Taking action to reduce gun violence
From Public Safety Canada
Violent crime involving firearms is a growing threat to public safety in our communities. The Government of Canada is taking action. Be part of the solution. Together, we can help keep Canadians safe.
Gun violence is on the rise
Increase in violent offences involving guns since 2009Footnote 1
1 in 3
Homicides in Canada that are firearm-relatedFootnote 2
Portion of Canadians who feel gun violence is a threat to their communityFootnote 3
All Canadians are affected by this issue
Gun violence impacts people and communities across Canada. It happens in urban, suburban and rural communities. Across every province and territory. In all age and socio-economic groups. Among those who own guns and those who do not.
Some groups are disproportionately affected, including:
- women and girls
- visible minorities
- LGBTQ2 people
- children and youth
- lower income families
- those living in poverty
- people in Northern and remote communities
Taking on gun violenceDownload video - Taking on gun violence MP4 (17 MB)
We are taking action in key areas
Gun laws and enforcement
We are strengthening Canada’s gun laws with legislation that prioritizes public safety and effective police work, while respecting law-abiding firearms owners. Changes to the Criminal Code and Firearms act impact background checks, transfer and transport.
We are supporting law enforcement with initiatives to reduce and prevent violent crime across Canada.
Smuggling and trafficking
We are securing our border and taking measures to help prevent firearms from coming into Canada illegally and ending up in the hands of criminals.
The Initiative to Take Action Against Gun and Gang Violence is funding the Canadian Border Services Agency to stop cross-border smuggling as well as the RCMP to enhance the Integrated Criminal Firearms Initiative.
We are limiting access to assault-style firearms that can and have been used in deadly shootings. One Canadian killed by gun violence is one too many. Many models have been classified as prohibited under the Criminal Code in the ban that took effect May 1, 2020.
Gun and gang violence
We are investing in prevention, enforcement, intelligence and border security efforts to tackle the increase in gun related violence and gang activity. We are working with agencies and departments in provinces and territories, and coordinating national and international efforts.
What you can do to help keep our communities safe
Understand the ban and amnesty
Get the latest information for gun owners about the new prohibition on certain firearms and devices.
Store your firearms safely and securely
Prevent accidents and deter theft by properly storing, transporting and displaying firearms.
Report a public safety concern about firearms
If your concern is urgent or life threatening, call 911 or your local police emergency number.
Why has Canada banned assault-style firearms?
The ban was put in place to limit access to the most common assault-style firearms in Canada. These guns are designed for military use and can be used to injure or kill a large number of people quickly. The significant risk these firearms pose to public safety outweighs any justification for their continued use and availability in Canada.
The ban will freeze the Canadian market for these firearms, reduce the number and availability of assault-style firearms and lower the possibility of these firearms being sold into the illegal market. The ban took effect May 1, 2020.
See the full list of banned firearms
What can you do with a newly banned firearm?
There is an amnesty period until October 30, 2023. If you are the lawful owner of a banned firearm, an Amnesty Order protects you from criminal liability while you take steps to comply with the law.
The Government of Canada has committed to a buy-back program that would allow you to return your firearm for fair compensation. Businesses would be able to either turn in the firearm to the Government or return it to the manufacturer for compensation.
Until the buy-back program is implemented, banned firearms must be securely stored to meet all requirements for that type of firearm. Banned guns cannot be legally used, sold or imported, and can only be transported or transferred within Canada under certain conditions.
How guns can be diverted and end up in violent crime
Legally purchased guns sold illegally on the black market.
Legally or illegally owned firearms stolen and used.
Smuggling and trafficking
Firearms entering the country and being distributed illegally.
What is straw purchasing and why does it matter?
Straw purchasing is when a firearm license-holder legally buys a gun and then illegally resells it on the black market. It is against the law and it contributes to gun violence by putting firearms in the wrong hands. Straw purchasers may not be involved in other crimes themselves, but the firearms they sell are used in all types of crime, including shootings, robberies, home invasions and murders.
While smuggling guns into Canada is decreasing, straw purchasing is on the rise. Individuals and retailers need to know that straw purchasing is illegal and you could face criminal charges if you are involved.
Additional firearms resources
Criminal Code regulations on prohibited or restricted firearms and other weapons.
Requirements for licensing, transport, storage, display, shooting and more.
Requirements for firearms licences for individuals and businesses.
Firearm registration requirements for restricted and prohibited firearms.
Information and support services for those affected by gender-based violence.
Crime Prevention Funding Programs
Programs to prevent and reduce offending among those most at-risk.
Firearms safety courses
Introductory safety courses for non-restricted and restricted firearms.
Firearm legislation for safer communities
Legislation that provides practical steps to help keep Canadians safe.
Types of guns
Information on non-restricted, restricted and prohibited firearms.
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