Proposed Maximum Residue Limit PMRL2019-22, Fluazinam
Pest Management Regulatory Agency
27 August 2019
ISSN: 1925-0843 (PDF version)
Catalogue number: H113-24/2019-22E-PDF (PDF version)
Under the authority of the Pest Control Products Act, Health Canada’s Pest Management Regulatory Agency (PMRA) is proposing to establish a maximum residue limit (MRL) for fluazinam on tea (dried leaves) to permit the import and sale of foods containing such residues.
Fluazinam is a fungicide currently registered in Canada for use on various commodities.
The PMRA must determine the quantity of residues that are likely to remain in or on the imported food commodities when fluazinam is used according to label directions in the exporting country, and that such residues will not be a concern to human health. This quantity is then legally established as an MRL on the corresponding imported commodity. An MRL applies to the identified raw agricultural food commodity as well as to any processed food product that contains it, except where separate MRLs are specified for the raw agricultural commodity and a processed product made from it.
To comply with Canada’s international trade obligations, consultation on the proposed MRL is also being conducted internationally by notifying the World Trade Organization, as coordinated by Canada’s Notification Authority and Enquiry Point.
The proposed MRL, to be added to the MRLs already established for fluazinam, is as follows.
|Common Name||Residue Definition||MRL (ppm)Footnote 1||Food Commodity|
|Fluazinam||3-chloro-N-[3-chloro-2,6-dinitro-4-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-5-(trifluoromethyl)-2-pyridinamine||6.0||Tea (dried leaves)|
MRLs established in Canada may be found using the Maximum Residue Limit Database on the Maximum Residue Limits for Pesticides webpage. The database allows users to search for established MRLs, regulated under the Pest Control Products Act, both for pesticides or for food commodities.
International Situation and Trade Implications
Table 2 compares the MRL proposed for fluazinam in Canada with the corresponding American tolerance and Codex MRL.Footnote 1 American tolerances are listed in the Electronic Code of Federal Regulations, 40 CFR Part 180, by pesticide. A listing of established Codex MRLs is available on the Codex Alimentarius Pesticide Index webpage, by pesticide or commodity.
|Food Commodity||Canadian MRL
|Tea (dried leaves)||6.0||6.0||Not established|
The PMRA invites the public to submit written comments on the proposed MRLs for flutolanil up to 75 days from the date of publication of this document. Please forward your comments to Publications. The PMRA will consider all comments received before making a final decision on the proposed MRLs. Comments received will be addressed in a separate document linked to this PMRL. The established MRLs will be legally in effect as of the date that they are entered into the Maximum Residue Limit Database.
Summary of Field Trial Data Used to Support the Proposed Maximum Residue Limits
Residue data for fluazinam in tea were submitted to support the maximum residue limit on imported tea.
Maximum Residue Limits
The recommendation for the maximum residue limit (MRL) for fluazinam was based upon the submitted field trial data for tea treated according to label directions in the exporting country, and the guidance provided in the OECD MRL Calculator. Table A1 summarizes the residue data used to calculate the proposed MRL for imported tea.
|Commodity||Application Method/ Total Application Rate
(g a.i./ha)Footnote 1
|Preharvest Interval (days)||Lowest Average Field Trial Residues
|Highest Average Field Trial Residues
|Tea (dried leaves)||Foliar Spray / 500||14||0.40||2.74|
Following the review of all available data, the MRL proposed in Table 1 is recommended to cover residues of fluazinam. Residues of fluazinam in imported tea (dried leaves) at the proposed MRL will not pose an unacceptable risk to any segment of the population, including infants, children, adults and seniors.
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