Canada's Federal Tobacco Control Strategy (FTCS) is championed by many parties working towards a common goal: reducing tobacco use. The FTCS was implemented in April 2001, and is backed by a major investment of $560 million divided among five federal departments over five years (of which $480 million funds Health Canada initiatives).

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  • Federal Tobacco Control Strategy

Through Health Canada's Tobacco Control Programme, the Department is responsible for administering and enforcing the Tobacco Act. This Act regulates the manufacture, sale, labelling and promotion of tobacco products. The Tobacco Control Programme also undertakes and promotes initiatives that reduce or prevent the negative health impacts associated with smoking.

While Health Canada is the lead department in implementing the FTCS, through its Tobacco Control Programme, four other federal departments play important roles in implementing this Strategy.

The Department of the Solicitor General administers contribution funding for monitoring activities in connection with determining levels of contraband tobacco activity. The Department also provides important policy advice and support on smuggling issues.

The Department of Justice prosecutes smuggling offenses, as well as offenses concerning unlawful manufacture, distribution, and possession of contraband tobacco products.

The Canada Border Services Agency is responsible for administering the assessment and collection of new tobacco taxes, and monitoring the impact of the tax increases on the international movement of tobacco.

The Royal Canadian Mounted Police is responsible for the enforcement of laws in relation to the international movement of tobacco products (including the illicit manufacture, distribution or possession of contraband tobacco products).

In addition to tobacco control activities under the FTCS, the Labour Program within the Department of Human Resources and Skills Development Canada is responsible for administering and enforcing the  Non-smokers' Health Act (1988).This Act restricts smoking in federally regulated workplaces and on common carriers. While the Department of Finance is responsible for designing and establishing taxation policy, Health Canada is committed to working closely with them to ensure that Canada's tobacco product taxation policy is consistent with the government's health objectives.

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