2016-2017 Performance Monitoring Report - Annex 7

FULL PAROLE

Table 59. Full Parole Release Decisions

Year Atlantic Quebec Ontario Prairies Pacific Canada
Fed. Prov. Fed. Prov. Fed. Prov. Fed. Prov. Fed. Prov. Fed. Prov.
2012/13 326 127 1,116 - 572 - 1,097 90 389 130 3,500 347
2013/14 321 143 1,176 - 578 - 923 78 437 148 3,435 369
2014/15 295 118 1,300 - 656 - 979 57 376 114 3,606 289
2015/16 355 95 1,174 - 771 1* 979 78 347 106 3,626 280
2016/17 425 80 1,403 - 793 - 1,035 95 386 103 4,042 278
5-year average 344 113 1,234 - 674 - 1,003 80 387 120 3,642 313

*The provincial case in the Ontario region was a federal sentence which was reduced to a provincial sentence by court order.

Table 60. Full Parole Release Decisions by Regular and APR Review

Year Type Atlantic Quebec Ontario Prairies Pacific Canada
Fed. Prov. Fed. Prov. Fed. Prov. Fed. Prov. Fed. Prov. Fed. Prov.
2012/13 Regular 326 127 1,115 - 572 - 1,096 90 364 130 3,473 347
APR1 - - - - - - 1 - 25 - 26 -
By exc. - - 1 - - - - - - - 1 -
All 326 127 1,116 - 572 - 1,097 90 389 130 3,500 347
2013/14 Regular 321 143 1,144 - 577 - 921 78 326 148 3,289 369
APR2 - - 30 - - - 1 - 111 - 142 -
By exc. - - 2 - 1 - 1 - - - 4 -
All 321 143 1,176 - 578 - 923 78 437 148 3,435 369
2014/15 Regular 294 118 1,292 - 572 - 965 57 341 114 3,464 289
APR2 1 - 7 - 84 - 14 - 31 - 137 -
By exc. - - 1 - - - - - 4 - 5 -
All 295 118 1,300 - 656 - 979 57 376 114 3,606 289
2015/16 Regular 355 95 1,143 - 648 1* 963 78 329 106 3,438 280
APR3 - - 30 - 123 - 14 - 18 - 185 -
By exc. - - 1 - - - 2 - - - 3 -
All 355 95 1,174 - 771 1* 979 78 347 106 3,626 280
2016/17 Regular 424 80 1,377 - 737 - 1,013 95 363 103 3,914 278
APR3 1 - 26 - 54 - 22 - 23 - 126 -
By exc. - - - - 2 - - - - - 2 -
All 425 80 1,403 - 793 - 1,035 95 386 103 4,042 278

Note: Includes only pre-release decisions to grant/direct or deny/not direct full parole, except APRI not-directed.
*The provincial case in the Ontario region was a federal sentence which was reduced to a provincial sentence by court order.
1These are APR cases following the British Columbia Supreme Court decision.
2These are APR cases following the British Columbia Supreme Court, Quebec Superior Court and the Supreme Court of Canada decisions.
3 These are APR cases following the Supreme Court of Canada decision and other provincial supreme court decisions.

Table 61. Full Parole Release Decisions Following Hearings with an Indigenous Cultural Advisor

Year Atlantic Quebec Ontario Prairies Pacific Canada
Fed. Prov. Fed. Prov. Fed. Prov. Fed. Prov. Fed. Prov. Fed. Prov.
2012/13 10 - 26 - 8 - 125 - 65 - 234 -
2013/14 6 - 30 - 3 - 134 1 35 - 208 1
2014/15 13 - 42 - 9 - 125 - 51 - 240 -
2015/16 6 - 37 - 17 - 98 - 40 - 198 -
2016/17 9 - 37 - 17 - 129 - 67 - 259 -
5-year average 9 - 34 - 11 - 122 - 52 - 228 -

Note: Includes only pre-release decisions to grant/direct or deny/not direct full parole, except APRI not-directed.

Table 62. Average Proportion of Sentence Served at First Federal Full Parole Release by Region (%)

Region 2012/13 2013/14 2014/15 2015/16 2016/17 5-Yr. Avg.
Atlantic 45 44 43 45 43 44
Quebec 48 49 48 49 48 48
Ontario 47 47 46 47 45 46
Prairies 47 47 45 46 46 46
Pacific 46 44 43 44 43 44
Canada 47 47 46 46 46 46

Note: Excludes those serving indeterminate sentences.

Table 63. Average Proportion of Sentence Served at First Federal Full Parole Release by Offence Type (%)

Offence Type 2012/13 2013/14 2014/15 2015/16 2016/17 5-Yr. Avg.
Schedule I-sex 50 48 49 47 49 49
Schedule I-non-sex 49 47 49 49 49 49
Schedule II 45 46 44 46 44 45
Non-scheduled 47 47 45 46 43 46

Note: Excludes those serving indeterminate sentences.

Table 64. Average Proportion of Sentence Served at First Federal Full Parole Release by Indigenous and Race (%)

Race 2012/13 2013/14 2014/15 2015/16 2016/17 5-Yr. Avg.
Indigenous 49 49 47 51 49 49
Asian 45 46 44 44 45 45
Black 44 45 45 48 45 46
White 47 47 46 46 46 46
Other 44 45 44 44 43 44

Note: Excludes those serving indeterminate sentences.

Table 65. Average Proportion of Sentence Served at First Federal Full Parole Release by Gender (%)

Gender 2012/13 2013/14 2014/15 2015/16 2016/17 5-Yr. Avg.
Male 47 47 46 47 46 46
Female 46 44 45 45 43 44

Note: Excludes those serving indeterminate sentences.

Table 66. Grant Rates for Federal Full Parole

Year Type Atlantic Quebec Ontario Prairies Pacific Canada
# % # % # % # % # % # %
2012/13 Regular 166 51 262 23 196 34 294 27 85 23 1,003 29
APR1 - - - - - - 1 100 25 100 26 100
By exc. - - 1 100 - - - - - - 1 100
All 166 51 263 24 196 34 295 27 110 28 1,030 29
2013/14 Regular 178 55 277 24 193 33 244 26 93 29 985 30
APR2 - - 27 90 - - 1 100 98 88 126 89
By exc. - - 1 50 1 100 1 100 - - 3 75
All 178 55 305 26 194 34 246 27 191 44 1,114 32
2014/15 Regular 161 55 278 22 239 42 288 30 87 26 1,053 30
APR2 1 100 5 71 74 88 9 64 30 97 119 87
By exc. - - 1 100 - - - - 2 50 3 60
All 162 55 284 22 313 48 297 30 119 32 1,175 33
2015/16 Regular 212 60 297 26 254 39 317 33 76 23 1,156 34
APR3 - - 27 90 109 89 12 86 18 100 166 90
By exc. - - 1 100 - - 2 100 - - 3 100
All 212 60 325 28 363 47 331 34 94 27 1,325 37
Regular 261 62 370 27 328 45 338 33 77 21 1,374 35
2016/17 APR3 1 100 26 100 52 96 20 91 23 100 122 97
By exc. - - - - 1 50 - - - - 1 50
All 262 62 396 28 381 48 358 35 100 26 1,497 37

Note: Includes only pre-release decisions to grant/direct or deny/not direct full parole, except APRI not-directed.
1 These are APR cases following the British Columbia Supreme Court decision.
2 These are APR cases following the British Columbia Supreme Court decision (including an APR case in the Prairie region, which was a transfer from the Pacific region), the Quebec Superior Court decision and the Supreme Court of Canada decision.
3 These are APR cases following the Supreme Court of Canada decision and other provincial supreme court decisions.

Table 67. Grant Rates for Federal Full Parole Following Hearings with an Indigenous Cultural Advisor

Year Atlantic Quebec Ontario Prairies Pacific Canada
# % # % # % # % # % # %
2012/13 0 0 2 8 1 13 13 10 6 9 22 9
2013/14 2 33 1 3 0 0 19 14 6 17 28 13
2014/15 4 31 5 12 2 22 12 10 6 12 29 12
2015/16 0 0 7 19 1 6 13 13 2 5 23 12
2016/17 2 22 3 8 1 6 20 16 5 7 31 12
5-year average 2 18 4 10 1 9 15 13 5 10 27 12

Note: Includes only pre-release decisions to grant/direct or deny/not direct full parole, except APRI not-directed.

Table 68. Grant Rates for Provincial Full Parole

Year Atlantic Quebec Ontario Prairies Pacific Canada
# % # % # % # % # % # %
2012/13 44 35 - - - - 16 18 43 33 103 30
2013/14 47 33 - - - - 24 31 41 28 112 30
2014/15 48 41 - - - - 12 21 33 29 93 32
2015/16 56 59 - - 0* 0 24 31 27 25 107 38
2016/17 41 51 - - - - 33 35 27 26 101 36
5-year average 47 42 - - - - 22 27 34 28 103 33

*The provincial case in the Ontario region was a federal sentence which was reduced to a provincial sentence by court order.

Table 69. Grant Rates for Federal and Provincial Full Parole by Offence Type (%)

Year Murder Schedule I-Sex Schedule I-Non-Sex Schedule II Non-Scheduled
Fed. Prov. Fed. Prov. Fed. Prov. Fed. Prov. Fed. Prov.
2012/13 29 - 20 25 24 26 40 38 28 29
2013/14 33 - 16 21 24 27 45 47 35 24
2014/15 38 - 17 29 23 20 44 43 33 36
2015/16 39 - 22 48 26 31 49 42 39 38
2016/17 43 - 25 61 29 28 47 47 39 28
5-year average 37 - 20 35 25 27 45 43 35 31

Table 70. Grant Rates for Federal and Provincial Full Parole by Indigenous and Race (%)

Year Indigenous Asian Black White Other
Fed. Prov. Fed. Prov. Fed. Prov. Fed. Prov. Fed. Prov.
2012/13 18 15 45 41 26 23 31 37 35 7
2013/14 23 21 46 19 37 14 32 35 35 23
2014/15 19 3 48 31 40 22 33 39 36 29
2015/16 25 21 50 18 38 56 37 47 44 31
2016/17 25 19 52 40 40 14 38 38 41 47
5-year average 22 17 48 33 36 27 34 38 39 28

Table 71. Grant Rates for Federal and Provincial Full Parole by Gender (%)

Year Male Female
Fed. Prov. Fed. Prov.
2012/13 29 29 41 40
2013/14 32 27 48 53
2014/15 31 31 51 39
2015/16 36 38 48 46
2016/17 36 36 51 42
5-year average 33 32 48 45

Table 72. Grant Rates for Federal Full Parole by Sentence Type

Year Type Determinate Lifers Other
Indeterminate
# % # % # %
2012/13 Regular 917 31 85 30 1 0
APR1 26 100 - - - -
By exc. 1 100 - - - -
All 944 31 85 30 1 0
2013/14 Regular 892 32 92 33 1 1
APR2 126 89 - - - -
By exc. 3 75 - - - -
All 1,021 35 92 33 1 1
2014/15 Regular 947 32 106 38 0 0
APR2 119 87 - - - -
By exc. 1 100 2 50 - -
All 1,067 35 108 38 0 0
2015/16 Regular 1,045 35 109 39 2 1
APR3 166 90 - - - -
By exc. 3 100 - - - -
All 1,214 39 109 39 2 1
2016/17 Regular 1,254 37 119 43 1 0
APR3 122 97 - - - -
By exc. - - 1 50 - -
All 1,376 39 120 43 1 0

Note: Includes only pre-release decisions to grant/direct or deny/not-direct full parole, except APRI not-directed.
Definition: Lifers include those offenders sentenced to life as a minimum sentence or life as a maximum sentence. Other indeterminate includes dangerous offenders, dangerous sexual offenders, habitual criminals, and those offenders who are on Lieutenant Governor Warrants.
1 These were APR cases following the British Columbia Supreme Court decision.
2 These are APR cases following the British Columbia Supreme Court, Quebec Superior Court and the Supreme Court of Canada decisions.
3 These are APR cases following the Supreme Court of Canada decision and other provincial supreme court decisions.

Table 73. Residency Conditions on Federal Full Parole by Regular and APR

Type Year Pre-Release

Post-Release

Total
Imposed Cancelled Imposed Prolonged Removed
Regular 2012/13 24 - 29 3 9 56
2013/14 13 - 24 3 7 40
2014/15 16 - 24 6 8 46
2015/16 15 - 37 6 4 58
2016/17 28 - 50 2 10 80
APR 2012/13 2 1 10 3 2 14
2013/14 12 - 2 - - 14
2014/15 14 - 2 - 5 16
2015/16 11 - 2 - 6 13
2016/17 9 - 4 - 6 13
All full parole 2012/13 26 1 39 6 11 70
2013/14 25 - 26 3 7 54
2014/15 30 - 26 6 13 62
2015/16 26 - 39 6 10 71
2016/17 37 - 55 2 16 94*

Note: Total = (pre-release imposed - cancelled) + (post-release imposed + prolonged).
*The total includes one full parole for deportation decision where a change of condition was ordered.

Table 74. Residency Conditions on Federal Full Parole by Region

Year Region Pre-Release

Post-Release

Imposed Cancelled Imposed Prolonged Removed
2012/13 Atlantic 3 - 3 - 1
Quebec 10 - 27 6 2
Ontario 4 1 3 - 3
Prairies 4 - 1 - 1
Pacific 5 - 5 - 4
Canada 26 1 39 6 11
2013/14 Atlantic - - 1 - -
Quebec 9 - 22 3 1
Ontario 4 - - - 1
Prairies - - - - -
Pacific 12 - 3 - 5
Canada 25 - 26 3 7
2014/15 Atlantic 2 - 1 - -
Quebec 9 - 18 6 1
Ontario 15 - 2 - 4
Prairies 1 - 1 - -
Pacific 3 - 4 - 8
Canada 30 - 26 6 13
2015/16 Atlantic 5 - 3 - 1
Quebec 6 - 19 6 1
Ontario 10 - 3 - 5
Prairies - - 4 - 2
Pacific 5 - 10 - 1
Canada 26 - 39 6 10
2016/17 Atlantic 8 - 8 1 1
Quebec 9 - 26 1 3
Ontario 8 - 8 - 8
Prairies 2 - - - 1
Pacific 10 - 13 - 3
Canada 37 - 55 2 16

Table 75. Residency Conditions on Federal Full Parole Recommended by CSC (%)

Year Atlantic Quebec Ontario Prairies Pacific Canada
2012/13 67 59 0 60 90 58
2013/14 100 68 25 - 47 59
2014/15 67 63 47 50 29 54
2015/16 88 48 62 75 63 61
2016/17 50 60 31 0 48 49
5-year average 65 60 38 54 55 55

Note: This percentage is calculated by dividing the number of residency conditions recommended by CSC and which were imposed by the Board by the total number of residency conditions imposed by the Board.

Table 76. Residency Conditions on Federal Full Parole Concordance with CSC (%)

Year Atlantic Quebec Ontario Prairies Pacific Canada
2012/13 57 79 - 100 100 81
2013/14 50 91 100 - 88 88
2014/15 100 94 100 100 67 94
2015/16 100 60 80 100 91 78
2016/17 89 100 83 - 79 90
5-year average 81 85 88 100 87 86

Note: The concordance rate is calculated by dividing the number of residency conditions imposed by the Board which were recommended by CSC by the number of residency conditions recommended by CSC.

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