ARCHIVED - Regulatory Requirements under the Controlled Drugs and Substances Act (CDSA): Precursor Control Regulations (PCR): Domestic

CLASS A PRECURSORS

  • Acetic anhydride
  • N-Acetylanthranilic acid and its salts
  • Anthranilic acid and its salts
  • 1,4-Butanediol1
  • Ephedra
  • Ephedrine, its salts and any plant containing ephedrine or any of its salts
  • Ergometrine and its salts
  • Ergotamine and its salts
  • Gamma-Butyrolactone1
  • Hydriodic acid1
  • Hypophosphorous acid, its salts and derivatives1
  • Isosafrole
  • Lysergic acid and its salts
  • 3,4-Methylenedioxyphenyl-2-propanone
  • Norephedrine (Phenylpropanolamine) and its salts
  • 1-Phenyl-2-propanone
    Phenylacetic acid and its salts
  • Piperidine and its salts
  • Piperonal
    Potassium permanganate
  • Pseudoephedrine and its salts
  • Red Phosphorus1
  • Safrole and any essential oil containing 4% or more safrole
  • White Phosphrus1

1 These six new substances come into force on January 31st, 2006

CLASS B PRECURSORS

  • Acetone
  • Ethyl ether
  • Hydrochloric acid
  • Methyl ethyl ketone
  • Sulphuric acid
  • Toluene

CLASS A PRECURSORS

COMING INTO FORCE DATES

January 9, 2003

  • a licence is required to import, export, produce, and package
  • a permit is required to import, export and transit/transhipment
  • only a licensed dealer may apply for an import or export permit

July 7, 2003

  • a licence is required to sell/provide

LICENCE REQUIREMENTS

  • a licence is required to import, export, produce, package or sell/provide
  • an end use declaration is required when selling Class A precursors to non-licensed dealers in quantities or package sizes greater than the threshold in the schedule to the Regulations¹
  • it may take up to 150 days for processing applications, due to the criminal record check requirement

EXEMPTION FOR SELL/ PROVIDE (SECTION 5)

The individual or business will be exempted for sell/provide if all of the following criteria are met:

  • sells/provides Class A precursors on a retail basis (selling goods for the purpose of end-use and not re-sale);
  • sells/provides a selection of goods that is not limited to chemicals or chemicals equipment used in the chemical industry for the production, processing or storage of chemicals; and

To sells/provide:

  • a Class A precursor in a quantity or package size, per transaction, that does not exceed the threshold in the schedule (see below) to the Regulations.
  • a preparation or mixture containing a Class A precursor in a quantity or package size, per transaction, that does not exceed the threshold in the schedule (see below) to the Regulations

NOTE: If the individual or business sells precursors over the quantity or package size specified in the Schedule, they will NOT meet the requirements for this exemption.

INDIVIDUAL EXEMPTIONS

Section 48, provides a process to exempt preparations and mixtures where the Class A precursor cannot be readily extracted or the product itself cannot be used in the production of a controlled substance

GENERAL EXEMPTIONS

The following are exempted from the application of PCR:

Schedule F Drugs

  • domestic distribution (sell/provide) of drugs in dosage form that contain a Class A precursor listed in Schedule F to the Food and Drug Regulations.

Schedules I, III, or IV

  • domestic distribution (sell/provide) of drugs in dosage form that contain a Class A precursor and one or more controlled substances listed in Schedule I, III, or IV to the Controlled Drugs and Substances Act .

Fragrances or flavourings

  • containing a total concentration no more than 20% by weight or volume in the case of a solid or liquid of anthranilic acid, N-anthranilic acid, gamma-butyrolactone, phenylacetic acid, piperonal or piperidine, AND is intended to be used in a food, drug, cosmetic or household product.

Formulated silicone products

  • containing 1% or less of acetic anhydride that is a sealant, adhesive, or coating.

Gamma-butyrolactone (GLB) and 1,4-butanediol (BDO)

  • contains GLB or BDO in a total concentration equal or less than 20% by weight or volume in the case of a solid or liquid and is intended to be used for specific industrial uses including cleaning or etching preparations for electronic devices, components and parts; biofermentation for polyester production; and as ingredients in pesticides, melamine coatings, automotive coatings, and resin systems for manufacturing polyurethane.

CLASS B PRECURSORS

COMING INTO FORCE DATE

January 1, 2004 - a registration is required to import, export and produce for sale

  • a permit is required to export certain Class B precursors to specific destinations
  • no permit is required to import Class B precursors
  • only a registered dealer may apply for an export permit

REGISTRATION

  • it may take up to 75 days for processing applications, due to the criminal record check requirement
  • there are NO registration requirements for sell/provide

INDIVIDUAL EXEMPTIONS

Section 76 provides a process to exempt preparations and mixtures where the Class B precursors can not be readily extracted or the products itself cannot be used in the production of a controlled substance

GENERAL EXEMPTIONS

Preparations or mixtures containing a total concentration of Class B precursors that does not exceed 30% by weight or volume, in the case of a solid or liquid

SCHEDULE

Class A Precursors C
l
Maximum Quantity
Acetic anhydride   1000 kg
N-Acetylanthranilic acid   1 kg
Anthranilic acid   1 kg
1,4-Butanediol   0
Ephedra   20 g/pkg
Ephedrine   0.4 g/pkg
Ergometrine   0
Ergotamine   0
Gamma-butyrolactone   0
Hydriodic acid   0
Hypophosphorous acid   0
Isosafrole   0.5 kg
Lysergic acid 3 0
3,4-Methylenedioxyphenyl-2-propanone N 0
Norephedrine (Phenylpropanolamine) 1 0
1-Phenyl-2-propanone P 0
Phenylacetic acid P 1 kg
Piperidine P 0.5 kg
Piperonal P 0.5 kg
Potassium permanganate P 50 kg
Pseudoephedrine R 3 g/pkg
Red Phosphorus S 0
Safrole W 0.25kg
White Phosphorus   0

INFORMATION RESOURCES

The Precursor Control Regulations can be obtained from the Canada Gazette Web site:

http://canadagazette.gc.ca/partII/tempPdf/g2-13621.pdf
(under bookmarks SOR/DORS/2002-359 and 361)

The Precursor Control Regulations new amendments can be obtained from the Canada Gazette Web site:

http://canadagazette.gc.ca/partII/2005/20051214/pdf/g2-13925.pdf
(pages 2743 to 2786)

A series of guidance documents written as a companion to the Precursor Control Regulations to provide guidance on meeting the regulatory requirements under these Regulations, as well as application forms can be obtained from the Health Canada Web site:

or by contacting the Office of Controlled Substances, Drug Strategy and Controlled Substances Programme, Health Canada, at:

613-946-1142

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