for Canadians.  Additionally it can lead to effective service delivery, better project management, and an increase in value for money. Management proactively, systematically and continuously manages and responds to risks, both positive and negative, to minimize adverse impacts and capitalize on challenges and opportunities.

As of Budget 2013, growth in the First Nations and Inuit health, Non-Insured Health Benefits Program will be based on 5% growth on actual (annual) expenditures from the prior fiscal year.  Program expenditures endure natural fluctuations from year to year depending on a variety of factors beyond program control (e.g. drug pricing, location of provincial and territorial health services) thus creating risk.  Enhanced monitoring of expenditures is undertaken, including assessment of expenditures against projected spending as well as previous years' trends and available resources to manage these risks.  Trend monitoring, cost management and planning are also in place and are reported regularly to senior management for decision making.

Significant Changes in Relation to Operations, Personnel and Programs

There have been no significant changes in relation to operations, personnel and programs over the last year.

Budget 2012 Implementation

This section provides an overview of the savings measures announced in Budget 2012 that are being implemented in order to refocus government and programs; make it easier for Canadians and business to deal with their government; and, modernize and reduce the back office.

Health Canada conducted a comprehensive review of its operating and program spending.  It placed priority on preserving activities central to its core mandate as a regulator, a service provider for First Nations and Inuit, and a leader in health care policy.

As a result, Health Canada is improving and transforming ways of conducting business that is resulting in efficiency gains, savings, and better value for money, while maintaining or enhancing accountability and services to Canadians.

In 2012-2013, the first year of implementation, Health Canada achieved savings of approximately $74.2 million.  Savings will increase to $138.5 million in 2013-2014 and will result in ongoing savings of $197.6 million by 2014-2015.  Authorities in the third quarter of fiscal year 2013-2014 are greater than the same period of last year ($3,909 million vs. $3,819 million) while expenditures in the third quarter of fiscal year 2013-2014 are higher than the same period of last year ($908 million vs. $867 million).  The increased authorities are primarily due to the funding received to support investments aimed at improving health care for the First Nations and Inuit people and continued funding for the Non-Insured Health Benefits Program.  The increase in expenditures is primarily due to program payments in contributions as explained above.

Administrative Efficiencies and Rationalization of Structures and Functions (Internal Transformation)

Many changes are internal to Health Canada, and savings are being generated by simplifying and streamlining operations across all Health Canada branches.  These include: consolidating operations; reducing and consolidating strategic policy work; consolidating and focusing on research and laboratory work and space; simplifying grants and contributions administration; and, achieving administrative and operational efficiencies throughout the Department.

These initiatives will achieve ongoing savings of $108.4 million.

Shared Services

Health Canada and the PHAC have consolidated several common internal services.  A wide range of services, including human resources, information technology, communications, audit, evaluation, and certain financial functions have been merged into new units to serve both Health Canada and PHAC.  Governance is in place and processes are being reengineered to enhance services and reduce costs.

This initiative will achieve ongoing savings of $17.9 million.

Grants and Contributions (G&Cs)

Grants and contributions funding will be concentrated in areas that have continued relevance to Canadians, align with the priorities of the Department and the Government, and have the most potential for success.

For Pan-Canadian health organizations, Health Canada is reducing funding for most by 5% by 2014-2015 and has encouraged them to achieve savings through administrative efficiencies and reduced overhead.

Funding for the Health Care Policy Contribution Program will be reduced and targeted on key and emerging issues.  Funding for the Women's Health Contribution Program has been eliminated as part of the Economic Action Plan 2012.

Recognizing that smoking is at an all-time low in Canada and that provincial, territorial and municipal governments have taken on a greater role in reducing tobacco use, funding for the Federal Tobacco Control Strategy has been reduced.  Health Canada's efforts will be refocused to concentrate on more vulnerable populations such as First Nations and Inuit, whose communities have the highest smoking rates in Canada.

Grants and contributions funding in First Nations and Inuit Health will be focused on direct service delivery.  Funding reductions are limited to areas such as research, building capacity, developing partnerships and networking in order to preserve front-line delivery services.

These initiatives will achieve ongoing savings of $58.5 million.

Streamlining Regulatory Operations and Administration

Core regulatory responsibilities for a variety of products, including drugs, food, consumer products and pesticides are maintained.  Each of Health Canada's three regulatory branches is refocusing research on priority areas as well as restructuring some regulatory and policy operations in keeping with red tape reduction efforts.

These initiatives will achieve ongoing savings of $12.8 million.

Risk Management

Through planning and regular reporting on progress, Health Canada is managing the financial risks associated with achieving the reductions required as a result of Budget 2012.  Sound management and focus on service delivery provides assurance that reduction plans are being achieved.

Approved by:

George Da Pont
Deputy Minister
Ottawa, Canada
Date:  February 19, 2014

Jamie Tibbetts
Assistant Deputy Minister and
Chief Financial Officer
Ottawa, Canada
Date:  February 18, 2014

Statement of Authorities (Unaudited)

Fiscal year 2013-2014 (in thousands of dollars)
Authority Total available for use for the year ending March 31, 2014Table Fiscal year 2013-2014 footnote 1 Used during the quarter ended December 31, 2013 Year to date used at quarter-end
(S) - Statutory Vote

Table Fiscal year 2013-2014 footnotes

Table Fiscal year 2013-2014 footnote 1

Includes only Authorities available for use and granted by Parliament at quarter end

Return to table Fiscal year 2013-2014 footnote 1 referrer

Vote 1 - Operating expenditures 1,980,500 454,439 1,292,808
Vote 5 - Capital expenditures 26,177 6,076 9,199
Vote 10 - Grants and contributions 1,625,791 393,530 1,327,117
(S) Contributions to employee benefit plans 127,916 31,665 94,994
(S) Minister of Health - Salary and motor car allowance 79 20 59
(S) Spending of proceeds from the disposal of surplus Crown assets 676 55 118
(S) Refunds of amounts credited to revenues in previous years 879 244 879
(S) Canada Health Infoway Inc. 88,548 - 88,548
(S) Collection agency fees 11 9 11
(S) Spending of Revenues pursuant to section 4.2 of the Department of Health Act 58,860 21,593 21,593
Total authorities 3,909,437 907,631 2,835,326
 
Fiscal year 2012-2013 (in thousands of dollars)
Authority Total available for use for the year ending March 31, 2013Table Fiscal year 2012-2013 footnote 1 Used during the quarter ended December 31, 2012 Year to date used at quarter-end
(S) - Statutory Vote

Table Fiscal year 2012-2013 footnotes

Table Fiscal year 2012-2013 footnote 1

Includes only Authorities available for use and granted by Parliament at quarter end

Return to table Fiscal year 2012-2013 footnote 1 referrer

Vote 1 - Operating expenditures 2,078,419 474,391 1,330,543
Vote 5 - Capital expenditures 30,778 3,908 7,608
Vote 10 - Grants and contributions 1,484,614 354,593 1,099,137
(S) Contributions to employee benefit plans 134,948 33,737 101,211
(S) Minister of Health - Salary and motor car allowance 78 19 58
(S) Spending of proceeds from the disposal of surplus Crown assets 421 35 89
(S) Refunds of amounts credited to revenues in previous years 120 76 120
(S) Canada Health Infoway Inc. 89,361 - 89,361
(S) Collection agency fees 5 1 5
(S) Court awards 10 - 10
Total authorities 3,818,754 866,760 2,628,142

Departmental Budgetary Expenditures by Standard Object (Unaudited)

Fiscal year 2013-2014 (in thousands of dollars)
Standard Object Planned expenditures for the year ending March 31, 2014 Expended during the quarter ended December 31, 2013 Year to date used at quarter-end
Expenditures:
Personnel
917,198 254,766 716,802
Transportation and communications
353,785 51,054 133,415
Information
22,087 2,899 5,747
Professional and special services
554,218 121,574 303,375
Rentals
15,505 4,010 13,068
Repair and maintenance
40,299 5,624 12,568
Utilities, materials and supplies
523,654 115,790 319,365
Acquisition of land, buildings and works
1,555 1,110 2,021
Acquisition of machinery and equipment
24,621 9,563 23,636
Transfer payments
1,714,338 393,530 1,415,665
Other subsidies and payments
11,218 91 3,417
Total gross budgetary expenditures
4,178,478 960,011 2,949,079
Less revenues netted against expenditures:
Rights and privileges
54,622 12,788 28,982
Services non-regulatory
158,096 28,764 62,796
Services regulatory
56,323 10,828 21,975
Total revenues netted against expenditures
269,041 52,380 113,753
Total net budgetary expenditures 3,909,437 907,631 2,835,326
 
Fiscal year 2012-2013 (in thousands of dollars)
Standard Object Planned expenditures for the year ending March 31, 2013 Expended during the quarter ended December 31, 2012 Year to date used at quarter-end
Expenditures:
Personnel
927,597 227,160 692,823
Transportation and communications
314,775 55,350 139,434
Information
28,524 4,953 6,608
Professional and special services
515,906 122,636 294,444
Rentals
14,626 3,149 11,514
Repair and maintenance
35,305 5,320 12,000
Utilities, materials and supplies
488,929 112,311 320,753
Acquisition of land, buildings and works
2,609 1,618 3,768
Acquisition of machinery and equipment
46,997 8,226 19,816
Transfer payments
1,573,975 354,827 1,188,732
Other subsidies and payments
685 (282) (490)
Total gross budgetary expenditures
3,949,928 895,268 2,689,402
Less revenues netted against expenditures:
Rights and privileges
53,634 11,015 18,214
Services non-regulatory
21,886 5,423 14,383
Services regulatory
55,654 12,070 28,663
Total revenues netted against expenditures
131,174 28,508 61,260
Total net budgetary expenditures 3,818,754 866,760 2,628,142
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