ARCHIVED – Backgrounders - Government of Canada 2011-12 settlement funding allocations

Citizenship and Immigration Canada funds services that help newcomers settle and adapt to life in Canada. These services include free language training, information and referrals, help finding employment that matches newcomers’ skills and education, and help integrating into Canadian society.

Settlement allocations have more than tripled, from less than $200M in 2005–06 to $600M for 2011 after being frozen for some time, and more services are being provided. For fiscal year 2011–12, approximately $600M will be allocated to support newcomers’ settlement needs in provinces and territories outside Quebec. This is $400M and 300% higher than in 2005–06.

The settlement funding allocations are determined by a formula based on the number of immigrants in each province and territory, outside Ontario and Quebec, (giving additional weight for refugees to account for their unique settlement needs) and a capacity-building amount for each jurisdiction.

In order to advance fairness and meet settlement needs across Canada, Ontario’s allocation will move to the per immigrant formula as of 2012–13, with a transition year in 2011-12.

Under the Canada Ontario Immigration Agreement, which expires March 31, 2011, the level of settlement funding was based on the number of immigrants to Ontario in 2005. Since then however, the number of immigrants to Ontario has decreased while immigration to other provinces and territories, such as Saskatchewan, Manitoba and Alberta, has gone up. This meant that in 2010–11, while Ontario received 55% of immigration to Canada (outside of Quebec); it was receiving 63% of settlement funding. The end of the existing agreement is an opportunity to ensure that settlement funding is more fairly allocated where newcomers are choosing to live. Ontario will receive over 300% more than British Columbia, which will receive the next highest allocation for 2011–12.

The Canada-Quebec Accord provides the Government of Quebec with an annual grant, the amount of which is calculated using a formula set out in the Accord. The grant covers settlement services, immigration and resettlement of refugees, for which Quebec is responsible. The planned amount for the 2011–12 Quebec grant will be no less than $258.4M.

The Government of Canada will continue to work with provinces and territories to maintain service delivery, improve accountability and ensure funding responds to the actual needs of newcomers.

Through the settlement and integration program, Citizenship and Immigration Canada supports programs and services to help newcomers settle and help put them on the path to successful integration into Canadian society. The Government of Canada is committed to helping new immigrants and their family succeed in our country.

The following table provides a comparison of net settlement funding allocations for provinces and territories outside of Quebec for fiscal years 2010–11 and 2011–12.

Settlement Funding Allocations

Provinces and Territories 2010-11
Net Allocation Funding
Net Allocation Funding
Newfoundland and Labrador $1,907,370 $2,223,039
Prince Edward Island $2,765,375 $3,946,142
Nova Scotia $7,097,327 $7,012,146
New Brunswick $4,715,257 $5,179,369
Ontario $390,399,141 $346,521,868
Manitoba $29,429,097 $32,027,618
Saskatchewan $10,127,313 $14,255,519
Alberta $60,048,771 $64,071,989
British Columbia $114,079,030 $105,558,092
Northwest Territories $633,079 $672,976
Nunavut $459,975 $463,377
Yukon $597,624 $709,534
Sub total $622,259,360 $582,641,669
Innovations Fund managed by CIC NHQ (*) $29,361,808 $16,028,557
Total $651,621,167 $598,670,226

*The Innovation Fund was established to support national projects, overseas initiatives, departmental priorities and activities related to the Foreign Credentials Referral Office.

For further information (media only), please contact:

Alykhan Velshi
Minister’s Office
Citizenship and Immigration Canada

Media Relations
Communications Branch
Citizenship and Immigration Canada


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