Proposed Re-evaluation Decision PRVD2018-03, Oil of Geranium, Camphor Oil, Eucalyptus Oil, Lemon Oil, and Pine Needle Oil and Their Associated End-use products

This consultation is now closed

Pest Management Regulatory Agency
6 February 2018
ISSN: 1925-0967 (PDF version)
Catalogue number: H113-27/2018-03E-PDF (PDF version)

If you would like to comment, please request the full consultation document.

To obtain a full copy of Proposed Re-evaluation Decision PRVD2018-03, Oil of Geranium, Camphor Oil, Eucalyptus Oil, Lemon Oil, and Pine Needle Oil and Their Associated End-use products please contact our publications office.

Should you require further information please contact the Pest Management Information Service.

Table of Contents

Proposed Re-evaluation Decision

Under the authority of the Pest Control Products Act, all registered pesticides must be regularly re-evaluated by Health Canada's Pest Management Regulatory Agency (PMRA) to ensure that they continue to meet current health and environmental safety standards and that they continue to have value. The re-evaluation considers data and information from pesticide manufacturers, published scientific reports, and other regulatory agencies. The PMRA applies internationally accepted risk assessment methods as well as current risk management approaches and policies.

Oil of geranium, camphor oil, eucalyptus oil, lemon oil, and pine needle oil (as mixtures) are used as an insect repellent for application to human skin (personal insect repellent) or the fur of dogs and horses (animal insect repellent). In addition, camphor oil and eucalyptus oil, when co-formulated with methyl salicylate and cornmint oil, are registered as an animal repellent to repel Norway rats (common brown rats) and raccoons. All insect repellent end-use products are ready-to-use domestic products formulated as a liquid. The animal repellent products are manufacturing concentrates impregnated into plastics for use in the manufacture of trash bags.

This proposed re-evaluation decision (PRVD2018-03) presents the proposed regulatory decision for the re-evaluation of oil of geranium, camphor oil, eucalyptus oil, lemon oil, and pine needle oil and includes proposed label updates to meet current standards, as well as the science evaluation on which the proposed decision was based. All products containing oil of geranium, camphor oil, eucalyptus oil, lemon oil, and pine needle oil registered in Canada are subject to this proposed re-evaluation decision. Proposed Re-evaluation Decision PRVD2018-03, Oil of Geranium, Camphor Oil, Eucalyptus Oil, Lemon Oil, and Pine Needle Oil and Their Associated End-use products is subject to a 90-day public consultation period, during which the public, including the pesticide manufacturers and stakeholders, may submit written comments and additional information to the PMRA Publications Section. The final re-evaluation decision will be published taking into consideration the comments and information received.

Outcome of Science Evaluation

Oil of geranium, camphor oil, eucalyptus oil, lemon oil, and pine needle oil end-use products are registered for domestic use, and they have value in offering Canadians a non-conventional choice to repel certain insects and animals. These essential oils are manufactured from naturally occurring plants, and they have a long history of use in natural health and consumer products with no observed adverse effects.

Mixtures of oil of geranium, camphor oil, eucalyptus oil, lemon oil, and pine needle oil were of low acute toxicity by the oral and dermal routes of exposure and, are expected to be irritating to the skin, eyes, and lungs and, potential skin sensitizers. The technical grade ingredient mixtures of camphor oil, eucalyptus oil, methyl salicylate, and cornmint oil are expected to be moderately acutely toxic by the oral route and severely irritating to the skin and eyes, and likely to cause irritation of the respiratory tract upon inhalation; however, these active ingredients are unlikely to be skin sensitizers.

When current label directions are followed, the potential risks from residential exposures to products containing these oils are not of concern.

Mixtures of these essential oils are not registered for use on food, nor are they expect to contaminate drinking water sources. Dietary (food and drinking water) exposure to these active ingredients is not anticipated and a dietary risk assessment is therefore not required.

When used under the current label directions, risks of concern to the environment from these essential oil mixtures are not expected.

Proposed Regulatory Decision

Under the authority of the Pest Control Products Act and based on the evaluation of currently available scientific information, Health Canada is proposing that products containing oil of geranium, camphor oil, eucalyptus oil, lemon oil, and pine needle oil (used as insect repellents and animal repellents) are acceptable for continued registration for use and sale in Canada.

Registered pesticide product labels include specific instructions for use. Directions include risk mitigation measures to protect human health and the environment that must be followed by law. As a result of the re-evaluation, no additional risk mitigation measures are proposed by the PMRA. To meet current labelling standards updates to the storage and disposal label statements are proposed (Refer to the details in Appendix II of PRVD2018-03, Oil of Geranium, Camphor Oil, Eucalyptus Oil, Lemon Oil, and Pine Needle Oil and Their Associated End-use products):

International Context

Camphor oil, eucalyptus oil, and lemon oil are currently acceptable for use in other Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) member countries, including Australia. Camphor oil and eucalyptus oil are acceptable for use in the United States of America. As of 9 August 2017, no decision by an OECD member country to prohibit all uses of these oils for health or environmental reasons has been identified.

Next Steps

The public, including registrants and stakeholders, are encouraged to submit comments during the 90-day public consultation periodFootnote 1 which begins upon publication of Proposed Re-evaluation Decision PRVD2018-03, Oil of Geranium, Camphor Oil, Eucalyptus Oil, Lemon Oil, and Pine Needle Oil and Their Associated End-use products.

All comments received during the 90-day public consultation period will be taken into consideration in preparation of the re-evaluation decision document.Footnote 2 This document will include the final re-evaluation decision, the reasons for it, and a summary of comments received on the proposed re-evaluation decision along with the PMRA's responses.

Additional Scientific Information

No additional data are required.

Footnotes

Footnote 1

"Consultation statement" as required by subsection 28(2) of the Pest Control Products Act.

Return to footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

"Decision statement" as required by subsection 28(5) of the Pest Control Products Act.

Return to footnote 2 referrer

Report a problem or mistake on this page
Please select all that apply:

Thank you for your help!

You will not receive a reply. For enquiries, contact us.

Date modified: