The Canadian Coast Guard (CCG) has a long and proud history in the North, providing critical services, including icebreaking, resupply of remote communities, aids to navigation, marine search and rescue, environmental response and marine communications and traffic services. These services enable the safe transportation of goods and people, helping Northern communities achieve their social and economic goals. Vessel traffic in the Arctic is evolving, however, due to changing traffic patterns, navigation practices, and vessel types, while existing marine navigation programs and services remain limited.
Under Economic Action Plan 2015, $5.6 million over four years has been set aside for the Canadian Coast Guard to conduct four reviews that will identify enhancements to the Arctic marine navigation system. These reviews build on recommendations made by the Commissioner of the Environment and Sustainable Development and the Tanker Safety Expert Panel.
Under Economic Action Plan 2015, the Canadian Coast Guard will review the Arctic maritime Search and Rescue (SAR) service requirements and enhance the Canadian Coast Guard Auxiliary capacity to keep pace with rising marine traffic levels in the region, for a total investment of $3.9 million over five years.
Hydrographic surveys, charting and other nautical products form the foundation for safe marine navigation, allowing shipping to take place safely in charted Canadian waters. Canadian Arctic water represents an area of about 4 million km2. Given such a vast area, the Canadian Hydrographic Service (CHS) prioritizes charting activities to improve the nautical charts' where navigation takes place which represent about 10% of the Canadian Arctic water or 400 000km2.
Strengthened Inshore Rescue
Since 2013, the Canadian Coast Guard has operated an Inshore Rescue Boat (IRB) facility on a seasonal basis at HMCS Discovery, a Royal Canadian Naval Reserve facility located on the shore of Vancouver Harbour. Established in the 1970s, CCG's IRB program provides search and rescue coverage in key areas – including major metropolitan harbours – during peak times in the recreational boating season.
The offshore Arctic surf clam fishery has been operating on the Scotian Shelf since 1986, and on the Grand Banks since 1989. What began as an exploratory fishery has developed into a major industry with annual sales of up to $60 million.
April 13, 2015
The Fisheries and Oceans Canada St. Andrews Biological Station is Atlantic Canada's oldest marine research station, opening its doors in 1908. The Government of Canada has recently invested more than $65 million to build two new state-the art facilities, a wet laboratory and a science building which were officially named today.
The most recent science results indicate the fishable biomass in Shrimp Fishing Area (SFA) 4 declined by 6.3 percent, increased by 42.2 percent in SFA 5, and increased by 7.9 percent in SFA 6 from last year. While SFA 4 and 5 remain in the healthy zone, SFA 6 remains in the lower half of the cautious zone of the precautionary approach framework, where it has been for the last five out of six years.
The fish and seafood sectors are among the largest food sectors exported by Canada. In 2014, Canada exported $4.9 billion of fish and seafood products, an increase of $517 million from 2013. Approximately 85 percent of all fish landed by Canadian harvesters are exported to foreign markets.