International Mobility Program: Canadian interests – Reciprocal employment – International Experience Canada – Bilateral agreements and arrangements

This section contains policy, procedures and guidance used by Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada staff. It is posted on the Department’s website as a courtesy to stakeholders.

There are three possible categories of participation through bilateral agreements and arrangements under the International Experience Canada (IEC) program:

  • Working Holiday (travel and work): Participants are eligible to apply for an open work permit to allow them to work for any employer or location in Canada to subsidize their stay as they travel and discover the country.
  • Young Professionals (career development): Participants are eligible to apply for an employer-specific work permit to help them gain professional work experience in Canada.
  • International Co-op (internships for students only): Participants are eligible to apply for an employer-specific work permit to help them gain experience in their field of study.

Bilateral agreements and arrangements between Canada and the following countries and territories with program requirements

Medical requirements

Police Certificate requirements

IEC applicants who are from countries or territories that have no requirements to obtain a police certificate for IEC may be asked by the officer processing their application to provide one.

Applicants who have lived in other countries or territories outside of their permanent residence for six months or more since their 18th birthday must provide a police certificate for each of those countries or territories. Refer to How to get a police certificate for information on police certificate requirements.

Residence requirements

If the applicant’s current residential address is not in their country of citizenship, then they need to provide a “permanent mailing” address that is in their country of citizenship.

Discontinuance requirements

Where there is a discontinuance requirement (i.e., a specific length of discontinuous stay as specified in the agreement), the discontinuous stay will be calculated from the expiry of the first work permit.

Program requirements specific to each country or territory

Described below are the program requirements specific to each country or territory that holds a bilateral agreement or arrangement with Canada’s IEC program:

Australia

Available categories Age eligibility Type of work permit Maximum validity period Frequency of participation [see note] Discontinuance requirement Residence requirements
Working Holiday 18-30 Open 24 months

Two participations maximum:

A participation of 24 months in either Working Holiday or Young Professionals; a second participation of 12 months in International Co-op.

These two participations can be carried out in the order of the applicant’s choice.

No specific requirement No specific requirement
Young Professionals (Graduates) 18-30 Employer-specific 24 months

Two participations maximum:

A participation of 24 months in either Working Holiday or Young Professionals; a second participation of 12 months in International Co-op.

These two participations can be carried out in the order of the applicant’s choice.

No specific requirement No specific  requirement

International Co-op (Work placements)

International Co-op (Inter-institutional work-study agreement)

18-30 Employer-specific 24 months (unless it is the applicant’s second participation since 2015, in which case, 12 months)

Two participations maximum:

A participation of 24 months in either Working Holiday or Young Professionals; a second participation of 12 months in International Co-op.

These two participations can be carried out in the order of the applicant’s choice.

No specific requirement No specific requirement

Note: Australian citizens who participated in the program prior to the 2015 quota year are eligible for one final participation in the category of their choosing. An applicant is considered to have participated prior to 2015 if their application(s) was submitted to any quota year prior to the launch of the 2015 quota year which took place on March 3rd, 2015.

There was no participation limit imposed on Australians prior to 2015. As such, Australians may have participated numerous times before the 2015 year. All Australian applicants who participated prior to 2015, regardless of the number of participations are eligible for a final participation of 24 months in the category of their choice.

Austria

Available categories Age eligibility Type of work permit Maximum validity period Frequency of participation Discontinuance requirement Residence requirements
Young Professionals (Canada-Austria Intra- & Partner-Company Training Program) 18–35 Employer-specific 12 months One participation per category No specific requirement Must be permanently employed by an Austrian company and be coming to work with a partner, parent, or subsidiary company in Canada
International Co-op (Internship) (Canada-Austria Young Workers Exchange Program) graduate of post-secondary program in forestry, agriculture or tourism 18–35 Employer-specific Internship or work placement must be in forestry, agriculture, or tourism 6 months One participation No specific requirement Must be a resident of Austria at time of application

Belgium

Available categories Age eligibility Type of work permit Maximum validity period Frequency of participation Discontinuance requirement Residence requirements
Working Holiday 18-30 Open 12 months One participation No specific requirement Must be a resident of Belgium at the time of application

Chile

Available categories Age eligibility Type of work permit Maximum validity period Frequency of participation Discontinuance requirement Residence requirements
Working Holiday 18-35 Open 12 months One participation No specific requirement No specific requirement
Young Professionals (Supplementary graduate training) 18-35 Employer-specific 12 months One participation No specific requirement No specific requirement
International Co-op (Young worker exchange program) 18-35 Employer-specific 12 months One participation No specific requirement No specific requirement

Costa Rica

Available categories Age eligibility Type of work permit Maximum validity period Frequency of participation Discontinuance requirement Residence requirements
Working Holiday 18–35 Open 12 months Two participations – Repeat category is not permitted No specific requirement No specific requirement
Young Professionals 18–35 Employer-specific 12 months Two participations – Repeat category is not permitted No specific requirement No specific requirement
International Co-op (Internship) 18–35 Employer-specific 12 months Two participations – Repeat category is not permitted No specific requirement No specific requirement

Croatia

Available categories Age eligibility Type of work permit Maximum validity period Frequency of participation Discontinuance requirement Residence requirements
Working Holiday 18-35 Open 12 months Two participations – Repeat category is permitted 3 months discontinuance No specific requirement
Young Professionals 18-35 Employer-specific 12 months Two participations – Repeat category is permitted 3 months discontinuance No specific requirement
International Co-op (Internship) 18-35 Employer-specific 12 months Two participations – Repeat category is permitted 3 months discontinuance No specific requirement

Czech Republic

Available categories Age eligibility Type of work permit Maximum validity period Frequency of participation Discontinuance requirement Residence requirements
Working Holiday 18-35 Open 12 months Two participations – Repeat category is not permitted No specific requirement Must be a resident of the Czech Republic at the time of application
Young Professionals 18-35 Employer-specific 12 months Two participations – Repeat category is not permitted No specific requirement Must be a resident of the Czech Republic at the time of application
International Co-op (Internship) 18-35 Employer-specific 12 months Two participations – Repeat category is not permitted No specific requirement Must be a resident of the Czech Republic at the time of application

Denmark

Available categories Age eligibility Type of work permit Maximum validity period Frequency of participation Discontinuance requirement Residence requirements
Working Holiday 18-35 Open 12 months One participation No specific requirement Must be a citizen of Denmark who is a habitual resident in Denmark at the time of application

Estonia

Available categories Age eligibility Type of work permit Maximum validity period Frequency of participation Discontinuance requirement Residence requirements
Working Holiday 18-35 Open 12 months Two participations – Repeat category is not permitted No specific requirement No specific requirement
Young Professionals 18-35 Employer-specific 12 months Two participations – Repeat category is not permitted No specific requirement No specific requirement
International Co-op  (Internship) 18-35 Employer-specific 12 months Two participations – Repeat category is not permitted No specific requirement No specific requirement

France

Available categories Age eligibility Type of work permit Maximum validity period Frequency of participation [see note] Discontinuance requirement Residence requirements
Working Holiday 18-35 Open 24 months

Two participations maximum:

A participation of 24 months in either Working Holiday or Young Professionals or Young Professionals (VIE); a second participation of 12 months in International Co-op.

Applicant can choose the order of these two participations

No specific requirement No specific requirement
Young Professionals 18-35 Employer-specific 24 months

Two participations maximum:

A participation of 24 months in either Working Holiday or Young Professionals or VIE; a second participation of 12 months in International Co-op.

Applicant can choose the order of these two participations

No specific requirement No specific requirement
Young Professionals - VIE 18-35 Employer-specific 24 months

Two participations maximum:

A participation of 24 months in either Working Holiday or Young Professionals or Young Professionals (VIE); a second participation of 12 months in International Co-op.

Applicant can choose the order of these two participations.

No specific requirement No specific requirement
International Co-op (Internship) 18-35 Employer-specific 12 months

Two participations maximum:

A participation of 24 months in either Working Holiday or Young Professionals or Young Professionals (VIE); a second participation of 12 months in International Co-op.

Applicant can choose the order of these two participations.

No specific requirement No specific requirement

Note: French citizens who participated in the program prior to the 2015 quota year are eligible for one final participation in the category of their choosing. An applicant is considered to have participated prior to 2015 if their application(s) was submitted to any quota year prior to the launch of the 2015 quota year which took place on February 21, 2015. Those who have participated in IEC more than once before 2015 are no longer eligible.

Germany

Available categories Age eligibility Type of work permit Maximum validity period Frequency of participation Discontinuance requirement Residence requirements
Working Holiday 18-35 Open 12 months Two times – Repeat category is not permitted No specific requirement No specific requirement
Young Professionals 18-35 Employer-specific 12 months Two times – Repeat category is not permitted No specific requirement No specific requirement
International Co-op (Internship) 18-35 Employer-specific 12 months Two participations – Repeat category is not permitted No specific requirement No specific requirement

Greece

Available categories Age eligibility Type of work permit Maximum validity period Frequency of participation Discontinuance requirement Residence requirements
Working Holiday 18-35 Open 12 months Two participations – Repeat category is not permitted No specific requirement No specific requirement
Young Professionals 18-35 Employer-specific 12 months Two participations – Repeat category is not permitted No specific requirement No specific requirement
International Co-op (Internship) 18-35 Employer-specific 12 months Two participations – Repeat category is not permitted No specific requirement No specific requirement

Hong Kong

Available categories Age eligibility Type of work permit Maximum validity period Frequency of participation Discontinuance requirement Residence requirements
Working Holiday 18-30 Open 12 months One participation No specific requirement Must be an ordinary resident of the Hong Kong SAR holding a valid Hong Kong SAR passport or a valid British National (Overseas) passport

Ireland

Available categories Age eligibility Type of work permit Maximum validity period Frequency of participation [see note] Discontinuance requirement Residence requirements
Working Holiday 18-35 Open 24 months Two participations – One participation must be under the International Co-op (Internship) category No specific requirement No specific requirement
Young Professionals 18-35 Employer-specific 24 months Two participations – One participation must be under the International Co-op (Internship) category No specific requirement No specific requirement
International Co-op (Internship) 18-35 Employer-specific 12 months Two participations – One participation must be under the International Co-op (Internship) category No specific requirement No specific requirement

Note: Irish citizens who participated in the program prior to the 2013 quota year up to a period of 12 months are eligible for one final participation of up to 24 months in the category of their choosing. An applicant is considered to have participated prior to 2013 if their application(s) was submitted to any quota year prior to the launch of the 2013 quota year which took place during January 2013. Those who participated in IEC for more than 12 months on applications made before 2013 are no longer eligible.

Italy

Available categories Age eligibility Type of work permit Maximum validity period Frequency of participation Discontinuance requirement Residence requirements
Working Holiday 18-35 Open 6 month work permit – may apply to stay an additional 6 months as a visitor One participation No specific requirement Must be a resident of Italy at the time of application

Japan

Available categories Age eligibility Type of work permit Maximum validity period Frequency of participation Discontinuance requirement Residence requirements
Working Holiday 18-30 Open 12 months One participation No specific requirement No specific requirement

Latvia

Available categories Age eligibility Type of work permit Maximum validity period Frequency of participation Discontinuance requirement Residence requirements
Working Holiday 18-35 Open 12 months Two participations – Repeat category is not permitted 1 year Must be a resident of Latvia at the time of application
Young Professionals 18-35 Employer-specific 12 months Two participations – Repeat category is not permitted 1 year Must be a resident of Latvia at the time of application
International Co-op (Internship) 18-35 Employer-specific 12 months Two participations – Repeat category is not permitted 1 year Must be a resident of Latvia at the time of application

Lithuania

Available categories Age eligibility Type of work permit Maximum validity period Frequency of participation Discontinuance requirement Residence requirements
Working Holiday 18-35 Open 12 months Two participations – Repeat category is not permitted 3 months No specific requirement
Young Professionals 18-35 Employer-specific 12 months Two participations – Repeat category is not permitted 3 months No specific requirement
International Co-op  (Internship) 18-35 Employer-specific 12 months Two participations – Repeat category is not permitted 3 months No specific requirement

Mexico

Available categories Age eligibility Type of work permit Maximum validity period Frequency of participation Discontinuance requirement Residence requirements
Working Holiday (Students only) 18-29 Open 12 months Two participations – Repeat category is permitted 3 years discontinuance No specific requirement
Young Professionals 18-29 Employer-specific 12 months Two participations – Repeat category is permitted 3 years discontinuance No specific requirement
International Co-op (Internship) 18-29 Employer-specific 12 months Two participations – Repeat category is permitted 3 years discontinuance No specific requirement

Note: The youth mobility agreement between Canada and Mexico is currently under review. As a result Invitations to Apply are not being sent at this time.

Netherlands

Available categories Age eligibility Type of work permit Maximum validity period Frequency of participation Discontinuance requirement Residence requirements
Working Holiday 18-30 Open 12 months Two participations – Repeat category is not permitted No specific requirement No specific requirement
Young Professionals 18-30 Employer-specific 12 months Two participations – Repeat category is not permitted No specific requirement No specific requirement

New Zealand

Available categories Age eligibility Type of work permit Maximum validity period Frequency of participation Discontinuance requirement Residence requirements
Working Holiday 18-35 Open 23 months (starting 2015) One participation No specific requirement No specific requirement

Norway

Available categories Age eligibility Type of work permit Maximum validity period Frequency of participation Discontinuance requirement Residence requirements
Working Holiday 18–35 Open 12 months Two participations – Repeat category is not permitted No specific requirement No specific requirement
Young Professionals 18-35 Employer-specific 12 months Two participations – Repeat category is not permitted No specific requirement No specific requirement
International Co-op (Internship) 18-35 Employer-specific 12 months Two participations – Repeat category is not permitted No specific requirement No specific requirement

Poland

Available categories Age eligibility Type of work permit Maximum validity period Frequency of participation Discontinuance requirement Residence requirements
Working Holiday 18-35 Open 12 months Two participations – Repeat category is not permitted 6 months No specific requirement
Young Professionals 18-35 Employer-specific 12 months Two participations – Repeat category is not permitted 6 months No specific requirement
International Co-op (Internship) 18-35 Employer-specific 12 months Two participations – Repeat category is not permitted 6 months No specific requirement

San Marino

Available categories Age eligibility Type of work permit Maximum validity period Frequency of participation Discontinuance requirement Residence requirements
Working Holiday 18-35 Open 12 months Two participations 12 months No specific requirement

Slovakia

Available categories Age eligibility Type of work permit Maximum validity period Frequency of participation Discontinuance requirement Residence requirements
Working Holiday 18-35 Open 12 months Two participations – Repeat category is not permitted 3 months Must be a resident of Slovakia at the time of application
Young Professionals 18-35 Employer-specific 12 months Two participations – Repeat category is not permitted 3 months Must be a resident of Slovakia at the time of application
International Co-op (Internship) 18-35 Employer-specific 12 months Two participations – Repeat category is not permitted 3 months Must be a resident of Slovakia at the time of application

Slovenia

Available categories Age eligibility Type of work permit Maximum validity period Frequency of participation Discontinuance requirement Residence requirements
Working Holiday 18-35 Open 12 months Two participations – Repeat category is not permitted No specific requirement No specific requirement
Young Professionals 18-35 Employer-specific 12 months Two participations – Repeat category is not permitted No specific requirement No specific requirement
International Co-op (Internship) 18-35 Employer-specific 12 months Two participations – Repeat category is not permitted No specific requirement No specific requirement

South Korea

Available categories Age eligibility Type of work permit Maximum validity period Frequency of participation Discontinuance requirement Residence requirements
Working Holiday 18-30 Open 12 months One participation No specific requirement Must be a resident of the Republic of Korea at the time of application

Spain

Available categories Age eligibility Type of work permit Maximum validity period Frequency of participation Discontinuance requirement Residence requirements
Working Holiday 18-35 Open 12 months Two participations – Repeat category is not permitted 3 months Must be a resident of Spain at the time of application
Young Professionals 18-35 Employer-specific 12 months Two participations – Repeat category is not permitted 3 months Must be a resident of Spain at the time of application
International Co-op (Internship) 18-35 Employer-specific 12 months Two participations – Repeat category is not permitted 3 months Must be a resident of Spain at the time of application

Sweden

Available categories Age eligibility Type of work permit Maximum validity period Frequency of participation Discontinuance requirement Residence requirements
Working Holiday 18-30 Open 12 months Two participations – Repeat category is not permitted No specific requirement No specific requirement
Young Professionals 18-30 Employer-specific 12 months Two participations – Repeat category is not permitted No specific requirement No specific requirement
International Co-op (Internship) 18-30 Employer-specific 12 months Two participations – Repeat category is not permitted No specific requirement No specific requirement

Switzerland

Available categories Age eligibility Type of work permit Maximum validity period Frequency of participation Discontinuance requirement Residence requirements
Young Professionals 18-35 Employer-specific

18 months

Total duration of the two permits combined cannot exceed 18-months

Two participations – Repeat category is permitted if the sum of the two participations is within the 18-month total limit No specific requirement No specific requirement
International Co-op (Internship) 18-35 Employer-specific

18 months

Total duration of the two permits combined cannot exceed 18-months

Two participations – Repeat category is permitted if the sum of the two participations is within the 18-month total limit No specific requirement No specific requirement

Taiwan

Available categories Age eligibility Type of work permit Maximum validity period Frequency of participation Discontinuance requirement Residence requirements
Working Holiday 18-35 Open 12 months One participation No specific requirement No specific requirement
Young Professionals 18-35 Employer-specific 12 months One participation No specific requirement No specific requirement
International Co-op (Internship) 18-35 Employer-specific 12 months One participation No specific requirement No specific requirement

Ukraine

Available categories Age eligibility Type of work permit Maximum validity period Frequency of participation Discontinuance requirement Residence requirements
Working Holiday 18-35 Open 12 months Two participations – Repeat category is permitted No specific requirement No specific requirement
Young Professionals 18-35 Employer-specific 12 months Two participations – Repeat category is permitted No specific requirement No specific requirement
International Co-op (Internship) 18-35 Employer-specific 12 months Two participations – Repeat category is permitted No specific requirement No specific requirement

Note: The youth mobility agreement between Canada and Ukraine is currently under review. As a result Invitations to Apply are not being sent at this time.

United Kingdom

Available categories Age eligibility Type of work permit Maximum validity period Frequency of participation [see note] Discontinuance requirement Residence requirements
Working Holiday 18-30 Open 24 months One participation No specific requirement No specific requirement

The applicant must be a British citizen from one of the following territories: the United Kingdom or the Bailiwick of Jersey and the Bailiwick of Guernsey.

Note: British citizens who participated in the program prior to the 2015 quota year for a period of up to 12 months are eligible for one final participation of 24 months. An applicant is considered to have participated prior to 2015 if their application(s) was submitted to any quota year prior to the launch of the 2015 quota year which took place on March 12th, 2015. Those who participated in IEC for more than 12 months on applications made before 2015 are no longer eligible.

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