Appendix B: The Chief Public Health Officer's Report on The State of Public Health in Canada 2010 – Indicators of our health and factors influencing our health

Appendix B: Indicators of Our Health and Factors Influencing Our Health

Note: Italicized information denotes indicators that have not changed from the previous The Chief Public Health Officer's Report on the State of Public Health in Canada, 2009. Some data may not be comparable. More detailed information can be found in Appendix C: Definitions and Data Sources for Indicators.

Sources:

*Denotes self-reported data
1Statistics Canada
2Public Health Agency of Canada
3Alzheimer Society of Canada
4Health Canada
5Environment Canada
6Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation.
    Year
Who we areTableau 1 - Footnote 1 (million people)
Population (as of July 1, 2009) 33.7 2009

Aboriginal

1.17 2006

First Nations

0.70 2006

Métis

0.39 2006

Inuit

0.05 2006

Immigrant

6.2 2006

By birth place

Asia and the Middle East

2.53 2006

Europe

2.28 2006

Africa

0.37 2006

Caribbean and Bermuda

0.32 2006

South America

0.25 2006

United States of America

0.25 2006

Central America

0.13 2006

Oceania and other

0.06 2006

By years since immigration

Recent (<= 10 years)

2.0 2006

Long-term (>10 years)

4.2 2006

Urban population

25.3 2006
Our health status
Life expectancy and reported healthTableau 1 - Footnote 1

Life expectancy (years of expected life at birth)

80.7 2005-2007

Health-adjusted life expectancy (years of expected healthy life at birth)

69.6 2001

Infant mortality rate (under one year) (deaths per 1,000 live births)

5.1 2007

Excellent or very good self-rated healthTable 1 - Footnote 1A * (percent of the population aged 12+ years)

58.9 2008

Excellent or very good self-rated mental healthTable 1 - Footnote 1A * (percent of the population aged 12+ years)

74.4 2008
Leading causes of mortalityTableau 1 - Footnote 2 (deaths per 100,000 population per year)

Circulatory diseases

211.9 2006

Cancers

208.1 2006

Respiratory diseases

58.5 2006
Causes of premature mortality, ages 0 to 74 yearsTableau 1 - Footnote 1 (potential years of life lost per 100,000 population per year)

Cancers

1,574 2001

Circulatory diseases

854 2001

Unintentional injuries

587 2004

Suicide and self-inflicted injuries

372 2004

Respiratory diseases

162 2001

HIV

46 2001
Causes of ill health and disability
Living with chronic diseases

Cancer incidenceTableau 1 - Footnote 1 (new cases per 100,000 population)

481.5 2006

DiabetesTableau 1 - Footnote 2 (percent of the population aged 1+ years)

6.2 2006-2007

ObesityTableau 1 - Footnote 1 (percent of the population aged 18+ years)

25.1 2008

ArthritisTable 1 - Footnote 1A * Table 1 - Footnote 1 (percent of the population aged 12+ years)

15.3 2008

AsthmaTable 1 - Footnote 1A * Table 1 - Footnote 1 (percent of the population aged 12+ years)

8.4 2008

Heart diseaseTable 1 - Footnote 1A * Table 1 - Footnote 2 (percent of the population aged 12+ years)

4.9 2008

High blood pressureTable 1 - Footnote 1A * Table 1 - Footnote 1 (percent of the population aged 20+ years)

23.4 2008

Chronic obstructive pulmonary diseaseTable 1 - Footnote 1A * Table 1 - Footnote 2 (percent of the population aged 35+ years)

4.7 2008
Living with mental illness

SchizophreniaTable 1 - Footnote 1A * Table 1 - Footnote 2 (percent of the population aged 12+ years)

0.3 2005

Major depressionTable 1 - Footnote 1A * Table 1 - Footnote 2 (percent of the population aged 15+ years)

4.8 2002

Alcohol dependenceTable 1 - Footnote 1A * Table 1 - Footnote 2 (percent of the population aged 15+ years)

2.6 2002

Anxiety disordersTable 1 - Footnote 1A * Table 1 - Footnote 2 (percent of the population aged 15+ years)

4.8 2002

Alzheimer's disease and other dementiasTable 1 - Footnote 1A * Table 1 - Footnote 3 (estimated percent of the population aged 65+ years)

8.9 2008
Acquiring infectious diseasesTableau 1 - Footnote 2 (new cases per 100,000 population annually)

HIV (estimated number of new cases annually)

2,300-4,500 2005

Chlamydia

253.6 2009

Gonorrhea

31.0 2009

Infectious syphilis

4.7 2009
Factors influencing our health
IncomeTableau 1 - Footnote 1(percent of the population based on 1992 low-income cut-off)

Persons living in low-income (after-tax)

9.4 2008
Employment and working conditionsTableau 1 - Footnote 1 (percent of the population aged 15+ years)

Unemployment rate

8.3 2009
Food securityTableau 1 - Footnote 4 (percent of the population aged 12+ years)

People reporting food insecurityTable 1 - Footnote 1A *

9.2 2004
Environment and housing

Ground-level ozone exposureTableau 1 - Footnote 5 (parts per billion [population weighted warm season average])

38.7 2007

Fine particulate matter (PM2.5) exposureTableau 1 - Footnote 5 (micrograms per cubic metre [population weighted warm season average])

8.4 2007

Core housing needTableau 1 - Footnote 6 (percent of the population)

12.7 2006
Education and literacyTableau 1 - Footnote 1 (percent of the population aged 25+ years)

High school graduates

82.0 2009

Some post-secondary education

62.3 2009

Post-secondary education

56.4 2009
Social support and connectednessTableau 1 - Footnote 1

Very or somewhat strong sense of community belongingTable 1 - Footnote 1A * (percent of the population aged 12+ years)

65.0 2008

Violent crime incidents (per 100,000 population)

930 2007
Health behaviours

Current smokerTable 1 - Footnote 1A * Table 1 - Footnote 4 (percent of the population aged 15+ years)

17.9 2008

Engaged in leisure time physical activityTable 1 - Footnote 1A * Table 1 - Footnote 1 (percent of the population aged 12+ years)

50.6 2008

Fruit and vegetable consumption (5+ times a day)Table 1 - Footnote 1A * Table 1 - Footnote 1 (percent of the population aged 12+ years)

43.7 2008

Heavy drinking (5+ drinks on one occasion at least once a month in the past year)Table 1 - Footnote 1A * Table 1 - Footnote 1 (percent of the population aged 12+ years)

16.7 2008

Illicit drug use (in the past year)Table 1 - Footnote 1A * Table 1 - Footnote 4 (percent of the population aged 25+ years)

11.5 2004

Teen pregnancy rateTableau 1 - Footnote 1 (pregnancies per 1,000 female population aged 15 to 19 years per year)

29.2 2005
Access to health careTableau 1 - Footnote 1 (percent of the population aged 12+ years)

Regular family physicianTable 1 - Footnote 1A *

84.4 2008

Contact with dental professionalTable 1 - Footnote 1A *

69.4 2008
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