Hepatitis C virus in Canada
- Up to 245,987 Canadians may be living with Chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection (2011)Footnote 1
- An estimated 44% are unaware of their infection
- 1% of Canadians have been infected with HCV in their lifetime (2011)Footnote 1
- In a survey of men who have sex with men (2005-2007)Footnote 5
- 5% had ever been infected with HCV
- 2% had ever been infected with HCV and HIV
- 68% of people who inject drugs surveyed between 2010-2012 had ever been infected with HCVFootnote 3
- 1 in 4 prevalence of HCV among federal inmates (2005-2012)Footnote 4
- The Public Health Agency of Canada collects information on reported cases of HCV infection through Canadian Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System (CNDSS)Footnote 2.
- Between 2006 and 2015, the average rate of reported HCV infection in Canada was 32.2 per 100,000 populationFootnote 2.
- Between 2006 and 2015 the average rate of HCV infection, above the national average, were found in the Yukon Territory (74.6) followed by Saskatchewan (60.4), British Columbia (52.0), Prince Edward Island (34.5), Ontario (32.8), Northwest Territory (32.6), and Alberta (32.6)Footnote 2.
- The rates of reported HCV infection in Canada were lower than the national average in remaining provinces and territories: Nova Scotia (29.0), Manitoba (27.4), New Brunswick (21.5), Quebec (19.0), Newfoundland and Labrador (18.4), Nunavut (14.9)Footnote 2.
- Among reported cases of HCV infection between 2006 and 2015, nearly two-thirds (63.7%) were among males and 36.3% were in femalesFootnote 2.
- Between 2006 and 2015, the rates of reported cases of HCV infection showed a decreasing trend between 2006 (36.9 per 100,000 population) and 2011 (29.5 per 100,000 population) and since 2011, the rates have been stable at around 30.0 per 100,000 populationFootnote 2.
- Highest number of cases was reported in the age group 40-59 years (53,849) followed by 20-39 years age group (39,364), and age 60 years and above (13,354). Between 2006 and 2015, a total of 2,466 cases of HCV infection were reported in those less than 20 years of ageFootnote 2.
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