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Cyberbullying and Non-consensual Distribution of Intimate Images

| Department of Justice Canada | backgrounders

Bullying, including cyberbullying, is a form of aggression, usually among children and youth but not always. When the bullying behaviour occurs via electronic means, it is often referred to as cyberbullying.


Federal Victims Strategy and Victims Fund

| Department of Justice Canada | backgrounders

Since 2006, the Government of Canada has allocated more than $120 million to give victims a more effective voice in the criminal justice and corrections systems through programs and initiatives delivered by the Department of Justice Canada. This funding includes the allocation of $10.25 million for new or enhanced Child Advocacy Centres, since 2010, to address the needs of child and youth victims of crime.


Modernizing the Criminal Code

| Department of Justice Canada | backgrounders

The overwhelming majority of crimes, including the proposed offence of non-consensual distribution of intimate images and other serious offences such as murder and organized crime, now include telecommunications evidence. Unlike traditional forensic evidence found at the scene of a crime, digital evidence is often scattered across dozens of electronic devices and computer networks and may even be found on computers located in different cities almost anywhere the world. Moreover, the data often has a very short lifespan, making the need to obtain evidence in a timely manner crucial to the outcome of an investigation.


Not Criminally Responsible Reform Act

| Department of Justice Canada | backgrounders

The Government of Canada is committed to standing up for victims of crime and making streets and communities safer for Canadians. The Not Criminally Responsible Reform Act would ensure that public safety comes first in the decision-making process with respect to accused persons found Not Criminally Responsible on Account of Mental Disorder (NCR). It would enhance the safety of victims, and promote greater victim involvement in the Criminal Code mental disorder regime.


Child Advocacy Centres

| Department of Justice Canada | backgrounders

Child Advocacy Centres (CAC) are child-focused centres that coordinate the investigation, prosecution, and treatment of child abuse while helping abused children. They adopt a seamless and collaborative approach to addressing the needs of child and youth victims of crime. CACs seek to minimize system-induced trauma by providing a child-friendly setting for a young victim and his or her family.


Criminal Code Amendments to Keep Contraband Tobacco off Canadian Streets

| Department of Justice Canada | backgrounders

The Government is advancing its efforts to combat the trafficking and cross-border smuggling of contraband tobacco by creating a new Criminal Code offence with mandatory penalties of imprisonment for repeat offenders. Many of these offenders are affiliated with other serious organized criminal activity such as weapons and illegal drug trafficking.


Nuclear Terrorism Legislation

| Department of Justice Canada | backgrounders

The Nuclear Terrorism Act will help combat nuclear terrorism by: Enhancing the domestic legal framework available to respond to the threat posed by acts of nuclear terrorism; and Fulfilling key international commitments Canada has made in the area of nuclear security.


Victim Surcharge

| Department of Justice Canada | backgrounders

A victim surcharge is an additional penalty imposed on convicted offenders at the time of sentencing.


Youth Justice Fund

| Department of Justice Canada | backgrounders

The Youth Justice Fund was established in 1999 as part of the Youth Justice Renewal Initiative, and provides grants and contributions funding for projects across Canada. The Youth Justice Fund has a budget of approximately $4.5 million each year.


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