Science Policy Note SPN2020-01, Policy on the List of Pest Control Product Formulants and Contaminants of Health or Environmental Concern under paragraph 43(5)(b) of the Pest Control Products Act

Pest Management Regulatory Agency
30 June 2020
ISSN: 2368-1861 (PDF version)
Catalogue number: H113-13/2020-1E-PDF (PDF version)

Table of Contents

Introduction

The Minister of Health’s primary mandate under the Pest Control Products Act is to prevent unacceptable risks to individuals and the environment from the use of pest control products. As per subsection 2(1) of the Pest Control Products Act, a “pest control product” includesFootnote 1 active ingredients, formulantsFootnote 2 and contaminants.Footnote 3 Paragraph 43(5)(b) of the Pest Control Products Act authorizes the Minister to establish, maintain, and make available to the public, a list of formulants and contaminants that the Minister considers to be of health or environmental concern. This list is made available to the public through publication in the Canada Gazette and on the Canada.ca website.

In 2005, to increase transparency in the regulatory system for pesticides, Health Canada’s Pest Management Regulatory Agency (PMRA) established the List of Pest Control Product Formulants and Contaminants of Health or Environmental Concern (the List). In accordance with paragraph 43(5)(b) of the Pest Control Products Act, the identity and concentration of a formulant or contaminant on the List in a pest control product that is registered in Canada are not considered confidential business information and the public will be able to have access to it. For example, the identity of formulants on the List must be disclosed on pest control product labels as a condition of registration.

This document describes the approach and criteria for maintaining the List, and also how the List will be used. It is an update to the version that was published in 2005.

1.0 General approach

Existing policies, regulations and risk management strategies will be used for identifying formulants or contaminants of concern for addition to the List. Formulants or contaminants will only be added to the List if they are found in pest control products that are currently registered in Canada.

The PMRA’s Regulatory Directive DIR2006-02 Formulants Policy and Implementation Guidance Document outlines how formulants of concern are identified. Contaminants of concern are identified as chemicals designated for reduction and/or elimination under an international treaty/convention that Canada has ratified or a Canadian government policy/risk management strategy, including the Toxic Substances Management Policy 1995 (TSMP 1995), the Montreal Protocol on Ozone Depleting Substances, the Minamata Convention, and the Government of Canada’s Risk Management Strategy for Lead (February 2013). These policies, regulations and risk management strategies have set criteria and have already undergone public consultation.

2.0 Criteria

2.1 Formulants of health or environmental concern

The PMRA policy on formulants in pest control products is described in Regulatory Directive DIR2006-02. It requires that formulants in pest control products be accurately identified and assessed for human health and environmental risks. Formulants will be included on or excluded from the List as follows:

2.2 Formulants of health or environmental concern that are allergens known to cause anaphylactic-type reactions

2.3 Contaminants of health or environmental concern

Contaminants will be included on or excluded from the List based on criteria and designation under existing international treaties/conventions that Canada has ratified or domestic risk management strategies and policies. The contaminant will also have to be present in a currently registered pest control product in Canada to be included on the List.

Contaminants of concern are identified as chemicals designated for reduction and/or elimination under an international treaty/convention that Canada has ratified or under domestic risk management strategies and policies, including:

Releases of these designated contaminants from any sources cause concern. Therefore, the goal of these strategies is to reduce and ultimately eliminate, where feasible, the releases of these contaminants from all sectors contributing to the concern. These types of strategies provide general prevention measures related to best available techniques to minimize environmental releases. From a practical perspective for the pesticide sector, this is interpreted as minimization of these contaminants in pest control products.

3.0 List structure

The List of Pest Control Product Formulants and Contaminants of Health or Environmental Concern has been constructed in three parts to facilitate reference. Substances will be listed as follows:

Part I   Formulants of health or environmental concern
Part II  Formulants of health or environmental concern that are allergens known to cause anaphylactic-type reactions
Part III Contaminants of health or environmental concern

4.0 Maintaining the List

The List and criteria for establishing and maintaining the List will evolve as new science emerges. The PMRA will add or remove substances to the List as needed.
A formulant or contaminants will be added to the List when it has been identified as a concern (see section 2) and is found in a registered pest control product in the Canadian market place.

A formulant or contaminant will be removed from the List when it is no longer considered to be of health or environmental concern or when it is no longer found in a registered pest control product in the Canadian marketplace.

Amendments to the List will be published in the Canada Gazette. The revised and consolidated List will be easily accessible to the public through the Canada.ca website.

For work planning purposes and to facilitate the maintenance of an up-to-date List, the PMRA will also review the List and this Science Policy Note every five years to confirm that the criteria are still valid and whether or not formulants or contaminants should be added or removed from the List. The public will be consulted on any changes made to the List or the criteria.

5.0 Use of the List

There are two ways the List is used to increase transparency:

6.0 Inquiries

Any inquiries should be directed to the PMRA’s Pest Management Information Service by phone (1-800-267-6315) or by e-mail (hc.pmra.info-arla.sc@canada.ca).

References

canada.ca [internet]. Virtual elimination list: updated February 4, 2009: c2013 [cited 2020 June 2]. Available from: https://www.canada.ca/en/environment-climate-change/services/canadian-environmental-protection-act-registry/substances-list/virtual-elimination-list/updated-february-4-2009.html

canada.ca [internet]. Risk Management Strategy for Lead: c2013 [cited 2020 June 2]. Available from: https://www.canada.ca/en/health-canada/services/environmental-workplace-health/reports-publications/environmental-contaminants/risk-management-strategy-lead.html

canada.ca [internet]. Risk management strategy for products containing mercury: c2015 [cited 2020 June 2]. Available from: https://www.canada.ca/en/environment-climate-change/services/canadian-environmental-protection-act-registry/publications/risk-management-strategy-products-mercury.html

laws-lois.justice.gc.ca [internet]. List of Pest Control Product Formulants and Contaminants of Health or Environmental Concern (SI/2005-114): c2020 [cited 2020 June 2]. Available from: https://laws-lois.justice.gc.ca/eng/regulations/SI-2005-114/index.html

mercuryconvention.org [internet]. Minamata Convention on Mercury: c2020. [cited 2020 June 2]. Available from: http://mercuryconvention.org/

un-documents.net [internet]. Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer [cited 2020 June 2]. Available from: http://www.un-documents.net/mpsdol.htm

laws-lois.justice.gc.ca [internet]. Ozone-depleting Substances and Halocarbon Alternatives Regulations (SOR/2016-137): c2020 [cited 2020 June 2] Available from: https://laws-lois.justice.gc.ca/eng/regulations/SOR-2016-137/

laws-lois.justice.gc.ca [internet]. List of Pest Control Product Formulants and Contaminants of Health or Environmental Concern (SI/2005-114): c2020 [2020 June 2]. Available from: https://laws-lois.justice.gc.ca/eng/regulations/SI-2005-114/index.html

canada.ca [internet]. Pesticides and Pest Management: c2020 [2020 June 2]. Available from: https://www.canada.ca/en/health-canada/services/consumer-product-safety/pesticides-pest-management.html

canada.ca [internet]. Registrants and Applicants – PMRA List of Formulants: c2020 [2020 June 2]. Available from: https://www.canada.ca/en/health-canada/services/consumer-product-safety/pesticides-pest-management/registrants-applicants.html

canada.ca [internet]. Public Registry: c2018 [2020 June 2]. Available from: https://www.canada.ca/en/health-canada/services/consumer-product-safety/pesticides-pest-management/public/protecting-your-health-environment/public-registry.html

canada.ca [internet]. Regulatory Directive: The Pest Management Regulatory Agency's Strategy for Implementing the Toxic Substances Management Policy: c2009 [2020 June 2]. Available from: https://www.canada.ca/en/health-canada/services/consumer-product-safety/reports-publications/pesticides-pest-management/policies-guidelines/regulatory-directive/1999/strategy-implementing-toxic-substances-management-policy-dir99-03.html  

  
canada.ca [internet]. Regulatory Directive: Formulants Policy and Implementation Guidance Document: c2012 [2020 June 2]. Available from: https://www.canada.ca/en/health-canada/services/consumer-product-safety/reports-publications/pesticides-pest-management/policies-guidelines/regulatory-directive/2006/formulants-policy-implementation-guidance-document-dir2006-02.html

pops.int [internet]. Stockholm Convention: c2019 [2020 June 2]. Available from: http://www.pops.int/
canada.ca [internet]. Toxic substances management policy: c2013 [2020 June 2]. Available from: https://www.canada.ca/en/environment-climate-change/services/management-toxic-substances/policy.html

Footnotes

Footnote 1

Unless stated otherwise in the Pest Control Products Act and Regulations.

Return to footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

In the Pest Control Products Act, a formulant is any component of a pest control product that is added intentionally to the product and that is not an active ingredient (for example, sugar).

Return to footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

For the purposes of the List, a contaminant is a substance that inadvertently occurs in a pest control product, such as a by-product of a chemical reaction or industrial process (for example, chlorinated substances).

Return to footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Zarkadas, M. et al. 1999. Common Allergenic Foods and Their Labelling in Canada: A Review. Canadian Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, Vol. 4, No. 3, 1999.

Return to footnote 4 referrer

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