2017 Asylum Claims

Given the number of border interceptions currently being processed, there is a delay in asylum claims application information appearing in our system. As determinations are made that persons crossing the border are eligible to make an asylum claim, that information is entered into our system and is reflected in the asylum claims data that is published monthly to our website. Applications information is backdated, as appropriate, as it is entered into the system.

Therefore, the data posted to the IRCC website is considered preliminary and subject to change. Updated data for previous months is published to our website on a monthly basis as it becomes available and according to the monthly data release schedule.

Individuals can make an asylum claim in Canada at a port of entry, at a Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA) inland office or an Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) inland office. CBSA or IRCC officials will then determine if an individual is eligible to make an asylum claim.

These numbers reflect asylum claim numbers for 2017 and are still subject to change. View our 2018 asylum claims.

Backgrounder: Claiming asylum in Canada – what happens?

Refugee protection claims statistics (Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada)

Asylum Claims and Interceptions

Monthly Report - Calendar Year 2017

RCMP Interceptions
Provinces Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Total
New Brunswick 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
Quebec 245 452 654 672 576 781 2,996 5,530 1,720 1,755 1,539 1,916 18,836
Ontario 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Manitoba 19 142 170 146 106 63 87 80 78 67 38 22 1,018
Saskatchewan 5 0 0 9 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 14
Alberta 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 4 0 0 0 6
British Columbia 46Footnote * 84 71 32 60 39 51 102 79 68 46 40 718
Total - RCMP 315 678 897 859 742 884 3,134 5,712 1,881 1,890 1,623 1,978 20,593

The number of “RCMP interceptions” refers to asylum seekers apprehended between the ports of entry and does not reflect other illegal border crossings. These numbers may be included in either CBSA or IRCC processing results as the asylum seekers are turned over by the RCMP to these agencies if a claim of refugee status is made.

Asylum Claimants processed by the Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA), January - December 2017

Air Ports of Entry
Provinces/Territories Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Total
Newfoundland and Labrador 5 -- 5 5 10 10 10 5 10 10 -- -- 85
Prince Edward Island 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nova Scotia 0 0 0 0 0 -- 0 0 0 0 0 0 --
New Brunswick 0 0 0 0 0 0 -- 0 -- 0 0 0 --
Quebec 40 45 55 40 85 70 90 105 120 150 110 220 1,130
Ontario 215 185 145 165 170 135 165 135 240 220 190 405 2,375
Manitoba 0 0 0 0 0 0 -- -- 0 0 -- 0 --
Saskatchewan 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 -- 0 0 -- 0 --
Alberta 5 5 -- 15 5 -- 15 -- 10 10 5 20 105
British Columbia 20 10 15 10 15 20 15 10 20 20 15 15 185
Northwest Territories 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nunavut 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yukon 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total - Air Ports of Entry 285 255 220 235 285 240 295 265 400 405 320 665 3,885
Land Ports of Entry
Provinces/Territories Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Total
Newfoundland and Labrador 0 0 -- 0 -- 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 5
Prince Edward Island 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 -- 0 0 --
Nova Scotia -- 0 -- -- 5 5 0 5 -- 0 -- -- 25
New Brunswick 0 0 0 -- 0 -- -- 0 0 0 0 0 --
Quebec 245 330 590 425 280 265 285 315 205 240 245 255 3,675
Ontario 605 745 720 605 445 415 400 485 475 410 295 350 5,955
Manitoba 15 90 60 110 110 65 90 75 65 65 40 20 810
Saskatchewan -- -- -- 20 10 -- -- 0 0 5 -- 0 45
Alberta 35 50 90 45 45 55 40 40 65 45 25 15 545
British Columbia 10 25 25 35 25 5 30 55 40 30 25 15 325
Northwest Territories 0 0 0 0 -- 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 --
Nunavut 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yukon 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total - Land Ports of Entry 915 1,240 1,490 1,240 925 825 850 975 850 795 635 655 11,400
Marine Ports of Entry
Provinces/Territories Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Total
Newfoundland and Labrador 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Prince Edward Island 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nova Scotia 0 0 0 -- 0 0 0 -- 0 0 0 0 --
New Brunswick 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Quebec 0 0 0 5 0 0 -- -- -- 0 -- -- 20
Ontario 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Manitoba 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Saskatchewan 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Alberta 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
British Columbia -- 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 --
Northwest Territories 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nunavut 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yukon 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total - Marine Ports of Entry -- 0 0 5 0 0 -- -- -- 0 -- -- 25
All Ports of Entry (Air, Land and Marine)
Provinces/Territories Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Total
Newfoundland and Labrador 5 -- 10 5 15 10 10 5 10 10 -- -- 90
Prince Edward Island 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 -- 0 0 --
Nova Scotia -- 0 -- -- 5 5 0 10 -- 0 -- -- 30
New Brunswick 0 0 0 -- 0 -- -- 0 -- 0 0 0 5
Quebec 285 380 640 470 365 340 375 425 330 385 355 475 4,825
Ontario 820 935 860 770 620 555 570 620 710 625 485 755 8,325
Manitoba 15 90 60 110 110 65 90 75 65 65 40 20 815
Saskatchewan -- -- -- 20 10 -- -- -- 0 5 -- 0 45
Alberta 45 55 90 55 50 60 55 40 75 55 30 35 650
British Columbia 30 35 45 50 40 30 45 70 60 50 35 30 515
Northwest Territories 0 0 0 0 -- 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 --
Nunavut 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yukon 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total - Ports of Entry 1,205 1,500 1,715 1,485 1,210 1,065 1,150 1,245 1,255 1,200 960 1,320 15,310
Inland Offices
Provinces/Territories Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Total
Newfoundland and Labrador 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 -- 0 0 --
Prince Edward Island 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nova Scotia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
New Brunswick -- 0 0 5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 10
Quebec 20 25 30 80 70 105 1,245 930 420 825 780 820 5,355
Ontario 65 75 85 45 30 60 100 95 65 70 45 25 770
Manitoba 0 0 100 0 0 -- 0 -- -- -- 0 -- 105
Saskatchewan 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Alberta 0 0 0 0 0 -- -- 0 -- -- 0 -- 5
British Columbia 45 80 80 55 80 50 90 155 105 100 50 40 925
Northwest Territories 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nunavut 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yukon 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total - Inland Offices 130 180 290 190 185 220 1,435 1,185 595 1,000 875 885 7,175
Summary of Asylum Claimants processed by the Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA), January - December 2017
CBSA designated ports of entry/inland offices Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Total
Air Ports of Entry 285 255 220 235 285 240 295 265 400 405 320 665 3,885
Land Ports of Entry 915 1,240 1,490 1,240 925 825 850 975 850 795 635 655 11,400
Marine Ports of Entry -- 0 0 5 0 0 -- -- -- 0 -- -- 25
All Ports of Entry (Air, Land and Marine) 1,205 1,500 1,715 1,485 1,210 1,065 1,150 1,245 1,255 1,200 960 1,320 15,310
Inland Offices 130 180 290 190 185 220 1,435 1,185 595 1,000 875 885 7,175
Total - CBSA Land, Air and Marine port of entry and Inland Offices 1,335 1,680 2,005 1,675 1,395 1,285 2,585 2,435 1,845 2,205 1,835 2,205 22,480

These statistics include asylum claimants intercepted by the RCMP and brought to a CBSA designated port of entry or inland office, and do not include asylum claims made at Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada offices. Figures may vary slightly depending on the date when the claim was received.

Please note that all values between 0 and 5 are shown as “--”. This is done to prevent individuals from being identified when data is compiled and compared to other publicly available statistics. All other values are rounded to the closest multiple of 5 for the same reason; as a result of rounding, data may not sum to the totals indicated.

Asylum Claimants processed by Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC), January - December 2017

Provinces/Territories Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Total
Newfoundland and Labrador 0 -- 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 --
Prince Edward Island 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nova Scotia -- -- 0 -- -- 5 5 5 5 -- 10 10 55
New Brunswick -- 0 -- 5 0 0 5 -- 0 0 -- -- 20
Quebec 270 260 465 500 650 870 1,535 4,720 1,680 1,330 1,065 1,270 14,610
Ontario 845 855 810 755 940 920 810 1,380 970 965 1,085 735 11,065
Manitoba 15 10 20 20 20 15 10 15 5 25 10 5 180
Saskatchewan -- -- 10 0 10 10 5 10 5 -- 0 -- 60
Alberta 110 55 75 60 75 90 75 135 105 135 90 90 1,090
British Columbia 55 40 55 55 55 90 80 105 110 95 85 60 885
Northwest Territories 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nunavut 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yukon 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Outside Canada 0 -- 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 --
Total - IRCC 1,300 1,230 1,435 1,400 1,745 1,995 2,530 6,370 2,875 2,560 2,350 2,175 27,965

Please note that all values between 0 and 5 are shown as “--”. This is done to prevent individuals from being identified when data is compiled and compared to other publicly available statistics. All other values are rounded to the closest multiple of 5 for the same reason; as a result of rounding, data may not sum to the totals indicated.

Total Asylum Claimants processed by the CBSA and IRCC, January - December 2017
Provinces/Territories Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Total
Newfoundland and Labrador 5 10 10 5 15 10 10 5 10 15 -- -- 95
Prince Edward Island 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 -- 0 0 --
Nova Scotia -- -- -- 5 10 10 5 15 5 -- 10 10 85
New Brunswick -- 0 -- 15 0 -- 10 -- -- 0 -- -- 35
Quebec 575 665 1,135 1,050 1,085 1,310 3,155 6,080 2,430 2,545 2,200 2,560 24,790
Ontario 1,730 1,860 1,760 1,570 1,590 1,535 1,480 2,095 1,745 1,665 1,615 1,515 20,165
Manitoba 30 100 180 130 130 85 100 95 70 95 55 30 1,100
Saskatchewan -- 5 10 20 15 10 5 10 5 10 -- -- 105
Alberta 155 110 165 115 125 150 130 175 180 190 125 125 1,745
British Columbia 130 160 180 160 170 170 215 325 275 240 175 130 2,325
Northwest Territories 0 0 0 0 -- 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 --
Nunavut 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yukon 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Outside Canada 0 -- 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 --
Total - CBSA & IRCC 2,635 2,910 3,440 3,075 3,140 3,280 5,115 8,805 4,725 4,765 4,185 4,380 50,450

Please note that all values between 0 and 5 are shown as “--”. This is done to prevent individuals from being identified when data is compiled and compared to other publicly available statistics. All other values are rounded to the closest multiple of 5 for the same reason; as a result of rounding, data may not sum to the totals indicated.

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