Cardiovascular Disease - Economic Burden of Illness

Costs due to diseaseFootnote * for the leading 20 diagnostic categories, by directFootnote , and indirect costsFootnote , Canada, 2000

Figure. Costs due to disease for the leading 20 diagnostic categories, by direct, and indirect costs, Canada, 2000
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Musculoskeletal diseases was the most costly disease in 2000. The total costs for musculoskeletal diseases included $3.9 billion for direct costs and $18.4 billion for indirect costs. After cardiovascular diseases (CVD), the third highest total cost among all diagnostic categories was for neuropsychiatric conditions ($9.7 billion for direct costs and $10.6 billion for indirect costs) followed by malignant neoplasms ($2.6 billion for direct costs and $14.8 billion for indirect costs). Other diagnostic categories included injuries, which contributed $14.8 billion to the total cost, and diseases and conditions such as digestive diseases, respiratory diseases, sense organ diseases, and respiratory infections, which contributed to less than $9 billion dollars each to the total cost.

These data were based on the total cost of illness of $147.9 billon. Direct costs include hospitals, drugs, and physicians. Expenditures for care in other institutions and additional direct health expenditures were not included.

Indirect costs include mortality, long-term disability, and short-term disability, but not all diagnostic categories include short-term disability costs. The six diagnostic categories that include short-term disability costs are CVD, musculoskeletal diseases, neuropsychiatric conditions, digestive diseases, respiratory diseases, and respiratory infections.

Notes: Not all diagnostic categories include short-term disability costs. The six diagnostic categories that include short-term disability costs are cardiovascular diseases (CVD), musculoskeletal diseases, neuropsychiatric conditions, digestive diseases, respiratory diseases and respiratory infections. Costs by diagnostic category include an unattributable amount of $6.4 billion for direct costs and $1.9 billion for indirect costs (short-term disability only).Costs by diagnostic category related to suppressed cells for long-term disability are excluded from the total indirect costs.

Source: Public Health Agency of Canada, using data from the Economic Burden of Illness in Canada 2000.


Footnotes

Footnote *

Based on the total cost of illness of $147.9 billion. Expenditures for care in other institutions and additional direct health expenditures are not included.

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Footnote †

Direct costs include hospitals, drugs and physician.

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Footnote ‡

Indirect costs include mortality, long-term disability and short-term disability.

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