ARCHIVED – Annual Report to Parliament on Immigration, 2013 – Section 2: Managing Permanent Immigration and Temporary Migration

People from around the world may apply to come to Canada as either a permanent resident or a temporary resident, whether to visit, study or work.

Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC) handles large volumes of applications for permanent and temporary immigration across CIC’s extensive global processing network. Managing this movement of people is always balanced with protecting the health, safety and security of Canadians. CIC collaborates with partners in the Public Safety portfolio (Public Safety Canada, CBSA, the Royal Canadian Mounted Police and the Canadian Security Intelligence Service), as well as the Department of Justice and Health Canada to identify applicants who could pose security or health risks to Canadians. CIC also works in partnership with other countries to mitigate risks and protect Canada from international threats.

To meet the admissions targets set out in the immigration levels plan, CIC balances resource pressures related to high volumes of applications for temporary residence and backlog reduction strategies for various permanent immigration programs, while striving to maintain service standards.

This section reports on the permanent resident admissions and temporary resident (temporary foreign workers, international students and visitors) entries processed by CIC in 2012.

Permanent Residents

Permanent residents are persons who have not become Canadian citizens, but have been authorized to live and work in Canada, provided that they continue to meet residency requirements and do not lose their status by reason of serious criminality, security, human rights violations, organized crime or misrepresentation. The Immigration and Refugee Protection Act (IRPA) defines three basic classes of permanent residents: economic, family and protected persons. The Government of Canada, in consultation with the provinces and territories, plans admissions of permanent residents each year in order to uphold the objectives for immigration as set out in IRPA, achieve specific priorities, and balance the benefits and costs of the immigration program so as to maintain public confidence.

Admissions of permanent residents in 2012

Canada admitted 257,887 new permanent residents in 2012, which constitutes a slight increase over 2011 (248,748). Admissions in 2012 were also greater than the five-year average from 2008 to 2012 of 257,000. The proportions among the economic, family and protected persons classes in 2012 are comparable to previous years: 62.4 percent of admissions were economic immigrants (along with their spouse/partner and dependants), 25.2 percent were in the family reunification category, and 12.4 percent were protected persons and other immigrants.

Some applicants who received a visa in 2012 arrived within the same calendar year while others will choose to arrive in 2013 (or in a small number of cases, not at all). For this reason, CIC reports both on the number of visas it issued in 2012 as well as the number of people who arrived in Canada during that year (admissions). Table 2 provides a detailed breakdown of the 2012 admissions by immigration category. More statistical information on admissions in 2012 can be found in CIC’s Facts and Figures 2012.

Table 2: New Permanent Residents Admitted in 2012
Immigrant Category 2012 Plan
Admission Ranges
Number Admitted in 2012



Federal-selectedTable note A




Federal Skilled Workers




Federal Business




Canadian Experience Class




Live-in Caregivers




Quebec-selected Skilled Workers




Quebec-selected Business




Provincial and Territorial Nominees




Subtotal Economic Class: Principal Applicants




Subtotal Economic Class: Spouses and Dependants




Total Economic Class




Spouses, Partners and ChildrenTable note B




Parents and Grandparents




Total Family Class




Government-assisted Refugees




Privately Sponsored Refugees




Protected Persons in Canada (PPiC)




Dependants Abroad




Total Protected Persons




Humanitarian and Compassionate Grounds/Public PolicyTable note C




Permit Holders




Total Other




Category Not Stated






Source: Citizenship and Immigration Canada, Facts and Figures 2012. Additional CIC data are also available through the Quarterly Administrative Data Release. Any numbers in this report that were derived from CIC data sources may differ from those reported in earlier publications; these differences reflect typical adjustments to CIC’s administrative data files over time.

Highlights of Economic Class admissions in 2012

The Economic Class includes skilled workers (federal-selected and Quebec-selected), business immigrants (federal-selected and Quebec-selected), provincial and territorial nominees, the Canadian Experience Class, and live-in caregivers, as well as spouses, partners and dependants who accompany the principal applicant in any of these economic categories. In 2012, 160,819 permanent residents were admitted to Canada in Economic Class programs, which is within the planned admission range of 150,000 to 161,000. CIC issued 161,085 visas (for overseas applicants) and authorizations (for applicants already in Canada) for permanent residence in this category in 2012.

The Federal Skilled Worker (FSW) Program is the Government of Canada’s flagship program for selecting immigrants with the skills and experience needed to contribute to the Canadian economy. Selection is based on a points system that assesses education, age, work experience, official language proficiency, pre-arranged employment in Canada and adaptability. Of note, there were 57,213 FSW Program admissions in 2012, which is slightly higher than the planned range of 55,000–57,000. With respect to processing times, CIC processed 88 percent of FSW applications within 12 months, which adhered to the FSW Program service standard of processing at least 80 percent of those applications in 12 months.

As has been the practice since late 2008, CIC continued to carefully manage the number of new applications accepted in 2012 for processing in the FSW Program through the issuance of Ministerial Instructions. Ministerial Instructions, issued under the authority of section 87.3 of IRPA, enable the Minister to direct visa officers to process applications in a manner that supports the attainment of the Government of Canada’s immigration goals. Hence, the Minister is able to focus CIC’s processing capacity in a more strategic way, including by reducing (or temporarily stopping) new application intake to address backlog pressures, or, as has been the case with the FSW Program, by requiring that applicants have experience in an in-demand occupation.

In July 2012, section 87.3 Ministerial Instructions were issued to enact a temporary pause on the acceptance of new FSW applications, except those with valid job offers or international students in a Canadian PhD program, or who recently graduated with a Canadian PhD. This pause enabled CIC to develop and implement important program changes and focus processing of FSW applications on those already received (i.e., those in the application backlog) and in this way supported efforts to reduce the FSW backlog. The pause was lifted in May 2013 to coincide with the coming into force of important changes to the FSW Program, as described in Section 1. Currently, Ministerial Instructions require FSW applicants to have a valid job offer, have experience in one of 24 eligible occupations that are experiencing labour shortages in Canada, or meet the terms of the PhD eligibility stream; the Ministerial Instructions also limit the number of new applications that will be accepted for processing each year.

Section 87.3 Ministerial Instructions were also issued in late December 2012 to manage the intake of applications to be accepted under the new Federal Skilled Trades Program. This program was launched on January 2, 2013, to address skilled labour shortages by facilitating the entry of a wide range of skilled tradespersons. The Ministerial Instructions were developed to ensure that processing of applications in this new program focused on the occupations most in demand across Canada and that intake volumes aligned with CIC’s capacity to process them in six to 12 months. In the program’s first year, CIC will accept applications from up to 3,000 people in 43 specific trades. Within the 3,000, there is no limit on 26 in-demand occupations, while 17 occupations will be subject to individual limits of 100 applications each.

The Canadian Experience Class is the fastest-growing immigration stream and, in 2012, ARCHIVED – a record 9,359 people were admitted as permanent residents in this program. The program allows high-skilled temporary foreign workers and international student graduates with at least one year of full-time work experience to stay in Canada permanently. Applicants must also provide the results of a language test to demonstrate that they have the ability to read, write and speak English or French at a certain level of proficiency.

The Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) provides provinces and territories with a mechanism to respond to their particular economic needs by allowing them to nominate individuals who will meet specific local labour market demands. In addition, the PNP was designed to spread the benefits of immigration across Canada by promoting immigration to areas that are not traditional immigrant destinations. It is currently the second-largest economic immigration program after the FSW Program, and the number of provincial nominees continues to increase. In 2012, Canada admitted a record number of nominees under the PNP with 40,899 persons settling across Canada. Eighty percent of applications were processed in 16 months or less.

On July 1, 2012, CIC made changes to the PNP to ensure that most applicants in semi- and low-skilled professions have the language abilities required to succeed in Canada. CIC is working with provinces and territories to ensure that the PNP better meets economic objectives.

CIC’s Federal Business Immigrants Program comprises four separate streams: entrepreneurs, immigrant investors, self-employed persons and the newly launched Start-Up Visa Program pilot, which is described in Section 1. Business immigration programs are intended to attract experienced business people who will contribute to national and regional economic development. The immigrant investor stream requires candidates to make a one-time investment in the Canadian economy in the form of a five-year, zero-interest loan to the Government of Canada, which is allocated to participating provinces and territories to fund economic development and job creation initiatives in their region.

In July 2012, section 87.3 Ministerial Instructions were issued to enact a temporary pause on the acceptance of new applications under the federal immigrant investor stream. The pause was to allow CIC to redesign business programs in consultation with provinces, territories and stakeholders. This pause on new applications was renewed in May 2013, along with a corresponding pause on federal entrepreneur applications; both will remain in place until further notice. In addition to supporting work on program reforms, these two pauses have helped CIC focus processing resources on reducing the sizable application backlogs in these programs. In 2012, CIC admitted 4,927 people as immigrant investors, 353 as entrepreneurs and 166 as self-employed persons.

CIC also held public consultations in 2012 on ways to improve the immigrant investor stream; the results will be published in 2013. Program design options are currently being developed and reviewed with stakeholders, and provinces and territories. The self-employed persons stream continues to provide a pathway to permanent residence for individuals who are able to make a significant contribution to the Canadian economy in athletics, arts, cultural activities and farm management.

Highlights of family reunification admissions in 2012

Family reunification is a key objective of IRPA. To facilitate the reunification of families, Canadian citizens and permanent residents may sponsor spouses or partners, dependent children, parents, grandparents and other close relatives to become permanent residents as Family Class immigrants. Sponsors must undertake to provide for the basic requirements of the sponsored person and his or her family members for a specified period. Sponsors of parents and grandparents and some other relatives must also meet a minimum income test.

The Government of Canada is committed to family reunification and Canada has one of the most generous family reunification programs in the world. For example, Australia, New Zealand, the United Kingdom and the United States do not allow grandparent sponsorships at all or in only very limited circumstances. These countries also have very restrictive criteria for sponsoring parents.

In 2012, CIC admitted 65,008 permanent residents to Canada in the Family Class, which is within the planned admission range of 59,800 to 69,000, representing a 15-percent increase compared with 2011. This includes a 54.9-percent increase in the number of parents and grandparents admitted, which is the highest level in 10 years. CIC also issued 72,725 visas and authorizations for permanent residence in the Family Class. Furthermore, CIC launched the super visa to allow parents and grandparents of Canadian citizens and permanent residents to visit Canada for up to two years at a time, with the visa being valid for 10 years. As of the end of June 2013, over 20,000 super visas had been issued since the program was launched in December 2011, representing an acceptance rate of 85 percent.

Currently, new sponsorship applications for parents and grandparents are not being accepted by CIC for processing. Rather, CIC is focusing on reducing the backlog of parent and grandparent applications through accelerated processing, as committed to in the ARCHIVED – Action Plan for Faster Family Reunification. Under Ministerial Instructions issued in June 2013, CIC will begin accepting a maximum of 5,000 new applications per year in 2014.

In 2012, CIC admitted 43,193 spouses, partners and children as permanent residents under the Family Class, which is at the high end of the planned admission range of 38,000 to 44,000. Applications for permanent residence in this stream are demand-driven and volumes may vary from year to year, which can affect processing times. CIC processed 80 percent of spouses, partners and children applications in 19 months or less, which fell short of achieving the service standard of processing at least 80 percent of these applications in 12 months.

Intercountry Adoption Services (IAS) were transferred from Employment and Social Development Canada, formerly Human Resources and Skills Development Canada to CIC in 2012, to streamline federal involvement in intercountry adoption and ensure better coordination and collaboration on related issues at the federal level. The IAS supports provinces and territories through obtaining and disseminating information on adoption practices in other countries; facilitating the development of pan-Canadian responses to matters such as unethical or irregular adoption practices; and promoting communications among provinces and territories and across the relevant federal departments.

Highlights of protected persons admissions in 2012

According to the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, there were about 10.4 million refugees in the world at the beginning of 2012, many of whom have been living in exile for decades. By offering protection to refugees and persons in need of protection, and through active participation in international forums on refugee protection, CIC plays a significant role in upholding Canada’s international obligations and humanitarian tradition.

There are three main categories of protected persons: government-assisted refugees, privately sponsored refugees and persons who received protected person status in Canada as a result of a positive asylum claim. A total of 8,586 people were admitted as protected persons in Canada in 2012, which was slightly higher than the planned range of 7,000 to 8,500 people.

Many of CIC’s visa offices were affected by instability and heightened security concerns in some parts of the Middle East and Africa. Despite these challenges, 5,430 government-assisted refugees and 4,220 privately sponsored refugees were resettled in Canada in 2012. CIC continues to maintain its commitments under the Balanced Refugee Reform Act to increase the annual number of refugees resettled from abroad to as many as 14,500 refugees by 2013.

Bhutanese refugees of ethnic Nepalese descent have been living in seven camps in eastern Nepal since the early 1990s. In 2007, the Canadian government committed to resettle up to 5,000 Bhutanese refugees over a three- to five-year timeframe. In June 2012, the government announced that it would resettle up to 500 more refugees with family connections in Canada and, in March 2013, plans to resettle an additional 1,000 Bhutanese refugees were announced, for a total target of 6,500.

The uprisings in the Middle East that began in December 2010 have had a significant impact on the Department’s operations both in Canada and internationally over the past few years. Visa operations in Tripoli, Tunis and Cairo were temporarily suspended, and several officers were evacuated at the height of the turmoil as the security situation deteriorated. The most significant impact on the Department has been the forced closure of Canada’s embassy in Damascus, Syria, on January 31, 2012, due to security concerns. Following the closure in Damascus, the regional headquarters in the Middle East was transferred to Ankara, Turkey. Instability, conflict and other program challenges in the Horn of Africa have meant that the visa office in Nairobi has been unable to receive sufficient referrals for government-assisted refugees.

To manage the challenges posed by these upheavals, CIC has been exploring a number of innovative solutions to meet its ambitious refugee targets, including: funding an innovative pilot project with the International Organization for Migration, using digital video conferencing to conduct interviews in regions that are inaccessible due to security concerns, distributing work throughout the network to create efficiencies, conducting area trips, and creating a pilot project to waive the interviews of some United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees-referred government-assisted refugees.

Highlights of admissions under humanitarian and compassionate grounds and public policy in 2012

IRPA authorizes the Minister of Citizenship and Immigration to consider the circumstances of and grant permanent resident status to individuals and their families who would not otherwise qualify in an immigration program. These discretionary provisions for humanitarian and compassionate consideration or for reasons of public policy provide the flexibility to approve deserving cases that come forward.

In 2012, a total of 8,894 people were admitted into Canada based on humanitarian and compassionate grounds or for public policy reasons, which is above the planned admission range of 7,600 to 7,800.

Using his authority to grant permanent residence for reasons of public policy, the Minister of Citizenship and Immigration has adopted special measures since 2009 to facilitate immigration to Canada for certain Afghan nationals who provided direct support to the Canadian mission in Kandahar province, Afghanistan. Under these measures, 533 persons were resettled to Canada in 2012, over and above those resettled under the government-assisted refugee and privately sponsored refugee programs. These individuals received resettlement services similar to what is currently offered to government-assisted refugees.

Admissions of permanent residents by knowledge of official language in 2012

Table 3 shows the knowledge of official languages among permanent residents. Of the permanent residents admitted in 2012, 72.5 percent self-identified as having knowledge of English, French or both official languages.

For economic immigrant principal applicants, 90.9 percent self-identified as having knowledge of at least one of the official languages in 2012.

Table 3: Knowledge of Official Languages Among Permanent Residents, 2012
Immigrant Class English French Both Neither Total

Family Class






Economic Immigrants—Principal Applicants






Economic Immigrants—Spouses and Dependants






Protected Persons






Other Immigrants






Category Not Stated


















Source: Citizenship and Immigration Canada, Facts and Figures 2012.

Admissions of permanent residents by top 10 source countries in 2012

Canada’s immigration program is based on non-discriminatory principles, where foreign nationals are assessed without regard to race, nationality, ethnic origin, colour, religion or gender. Canada receives its immigrant population from over 200 countries of origin.

As Table 4 indicates, 56.6 percent of new permanent residents admitted in 2012 came from the top 10 source countries, which is comparable to 2011, where 54 percent of new permanent residents came from the top 10 source countries. The top 10 countries in 2012 are similar to 2011, with the People’s Republic of China, the Philippines and India remaining as the top three source countries in both years.

Table 4: Permanent Residents Admitted in 2012, by Top 10 Source Countries
Rank Country Number Percentage


People’s Republic of China
















United States of America












United Kingdom and Colonies








Republic of Korea



Total Top 10



All Other Source Countries






Source: Citizenship and Immigration Canada, Facts and Figures 2012.

Temporary Residents

In addition to selecting permanent residents, CIC also processes applications for the temporary entry of: foreign workers, important to Canada’s economic growth; international students, attracted by the quality and diversity of Canada’s educational system; and visitors, who come to Canada for personal or business travel.

These temporary residents contribute to Canada’s economic development by filling gaps in the labour market, enhancing trade, purchasing goods and services, and increasing cultural links.

CIC’s global processing network handles both permanent and temporary resident applications. While CIC plans admission ranges for permanent residents, temporary resident applications are processed according to demand.

Temporary Foreign Workers

CIC facilitates the temporary entry of foreign workers needed to address labour market shortages and to provide other economic opportunities for Canadians, such as job creation and the transfer of new skills and knowledge. Temporary foreign workers (TFWs) are intended to help meet acute and short-term needs in the labour market that could not be filled by the domestic labour force; they are to complement, rather than substitute, the Canadian labour force. In response to short-term labour market demand, Canada welcomed 213,573 TFWs in 2012. This is a sizable increase of 11.9 percent from 2011 (190,842), consistent with the improvements in the economy after the recent global economic downturn. This program is currently under review.

In 2012, the Minister of Citizenship and Immigration issued Ministerial Instructions with the aim of protecting vulnerable TFWs from the risk of abuse and exploitation in sex trade-related businesses. Under the terms of these Instructions, which were issued under the authority of section 87.3 of IRPA, CIC no longer processes new work permit applications from TFWs intending to work for sex trade-related businesses, such as strip clubs and escort services.

Live-in Caregiver Program

The Live-in Caregiver Program allows Canadian families to hire temporary workers from abroad to provide live-in home care to a child, an elderly person or an adult with disabilities when there is a demonstrated shortage of workers already in Canada who are able to fill available positions. In 2012, 6,242 TFWs were admitted under this program.

Caregivers first come to Canada on a temporary basis; they become eligible to apply for permanent residence in Canada after working for two years as a live-in caregiver. Last year, CIC admitted 9,012 live-in caregivers for permanent residence and processed 80 percent of work permit applications for live-in caregivers within 175 days.

International students

International students bring with them new ideas and cultures that enrich the learning environment within Canadian educational institutions. International students are well prepared for the Canadian labour market and integrate more quickly into Canadian society since they have Canadian educational credentials and have spent several years interacting with Canadian students in their post-secondary institutions. The number of foreign students entering Canada in 2012 was 104,810, a modest rise of 6.5 percent from the previous year’s total of 98,383.

In collaboration with its partners, CIC continued to successfully deliver key initiatives to help Canada maintain its competitive edge in attracting and retaining international students. Important vehicles for accomplishing this include the off-campus work permit, which allows certain international students to seek employment off campus, and the post-graduation work permit, which allows graduates from participating post-secondary institutions to gain valuable Canadian experience for up to three years. In 2012, CIC issued 33,714 off-campus permits and extensions, and 27,341 post-graduation work permits, which are increases from 2011, demonstrating the success of these permits for international students.

With respect to processing times, CIC processed 100 percent of applications for off-campus work permits in four months, which exceeded the service standard of 80 percent of applications within 120 days. For new study permits from overseas, CIC processed 90 percent of applications within 60 days, which exceeded the service standard of 80 percent of applications within 60 days. For extensions to study permits submitted from within Canada, CIC processed 97 percent of applications within 120 days, which exceeded the service standard of 80 percent of applications within 120 days.

Tourists and business visitors 

Tourists contribute to the economy by creating a demand for services in the hospitality sector, and business visitors allow Canadian businesses to benefit from their specialized expertise and international links. Under IRPA, all foreign nationals wishing to visit Canada must have a temporary resident visa (TRV) before arriving in Canada unless they are from countries specifically exempted, or they benefit from certain other limited exceptions, for example, by being accredited diplomats in Canada.

As of December 1, 2012, citizens from 148 countries and territories require TRVs to visit Canada. In 2012, CIC processed applications (new and extensions) from over one million persons seeking TRVs to come to Canada. Moreover, CIC was successful in promoting the use of multiple-entry visas, which are valid for up to 10 years and thus allow applicants from visa-required countries to travel to Canada more frequently and on their own schedules. Multiple-entry visas represented nearly half (46 percent) of all visas issued in 2012, up from only 34 percent in 2010. This proportion is expected to continue to increase in the coming years as CIC continues to be successful in promoting multiple-entry visas to travellers from priority trade and tourism markets such as China, India, Mexico and Brazil. The service standard for TRVs outside Canada is 14 days in 80 percent of cases, and in 2012, CIC processed 76 percent of applications within this standard.

Temporary resident permits

Subsection 24(1) of IRPA authorizes designated officers of CIC and the CBSA to issue temporary resident permits (TRPs) to foreign nationals who they believe are inadmissible or who do not meet the requirements of the Act under other programs. Foreign nationals can be considered inadmissible—that is, barred from entering or remaining in Canada—on grounds such as national security, violation of human rights, criminality, organized crime, health, financial reasons, and misrepresentation. These permits are issued when there are justified reasons to admit an otherwise inadmissible individual into Canada. In exercising their discretion, designated officers must act in accordance with subsection 24(3) of the Act, which stipulates that officers shall take into consideration any instructions from the Minister and weigh the risk to Canada against the reasons for permitting temporary residence. TRPs are issued for a limited period of time and are subject to cancellation at any time. They provide flexibility to address exceptional circumstances and can be used to further Canada’s national and international objectives.

CIC continues to make an important contribution to the Government of Canada’s multi-faceted efforts to combat trafficking in persons. Since May 2006, immigration officers have been authorized to issue TRPs to foreign nationals who may be victims of this crime, so that they have a period of time to remain in Canada and consider their options. In 2012, 53 TRPs were issued to 48 victims of human trafficking. This figure includes subsequent permits issued to the same victim to maintain legal status in Canada.

In 2012, a total of 53 visas were issued under the public policy authority provided in section 25.2(1) of IRPA that exempts certain foreign nationals from the inadmissibility provisions to facilitate their temporary entry. This public policy has been in place since September 2010 to advance Canada’s national interests while continuing to ensure the safety of Canadians.

On March 1, 2012, two new public policies were implemented to facilitate the temporary entry of certain foreign nationals by allowing for a fee-exempt TRP under certain conditions.

The first policy is for foreign nationals from select countries with valid U.S. visas transiting Canada on select air carriers and arriving in Canada at select Canadian airports as part of the Transit Without Visa Program or China Transit Program. Under certain unforeseen circumstances, such as a delay in their departing flight, these travellers may seek temporary entry to Canada. This policy also includes emergency landings. From March 1 to December 31, 2012, 1,013 fee-exempt TRPs were issued under this public policy.

The second policy applies to foreign nationals who are inadmissible due to a single criminal offence as described under subsection 36(2) of IRPA. Those eligible for consideration are travellers who were convicted of a criminal offence, excluding child pornography or any sexual offence, who received no term of imprisonment as part of the sentence imposed, and are not inadmissible for any other reason. From March 1 to December 31, 2012, officials issued 2,256 fee-exempt TRPs under this public policy.

Table 5 indicates the number of TRPs issued in 2012, categorized according to grounds of inadmissibility under IRPA. In 2012, 13,564 permits were issued, with 844 representing permits issued to foreign nationals who continued to maintain their status as permit holders from within Canada. Of the total, 159 TRPs were issued under instruction of the Minister. The authority to issue TRPs is shared between designated CIC officials and CBSA officers working at ports of entry.

Table 5: Temporary Resident Permits Issued from January 1 to December 31, 2012
Description of Inadmissibility Provision under the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act Number of Permits in 2012

Security (espionage, subversion, terrorism)

34(1)(a), (b), (c), (d), (e) and (f)


Human or International Rights Violations

35(1)(a), (b) and (c)


Serious Criminality (convicted of an offence punishable by a term of imprisonment of at least 10 years)

36(1)(a), (b) and (c)


Criminality (convicted of a criminal act or of an offence prosecuted either summarily or by way of indictment)

36(2)(a), (b), (c) and (d)


Organized Criminality

37(1)(a) or (b)


Health Grounds (danger to public health or public safety, excessive burden)

38(1)(a), (b) and (c)


Financial Reasons (unwilling or unable to support themselves or their dependants)




40(1)(a), (b), (c) and (d)


Non-compliance with Act or Regulations (e.g., no passport, no visa, work/study without permit, medical/criminal check to be completed in Canada, not examined on entry)Table note D

41(a) and (b)


Inadmissible Family Member

42(a) and (b)


No Return Without Prescribed Authorization






Source: Global Case Management System as of May 13, 2013, and Field Operations Support System as of April 9, 2013.

Note: The statistics in this table include the number of TRPs used to enter or remain in Canada in 2012.

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