List of terms: Population-specific HIV/AIDS status report: Women

List of TermsFootnote 4

AIDS - Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome – The syndrome caused by HIV and a diagnosis made on the basis of certain clinical criteria (e.g., AIDS-defining illnesses, specific blood tests).  Also known as late-stage HIV disease.

ART - Anti-Retroviral Therapy – Treatment with western medicines that suppress or inhibit the ability of HIV to multiply in the body.

ASO - AIDS Service Organization – An organization providing AIDS services

Bisexual woman - A woman who is romantically and/or sexually attracted to both men and women.

CAHR - Canadian Association of HIV Research

CCDIC - Centre for Communicable Diseases and Infection Control – A Centre of the Infectious Disease Prevention and Control Branch, Public Health Agency of Canada

CIHR - Canadian Institutes of Health Research

CSC - Correctional Service of Canada – A government agency responsible for maintaining Canada’s federal correctional system

First Nations - A term which usually refers to both Status and Non-Status Indians.  First Nations People are one of the three recognized Aboriginal peoples in Canada, along with Métis and Inuit.

FNIHB - First Nations and Inuit Health Branch – A branch of Health Canada

F/P/T AIDS - Federal/Provincial/Territorial Advisory Committee on AIDS

Gender - “The array of socially constructed roles and relationships, personality traits, attitudes, behaviours, values, relative power and influence that society ascribes to the two sexes on a differential basis” (see Chapter 4, Section 4..1.1 Gender).

Sex and Gender-Based Analysis - According to Health Canada, Sex and Gender-Based Analysis (SGBA) is an analytical approach that integrates a sex and gender perspective into the development of research, policies and programs, as well as planning and decision-making processes

HAART - Highly Active Anti-Retroviral Therapy (see ART – Anti-Retroviral Therapy)

HCV - Hepatitis C Virus - A virus that infects the liver.  Prolonged and acute hepatitis C infection can often result in liver disease and cirrhosis. The virus is transmitted largely by blood transfusion or percutaneous inoculation, such as needle sharing among people who use injection drugs.

HIV - Human Immunodeficiency Virus – The virus that causes AIDS

Homophobia - An irrational fear of, aversion to, or discrimination against homosexual people or homosexuality.

IDU - An epidemiological classification for HIV transmission among people who use injection drugs.

Inuit - Canada’s Aboriginal people of the Arctic.  Inuit are one of the three recognized Aboriginal peoples in Canada, along with First Nations and Métis.

Lesbian - A woman who is romantically and/or sexually attracted to women

LGBTQ - Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender and Questioning

Métis - Peoples of mixed Aboriginal and European ancestry.  Métis are one of the three recognized Aboriginal peoples in Canada, along with Inuit and First Nations.

Microbicide - A term used to describe any substance or compound whose purpose is to reduce microbes, such as HIV.

Perinatal - A medical term used to describe the period immediately before and after birth.

PHAC - Public Health Agency of Canada

RHAN - Regional HIV/AIDS Network - A network of Public Health Agency of Canada Regions focusing on HIV/AIDS issues and programs.

Reserve - A First Nations community.

Sex Work - A term used to describe an exchange of sexual services for money or goods. 

SSHRC - Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada

SRAD - Surveillance and Risk Assessment Division (as of June 22, 2011, the Surveillance and Epidemiology Division) - Provides overall strategic direction and coordination for PHAC’s HIV/AIDS surveillance and epidemiological work.

Transwomen or transgender women - A term used to describe a person, born male or physically assigned as male at birth, whose biological sex is not consistent with her sense of self.  As a result, she lives and identifies as a woman.  Male-to-female (MTF) is another term used to describe a transwoman or transgender women.

STI - Sexually Transmitted Infection

Survival Sex Work - A term used to describe an exchange of sexual services for shelter, food and/or drugs.

Two-spirit - The organization 2-Spirited People of the 1st Nations defines the term as follows: “Native people who are gay, lesbian, bisexual, transgender, other gendered, third/fourth gendered individuals that walk carefully between the worlds and between the genders” [1].  The term is primarily used by some First Nations people.

Unstable Housing - A term used to describe temporary housing or living arrangements, such as sleeping on a friend’s couch, living in a shelter or car, etc.  This term is often used to describe the “hidden” homelessness.

WSW - Women Who Have Sex with Women - A broad term used to explain same-sex sexual behaviour.  Women who have sex with women may or may not include women who self-identify as lesbian, gay, bisexual, or two-spirit.

References

[1] 2-Spirited People of the 1st Nations. 2 spirits flyer [document on the Internet].  Toronto: 2-Spirited People of the 1st Nations; n.d. [cited 2009 Aug].  Available from the 2 Spirits web site.


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