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Scams and fraud

Year-to-date:

Source: Canadian Anti-Fraud Centre

Recognizing a scam

Scams may look like they are from the Government of Canada

Many scams and frauds attempt to imitate government services in order to gain access to your personal and financial information. To identify legitimate communications from us, read these guidelines and know what to expect if we contact you.

Messages claiming to be from Service Canada or 1 800 O-Canada

Learn how to identify Service Canada or 1 800 O-Canada fake calls, texts, emails or mail.

Messages claiming to be from the Canada Revenue Agency

Learn how to identify CRA fake calls, texts, emails or mail.

Messages claiming to be from Immigration, Refugees, Citizenship Canada

Learn how to identify Immigration, Refugees, Citizenship Canada fake calls, texts, emails or mail.

Types of scams and fraud

Phone call scams

Beware of telephone calls claiming to be from the Government of Canada.

Prepaid cards, bitcoin, e-transfer payment scams

Beware of suspicious requests demanding immediate payment.

Email scams

Watch out for emails claiming to be from the Government of Canada.

Text messages/instant messaging scams

Beware of text messages and instant messaging that looks like it’s from the Government of Canada.

Mail scams

Beware of mail that looks like it’s from the Government of Canada.

Common scams aimed at newcomers to Canada

Learn about the kinds of scams newcomers to Canada should watch out for.

COVID-19 scams and fraud

Learn about reported scams related to COVID-19 and how to protect yourself.

Protecting yourself

Stay safe online

Learn about simple steps you can take to protect yourself online like choosing strong passwords, passphrases and PINs.

Protect yourself from scams and fraud

Learn how to avoid scammer pressure tactics, get tips on how to verify whether a communication is legitimate, and what to do if you suspect a scam.

Protect your Social Insurance Number

Find information on how to protect your SIN, and what to do if you suspect your SIN is being used by someone, or you have been affected by a data breach.

Protect your financial information

Scammers may try to steal your personal and financial information to access your accounts and steal your money. Learn more about how to protect yourself.

Reporting

Report fraud to the Canadian Anti-Fraud Centre

If you or a family member have been contacted by a scammer, report it the Canadian Anti-Fraud Centre.

What to do if you are a victim of fraud

Learn about what you can do if you are a victim of fraud.

Report deceptive marketing practices

Making false or misleading claims to promote a product or service is illegal in Canada, and can be reported to the Competition Bureau.

Report unauthorized health products and claims

False and misleading advertising of drugs, medical devices and natural health products including hand sanitizers and disinfectants is illegal in Canada.

Be scam smart playlist

Listen to your voice of reason before you act. Watch our videos to learn more.

Cyber Safe Checkup

Using the same password? Take the quiz and find out how secure your online accounts are.

Scam stories

Read real stories from Canadians who were victims of CRA scams.

Little black book of scams

This booklet is available in 8 languages and includes 12 of the most common scams targeting Canadians.

Posters and handouts

Not sure if the Government of Canada really contacted you? These print-ready posters give some tips on how to be scam smart.

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