Aboriginal Health Transition Fund

Announced in 2005, the Aboriginal Health Transition Fund (AHTF) is a $200 million initiative aimed at addressing the gap in health status between Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal Canadians by improving access to existing health services.

The Aboriginal Health Transition Fund supports:

  • First Nations and Inuit communities in identifying and implementing projects that promote the integration of federally-funded health services within First Nation and Inuit communities, with those funded by provincial and territorial governments;
  • Provinces and territories in adapting their health services to better meet the needs of Aboriginal Canadians, including First Nations living on and off reserve, Inuit and Métis; and
  • Aboriginal people's participation in the design, delivery and evaluation of health programs and services.

Since 2006, the Aboriginal Health Transition Fund has funded 311 Aboriginal health-related projects across all provinces and territories, which will conclude by March 2011. The projects piloted different approaches to better coordinate and adapt health services in areas such as: e-health, substance abuse, child and youth care, mental health, chronic disease, public health, home care and governance.

Estimated reach of Aboriginal Health Transition Fund projects
An image of a map of Canada showing the multitude of Aboriginal Health Transition Fund projects across Canada. The map is not to scale, but shows that there were AHTF projects in each province and territory. Specifically in alphabetical order by province and territory:
Province/Territory Total # of AHTF Projects Funded
Alberta 34
British Columbia 77
Manitoba 22
New Brunswick 10
Newfoundland & Labrador 10
Northwest Territories 10
Nova Scotia 14
Nunavut 3
Ontario 41
Prince Edward Island 3
Quebec 54
Saskatchewan 23
Yukon 7
National Projects with Inuit Tapiriit Kanatami 3
Total 311

The 311 AHTF projects funded across the country had a reach which involved 78% of First Nation and Inuit communities. Dots on the map represent projects and FN/I communities who were partners in AHTF projects.

Estimated reach of Aboriginal Health Transition Fund projects (description of this image follows)
Aboriginal Health Transition Fund projects across Canada
Province/Territory Total # of AHTF Projects Funded
Alberta 34
British Columbia 77
Manitoba 22
New Brunswick 10
Newfoundland & Labrador 10
Northwest Territories 10
Nova Scotia 14
Nunavut 3
Ontario 41
Prince Edward Island 3
Quebec 54
Saskatchewan 23
Yukon 7
National Projects with Inuit Tapiriit Kanatami  3
Total 311

Some results are already apparent. Partners are reporting:

  • An increase in partnerships among Aboriginal groups and different levels of government in the health care system;
  • Increased awareness on behalf of provincial/territorial governments regarding Aboriginal health issues;
  • Increased awareness of provincial/territorial health services by Aboriginal organizations;
  • Increased participation of Aboriginal people in the design, delivery and evaluation of health services;
  • Improved integration and adaptation of existing health services; and
  • Improved access to certain health services available to Aboriginal people.
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