Business visitors – Paragraph 186(a) and section 187 of the Immigration and Refugee Protection Regulations (Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership)

This section contains policy, procedures and guidance used by Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada staff. It is posted on the Department’s website as a courtesy to stakeholders.

The business visitors category (work permit exempt under paragraph 186(a) and section 187 of the Immigration and Refugee Protection Regulations [IRPR]) of the Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership (CPTPP) is open to citizens of all parties that have ratified the CPTPP: Australia, Japan, Mexico, New Zealand, Singapore and Vietnam.

However, applications made under after-sales or after-lease services may be made only by business visitors from certain parties. For further information, see After-sales or after-lease services below.

Officers should initially assess the applicant against the business visitor provisions found in the CPTPP. In cases where activities are not covered by the CPTPP, officers should refer to the general business visitor provisions found in the IRPR and the Authorization to work without a work permit – Business visitor [R186(a)] program delivery instructions.

Note: Permanent residents of Australia and permanent residents of New Zealand may also qualify under this category.

Maximum length of stay for CPTPP business visitors

The maximum length of stay is 6 months. Extensions are possible at the officer’s discretion if the applicant is able to provide documentation that satisfies the processing officer of the applicant’s need to have their stay extended.

See Extending work permits under the CPTPP for details on when an application can be extended.

Permissible activities for CPTPP business visitors

Business visitors are business persons for whom

  • the primary source of remuneration for the proposed business activity is outside Canada
  • the principal place of business and the predominant place of accrual of profits remain outside Canada

Business visitors are seeking to engage in one of the following business activities:

Meetings and consultations

Business persons in this group are attending meetings, seminars or conferences or are engaged in consultations with business associates.

Research and design

Business visitors in this group are technical, scientific or statistical researchers conducting independent research or research for an enterprise in a party other than Canada.

Manufacturing and production

Business visitors in this group are purchasing or production management personnel conducting commercial transactions for an enterprise in a party other than Canada.

Marketing

Business visitors in this group are market researchers or analysts conducting independent research or analysis for an enterprise in a party other than Canada.

These visitors can also be trade-fair or promotional personnel attending a trade convention.

Sales

Business visitors in this group are sales representatives or agents taking orders or negotiating contracts for goods or services for an enterprise in a party other than Canada, but they are not delivering goods or providing services.

These visitors can also be buyers purchasing for an enterprise in a party other than Canada.

Distribution

Business visitors in this group are transportation operators who are transporting goods or passengers from the territory of a party to Canada or loading and transporting goods or passengers from Canada, with no unloading in Canada, to the territory of another party.

After-sales or after-lease services

Available to citizens of

  • Australia
  • Mexico
  • New Zealand

Eligible personnel who possess specialized knowledge essential to a seller's or lessor’s contractual obligation include the following:

  • installers
  • repair and maintenance personnel
  • supervisors

Eligible activities include the following:

  • performing services
  • training workers to perform services

These activities may be in pursuit of either of the following:

  • a warranty (during the life of the warranty)
  • other service contract incidentals (during the life of the service agreement)

These activities come from the sale or lease of commercial or industrial equipment or machinery (including computer software) that has been purchased or leased from an enterprise located in a party other than Canada.

Officers may refer to the Authorization to work without a work permit – Business visitor [R186(a)] program delivery instructions for further details on after-sales and after-lease services.

General services

General services include any of the following:

  • professionals engaging in a business activity at a professional or technical level, as set out in Professionals and technicians
  • management and supervisory personnel engaging in a commercial transaction for an enterprise in a party other than Canada
  • financial services personnel (insurers, bankers and investment brokers) engaging in commercial transactions for an enterprise in a party other than Canada
  • tourism personnel (tour and travel agents, tour guides and tour operators) attending or participating in conventions or conducting a tour that has begun in a party other than Canada
  • translators or interpreters performing services as employees of an enterprise in a party other than Canada
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