Proposed Maximum Residue Limit PMRL2018-50, Clethodim
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Pest Management Regulatory Agency
20 November 2018
ISSN: 1925-0843 (PDF version)
Catalogue number: H113-24/2018-50E-PDF (PDF version)
Under the authority of the Pest Control Products Act, Health Canada's Pest Management Regulatory Agency (PMRA) has concluded that the addition of new uses on dry bulb shallots and crop subgroups 6A and 6B to the product labels of Select Emulsifiable Concentrate Post-Emergent Herbicide and Centurion Emulsifiable Concentrate Post-Emergent Herbicide, containing technical grade clethodim, is acceptable. The specific uses approved in Canada are detailed on the labels of Select Emulsifiable Concentrate Post-Emergence Herbicide and Centurion Emulsifiable Concentrate Post-Emergence Herbicide, Pest Control Products Act Registration Numbers 22625 and 27598, respectively.
The evaluation of these clethodim applications indicated that the end-use products have value and the human health and environmental risks associated with the new uses are acceptable.
Before registering a pesticide for food use in Canada, the PMRA must determine the quantity of residues that are likely to remain in or on the food when the pesticide is used according to label directions and that such residues will not be a concern to human health. This quantity is then legally established as a maximum residue limit (MRL). An MRL applies to the identified raw agricultural food commodity as well as to any processed food product that contains it, except where separate MRLs are specified for the raw agricultural commodity and a processed product made from it.
To comply with Canada's international trade obligations, consultation on the proposed MRLs is also being conducted internationally by notifying the World Trade Organization, as coordinated by the Canada's Notification Authority and Enquiry Point.
The proposed MRLs, to be revised or added to the MRLs already established for clethodim, are as follows:
|Common Name||Residue Definition||MRL (ppm)Table 1 footnote 1||Food Commodity|
hydroxy-2-cyclohexen-1-one and its
metabolites containing the 2-cyclohex-1-enone moiety
|3.5Table 1 footnote 2||Edible-podded legume vegetables (crop subgroup 6A), succulent shelled pea and bean (crop subgroup 6B)|
MRLs are proposed for each commodity included in the listed crop groupings in accordance with the Residue Chemistry Crop Groups webpage in the Pesticides and Pest Management section of the Canada.ca website.
MRLs established in Canada may be found using the Maximum Residue Limit Database on the Maximum Residue Limits for Pesticides webpage. The database allows users to search for established MRLs, regulated under the Pest Control Products Act, both for pesticides or for food commodities.
International Situation and Trade Implications
The MRLs proposed for clethodim in Canada are the same as corresponding American tolerances as listed in the Electronic Code of Federal Regulations, 40 CFR Part 180, by pesticide. However, the MRLs proposed for clethodim differ from the Codex MRLsFootnote 1 listed for clethodim in or on beans on the Pesticide Index webpage.
Table 2 compares the MRLs proposed for clethodim in Canada with corresponding American tolerances and Codex MRLs.
|Food Commodity||Canadian MRL (ppm)||American Tolerance (ppm)||Codex MRL (ppm)|
|Edible-podded legume vegetables (crop subgroup 6A), Succulent shelled pea and bean (crop subgroup 6B)||3.5||
Vegetable, legume, group 6, except soybean
Beans, except broad and soya bean
(No Codex MRLs are established for succulent peas)
Onion, bulb, subgroup 3-07A
The PMRA invites the public to submit written comments on the proposed MRLs for clethodim up to 75 days from the date of publication of this document. Please forward your comments to Publications. The PMRA will consider all comments received before making a final decision on the proposed MRLs. Comments received will be addressed in a separate document linked to this PMRL. The established MRLs will be legally in effect as of the date that they are entered into the Maximum Residue Limit Database.
Summary of Field Trial Data Used to Support the Proposed Maximum Residue Limits
Residue data for clethodim in edible-podded beans and peas, succulent shelled beans and peas and dry bulb onions were submitted to support the domestic uses of Select Emulsifiable Concentrate Post-Emergent Herbicide and Centurion Emulsifiable Concentrate Post-Emergent Herbicide on crop subgroups 6A and 6B and dry bulb shallots.
Maximum Residue Limits
The recommendation for maximum residue limits (MRLs) for clethodim was based upon the submitted field trial data, and the guidance provided in the OECD MRL Calculator. Table A1 summarizes the residue data used to calculate the proposed MRLs for crops within crop subgroups 6A and 6B and dry bulb shallots.
|Commodity||Application Method/ Total Application Rate
(g a.i./ha)Table A1 footnote 1
|Preharvest Interval (days)||Lowest Average Field Trial Residues (ppm)||Highest Average Field Trial Residues (ppm)|
|Edible-podded beans||Foliar broadcast application/
|Edible-podded peas||Foliar broadcast application/
|Succulent shelled beans||Foliar broadcast application/
|Succulent shelled peas||Foliar broadcast application/
|Dry bulb onions||Foliar post-emergent application/560-606||44–45||< 0.094||< 0.24|
Following the review of all available data, MRLs as proposed in Table 1 are recommended to cover residues of clethodim. Residues of clethodim in these crop commodities at the proposed MRLs will not pose an unacceptable risk to any segment of the population, including infants, children, adults and seniors.
- Footnote 1
The Codex Alimentarius Commission is an international organization under the auspices of the United Nations that develops international food standards, including MRLs.
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