2017 Asylum Claims

Given the number of border interceptions currently being processed, there is a delay in asylum claims application information appearing in our system. As determinations are made that persons crossing the border are eligible to make an asylum claim, that information is entered into our system and is reflected in the asylum claims data that is published monthly to our website. Applications information is backdated, as appropriate, as it is entered into the system.

Therefore, the data posted to the IRCC website is considered preliminary and subject to change. Updated data for previous months is published to our website on a monthly basis as it becomes available and according to the monthly data release schedule.

Individuals can make an asylum claim in Canada at a port of entry, at a Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA) inland office or an Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) inland office. CBSA or IRCC officials will then determine if an individual is eligible to make an asylum claim.

These numbers reflect asylum claim numbers for 2017 and are still subject to change. View our 2018 asylum claims.

Backgrounder: Claiming asylum in Canada – what happens?

Refugee protection claims statistics (Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada)

Asylum Claims and Interceptions

Monthly Report - Calendar Year 2017

RCMP Interceptions
Provinces Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Total
New Brunswick 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
Quebec 245 452 654 672 576 781 2,996 5,530 1,720 1,755 1,539 1,916 18,836
Ontario 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Manitoba 19 142 170 146 106 63 87 80 78 67 38 22 1,018
Saskatchewan 5 0 0 9 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 14
Alberta 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 4 0 0 0 6
British Columbia 46Footnote * 84 71 32 60 39 51 102 79 68 46 40 718
Total - RCMP 315 678 897 859 742 884 3,134 5,712 1,881 1,890 1,623 1,978 20,593

The number of “RCMP interceptions” refers to asylum seekers apprehended between the ports of entry and does not reflect other illegal border crossings. These numbers may be included in either CBSA or IRCC processing results as the asylum seekers are turned over by the RCMP to these agencies if a claim of refugee status is made.

Asylum Claimants processed by the Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA), January - December 2017

Air Ports of Entry
Provinces/Territories Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Total
Newfoundland and Labrador 5 -- -- -- 10 5 5 5 10 10 -- -- 75
Prince Edward Island 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nova Scotia 0 0 0 0 0 -- 0 0 0 0 0 0 --
New Brunswick 0 0 0 0 0 0 -- 0 -- 0 0 0 --
Québec 40 50 55 40 80 70 90 105 120 150 105 220 1,125
Ontario 215 185 145 165 175 135 170 145 240 215 190 405 2,380
Manitoba 0 0 0 0 0 0 -- -- 0 0 -- 0 --
Saskatchewan 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 -- 0 0 -- 0 --
Alberta 5 5 -- 15 5 -- 15 -- 10 5 5 20 100
British Columbia 20 10 15 15 15 20 10 10 20 20 15 15 180
Yukon 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northwest Territories 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nunavut 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total - Air Ports of Entry 285 255 220 235 285 240 295 270 400 405 320 665 3,875
Land Ports of Entry
Provinces/Territories Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Total
Newfoundland and Labrador -- 0 -- 0 -- 0 0 -- 0 0 0 0 10
Prince Edward Island 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 -- 0 0 --
Nova Scotia -- 0 0 -- 5 5 0 5 -- 0 -- -- 25
New Brunswick 0 0 0 -- 0 -- -- 0 0 0 0 0 5
Québec 250 320 585 425 265 265 280 315 205 235 245 250 3,640
Ontario 615 765 755 620 460 425 430 525 480 420 305 350 6,165
Manitoba 15 80 135 105 105 65 90 75 65 60 40 20 860
Saskatchewan 0 0 -- 20 10 -- -- 0 0 5 0 0 40
Alberta 30 50 90 45 45 55 40 35 65 50 25 15 545
British Columbia 10 25 25 40 25 5 30 55 40 25 25 35 340
Yukon 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northwest Territories 0 0 0 0 -- 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 --
Nunavut 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total - Land Ports of Entry 925 1,245 1,595 1,255 920 825 875 1,020 855 800 645 675 11,635
Marine Ports of Entry
Provinces/Territories Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Total
Newfoundland and Labrador 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Prince Edward Island 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nova Scotia 0 0 0 -- 0 0 0 -- 0 0 0 0 --
New Brunswick 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Québec 0 0 0 5 0 0 -- -- -- 0 -- -- 20
Ontario 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Manitoba 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Saskatchewan 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Alberta 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
British Columbia -- 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 --
Yukon 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northwest Territories 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nunavut 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total - Marine Ports of Entry -- 0 0 5 0 0 -- -- -- 0 -- -- 25
All Ports of Entry (Air, Land and Marine)
Provinces/Territories Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Total
Newfoundland and Labrador 5 -- 5 -- 15 5 5 10 10 10 -- -- 80
Prince Edward Island 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 -- 0 0 --
Nova Scotia -- 0 0 -- 5 5 0 10 -- 0 -- -- 30
New Brunswick 0 0 0 -- 0 -- -- 0 -- 0 0 0 10
Québec 290 370 635 470 350 335 375 420 330 380 360 470 4,785
Ontario 830 950 900 790 635 560 600 670 720 640 495 755 8,545
Manitoba 15 80 135 105 105 65 90 80 65 60 45 20 865
Saskatchewan 0 0 -- 20 10 -- -- -- 0 5 -- 0 45
Alberta 40 55 90 55 50 60 60 40 75 55 30 35 650
British Columbia 30 35 40 50 40 30 40 65 60 45 35 50 520
Yukon 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northwest Territories 0 0 0 0 -- 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 --
Nunavut 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total - Ports of Entry 1,210 1,500 1,815 1,500 1,205 1,065 1,175 1,290 1,255 1,205 970 1,340 15,530
Inland Offices
Provinces/Territories Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Total
Newfoundland and Labrador 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 -- 0 0 --
Prince Edward Island 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nova Scotia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
New Brunswick -- 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 --
Québec 20 25 30 80 70 105 1,250 915 395 785 720 745 5,140
Ontario 10 15 15 15 5 10 35 15 10 25 20 15 185
Manitoba 0 0 0 0 0 -- 0 -- -- -- 0 -- 5
Saskatchewan 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Alberta 0 0 0 0 0 -- -- 0 0 -- 0 -- 5
British Columbia 45 80 80 55 80 50 90 155 105 100 50 15 905
Yukon 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northwest Territories 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nunavut 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total - Inland Offices 75 120 120 150 160 170 1,375 1,085 515 915 790 775 6,240
Summary of Asylum Claimants processed by the Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA), January - December 2017
CBSA designated ports of entry/inland offices Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Total
Air Ports of Entry 285 255 220 235 285 240 295 270 400 405 320 665 3,875
Land Ports of Entry 925 1,245 1,595 1,255 920 825 875 1,020 855 800 645 675 11,635
Marine Ports of Entry -- 0 0 5 0 0 -- -- -- 0 -- -- 25
All Ports of Entry (Air, Land and Marine) 1,210 1,500 1,815 1,500 1,205 1,065 1,175 1,290 1,255 1,205 970 1,340 15,530
Inland Offices 75 120 120 150 160 170 1,375 1,085 515 915 790 775 6,240
Total - CBSA Land, Air and Marine port of entry and Inland Offices 1,285 1,620 1,935 1,645 1,365 1,235 2,545 2,380 1,770 2,115 1,760 2,115 21,775

These statistics include asylum claimants intercepted by the RCMP and brought to a CBSA designated port of entry or inland office, and do not include asylum claims made at Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada offices. Figures may vary slightly depending on the date when the claim was received.

Please note that all values between 0 and 5 are shown as “--”. This is done to prevent individuals from being identified when data is compiled and compared to other publicly available statistics. All other values are rounded to the closest multiple of 5 for the same reason; as a result of rounding, data may not sum to the totals indicated.

Asylum Claimants processed by Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC), January - December 2017
Provinces/Territories Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Total
Newfoundland and Labrador 0 -- 0 0 0 0 0 -- -- 0 0 0 5
Prince Edward Island 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nova Scotia -- -- 0 -- -- 5 5 -- -- -- 10 10 50
New Brunswick -- 0 -- 5 0 0 5 -- 0 0 -- -- 20
Québec 270 260 460 500 650 865 1,540 4,720 1,715 1,380 1,115 1,335 14,810
Ontario 890 910 875 780 960 965 845 1,400 1,000 990 1,100 740 11,455
Manitoba 15 10 20 20 20 15 10 30 10 35 20 15 220
Saskatchewan -- -- 10 0 10 10 5 10 5 -- 0 -- 60
Alberta 110 55 75 60 75 90 75 135 100 130 90 90 1,080
British Columbia 55 40 55 55 55 90 80 125 105 95 90 65 910
Yukon 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northwest Territories 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nunavut 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Outside Canada 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total - IRCC 1,345 1,285 1,495 1,425 1,770 2,040 2,570 6,420 2,945 2,635 2,425 2,260 28,615

Please note that all values between 0 and 5 are shown as “--”. This is done to prevent individuals from being identified when data is compiled and compared to other publicly available statistics. All other values are rounded to the closest multiple of 5 for the same reason; as a result of rounding, data may not sum to the totals indicated.

Total Asylum Claimants processed by the CBSA and IRCC, January - December 2017
Provinces/Territories Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Total
Newfoundland and Labrador 5 10 5 -- 15 5 5 10 10 15 -- -- 90
Prince Edward Island 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 -- 0 0 --
Nova Scotia -- -- 0 5 10 10 5 15 5 -- 10 10 80
New Brunswick -- 0 -- 10 0 -- 10 -- -- 0 -- -- 30
Québec 580 655 1,130 1,050 1,070 1,305 3,160 6,060 2,445 2,545 2,190 2,550 24,740
Ontario 1,730 1,875 1,790 1,580 1,605 1,535 1,475 2,085 1,730 1,655 1,620 1,510 20,185
Manitoba 35 95 155 125 125 85 100 105 75 100 60 35 1,095
Saskatchewan -- -- 10 20 20 10 5 10 5 10 -- -- 105
Alberta 150 110 165 115 125 150 130 175 175 185 120 130 1,735
British Columbia 130 155 175 160 170 170 215 340 270 240 175 130 2,335
Yukon 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northwest Territories 0 0 0 0 -- 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 --
Nunavut 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Outside Canada 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total - CBSA & IRCC 2,630 2,905 3,430 3,070 3,130 3,275 5,115 8,800 4,720 4,755 4,185 4,375 50,390

Please note that all values between 0 and 5 are shown as “--”. This is done to prevent individuals from being identified when data is compiled and compared to other publicly available statistics. All other values are rounded to the closest multiple of 5 for the same reason; as a result of rounding, data may not sum to the totals indicated.

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